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|( 1830s: ) 1835|
January 8 – The United States public debt contracts to zero, for the only time in history
- January 7 – Template:Ship anchors off the Chonos Archipelago on her second voyage, with Charles Darwin on board as naturalist.
- January 8 – The United States public debt contracts to zero, for the only time in history.
- January 24 – Malê Revolt: African slaves of Yoruba Muslim origin revolt in Salvador, Bahia.
- January 26 – Queen Maria II of Portugal marries Auguste de Beauharnais, 2nd Duke of Leuchtenberg, in Lisbon; he dies only two months later.
- January 26 – Saint Paul's in Macau largely destroyed by fire after a typhoon hits.
- January 30 – An assassination is attempted against United States President Andrew Jackson in the United States Capitol (the first assassination attempt against a President of the United States).
- February 1 – Slavery is abolished in Mauritius.
- February 20 – 1835 Concepción earthquake: Concepción, Chile, is destroyed by an earthquake; the resulting tsunami destroys the neighboring city of Talcahuano.
- March 2 – Ferdinand becomes Emperor of Austria.
- March 23 – The Academia Mexicana de la Lengua (Mexican Academy of Language) is established.
- April 18 – Lord Melbourne succeeds Sir Robert Peel as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
- May 5
- May 8 – Hans Christian Andersen's Fairy Tales Told for Children. First Collection. begins publication.
- May 11 – Matua, High Priest (taura tupua) of the Polynesian island of Mangareva, is baptized into the Roman Catholic Church.
- May 23 – The Mexican State of Aguascalientes is formed, by decree of President Santa Anna.
- June 1 – Kingston Penitentiary in Kingston, Ontario opens.
- July – Bertelsmann is founded by Carl Bertelsmann as a religious printer and publisher in Prussia.
- July 14 – The universal Catholic Apostolic Church is organized, initially in the U.K.
- July 28 – In Paris, the assassination of King Louis Philippe I of France is attempted by Giuseppe Marco Fieschi, using a home-made volley gun; 10 are killed, but the King escapes with a minor wound.
- August – H. Fox Talbot exposes the world's first known photographic negatives, at Lacock Abbey in England.
- August 25 – In the U.S., The New York Sun prints the first of six installments of the Great Moon Hoax.
- August 28 – St. Vincent's Ecclesiastical Seminary, a predecessor of Castleknock College, is founded by the Vincentian community in Dublin, Ireland.
- August 30 – European settlers, landing on the north banks of the Yarra River in Victoria, Australia, found the settlement of Melbourne.
- September 7 – Charles Darwin arrives at the Galápagos Islands, aboard Template:Ship.
- September 19 – William Lloyd Garrison publishes Angelina Grimké's anti-slavery letter in The Liberator.
- September 20 – The Ragamuffin War begins in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.
- October 2 – The Texas Revolution – Battle of Gonzales: Mexican soldiers attempt to disarm the people of Gonzales, Texas, but encounter stiff resistance from a hastily assembled militia.
- October 3 – The Staedtler Company (pencil manufacturers) is founded by J. S. Staedtler in Nuremberg, Germany.
- October 28
- November 16 – Halley's Comet reaches perihelion, its closest approach to the Sun.
- November 19 – A force of 500 Māori people invade and enslave the peoples of the Chatham Islands.
- November 27 – Two London men, James Pratt and John Smith, are hanged in front of Newgate Prison in London, after a conviction of buggery. They are the last to suffer capital punishment for homosexual acts in England.
- December 7
- December 9 – The Army of the Republic of Texas captures San Antonio.
- December 16–17 – The Great Fire of New York destroys 530 buildings, including the New York Stock Exchange.
- December 20 – The Texas Declaration of Independence is first signed at Goliad, Texas.
- December 21 – The Raleigh and Gaston Railroad is chartered in Raleigh, North Carolina.
- December 28 – United States: The Second Seminole War led by Osceola breaks out.
- December 29 – The Treaty of New Echota is signed between the United States Government, and members of the Cherokee Nation.
- The British East India Company negotiates a lease of the Darjeeling area west of the Mahananda River, from the Kingdom of Sikkim.
- The British Geological Survey is founded, as the world's first national geological survey.
- Civil war erupts in Uruguay, between supporters of the Blanco and Colorado parties.
- The Cachar Levy, forerunner of the Assam Rifles, is founded in India.
- The first Bulgarian-language school opens in the Ottoman Empire.
- The French word for their language changes to français, from françois.
- Fort Cass is established, the military headquarters and site of the largest internment camps during the 1838 Trail of Tears.
- Charles-Louis Havas creates Havas, the first news agency in the world (which later spawns Agence France-Presse).
- English becomes the official language of India.
- Juan Manuel de Rosas becomes Caudillo of Argentina.
- Edward Strutt Abdy publishes his Journal of a Residence and Tour in the United States of North America: From April, 1833, to October 1834.
- David Strauss begins publication of Das Leben Jessu, kritisch bearbeitet ("The life of Jesus, critically examined") in Tübingen.
|Title||Born||Place of birth||Died||Summary||Description|
|Richard Olney||15 September 1835||United States|
|8 April 1917||Lawyer||Lawyer for the business affairs of Boston's elite families. United States Attorney General who used troops against strikers. Enforcer of the Monroe doctrine.|
|Andrew Carnegie||25 November 1835||Scotland|
|11 August 1919||Businessperson|
|Mark Twain||30 November 1835||21 April 1910|
- "Fires, Great", in The Insurance Cyclopeadia: Being an Historical Treasury of Events and Circumstances Connected with the Origin and Progress of Insurance, Cornelius Walford, ed. (C. and E. Layton, 1876) p76