Carl Gershman

From Wikispooks
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Person.png Carl Gershman   Powerbase SourcewatchRdf-entity.pngRdf-icon.png
(spook, deep state actor)
Carl Gershman.png
BornJuly 20, 1943
New York City
Alma materHorace Mann Preparatory School, Yale University, Harvard Graduate School of Education
Member ofCommittee for the Free World, Henry Jackson Society/International Patrons, National Endowment for Democracy/Board, U.S. Committee for Human Rights in North Korea, Victims of Communism Memorial Foundation
Interests • B'nai B'rith

Carl Gershman has been the President of the National Endowment for Democracy since it was founded in 1984 as a 3rd-party organization to distance the U.S. government from funding political parties and groups and organizing regime-change operations. His entire career has been in and around CIA-connected entities, including the Social Democrats, USA

Full article: Rated 5/5 National Endowment for Democracy

It would be terrible for democratic groups around the world to be seen as subsidized by the CIA. We saw that in the Sixties, and that’s why it has been discontinued.

Early life

On July 20, 1943, Carl Gershman was born in New York City. In 1961, he graduated from Horace Mann School of Riverdale in The Bronx.[1][2] As an undergraduate at Yale University, he was active in the Yale Civil Rights Council,[2] and volunteered in Mississippi and Alabama.[3] In 1965 he graduated from Yale, with a Bachelor of Arts degree,[1][2] and upon graduation was inducted into the honorary society Phi Beta Kappa.[4][2] From 1965 to 1967, he served in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania with Volunteers in Service to America,[4][2] which was a domestic version of the Peace Corps.[5] In 1968 he graduated with a Master of Education from the Harvard Graduate School of Education.[1][2]


Early years

In 1968, he worked in the research department of B'nai B'rith.[2] From 1969 to 1971, he was Research Director at the A. Philip Randolph Institute, where he assisted its director, Bayard Rustin.[2]

From 1969 to 1974, Gershman successively was Director of Research, Co-Chairman, and Executive Director of the Youth Committee for Peace in the Middle East,[4] and edited its magazine Crossroads.[2]

In 1972 he served on the Governing Council of the American Jewish Committee.[2]

Gershman served on the Editorial Board of Dissent Magazine.[2]

American social democracy: YPSL and SDUSA (1974-1980)

Full articles: Social Democrats, USA

In a 2006 interview with the Australian Broadcasting Corporation, Gershman said, "I have to confess that, in my early youth, I was a kind of a social democrat of sorts; I'm now really a democrat; I'm non-partisan."[3] From 1970–1974, Carl Gershman was a national leader of the Young People‍‍ '​‍s Socialist League (YPSL), the youth section of the Socialist Party of America; he was Vice Chairman, Co-Chairman, and then Chairman of YPSL.[4][2][6] Acting as YPSL's Vice Chairman at its 1972 December Conference, he wrote a thirteen-page, singly spaced, international-affairs document which called for the Cuba's Castro regime to stop funding guerrilla movements and also for its "loosening the bonds" of repression; it was approved and an alternative document calling for the United States to recognize Cuba's government was defeated.[6] YPSL criticized the "New Politics" led by George McGovern,[7] which had lost 49 of 50 states to Richard Nixon in the 1972 election.

At the Socialist Party USA Convention in December 1972, he introduced the international program, which was approved by a two to one vote; the losing alternative, proposed by Michael Harrington, called for an immediate withdrawal of U.S. forces from Vietnam, while the majority resolution called for a negotiated peace settlement.[8] At this convention, the Socialist Party changed its name to Social Democrats, USA (SDUSA) by a vote of 73 to 34.[9]

Harrington resigned from SDUSA and founded the Democratic Socialist Organizing Committee (DSOC) in 1973. In 1975, Gershman published a monograph on the foreign policy of the American labor movement.[1][10] Gershman became a leader of SDUSA. From 1975 to January 1980, Gershman was the Executive Director of SDUSA.

United Nations Committee on Human Rights (1981-1984)

Gershman was the United States Ambassador to the United Nations Human Rights Council during the first term of the Reagan Administration.[1][11]

National Endowment for Democracy (1984-present)

Carl Gershman has been the President of the National Endowment for Democracy since 1984. NED was established in 1983 by an act of Congress. The House Foreign Affairs Committee proposed legislation to provide initial funding of $31.3 million for NED. Included in the legislation was $13.8 million for the Free Trade Union Institute, an affiliate of the AFL-CIO (much of which went to support the Polish labor union, Solidarity), $2.5 million for an affiliate of the U.S. Chamber of Commerce, and $5 million each for two party institutes. The conference report on H.R. 2915 was adopted by the House on November 17, 1983 and the Senate the following day. On November 18, 1983, articles of incorporation were filed in the District of Columbia to establish the National Endowment for Democracy as a nonprofit organization.[12]

NED is structured to act as a grant-making foundation, distributing funds to private non-governmental organizations for the stated purpose of "promoting democracy abroad" (or rather, to let the right person take power). Approximately half of NED's funding is allocated annually to four main U.S. organizations: the American Center for International Labor Solidarity (ACILS), the Center for International Private Enterprise (CIPE), the National Democratic Institute for International Affairs (NDI), and the International Republican Institute (IRI). The other half of NED's funding is awarded annually to hundreds of non-governmental organizations based abroad which apply for support.