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|( 1820s: ) 1825|
September 27: The Stockton and Darlington Railway opens.
- January 4 – King Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies dies in Naples and is succeeded by his son, Francis.
- February 9 – After no presidential candidate receives a majority of United States Electoral College votes following the 1824 United States presidential election, the United States House of Representatives elects John Quincy Adams President of the United States in a contingent election.
- February 10 – Simón Bolívar gives up his title of dictator of Peru and takes the alternative title of El Libertador.
- February 12 – Second Treaty of Indian Springs: The Creek cede the last of their lands in Georgia to the United States government and migrate west.
- March 5 – Capture of the Anne: Roberto Cofresí, one of the last successful pirates in the Caribbean, is defeated by an international naval force.
- March 17 – The Norfolk & Dedham Group is founded as The Norfolk Mutual Fire Insurance Company in the United States.
- April 17 – Charles X of France recognizes Haiti, 21 years after it expelled the French following the successful Haitian Revolution, and demands the payment of 150 million gold francs, 30 million of which Haiti must finance through France itself, as down payment.
- July 6 – The Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck gains possession of Glücksburg and changes his title to Friedrich Wilhelm, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg. The line of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg later becomes the royal house of Greece, Denmark and Norway.
- August 6 – Bolivia gains its independence from Spain as a republic, with the instigation of Simón Bolívar.
- August 18 – Scottish adventurer Gregor MacGregor issues a £300,000 loan with 2.5% interest, through the London bank of Thomas Jenkins & Company, for the fictitious Central American republic of Poyais. His actions lead to the Panic of 1825, the first modern stock market crash, in England.
- September 27 – The world's first modern railway, the Stockton and Darlington Railway, opens in England.
- November 15 – King Joao VI of Portugal promulgates a law recognizing his eldest son, Dom Pedro, as the Emperor of Brazil.
- December 1 (November 19 O.S.) – Nicholas I of Russia succeeds his older brother Alexander I.
- December 26 (December 14 O.S.) – Some Imperial Russian Army officers stage the Decembrist revolt against Nicholas's accession in Saint Petersburg, but it is thoroughly suppressed by the government.
- Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan is founded as a mudfort on the Silk Road
- The first horse-drawn omnibuses established in London.
- Hans Christian Ørsted reduces aluminium chloride to produce metallic aluminium.
- History of Brisbane: The Australian city of Brisbane is founded.
- A new Combination Act in the United Kingdom makes trade unions legal according to narrowly defined principles.
- Minh Mạng outlaws the teaching of Christianity in Vietnam.
- The United States Postal Service starts a dead letter office.
- London becomes the largest city in the world, taking the lead from Beijing.
A New Group
|University of Huddersfield||Public||Started as a polytechnic, "transformed" it into "a thriving university"|