One World Action
|One World Action|
|A London-based charity, headed by Labour MEP Glenys Kinnock from 1989 until its closure in 2011, which provided development aid for overseas projects focusing on alleviating poverty and oppression, and on safeguarding people's human rights.|
One World Action (OWA) was formed in 1991 through the amalgamation of the Labour Party's One World campaign with The Bernt Carlsson Trust development charity (established in 1986 and 1989 respectively). The Bernt Carlsson Trust was founded by Glenys Kinnock on 21 December 1989 – exactly one year after UN Assistant-Secretary-General and Commissioner for Namibia, Bernt Carlsson, was killed when Pan Am Flight 103 exploded over Lockerbie, Scotland.
In 2011, after twenty-two years of operation, the One World Action charity decided to move towards a managed closure. OWA asked the long established Womankind Worldwide charity to take forward all of its active programmes, sharing resources to enable their funding to continue.
- 1 One World
- 2 The Bernt Carlsson Trust
- 3 One World Action
- 4 Womankind Worldwide
- 5 Charity premiere of "Chaplin"
- 6 Call for Lockerbie Inquiry
- 7 External links
- 8 References
The story of One World Action starts with the founding of One World. In 1986 Glenys Kinnock, who had long had an interest in Third World Development (as it was then known), decided that what was needed was a campaign within the Labour Party to develop greater awareness of this issue. Having been a very active member of the Party for so many years and having the encouragement of the then Leader of the Opposition, her husband Neil, she was in a position to approach a number of members of the Party and seek their support and help in setting up that campaign. Notable among these early supporters were Joan Lestor, MP for Eccles, and Joan Ruddock, MP for Greenwich. In addition she sought the support of the Trades Unions and chief among those who responded were Ron Todd, then General Secretary of the T&GWU and Tony Clarke (now Lord Clarke), then Assistant General Secretary of the CWU. The primary aim of the campaign was to make members of the Labour Party and the Trade Unions aware of the need for disadvantaged people in poor nations to take control of their own development with material, support and advice from the developed world. Tony Clarke writes:
- "For a time following my retirement from what was then the CWU I had the privilege of working as a volunteer in the offices of One World Action. My role was simple: it was to lobby trades unions to affiliate to One World Action. Most unions were very cooperative and a reminder each year would bring in financial support. Help for the developing world is still of major importance to Trade Unions and I hope the relationship between One World Action and our unions will remain as it is, a relationship of concern and assistance to those who need our support. What I remember most from the days I spent in the office is how a relatively small group of dedicated people went about the planning and implementation of the various partnership projects in a number of countries I shall always be grateful to those good people who showed me such patience as I tried to work on a PC. As a paid up member of the Quill Pen Society I never wanted to become involved in the IT revolution, but thanks to those friends I can even send and receive e-mails. Texting on the mobile is still a bit of a mystery. Perhaps I should pop in to the One World Action office to get assistance."
With a dedicated management committee and secretary/administrator, Jane Winder, the campaign flourished and after a few changes of premises settled down at an office provided by Camden Labour Party.
The Bernt Carlsson Trust
Early in 1989, it was decided to found a development charity using the experience gained in order to reach out to a wider audience and in the autumn of that year The Bernt Carlsson Trust was founded. The first project to receive help was in Namibia and so it was decided to name the charity after the UN High Commissioner for Namibia who, while on his way to New York for the signing of the Namibian settlement, was killed in the Lockerbie air disaster.
On 21 December 1989, The Bernt Carlsson Trust was launched. Glenys Kinnock was its Chair with Jane Winder as Director and Derek Tutchell, a volunteer as Administrator, support and extra aid coming from the Management Committee of One World. 1990 passed with the establishment and development of the charity running in tandem with the continued existence of One World by now a valued voice for development within the Labour Party and Trade Unions and the advent of two experienced and highly knowledgeable staff who had previously worked for "War on Want", Andy Rutherford then Head of International Partnerships, was responsible for One World Action’s Asia partners and Paul Robson was responsible for work with partners in Africa.
