Yellow vests movement
|Date||17 November 2018 - Present|
|Interest of||Anonyme Citoyen|
|Description||A series of mass demonstrations in France which expressed the dissatisfaction with the political process. Subject to increasingly violent repression.|
The Yellow vests movement (in French:Mouvement des gilets jaunes) is a grassroots political and economic justice movement in France. It started in 2018 and in 2019 was subject to increasingly violent repression by the French state authorities.
After an online petition posted in May had attracted nearly a million signatures, mass demonstrations began on 17 November. The movement was initially motivated by rising fuel prices and a high cost of living; it claims that a disproportionate burden of the government's tax reforms were falling on the working and middle classes, especially in rural areas. The protesters have called for lower fuel taxes, a reintroduction of the solidarity tax on wealth, a minimum-wage increase, the implementation of Citizens' initiative referendums, among other things. On 29 November 2018, a list of 42 demands was made public and went viral on social media, becoming de facto a structuring basis for the movement, covering a wide range of eclectic topics, mostly related to democracy, social and fiscal justice.
Prison sentences for using Facebook
|The police officer Didier Andrieux at a protest in Toulon in January 2019.|
On 1 December 2018, an 80 year old, Zineb Redouane, was killed by a tear gas grenade. Olivier Beziade was shot in the back of the head by French police in January 2019. By January 2019, around 2,000 unarmed demonstrators had been seriously injured, including lost eyes and hands. Around 3,000 had been lightly injured.
Grenade launcher / Tear gas
12,122 LBD rounds (from the LBD 40 "grenade launcher"), 1,428 instant tear gas grenades and 4,942 hand-held sting grenades were fired or thrown between the beginning of the yellow vest movement and 4th February 2019. A third of the eye injuries caused by police weapons in France in the last 20 years have happened during yellow vest protests.
Permission to "open fire"
- https://areyouayellowvest.com/no-irreparable-violence-against-yellow-vests-macrons-comments-are-scandalous/ saved at Archive.org
- https://www.globalresearch.ca/police-repression-in-france-macron-brutal-tactics-against-yellow-vests-have-nothing-to-do-with-public-safety-everything-to-do-with-global-politics/5668375 — on Patreon https://www.patreon.com/posts/creation-of-down-24671591
- Toulon : le commandant Andrieux a bien porté des coups le premier - another recording of him in a different place by Mediapart