Crown Prosecution Service
|Crown Prosecution Service|
|Headquarters||Rose Court, 2 Southwark Bridge, London, SE1 9HS|
|Leader||Director of Public Prosecutions|
|Owner of||Crown Prosecution Service web site|
|Founder of||Crown Prosecution Service web site|
|The principal public prosecuting authority, a non-ministerial UK government department that conducts (almost) all criminal prosecutions in England and Wales.|
The main responsibilities of the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) are to provide legal advice to the police and other investigative agencies during the course of criminal investigations, to decide whether a suspect should face criminal charges following an investigation and to conduct prosecutions both in the magistrates' courts and the Crown Court.
Although the official leader of the CPS is the Director of Public Prosecutions, the Attorney General for England and Wales "superintends" the CPS's work by having regular meetings and also answers for it in the UK Parliament. A small number of offences (including any under the Official Secrets Act) specifically require the Attorney’s permission to prosecute, and the Attorney can also claim "national security" grounds to influence the conduct of prosecutions.
Failure to prosecute
The CPS, by its own admission[Whose?] failed on 3 separate occasions to prosecute both Cyril Smith and Greville Janner. They also orighinally declined to prosecute Gordon Anglesea, who was later convicted of child sexual abuse.
The CPS announced in June 2016 that it would not bring any charges in Operation Lydd, a police investigation into the UK government’s role in the March 2004 to kidnap and send to Libya two families (including a pregnant woman and children aged 6 to 12) where they were regularly tortured over a period of 6 years. The CPS sat on a 28,000 page police file for almost two years before they said there was ‘insufficient evidence’ to charge anyone at MI6 over the kidnap and torture of the Belhaj and al-Saadi families.
The head of MI5 at the time, Eliza Manningham-Buller, wrote to Tony Blair to protest MI6’s involvement in CIA "extraordinary rendition" and torture, and the Sunday Times has reported claims from intelligence sources that Jack Straw approved the rendition.