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|( 1860s: ) 1869|
- February 20 – Ranavalona II, the Merina Queen of Madagascar, is baptized.
- February 25 – The Iron and Steel Institute is formed in London.
- March 4 – Ulysses S. Grant is sworn in, as the 18th President of the United States.
- March 18 (O. S. March 6) – Dmitri Mendeleev makes a formal presentation of his periodic table to the Russian Chemical Society.
- March 24 – Titokowaru's War ends with the surrender of the last Māori troops at large, in the South Taranaki District of New Zealand's North Island.
- May – In France, the opposition, consisting of republicans, monarchists and liberals, polls almost 45% of the vote in national elections.
- May 10 – The First Transcontinental Railroad in North America is completed at Promontory, Utah, by the driving of the "golden spike".
- May 15 – Women's suffrage: In New York, Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton form the National Woman Suffrage Association.
- August 9 – August Bebel and Wilhelm Liebknecht found the Social Democratic Workers' Party of Germany (SDAP).
- September 24 – Black Friday: The Fisk–Gould Scandal causes a financial panic in the United States.
- October 11 – The Red River Rebellion breaks out against British forces in Canada.
- November 4 – The first issue of the scientific journal Nature is published in London, edited by Norman Lockyer.
- November 17 – In Egypt, the Suez Canal, linking the Mediterranean Sea with the Red Sea, is inaugurated in an elaborate ceremony.
- November 19 – The Hudson's Bay Company surrenders its claim to Rupert's Land in Canada, under its letters patent, back to the British Crown.
- December 8 – The First Vatican Council opens in Rome.
- James Gordon Bennett, Jr. of the New York Herald asks Henry Morton Stanley to find Dr. David Livingstone.
- The Co-operative Central Board (later Co-operatives UK) is founded in Manchester, England.
- The Ladies National Association for the Repeal of the Contagious Diseases Acts is founded in Great Britain.
- Campbell Soup Company has founded in New Jersey, United States.
- Heinz, as predecessor of Kraft Heinz, a food processing company worldwide, founded in Pennsylvania, United States.
|St. Cloud State University||Public||Until 1957 St. Cloud State Teachers College|
|Potchefstroom University||The leadership of the university was part of the deep state Afrikaner Broederbond during the apartheid-era.|
|University of Nebraska–Lincoln|
|Title||Born||Died||Place of death|
|Edward Smith-Stanley||29 March 1799||23 October 1869||Knowsley Hall|
|Title||Born||Place of birth||Died||Summary||Description|
|Neville Chamberlain||18 March 1869||Birmingham|
|9 November 1940||Politician|
|Arvid Gerhard Damm||27 May 1869||1927||Engineer|
|Emma Goldman||27 June 1869||Russian Empire|
|14 May 1940||Author|
|Anarchist revolutionary deported from the US during the Palmer Raids|
|Mahatma Gandhi||2 October 1869||British Indian Empire|
|30 January 1948||Author|
|Indian non-violent revolutionary sage|
|Frederick Heinze||5 December 1869||New York|
|4 November 1914||Businessperson||A copper baron bankrupted by the money trust|