Freedom of movement

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Concept.png Freedom of movement 
Migration is not a crime.jpg
The freedom to move around.

Freedom of movement is a type of Freedom. It is related to Immigration and Open borders.

National borders

Freedom of movement cancelled.jpg

Generally, passports and often also visas are required for international travel. This restriction was systematised after World War I. In France, visa restrictions were introduced amid anxiety about potential soldiers fleeing the country. This policy was disguised as a method to prevent German spies from entering the country.[citation needed]

In 2012? [When?][citation needed] the US government afforded itself the right to remove US citizens' passports without due process if it suspected them of "terrorism".


Full article: Stub class article Migration

Immigrants are sometimes scapegoated, and given deprecatory labels such as "aliens" or "economic migrants".


The rise of the carceral state in USA is unprecedented, and whilst other nations have far fewer actual prisoners, many states have harsh visa requirements or immigration policies which limit people's freedom of movement. 'Economic Globalisation' has allowed greater freedom of movement within the European Union, but globally, the case is not so straightforward.

Ethnic Japanese living in USA were imprisoned during World War II.[citation needed]


Internal state borders are closed during COVID. New South Wales on left, Queensland on right.

Restricted during COVID-19.

By country


Full article: Stub class article “Strike Hard Campaign”

Since 2016, the Chinese "Strike Hard Campaign" has increasingly restricted the movement of 13 million ethnic Uyghurs and other Turkic Muslims in Xinjiang. An unknown number have been imprisoned in "re-education camps".[citation needed]


The Counter-Terrorism and Border Security Act 2019 made it illegal to travel to regions the UK government decreed as off limits, punishable by 10 years in prison.[1][2]


The Australian government has banned its citizens from travelling to specific areas.[3]


In 2019 Ole Dammegård‎ predicted increasing restrictions on the movement of people. A prediction which proved correct with the COVID-19 Lockdown, that saw unprecedented restrictions on travel, and the US government's suspending of passport applications except in cases of "qualified life-or-death emergency".[4]


Related Document

TitleTypePublication dateAuthor(s)Description
Document:Boris Johnson's first two priorities for post-Brexit BritainArticle1 February 2020Richard MurphyBoris Johnson has admitted what Brexit was for. He wants to control and constrain people. The market in labour will be constrained. And let’s not for a moment pretend that a Freeport supports markets: freeports are instead about permitting the free movement of capital beyond the control of the state and without the imposition of any taxes.
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