This was a 100% expansion of staff! Andy and Paul were to spend their time and energy on the viability of The Bernt Carlsson Trust, Derek worked full time for One World whilst Jane divided her time between the charity and the campaign. It was a busy, energising time in a small crowded room backed by a very supportive management committee with Glenys as its Chair. By the beginning of 1991, the charity was working with partner organisations in Namibia, Cape Verde Islands, Angola, Zimbabwe, Bangladesh, Mozambique, Sri Lanka, Western Sahara, South Africa and the Philippines and there was an urgent need for more staff and larger premises. Later that year they both were accomplished. With the financial help of a generous supporter (De Beers) both organisations moved into offices in Hatton Garden, four rooms instead of one. Now with the change of address came a change of name. That of Bernt Carlsson was honourable but a title more descriptive of our aims was needed – so why not name it after the campaign from which it sprang?
One World Action
Thus in late 1991 One World Action was born and a 'Statement of Aims' written down:
- One World Action is a partnership between the poorest and most exploited people in the South and those in the North who share their vision of a better, more equal world. One World Action believes in taking bold radical steps to end poverty, inequality and injustice and supports those who challenge the unequal distribution of the world’s resources.
Jane Winder, the first Director, wrote:
- "One World Action’s work is based on the simple idea that governments can and do cause poverty. If governments are the problem, what can Development Agencies do? Our answer is to support grass roots organisations which work with people to improve their lives and become active citizens. Throughout the world, countries with democratic institutions, whose citizens have full range of legal rights, are misgoverned. Services which would make a crucial difference to health, to the environment and to opportunity are either not organised or weakly organised by local and national authorities. Taxes, when paid, just vanish. Incoming Aid, at national level, disappears too. External pressure will not solve this problem. The answer can only come from people themselves exercising their rights. One World Action works to encourage and support them."
So with the new title and new premises came the additional staff, not many but two who were integral to the continued success of One World Action – Andrea Pitter, a very successful fundraiser who sadly died in 2005 and is remembered with affection, and Helen O’Connell, an experienced and influential campaigner well respected in the NGO world whose post was Policy Coordinator and who later became Head of Policy until her departure in 2009 and has since been awarded an OBE for her work in promoting gender equality in development.
In December 1992, Glenys Kinnock became President of One World Action and Sue Nye replaced her as Chair. On OWA's Management Committee were: Sheila Attenborough, Carmen Callil, Tony Clarke, David Evans, Barbara Follett, Stephen Fry, Paul Gambaccini, Maureen Jacobs, Helena Kennedy QC, Peter Mandelson MP, C G Petterssen, Alan Rickman, Prunella Scales, Jon Snow, Juliet Stevenson, Wilf Stevenson, Timothy West and Jane Winder.
Helen O’Connell says:
- "It was One World Action’s commitment to working for women’s rights and gender equity that enticed me to join the staff in 1993. This commitment stemmed from the recognition that progress towards justice and human rights for all women and men, girls and boys, regardless of social or ethnic background, ability or other differences, was fundamental to achieving equitable and sustainable development in poor, and rich, countries."
Our partnerships with civil society, feminist and women’s organisations in Africa, Asia and Latin America and our policy and advocacy alliances in Europe with like-minded organisations were inspired by this shared desire to challenge injustice and build a more equal world. There have been many successes but more remains to be done.
Meanwhile One World, the political campaign, continued its work within the Labour movement. Stalls were operating and fringe meetings organised at Labour Party conferences and many of the Trade Union conferences during the early 90s. The campaign was also the focal point of local Labour party and development group meetings during these years, varying from a dozen people in deepest Dorset to a hundred or more in Bristol.
In July 1993 One World Action moved again – this time to a larger suite of offices near Smithfield Market. More room was needed because later in the year One World Action merged with the development charity The Nicaragua Health Fund, whose Chair Alf Dubbs joined the management committee and whose co-ordinator, Hazel Plunkett joined the staff to work with Central American partners.
