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|( 1810s: ) 1812|
- March 15 – Luddites attack the wool-processing factory of Frank Vickerman in West Yorkshire.
- March 19 – The Cortes of Cádiz creates the first modern Spanish constitution.
- March 26 - In the United States, the Boston Gazette prints a political cartoon coining the term Gerrymander, after former Massachusetts Governor Elbridge Gerry's approval (on February 11) of legislation creating oddly shaped electoral districts, designed to help incumbents win re-election.
- May 11 – John Bellingham assassinates British Prime Minister Spencer Perceval, in the lobby of the British House of Commons.
- June 16 – New York State charters the City Bank of New York (later Citibank).
- June 18 – The War of 1812 between the United States, Canada and the United Kingdom begins with US declaration.
- June 24 – Napoleon's Grande Armée crosses the Neman River, and invades Russia.
- July 12 – Americans invade Canada at Windsor, Ontario.
- August 12 – Peninsular War: The combined English and Portuguese army under the command of Wellington enters Madrid, following the Battle of Salamanca.
- September 14 – French invasion of Russia: Napoleon's troops enter Moscow, which is deliberately set on fire by Muscovites, on orders of Fyodor Rostopchin.
- October 13 – War of 1812 – Battle of Queenston Heights: As part of the Niagara campaign in Ontario, Canada, United States forces under General Stephen Van Rensselaer are repulsed from invading Canada by British and native troops, led by Sir Isaac Brock (who dies during the battle).
- October 19 – Napoleon begins his retreat from Moscow.
- October 23 – Malet coup of 1812: General Claude François de Malet attempts unsuccessfully to overthrow the Napoleonic régime in Paris.
- October 24 – Napoleonic Wars – Battle of Maloyaroslavets: An inconclusive encounter between the French vanguard and a Russian force leads Napoleon to decide to retreat along the same line as his advance, with disastrous results.
- November 5 – U.S. presidential election, 1812: James Madison defeats DeWitt Clinton.
- November 10 – 1812 United Kingdom general election: The Tory Party is victorious, under Robert Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool.
- December 14 – The French invasion of Russia comes to an end as the remnants of the Grande Armée are expelled from Russia.
- December 30 – The Convention of Tauroggen is signed.
A New Group
|Bank of Finland|
|Title||Born||Died||Place of death||Summary|
|Mayer Amschel Rothschild||23 February 1744||19 September 1812||Frankfurt|
Grand Duchy of Frankfurt
Confederation of the Rhine