Al Muhajiroun

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Group.png Al Muhajiroun  
(Terrorist group)Rdf-entity.pngRdf-icon.png
UK banned jihadist group with links to Islamic terrorism; mutates under different names from time to time.

Al-Muhajiroun (The Emigrants) is a banned terrorist Salafi jihadist[1][2] organisation that is based in the United Kingdom and which has been linked to international terrorism, homophobia, and antisemitism.[3] The group operated in the United Kingdom from 14 January 1986 until the British Government announced an intended ban in August 2005.[4] The group became notorious for its September 2002 conference, "The Magnificent 19", praising the September 11, 2001 attacks.[5] The group mutates periodically so as to evade the law; it then operates under different aliases.

It was proscribed under the UK Terrorism Act 2000 on 14 January 2010 together with four other organisations including Islam4UK,[6][7][8] and again in 2014 as "Need4Khilafah".

Al-Muhajiroun has also run an al-Qaeda safe house for visiting British Muslims.[9]

Aims

Al-Muhajiroun's proclaimed aims are to establish public awareness about Islam, to influence public opinion in favour of the sharia, to convince members of society that Islam is inherently political and a viable ideological alternative, to unite Muslims on a global scale in the threats facing the Ummah and to resume the Islamic way of life by re-establishing the Islamic Caliphate.[10] Members have carried out numerous murders and terrorist attacks.

Aliases

In June 2009 the organisation officially re-launched itself in the United Kingdom, under the alias "Islam4UK".[11] However it was banned under the Terrorism Act 2000 in January 2010.[12] In January 2010, the group, operating as one of three aliases,[13] was banned by Labour Home Secretary Alan Johnson in connection with a planned protest march through Wootton Bassett:[14]

In June 2014, the UK government banned three more groups it suspected of being aliases for the extremist organisation al-Muhajiroun:[13]

History

Omar Bakri Muhammad and Anjem Choudary are known to have led Al-Muhajiroun.[15] Bakri founded Al-Muhajiroun in Mecca, Saudi Arabia on 3 March 1983 following "the 59th anniversary of the destruction of the Ottoman Caliphate," in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. According to at least one scholar (Sadek Hamid), the group was a front for Hizb ut-Tahrir in the Kingdom[16] (where political parties are illegal). According to Bakri, the Hizb ut-Tahrir leadership did not accept the group. As such, Bakri established Al-Muhajiroun independently from Hizb ut-Tahrir.[17]

Bakri claims that he studied at the universities of Umm ul-Qura' in Makkah and the Islamic University of Madinah.[18] Bakri also studied with, and was assessed by, Dr. Abdur Rahman Dimishqia.[19] While living in Saudi Arabia he worked for Eastern Electric owned by Shamsan and Abdul-Aziz as-Suhaybi in Riyadh, and then Bakri moved to its Jeddah branch. Later he traveled to America to study English after which he went to the UK to assume the leadership of Hizb ut-Tahrir.

The Saudi Arabian government banned Al-Muhajiroun in January 1986, prompting Bakri to leave. On 14 January 1986, he arrived in Britain, where he worked as part of Hizb ut-Tahrir. Bakri's involvement in Hizb ut-Tahrir ended on 16 January 1996 when he was dismissed by the group's global leadership. Following the emergence of Al-Muhajiroun in early 1996, Bakri would later become the chief sponsor in Britain of the International Islamic Front, an organisation that trained and sent British Citizens to fight in Chechnya and the Balkans.

NUS ban

In March 2001 Britain's National Union of Students banned Al-Muhajiroun after they received complaints from Muslim and non-Muslim students about the group distributing hate literature and the organisation training members in militant camps. Al-Muhajiroun members put up posters and handed out leaflets in Manchester University's campus where the police were called and at the University of Birmingham campus that called on the killing of Jews. A spokesman for NUS said that if Al-Muhajiroun did not support violence against Jews then they should change their "highly militant and definitely not peaceful" literature.[20]