Another milestone at this time was the issue of the first publication to be undertaken by One World Action – "Cape Verde, The Challenge of Change" by Paul Robson. This has been followed over the years by the issue of over 50 publications plus scores of newsletters, pamphlets, leaflets and annual, action and seminar reports. An acknowledgement must be made here of the support in finance and expertise given by the Centurion Press and its owner David Evans (now Lord Evans).
In its fifth year of existence OWA/NHF was in association with 31 Trade Unions and was present at eight Trade Union conferences and both the Labour and Liberal party conferences which included holding fringe meetings and running stalls. Alongside these were seminars and conferences organised either by One World Action alone or in partnership with other NGOs and agencies and also a full programme of social and sponsored sporting events to encourage more support and raise funds.
Perhaps the most notable of these were the annual gatherings at the Red Fort restaurant in Soho hosted by Amin Ali and well-known supporters such as Emma Thompson, Jon Snow, Rory Bremner and Juliet Stephenson.
Annual receptions hosted by the Swedish ambassador were also held which recalled the founding of One World Action through The Bernt Carlsson Trust at which such valued supporters as Richard Attenborough and Ben Elton gave the key address and at which an annual award, the Sir Sigmund Sternberg Award was presented – an award given to individuals or partners who had done much to further the aims of One World Action. This award ceremony later transferred to South Africa House and memorably featured Lenny Henry.
Most important of course was that by the fifth anniversary there was financial aid and expertise being shared with over 20 partners in 15 countries world wide. It is probably apposite here to quote Elisio Rodrigues, the Director of Citi-Habitat a One World Action partner in Cape Verde:
- "The partnership with One World Action is based on respect, solidarity and the wish to transform local development and make it globally applicable in a just and harmonious way. It is a partnership that looks for solutions for the most disadvantaged and excluded, through active participation and a real exercise of citizenship by those who, due to poor conditions, have less ‘voice’."
There was one casualty of this era of expansion, activity and success and that was the older development campaign One World. There was too much overlap between that and One World Action and too much misunderstanding and confusion so One World closed and disappeared into the archives!
Glenys Kinnock was first elected as an MEP in 1994 and ceased being Chair of the Management Committee, instead becoming President of the charity. One World Action now had at its head someone directly involved with Europe and development. There is little doubt that this and the expertise of the staff allowed One World Action to exert influence within development affairs over and above its weight. Small it may have been but unknown it was not.
By 1997, One World Action was in its fourth and present set of offices in Islington. A gift of a five year lease had funded the move to:
- Bradley’s Close
- 74–77 White Lion Street
- London N1 9PF
- Tel: 00 44 (0)20 7833 4075
- Fax: 00 44 (0)20 7833 4102
- Email: email@example.com
- Charity Registration Number: 1022298
- Company Registration Number: 2822893
On OWA's letter-head in April 1997, these patrons were listed: Richard Attenborough, Luis Ayala, Ela Bhatt, Tessa Blackstone, Inger Carlsson Musser, Tore Carlsson, Barbara Castle, Frank Chikane, Julie Christie, Tony Clarke, Stanley Clinton-Davis, Brenda Dean, Meghnad Desai, Alf Dubs, Nawal El Saadawi, Ben Elton, Barbara Follett, Susan George, Denis Healey, Trevor Huddleston, Jack Jones, Miriam Karlin, Irmtraut Karlsson, Wangari Maathai, Bill Morris, Sithembiso Nyoni, Hugh O'Shaughnessy, Harold Pinter, Emma Rothschild, Antony Sher, Jon Snow, David Steel, Richard Stone, Adelaide Tambo, Emma Thompson, Wilfred Wood and Andimba Ya Toivo.
By its 10th anniversary, the income of the charity was £1,711,000 (in December 1989 there was just £500 in The Bernt Carlsson Trust account) and by then One World Action was working with 33 partners in nine countries in Asia, Africa and Central America. With this growth there was also need to strengthen the financial administration of One World Action. With the appointment of Gareth Richards as full time Head of Finance and IT came stability and confidence in that department. Having guided One World Action through 11 years of successful achievement Jane Winder, its founding director decided to change direction and resigned to take up the position of Chair of a Primary Health Trust in East London. Her successor was Graham Bennett whose extensive experience included work with VSO, field work in the Philippines and Director of Information at Amnesty International.
