|Location||West Africa, Africa|
|Member of||African Union, International Criminal Court, La Francophonie, UN|
Niger, officially the Republic of the Niger, is a landlocked country in West Africa. It is a unitary state bordered by Libya to the northeast, Chad to the east, Nigeria to the south, Benin and Burkina Faso to the southwest, Mali to the west, and Algeria to the northwest.
Niger covers a land area of almost 1,270,000 km2 (490,000 sq mi), making it the largest landlocked country in West Africa. Over 80% of its land area lies in the Sahara. Its predominantly Muslim population of about 25 million live mostly in clusters in the south and west of the country. The capital Niamey is located in Niger's southwest corner.
On 31 March 2021, Niger's security forces thwarted an attempted coup by a military unit in the capital, Niamey. Gunfire was heard in the presidential palace.
The attack took place two days before newly elected president Mohamed Bazoum was due to be sworn into office. The Presidential Guard arrested some people during the incident.
|Ben Norton reacts to Victoria Nuland's visit and explains why Niger's coup has the Collective West panicking|
Late on 26 July 2023, a coup by the military overthrew President Bazoum, putting an end to the Seventh Republic. On 28 July, General Abdourahamane Tchiani proclaimed himself as Niger's de facto head of state.
ECOWAS suspended Niger's membership and threatened military action if President Bazoum was not returned to power by 6 August 2023. The coup leaders responded to the ECOWAS threat by closing Niger's airspace.
On 8 August 2023, the BBC reported that a senior US official, Acting Deputy Secretary of State Victoria Nuland had held face-to-face talks with Niger's military leaders following the coup. Victoria Nuland said the conversations had been "extremely frank and at times quite difficult". Speaking to reporters from capital Niamey, she said that, in talks lasting more than two hours, the US had offered its help "if there is a desire on the part of the people who are responsible for this to return to the constitutional order".
"I would not say that we were in any way taken up on that offer," she said.
- "The people who have taken this action here understand very well the risks to their sovereignty when Wagner is invited in," Ms Nuland said.
|UTA Flight 772|
|Richard Blee||May 1989||January 1991|
A citizen of Niger on Wikispooks
|Abdou Abarry||1969||United Nations diplomat from Niger|
|Document:US intelligence services return to the practice of eliminating inconvenient African leaders||Wikispooks Page||7 September 2023||SVR||A press release by the Russian SVR Press Bureau in the aftermath of the 2023 coup in Niger|
- "The World Factbook – Niger"
- "Soldiers arrested in Niger after 'attempted coup'"
- "Niger coup: US envoy holds 'difficult' talks with junta"