European Court of Justice

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Group.png European Court of Justice  
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Formation1952

The European Court of Justice (ECJ) is the supreme court of the European Union in matters of EU law. As a part of the Court of Justice of the European Union it is tasked with interpreting EU law and ensuring its equal application across all EU Member States.[1]

28 Judges

The ECJ was established in 1952 and is based in Luxembourg. It is composed of one Judge per Member State – currently 28 – although it normally hears cases in panels of three, five or 15[2] Judges. The court has been led by president Koen Lenaerts since 2015.

Brexit

No Member State has yet withdrawn from the EU (or the EEC); however, the Government of the United Kingdom triggered Article 50 to begin the UK's withdrawal from the EU in March 2017 following the 2016 EU Referendum, and the withdrawal is due to take place on 29 March 2019.

On an application by the Court of Session, Scotland's highest civil court, in an emergency hearing that took place on 27 November 2018, the ECJ was asked to rule on whether Article 50 (and Brexit) can be reversed unilaterally.[3]

On 6 December 2018, the Independent newspaper reported that the ECJ will deliver its Judgment at 8am UK time on Monday 10 December 2018 – with the landmark House of Commons meaningful vote scheduled for the next day.[4]

 

Related Documents

TitleTypePublication dateAuthor(s)Description
Document:ECJ Advocate General says UK can revoke Article 50 unilaterallyArticle4 December 2018Tony ConnellyArticle 50 allows the "unilateral revocation of the notification of the intention to withdraw from the EU, until such time as the Withdrawal Agreement is formally concluded"
Document:Legal Challenge To BrexitArticle27 November 2018The UK can stop the Brexit process unilaterally, without the consent of the other 27 EU Member States
Document:Project BrexitComment24 June 2017DavidProject Brexit: "Doomed to Failure"


References