Islamic Council of Britain

Abu Hamza al-Masri created the Islamic Council of Britain to "implement sharia law in Britain," on 11 September 2002, the first anniversary of the September 11, 2001 attacks, primarily through funding from Al-Muhajiroun. Masri celebrated the establishment of the ICB and the 9/11 attacks by holding a conference in Finsbury Park mosque in North London entitled "September the 11th 2001: A Towering Day in History." Bakri, who attended the conference, said, that attendees "look at September 11 like a battle, as a great achievement by the mujahideen against the evil superpower. I never praised September 11 after it happened but now I can see why they did it." Flyers distributed at the conference referred to the 9/11 hijackers as the "Magnificent 19." Bakri said he saw Osama bin Laden and Al-Qaeda terrorists as "sincere [and] devoted people who stood firm against the invasion of a Muslim country." Anjem Choudary, British spokesman for Al Muhajiroun also attended.[10] Just days after the 7 July 2005 London bombings the Oxford-based Malaysian jurist, Shaykh Muhammad Afifi al-Akiti, issued his landmark fatwa against suicide bombing and targeting innocent civilians, titled Defending the Transgressed, by Censuring the Reckless against the Killing of Civilians, which was written in response to this controversial "Magnificent 19" statement made by Al-Muhajiroun.[21]

2004 disbandment and after

Al Muhajiroun disbanded on 13 October 2004[22] to avoid proscription.[23] However, it was believed that The Saviour Sect was to all intents and purposes Al Muhajiroun operating under a new name. Shortly after the 7 July 2005 London bombings Tony Blair announced the group would be banned as part of a series of measures against condoning or glorifying terrorism.[22]

Home Secretary Charles Clarke banned Omar Bakri Muhammad from the United Kingdom on 12 August 2005 on the grounds that his presence was "not conducive to the public good."[10][24][25] Two other offshoot organisations, The Saviour Sect and Al-Ghurabaa had previously been banned for the 'glorification' of terrorism under the Terrorism Act 2006.[26]

2009 mutation as Islam4UK

The group was then relaunched in 2009 under the alias "Islam4UK". A demonstration it made against returning British soldiers in Luton gained media attention and led to the formation of the English Defence League (EDL).[27] It was proscribed under the UK Terrorism Act 2000 on 14 January 2010 together with four other organisations including Islam4UK.[6][7][28]

2014 mutation as Need4Khilafah

In June 2014, the UK government banned three more groups it suspected of being aliases for the extremist organisation al-Muhajiroun:[13]

Terrorism

Statements

Aside from declaring the 9/11 hijackers "the Magnificent 19", controversial statements made by al-Muhajiroun include one warning the British government that it was "sitting on a box of dynamite and have only themselves to blame if after attacking the Islamic movements and the Islamic scholars, it all blows up in their face".[15]

In 2004 BBC Newsnight quoted one Al-Muhajiroun leader, Abu Ibrahim, as saying,

When they speak about 11 September, when the two planes magnificently run through those buildings, OK and people turn around and say, 'hang on a second, that is barbaric. Why did you have to do that?' You know why? Because of ignorance. ... For us it's retaliation. Islam is not the starter of wars. If you start the war we won't turn the other cheek. ... According to you it can't be right. According to Islam it's right. When you talk about innocent civilians, do you not kill innocent civilians in Iraq?[29]

Attacks

On 29 April 2003, Asif Hanif who attended some of Al-Muhajiroun's circles carried out a bombing of a café in Tel Aviv, Israel, that killed three people and injured 60 others.[30][31]

In 2006 another individual connected with Al-Muhajiroun allegedly detonated a bomb in India, killing himself and destroying an army barracks.[10]

In 2007, five young Muslims with Al-Muhajiroun connections – Omar Khyam, Waheed Mahmood, Anthony Garcia, Jawad Akbar and Saladhuddin Amin – were convicted of a multiple bombing plot to use fertiliser bombs "which police say could have killed hundreds of British people. The men were caught after police and MI5 launched a massive surveillance operation."[32] The surveillance culminated in a raid called Operation Crevice. The targets included "the Bluewater shopping centre in Kent, the Ministry of Sound nightclub in London and Britain's domestic gas network." According to Professor Anthony Glees, director of the Brunel Centre for Intelligence and Security Studies:

The fertiliser bomb trial has given us the smoking-gun evidence that groups like al-Muhajiroun have had an important part in radicalising young British Muslims, and that this can create terrorists.[30]

On 22 May 2013 the murder of Lee Rigby was carried out by two members of Al-Muhajiroun, Michael Adebolajo and Michael Adebowale. From about 2003, Adebolajo was corrupted by Bakri and then by Choudary,[33] after Bakri left the country in August 2005.[34] One former associate said Adebolajo that “locked himself in this room with this bloke for a few hours and when he came out he was a Muslim convert. He was spouting all kinds of stuff and said he had changed his name." Adebolajo insisted to be called during the Rigby trial "Mujaahid".[33]

At least one of the perpetrators of the June 2017 London attack, Khuram Butt, was a member.[35][36][37]

 

Related Document

TitleTypePublication dateAuthor(s)Description
Document:Theresa May's personal role in facilitating terror attacksvideo5 June 2017Dan GlazebrookTheresa May and her Cabinet are complicit in murder. They are war criminals. If the principles established by the Nuremberg Tribunal after World War II were applied, they would be hung.


