Philip Randolph

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Person.png Philip Randolph   SpartacusRdf-entity.pngRdf-icon.png
(labor unionist, activist)
A. Philip Randolph 1963.jpg
BornAsa Philip Randolph
April 15, 1889
Crescent City, Florida
DiedMay 16, 1979 (Age 90)
New York City, New York
American labor unionist and civil rights activist

Asa Philip Randolph[1] was an American labor unionist and civil rights activist. In 1925, he organized and led the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, the first successful African-American led labor union. In the early Civil Rights Movement and the Labor Movement, Randolph was a prominent voice. His continuous agitation with the support of fellow labor rights activists against racist unfair labor practices, eventually led President Franklin D. Roosevelt to issue Executive Order 8802 in 1941, banning discrimination in the defense industries during World War II. The group then successfully pressured President Harry S. Truman to issue Executive Orders 9980 and 9981 in 1948, promoting fair employment, anti-discrimination policies in federal government hiring, and ending racial segregation in the armed services.

Randolph was born and raised in Florida. Although he was able to attain a good education in his community at Cookman Institute, he did not see a future for himself in the discriminatory Jim Crow era south, and moved to New York City just before the Great Migration. There he became convinced that overcoming racism required collective action and he was drawn to socialism and workers' rights. He unsuccessfully ran for state office on the socialist ticket in the early twenties, but found more success in organizing for African American workers' rights.

In 1963, Randolph was the head of the March on Washington, which was organized by Bayard Rustin, at which Reverend Martin Luther King Jr. delivered his "I Have A Dream" speech. Randolph inspired the "Freedom Budget", sometimes called the "Randolph Freedom budget", which aimed to deal with the economic problems facing the black community, it was published by the Randolph Institute in January 1967 as "A Freedom Budget for All Americans".[2]


 

Event Planned

EventLocation(s)Description
March on WashingtonUS
Washington DC
A march was to advocate for the civil and economic rights of African Americans, Martin Luther King Jr. delivered his "I Have a Dream" speech.


References

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