2008 Financial Crisis
2008 Financial Crisis was systemic event that shook the global financial system during the period from mid-2007 to late-2008.
Many financial institutions (including Goldman Sachs, Bear Stearns & Lehman Brothers) that had been responsible for precipitating the crisis were labeled as "too big to fail" by Treasury Secretary Henry Paulson and were provided emergency funding in the billions of dollars by American tax payers via the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008.
The event is considered to have been caused primarily by the foreclosure of thousands of subprime mortgage loans due the aggressive predatory lending strategies of many financial institutions, including the government backed institutions Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. This was coupled with the aggressive deregulation of so-called "derivative" financial instruments that were used by companies such as JP Morgan Chase to "bet" against the potential failure of mortgage assets that they were deemed "likely to fail", and thereby benefit from any potential default on these assets.