Fred C. Iklé

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Person.png Fred C. Iklé   History Commons Namebase SourcewatchRdf-icon.png
(deep state operative)
Fred C. Iklé.jpg
Born21 August 1924
Died10 November 2011 (Age 87)
Member ofLe Cercle
Fred C. Iklé was US Under-Secretary of Defense for Policy in the Reagan Administation.[1]

Background

From 1964 to 1967, Iklé was Professor of Political Science at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.[2]

Reagan Administration

According to Frances Fitzgerald, Caspar Weinberger's lack of experience in the portfolio meant that the appointments to the Department of Defense were heavily influenced by Senate Republicans and conservative campaign advisors. Iklé's appointment was one product of this, as were the appointments of John Lehman, Jr. and Richard Perle. All three had been allies in the seventies and involved with the Committee on the Present Danger.[3]

Iklé complained about the CIA's Office of Soviet Analysis after it revised down its estimate of Soviet military spending in 1983.[4]

SDI

In 1985, Iklé told the Senate Armed Services Committee: "The Strategic Defense Initiative is not an optional program, at the margin of the defense effort. It's central, at the very core of our long term policy for reducing the risk of nuclear war."[5] In April 1985, after a Pentagon report raised doubts about the admissibility of SDI under the ABM Treaty, Iklé and Perle hired Philip Kunsberg, a New York lawyer with no experience of arms control, who reached a contrary opinion.[6]

Afghanistan

From early 1985, Iklé was an influential member of the Policy Review Group which controlled US covert action in Afghanistan.[7] At one meeting that spring he suggested that US planes should drop weapons into Afghanistan by parachute.

Someone asked: What if the Russians begin shooting down the U.S. planes and ignite World War III? "Hmmm," Iklé answered, according to Thomas Twetten, a senior officer in the CIA's clandestine service. "World War III. That's not such a bad idea." If he said such a thing , Ikle said later, he must have been kidding. But Twetten remembered "a roomful of dumbstruck people."[8]

Iklé and Michael Pillsbury visited Islamabad on 30 April 1985 to brief ISI chief General Akhtar Abdur Rahman on the planned expansion of US covert action in Afghanistan.[9]

Affiliations

 

Events Participated in

EventDateLocation(s)
Colloquium on Analysis and Estimates30 November 1979 - 1 December 1979
Colloquium on Intelligence Requirements for the 1990s4 December 1987 - 5 December 1987
Le Cercle/1985 (Washington)7 January 1985 - 10 January 1985Washington DC
US


References

  1. "Fred C. Iklé", Center for Strategic and International Studies, accessed 14 March 2010.
  2. Fred C. Iklé, Center for Strategic and International Studies, accessed 14 March 2010.
  3. Frances Fitzgerald, Way Out There in the Blue: Reagan: Star Wars and the End of the Cold War, Touchstone, 2000, p.294.
  4. Frances Fitzgerald, Way Out There in the Blue: Reagan: Star Wars and the End of the Cold War, Touchstone, 2000, p.330.
  5. Frances Fitzgerald, Way Out There in the Blue: Reagan: Star Wars and the End of the Cold War, Touchstone, 2000, p.243.
  6. Frances Fitzgerald, Way Out There in the Blue: Reagan: Star Wars and the End of the Cold War, Touchstone, 2000, p.295.
  7. Steve Coll, Ghost Wars: The Secret History of the CIA, Afghanistan and Bin Laden, from the Soviet Invasion to September 10, 2001, Penguin, 2005, p.126.
  8. Steve Coll, Ghost Wars: The Secret History of the CIA, Afghanistan and Bin Laden, from the Soviet Invasion to September 10, 2001, Penguin, 2005, p.128.
  9. Steve Coll, Ghost Wars: The Secret History of the CIA, Afghanistan and Bin Laden, from the Soviet Invasion to September 10, 2001, Penguin, 2005, p.126.