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Decade.png 1760s: )    Year.png 1761 Rdf-entity.pngRdf-icon.png
Year 1761
Ahmad Shah Durrani and his coalition defeat the Maratha Confederacy.



  • April 1 – The Austrian Empire and the Russian Empire sign a new treaty of alliance. [3]
  • April 4 – A severe epidemic of influenza breaks out in London and "practically the entire population of the city" is afflicted; particularly contagious to pregnant women, the disease causes an unusual number of miscarriages and premature births. [4]
  • April 14Thomas Boone is transferred south to become the Royal Governor of South Carolina after proving to be unable to work with the local assembly as the Royal Governor of New Jersey. [5]
  • May 4 – The first multiple death tornado in the 13 American colonies strikes Charleston, South Carolina, killing eight people and sinking five ships in harbor. [6]
  • June 6 – (May 26 old style); A transit of Venus occurs, and is observed from 120 locations around the Earth. In his observations by telescope at St. Petersburg, Mikhail Lomonosov notes a ring of light around the planet's silhouette as it begins the transit, and becomes the first astronomer to discover that the planet Venus has an atmosphere. [7]



Date unknown

Marine chronometer




  1. http://www.historyorb.com/events/date/1761
  2. http://www.phenomena.org.uk/page29/page38/page38.html
  3. Herbert J. Redman, Frederick the Great and the Seven Years’ War, 1756–1763 (McFarland, 2015) p422
  4. "Relation of Influenza to Pregnancy and Labor", by Dr. P. Brooke Bland, in The American Journal of Obstetrics and Diseases of Women and Children (February 1919) pp185-186
  5. "Thomas Boone", by Larry R. Gerlach, in The Governors of New Jersey: Biographical Essays, ed. by Michael J. Birkner, et al. (Rutgers University Press, 2014) p87
  6. T. P. Grazulis, The Tornado: Nature's Ultimate Windstorm (University of Oklahoma Press, 2003) p217
  7. Govert Schilling, Atlas of Astronomical Discoveries (Springer, 2011) p41
  8. BBC History, July 2011, p 12
  9. David A. Bell, Lawyers and Citizens: The Making of a Political Elite in Old Regime France (Oxford University Press, 1994) p129
  10. Ron Chernow, Washington: A Life (Penguin, 2010)
  11. William R. Nester, The First Global War: Britain, France, and the Fate of North America, 1756-1775 (Greenwood, 2000) p213
  12. William R. Reynolds, Jr., The Cherokee Struggle to Maintain Identity in the 17th and 18th Centuries (McFarland, 2015) p96
  13. Stan Hoig, The Cherokees and Their Chiefs: In the Wake of Empire (University of Arkansas Press, 1998) p43
  14. Thomas Carlyle, On Heroes, Hero-Worship, and the Heroic in History (University of California Press, 1993) p304
  15. a b Alfred P. James, The Ohio Company: Its Inner History (University of Pittsburgh Press, 1959) p118
  16. "Cherokee War", by John C. Frederiksen, in The Encyclopedia of North American Indian Wars, 1607–1890: A Political, Social, and Military History, ed. by Spencer Tucker (ABC-CLIO, 2011) p157
  17. Micheal Clodfelter, Warfare and Armed Conflicts: A Statistical Encyclopedia of Casualty and Other Figures, 1492-2015 (McFarland, 2017) p139