Houston

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Most populous city in Texas, fourth-most populous city in the United States.

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(City)
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Houston, located in Southeast Texas near Galveston Bay and the Gulf of Mexico, is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Texas and the fourth-most populous city in the United States, with an estimated 2019 population of 2,320,268.

Houston is a significant hub for trafficking of cocaine, cannabis, heroin, MDMA, and methamphetamine due to its size and proximity to major illegal drug exporting nations.[1] Houston is one of the country's largest hubs for human trafficking.[2]

The economy of Houston is based primarily on the energy industry, particularly oil. However, health care, biomedical research, and aerospace also constitute large sectors. In 2012, the gross domestic product (GDP) of the Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land metropolitan statistical area (MSA) was $449 billion, the fourth-largest of any metro area in the United States.[3] The Houston metropolitan area comprises the largest concentration of petrochemical manufacturing in the world, including for synthetic rubber, insecticides, and fertilizers. It is the world's leading center for oilfield equipment construction, with the city of Houston home to more than 3,000 energy-related businesses, including many of the top oil and gas exploration and production firms and petroleum pipeline operators.[4]

The Houston area is a leading center for building oilfield equipment.[5] Much of its success as a petrochemical complex is due to its busy ship channel, the Port of Houston.[6] In the United States, the port ranks first in international commerce and 16th among the largest ports in the world.[7] Unlike most places, high oil and gasoline prices are beneficial for Houston's economy, as many of its residents are employed in the energy industry.[8] Houston is the beginning or end point of numerous oil, gas, and products pipelines.[9]

Houston is considered an automobile-dependent city, with an estimated 77.2% of commuters driving alone to work in 2016, while another 11.4% carpooled to work[10].


 

Groups Headquartered Here

A Group Headquartered HereDescription
ConocoPhillipsAmerican multinational oil and gas corporation
HalliburtonDick Cheney's company - "the company has been involved in numerous controversies"
Suite 8F GroupA network of politically active businessman in Texas from the 1930s into the 1960s


References