There was now also a change in personnel within the Trustees and One World Action said farewell to the Chair, Mary Chadwick, one of its strongest supporters and welcomed Eric Lovett, a national organiser in the CWU, in her place. After five years valuable service he was followed by Maureen Donnelly and then the present Chair of Trustees Tess Gill. The Trustees, usually twelve in number, act as a Management Committee, sounding board and advisory body and are a valuable and integral part of One World Action.
Participation in and organising seminars and conferences continued but in the last eight years or so as great an emphasis has been given to participation in standing committees, workshops, round tables or on-going consultative and advisory bodies. The content and agenda of such have been varied but an on going priority for One World Action has been to focus on gender, equality and women’s rights. A quote from One World Action’s Action Report for 2002/3 sums up why; 70% of people living in extreme poverty are women; two thirds of school age children in the developing world without access to education are girls; one in every three women globally has experienced violence in an intimate relationship; globally women hold only 13.7% of seats in national parliaments.
In its 20th year, 2009, One World Action was working with over 40 partners in 16 countries (see Appendix A) and employed a staff of 17 assisted by a number of volunteers and it is fair to say continues to enjoy a reputation well in excess of its size. Having started in 1989 with £500 it now had an income of over £3,000,000 of which 90% went towards the programme and policy work and 10% towards administration and fund raising. Earlier in this story were some words from one of our earliest partners in Africa and here is a quote from one of our longer established partners in Asia, Zakir Hossain, Co-ordinator of Nagorik Uddyog of Bangladesh:
- "We started working with One World Action in 1996. We aim to get social and gender justice for the poorest women in rural Bangladesh by working in communities at grassroots level. Our experience has been that there are other agencies operating in Bangladesh who do not really practise the true partnership ethos. When I met Andy Rutherford in 1996 he explained the vision and mission of One World Action. He listened to our experience and approach of how to promote human rights in Bangladesh, rather than imposing One World Action’s own beliefs on us. He said that Nagorik Uddyog understand the needs of Bangladesh people better than a donor agency and our relationship has always been on this basis. This is the true nature of partnership."
And finally a quote from a more recent partner in the third region in which One World Action is involved, Latin America. Sandra Darce, President of FEMUCADI (Federation of Women with Different Capacities) writes:
- "The project has enabled us to generate awareness and empower women with disabilities. It has helped to build their capacity on political advocacy, citizenship, gender awareness and development of activities that generate confidence and security for the families of the women members of the federation. One World Action is respectful of its partner’s democratic structure. Thanks to One World Action’s support, the Board of Directors and the disabled women’s organisations that are part of FEMUCADI have been empowered and have developed an ethical working relationship of solidarity."
In July 2010, after almost 10 years as Director, Graham Bennett resigned. Over that period One World Action has become much more focused on women’s rights and empowerment in One World Action’s work and he felt it was time to leave space for the next phase of the organisation. It was ten years of dedicated work across Africa, Asia and Latin America with successes in lobbying and advocacy work. He also had not recovered as much as he would have liked from his operation in 2009 and felt the need for some real rest. So as One World Action entered its 21st year, it had an Acting Director in the person of Andy Rutherford, who had been the Head of International Partnerships for 20 years. In February 2011, One World Action welcomed its new Director, Hannah Davies, who brought with her a wealth of experience from working in media and education, and in the United Nations. Hannah would oversee the continuing work and development of One World Action in the coming years.
The final words are those of the founder and now President of One World Action, Glenys Kinnock:
- "If anyone has to say to me what kind of things in your life would you be proud of, I’d have to say that One World Action would be up there as something I am really proud of being associated with. It is a very special NGO because it never deviates from its values and principles. It is about making a commitment to an equal world, to justice – social justice, and equality. It is about a vision that we share, and certainly we recognise that gender rights are something that are central to the objectives that we have. We will move forward… we will have new challenges to meet together."
Revised mission statement
At the beginning of this short history you will have read the original mission statement. This has been regularly revisited and updated and now reads:
OUR VISION A Just and Equal World, where there is full gender justice and no need for One World Action.