References

  1. Washington Times: "HUSAIN: Anti-Shia Muslim terrorists convicted in London" May 14, 2014 |"Members of the Salafi-Wahhabi Islamist terrorist group Al Muhajiran were convicted this week of attacking Shia Muslims in London in 2013"
  2. {https://books.google.com/books?id=vm9BBAAAQBAJ&pg=PA81
  3. https://www.webcitation.org/query?url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.timesonline.co.uk%2Ftol%2Fnews%2Fuk%2Farticle547466.ece&date=2010-10-24
  4. Radical terror cleric Omar Bakri tries to flee Lebanon| Jeremy Reynalds| Pipeline News| July 24, 2006
  5. Blogging the Qur’an: Suras 72, “The Jinn,” 73, “The Mantled One,” 74, “The Cloaked One,” 75, “Resurrection,” and 76, “Man” (JihadWatch)
  6. a b http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/8453560.stm/
  7. a b http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/8441499.stm
  8. http://www.opsi.gov.uk/si/si2010/uksi_20100034_en_1 The Proscribed Organisations (Name Changes) Order 2010 |legislation.gov.uk |2010
  9. http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/uk/article547466.ece quote=More worrying is the number of ALM members associated with violence abroad. One journalist who visited an ALM safe house in Lahore before the authorities closed it said that recruits from Britain referred to Indians as "subhumans" and were violently opposed to homosexuals and Jews.
  10. a b c d Islamists Down Under| Assyrian International News Agency| 2006-04-24
  11. ttps://www.theguardian.com/uk/2009/jun/18/islamist-al-muhajiroun-meeting-chaos
  12. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/8453560.stm
  13. a b c bbc.co.uk: "Ministers ban suspected aliases of banned extremist group", BBC, 26 Jun 2014
  14. bbc.co.uk: "Islam4UK Islamist group banned under terror laws", BBC, 12 Jan 2010
  15. a b Police raid Islamic group| BBC News |30 July 2003 |accessed 2 March 2016
  16. Hamid, Sadek (2007). "Islamic Political Radicalism in Britain: the case of Hizb-ut-Tahrir". In Tahir Abbas (ed.). Islamic Political Radicalism: A European Perspective. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. p. 148. ISBN 0-74863-086-4. https://books.google.com/books?id=5hilBgAAQBAJ&pg=PA145
  17. http://www.jamestown.org/single/?tx_ttnews%5Btt_news%5D=290&no_cache=1#.VtdrL5orI0M
  18. Essential Fiqh, Bakri (London: The Islamic Book Company, 1996), p. 3
  19. Hizb ut-Tahreer, Dr. Abdur Rahman Dimishqia, (Istanbul: Maktabah ul-Ghurabaa', 1417 AH/1997 CE)
  20. UK Islamic Group, Banned from Campus, Claims Misrepresentation| CNS News| Mike Wendling | September 21, 2001
  21. Defending the Transgressed (2005), p. 17.
  22. a b telegraph.co.uk: "Muslims in police will rise up, Bakri insists", 21 Jan 2007
  23. http://icsr.info/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/1276697989CatherineZaraRaymondICSRPaper.pdf
  24. Extremist Islamist groups to be banned under new terror laws Guardian Online | 2010 january 11
  25. 'Preacher of hate' is banned from Britain Times Online
  26. http://security.homeoffice.gov.uk/legislation/current-legislation/terrorism-act-2000/proscribed-groups.html
  27. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/8266933.stm
  28. http://www.opsi.gov.uk/si/si2010/uksi_20100034_en_1
  29. https://web.archive.org/web/20090123173015/http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/programmes/newsnight/3670007.stm
  30. a b https://www.theguardian.com/world/2007/may/06/terrorism.jamiedoward
  31. New poll shows worry over Islamic terror threat, to be detailed in special FNC Report Fox News
  32. Fertiliser bomb plot: The story. By Chris Summers and Dominic Casciani. 30 April 2007
  33. a b http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/law-and-order/10528365/Lee-Rigby-killers-from-quiet-Christians-to-Islamist-murderers.html
  34. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/4133150.st
  35. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-40167432
  36. http://www.cnn.com/2017/06/06/europe/london-attacker-khuram-butt/index.html
  37. ttp://www.cnn.com/2017/06/06/europe/london-terror-attack/index.html

External links

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