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|( 1630s: ) 1636|
|The year 1636|
- January 1 – Anthony van Diemen takes office as Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia), and will hold that position until his death in 1645.
- February 21 – Al Walid ben Zidan, Sultan of Morocco, is assassinated by French renegades.
- March 5 (February 24 Old Style) – King Christian IV of Denmark and Norway gives an order, that all beggars that are able to work must be sent to Brinholmen, to build ships or to work as galley rowers.
- March 13 (March 3 Old Style) – A "great charter" to the University of Oxford establishes the Oxford University Press, as the second of the privileged presses in England.
- March 20: Axel Oxenstierna negotiates the Treaty of Wismar, by which Sweden, whose resources had been seriously tested by incessant wars, obtains a promise of subsidies from France to continue the war.
- April 30 – Eighty Years' War: The nine-month Siege of Schenkenschans ends, when forces of the Dutch Republic recapture the strategically important fort from the Spanish.
- June 20 – Roger Williams and other Puritan settlers become founders of the colony of Providence Plantations, which later joins neighbouring territory to become the colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations. The area today is the U.S. state of Rhode Island.
- June 22 – The Battle of Tornavento is fought in north-west Italy in the course of the Thirty Years' War, as France and Savoy respond to an attack by Spain. While the battle is a stalemate, the city of Castano Primo is heavily damaged.
- July 10 – The Senate of the Venetian Republic votes, 82 to 4, in favor of renewing the charter of Jewish merchants to sell within the city, after a delay of almost six months. 
- July 30 – In France, Cardinal Richelieu persuades King Louis XIII to issue an ordonnance excusing the French nobility from military service if they pay a tax which allows the hiring of paid cavalry. 
- August 25 (August 15 Old Style) – The covenant of the Town of Dedham, Massachusetts Bay Colony is first signed.
- September 18 (September 8 Old Style) – A vote of the Great and General Court of the Massachusetts Bay Colony establishes New College (Harvard University), as the first college founded in the United States.
- October 4 (September 24 Old Style) – Thirty Years' War – Battle of Wittstock: A Swedish-allied army defeats a combined Imperial-Saxon army.
- November 5 – English theologian Henry Burton preaches two sermons on Guy Fawkes Day, heavily critical of the Anglican bishops, and is soon summoned before the Star Chamber. 
- December 23 (December 13 Old Style) – The Massachusetts Bay Colony organizes three militia regiments to defend the colony against the Pequot Indians. This organization is recognized today as the founding of the United States National Guard.
- Thirty Years' War: French intervention starts.
- The shōgun forbids Japanese to travel abroad, and those abroad from returning home.
- Emperor Fasilides founds the city of Gondar, which becomes the capital of Ethiopia for the next two centuries.
- The first synagogue of the New World, Kahal Zur Israel Synagogue, is founded in Recife by the Dutch.
|One of the oldest universities in the Netherlands.|
- "A Short History of Oxford University Press". Oxford University Press. 2012. Retrieved 2013-07-30
- Simone Luzzatto, Discourse on the State of the Jews (De Gruyter, 2019) p. 257
- Stéphane Thion, French Armies of the Thirty Years' War (LRT Editions, 2013) p. 86
- Morison, Samuel (1964). Three centuries of Harvard, 1636-1926. Cambridge, Mass: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press. p. 5.
- "Popes and Guys and Anti-Catholicism", by Justin Champion, in Gunpowder Plots: A Celebration of 400 Years of Bonfire Night, ed. by Antonia Fraser (Penguin, 2005)