OUR MISSION To create the power and opportunity for the poorest women and men to transform their own lives, and to challenge the policies that make and keep them poor.
OUR VALUES We will work alongside partners, South and North, in ways that respect different perspectives and build on strengths of diversity and solidarity. We will work directly with genuine people’s organisations that are democratically accountable to their communities and committed to engagements with their governments and elected representatives.
We will pursue a feminist approach to development, that promotes and respects women’s rights in our work and our own organisation, and challenges all forms of oppression and unjust use of power. We will address explicitly the power imbalance that exists between ourselves as a source of funds and our Southern partners as ‘beneficiaries’.
We will continue to explicitly reject the field office/expatriate approach; we don’t need or want fleets of vehicles or the other symbols of power. We will put into practice principles of openness, accountability, transparency, good governance and democracy in our partnerships and our own organisation and behaviours.
In 2011, after careful deliberation and having considered a number of options, the charity One World Action decided to move towards a managed closure, and asked the long established charity Womankind Worldwide to take forward all of OWA's active programmes.
Womankind Worldwide is an international women’s rights charity working to help women transform their lives in Africa, Asia and Latin America:
- "We partner with women’s rights organisations who are challenging discrimination and violence. Womankind delivers the essential support – funding, expertise, contacts and publicity – these women’s organisations need to amplify their voice, increase their impact and bring about greater change.
- "Last year we directly supported almost 141,000 women and improved the rights of over 6.5 million women.
- "We worked in 15 countries – Afghanistan, Bolivia, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Nepal, Peru, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe – in partnership with 37 women’s organisations."
Charity premiere of "Chaplin"
On 17 December 1992, the charity premiere of Richard Attenborough's film "Chaplin" took place in London at the Odeon Cinema, Leicester Square. Glenys Kinnock hosted the event which was organised by the PR firm, Julia Hobsbawm Associates, and which raised £40,000 for the charity One World Action.
Suggested souvenir programme entry
Three weeks earlier, Lockerbie campaigner Patrick Haseldine had written to Julia Hobsbawm Associates asking if the latest of his letters to The Guardian  could be reproduced in the "Chaplin" souvenir programme. The PR firm's Caroline Hanson replied by letter dated 3 December 1992:
- Dear Mr Haseldine,
- Thank you for your letter dated 28th November 1992, and addressed to Dear Fundraisers. It has been passed onto me and I received it this morning.
- Thank you also for your ticket application form and for the cheque of £100 in support of One World Action. You will be pleased to know that your tickets for "Chaplin" will be sent to you in the post next week.
- Regarding your enclosed letter, I have consulted with One World Action as to how to proceed with your request. They feel that in view of the fact that there are many conflicting theories on the Lockerbie disaster, they cannot support the publication of your letter in their souvenir programme without first consulting the families of all the victims of Lockerbie. Unfortunately, this is simply not possible in the time we have. Our print deadline for advertisements is tomorrow, Friday 4th December.
- Hence, I shall not be pursuing this further and I shall not be contacting Jeannette Page of The Guardian "Letters" page.
- Thank you once again for your generous support and interest in One World Action.
- Yours sincerely,
- Caroline Hanson (Julia Hobsbawm Associates)
Finger of suspicion
On 4 December 1992, Patrick Haseldine faxed this reply (copying to Jeannette Page at The Guardian):
- Dear Caroline,
- Richard Attenborough's charity gala: 17 December 1992
- Many thanks for your reply dated 3 December 1992. I fully appreciate the concern of One World Action about the printing in the souvenir programme of my letter published in The Guardian on 22 April 1992. Clearly the Lockerbie victims' families must not be offended in any way and that is my concern too.
- The letter in question is the latest of seven concerning Bernt Carlsson and Lockerbie that I sent to The Guardian for publication. As a result, I am in touch with Dr Jim Swire of UK Families Flight 103 (see following letter dated 7 August 1991 from The Guardian) and with Marina de Larracoechea of the US Hudson group of families. Their overriding aim is to discover the truth about Lockerbie and I am sure they would encourage One World Action to print any of my letters.
