European Commission

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Group.png European Commission   History Commons Powerbase SourcewatchRdf-entity.pngRdf-icon.png
European Commission.png
Formation1958
Parent organizationEuropean Union
LeaderPresident of the European Commission
Typeinternational
Staff23,000
Member ofInnovative Medicines Initiative
Sponsor ofInnovative Medicines Initiative, Privacy International
SubpageEuropean Commission/President
The executive body of the European Union, responsible for proposing legislation, implementing decisions, upholding the EU treaties and managing day-to-day business.

The European Commission (EC) is the executive branch of the European Union, responsible for proposing legislation, implementing decisions, upholding the EU treaties and managing the day-to-day business of the EU.


This EU institution operates as a cabinet government, with 27 members of the Commission (informally known as "commissioners"). There is one member per member state, but members are bound by their oath of office to represent the general interest of the EU as a whole rather than their home state.

Commissioners swear an oath at the European Court of Justice in Luxembourg City, pledging to respect the treaties and to be completely independent in carrying out their duties during their mandate, a promise that is more honoured in the breach than the observance, as few organizations are as heavily dominated by lobbyists as the European Union. It is common, although not a formal requirement, that the commissioners have previously held senior political positions, such as being a member of the European Parliament or a government minister.

Activities

Five days after the mass murder in Paris in November 2015, the European Commission announced a package of measures that "strengthens control of firearms across the EU".[1]

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References


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