| Raymond Bourgine |
|Born||March 9, 1925|
|Died||November 29, 1990 (Age 65)|
|Member of||Le Cercle|
French journalist and editor who attended Le Cercle.
In 1945, he started writing for Paris-Matin, followed by La Vie française in 1946 and Aux Écoutes de la Finance in 1947, before becoming its editor-in-chief in 1948. In 1957, he bought Aux Écoutes de la Finance, then known as Finance, from Paul Lévy'. In 1962, he launched the luxury magazine Le Spectacle du Monde. In 1966, he founded the publisher Valmonde. The same year, he renamed Finance Valeurs actuelles. In 1967, he founded Le Nouveau Journal, and led the Financial and Economics Agency from 1967 to 1970. He served as editor-in-chief of Valeurs actuelles until his death, when his protege (and fellow Le Cercle attendee) François d'Orcival took over.
A proponent of French Algeria, he supported Jean-Louis Tixier-Vignancour in 1965. He supported Georges Pompidou for president in 1969. He joined the Centre national des indépendants et paysans (CNIP) in 1971. From 1977 to 1983, he served as member of the Council of Paris for the Rassemblement pour la République and advisor to the Mayor of Paris, Jacques Chirac. He was elected to the French Senate in 1977, and again in 1986 under the leadership of Maurice Couve de Murville. In 1987, he joined the senatorial organization for France-South African relations. He was also a fierce champion of capitalism and free enterprise and, like his avatar Alexis de Tocqueville, he supported the freedom of the press. He rejected the 1981 nationalisation legislations, and in 1985 he rejected government funding of the press. He sat on the Board of Trustees of the Centre Georges-Pompidou.
Deep Political connections
Event Participated in
|Le Cercle/1985 (Washington)||7 January 1985||10 January 1985||US|
- Senate biography
- Giles Scott-Smith, Networks of Empire: The US State Department's Foreign Leader Program in the Netherlands, France and Britain 1950-1970, European Interuniversity Press, 2008, p. 446
- Xavier Ternisien, Une filière "Valeurs actuelles" à la tête du "Figaro", Le Monde, 19/07/2012
- Cite error: Invalid
<ref>tag; no text was provided for refs named
- Pascal Dillane, Un ancien dirigeant de l’extrême droite représente la presse française, ACRIMED, February 2005
- J.G. Shields, The Extreme Right in France: From Petain to Le Pen, Routledge, 2006, p. 153 
- Valérie Auda-André, David Bensoussan, Nigel Copsey, Olivier Dard, Richard Griffiths, Bertrand Joly, Magali Della Sudda, Jean Vavasseur-Desperriers, Philippe Vervaecke, A droite de la droite : Droites radicales en France et en Grande-Bretagne au XXe siècle, Presses Universitaires du Septentrion, 2012, p. 540