William J. Donovan

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Person.png William J. Donovan   SpartacusRdf-icon.png
(spook, soldier, deep politician)
William J. Donovan.jpg
BornWilliam Joseph Donovan
1883-01-01
Buffalo, New York
Died1959-02-08 (Age 76)
Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington DC
Alma materNiagara University, Columbia University
Founder ofAmerican Committee on United Europe
Member ofKnights of Malta
PartyRepublican

Employment.png Head of the Office of Strategic Services

In office
June 13, 1942 - September 20, 1945

Main.png United States Ambassador to Thailand Wikipedia-icon.png

In office
September 4, 1953 - August 21, 1954

Employment.png Director of the Office of Strategic Services

In office
June 13, 1942 - October 1, 1945

Employment.png Coordinator of Information

In office
July 11, 1941 - June 13, 1942

Affiliations

1 January 1883|8 February 1959| 

Related Quotation

PageQuoteAuthor
Parastate“The immediate concern of the United States was Europe, where it appeared that the French and Italian communist parties might be elected to power in 1948. From the beginning of the postwar era, Washington looked for assets and proxy armies of its own to combat the threat perceived from the Soviet Union and China. Some of these proxies like the the nationalist Chinese Kuomintang (KMT) troops in Burma or the Mafia's in Italy and Marseilles soon outgrew their US support to become de facto regional players or parastates, exhibiting some but not all of the properties of states in their own right. From 1945-1947, elements in the US army conspired to maintain contacts with former German anti-communists in Europe and their German army commander, General Reinhard Gehlen. 5 men were involved of whom 3 (William J. Donovan, Allen Dulles and Frank Wisner) were representatives of the Wall St. overworld and also of the New York Social Register which listed the members of New York high society. They were awaiting a new agency to succeed Donovan's Office of Strategic Services (OSS) and take over the Nazi's ethnic armies in Eastern Europe. But the idea of a centralised intelligence agency encountered fierce competitive opposition from the FBI's J. Edgar Hoover who was backed at first by elements of Army intelligence. Although it took 2 years to overcome their opponents, the Wall Street lawyers and bankers in Truman's administration succeeded in 1947 in establishing CIA, which would report to the president through the new National Security Council (NSC). This new agency, based on the precedent and personnel of the OSS had been urged on Washington by the War/Peace studies of the Council of Foreign Relations in the early 1940s. It was reinforced by a report commissioned in 1945 by Navy Secretary James V. Forrestal. The report was written by Ferdinand Eberstadt who like Forrestal was a private Wall Street banker from the investment bank, Dylan Reed. As CIA director Richard Helms narrates in his memoirs Allen Dulles, then a Republican lawyer in Sullivan and Cromwell in New York was recruited in 1946 to draft proposals for the shape and direction what was to become the new CIA. in 1947 Dulles promptly formed an advisory group of 6 men, all but one of whom were Wall St investment bankers or lawyers.”Peter Dale Scott


References