- Enclosed is the first letter published on 7 December 1989. You may consider this less controversial and therefore more suitable to go into the souvenir programme.
- Yours sincerely,
De Beers: OWA benefactor
On 20 December 1992, Patrick Haseldine telephoned The Guardian and dictated to the 'copy takers' the following letter for publication:
- Last Thursday's gala premiere of the film "Chaplin", which I attended, raised a creditable £40,000 for the charity One World Action, founded in memory of Swedish UN Commissioner for Namibia, Bernt Carlsson. The souvenir programme briefly described Mr Carlsson's life and reported that he died on December 21, 1988 but failed to make any mention of the Lockerbie disaster and that he was the most prominent of its 270 victims.
- Of course, the explanation might have nothing to do with the fact that the gala's benefactor and biggest advertiser in the programme was De Beers, who control the mining, marketing and pricing of the world's diamonds; nor that Namibia, which did not manage to shrug off the illegal occupation of most of its territory by South Africa until late 1989, is the source of some of the best diamond gemstones; nor that Mr Carlsson was in fear of his life in the seven days leading to Lockerbie; nor that Mr Carlsson made a last-minute, unscheduled trip from Belgium on December 21, 1988 to meet De Beers in London, just prior to boarding the fateful flight Pan Am 103.
- Far be it from me (an ex-diplomat) to point an accusatory finger, but it was only a few months ago in these columns that two former UN diplomats, George Ivan Smith and Conor Cruse O'Brien, accused mining interests of responsibility for the plane crash in which Swedish UN Secretary-General, Dag Hammarskjöld, died in Rhodesia 31 years ago.
- Plus ça change......
- Patrick Haseldine
- (Address Supplied)
Call for Lockerbie Inquiry
On 15 March 1997, Patrick Haseldine sent a letter to Jane Winder, Director of One World Action:
- Dear Jane,
- Last month I wrote to Eric Pickles MP, a vice-chairman of the Conservative Party, enlisting his support for a Judicial Inquiry into the Lockerbie bombing. To ensure an all-party approach, the campaign letter (copy attached) was also sent to Liberal Democrat MP, Sir David Steel, and to Shadow Foreign Secretary, Robin Cook.
- I believe a Judicial Inquiry is now essential because fabricated forensic evidence appears to have been given to the Lockerbie criminal investigation. There is increasing evidence that South African state-sponsored "terrorism" was involved - a position I have maintained for the past eight years - and that Bernt Carlsson, UN Commissioner for Namibia, was the target of the Lockerbie bombing.
- Enclosed are a series of articles about the circumstances of Bernt Carlsson's death published seven years ago by the Swedish newspaper iDAG. An English translation is also enclosed. The crucial point from these articles is that Bernt Carlsson was due to fly directly from Brussels to New York for the signing of the Namibia Independence Agreement on 22nd December 1988. He was persuaded to stopover in London on 21st December - perhaps by the prospect of joining the South African delegation already booked on flight Pan Am 103 - only to find that Foreign Minister Pik Botha had changed to the earlier flight Pan Am 101, which departed Heathrow just as Mr Carlsson flew in from Brussels. The rest of the delegation including Defence Minister General Malan, Head of the Secret Service (BOSS) General van Tonder, and two other members of BOSS inexplicably called off their whole trip to New York (see enclosed transcript of The Maltese Double Cross and letter of 4th March 1997 from the Lord Advocate for Scotland to Sir David Steel).
- Because One World Action has such close connections with Bernt Carlsson I am confident you will wish to give full support to this campaign for a third Inquiry into Lockerbie.
- Yours sincerely,
One World Action's non-committal response dated 16 April 1997 read as follows:
- Dear Patrick Hazeldine
- Thank you for writing to One World Action and for your continued financial support for our work.
- One World Action tries to support the Lockerbie families and their efforts to discover the truth. We are in touch with Jean and Barrie Berkely of UK Families Flight 103 and will be publishing a short information piece from them in our next newsletter.
- With all best wishes
- Jane Winder (Director)
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