| Jean-Bertrand Aristide |
|Born||15 July 1953)|
|Alma mater||University of Haiti, University of South Africa|
Priest and politician who became Haiti's first democratically elected president. Ousted twice in U.S.-supported coups.
Jean-Bertrand Aristide is a Haitian former Salesian priest and politician who became Haiti's first democratically elected president. A proponent of liberation theology, Aristide was appointed to a parish in Port-au-Prince in 1982 after completing his studies to become a priest. He became a focal point for the pro-democracy movement first under Jean-Claude "Baby Doc" Duvalier and then under the military transition regime which followed. He won the 1990–91 Haitian general election, with 67% of the vote. As a priest, he taught liberation theology and, as a president, he attempted to normalize Afro-Creole culture, including Vodou religion, in Haiti.
Aristide was briefly president of Haiti, until a September 1991 military coup. The coup regime collapsed in 1994 under U.S. pressure and threat of force, and Aristide was allowed to return to Haiti to complete his term in office. He was president again from 1994 to 1996 and from 2001 to 2004. He was ousted in the U.S.-orchestrated 2004 coup d'état after right-wing ex-army paramilitary units invaded the country from across the Dominican border.
He was later put on a U.S. military plane and forced into exile in the Central African Republic and South Africa. He finally returned to Haiti in 2011 after seven years in exile.
- ↑ http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1P2-7679593.html
- ↑ https://web.archive.org/web/20150904073250/http://ijrl.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/pdf_extract/4/2/217
- ↑ How Our Governments Snuffed Out a Democracy And Kidnapped a President: A Modern Parable, Johann Hari, The Huffington Post, 17 September 2010
- ↑ https://web.archive.org/web/20110525035154/http://www.metamute.org/content/damning_the_flood
- ↑ https://web.archive.org/web/20200722044504/https://works.bepress.com/elizabeth_mcalister/37/
- ↑ http://edition.cnn.com/2004/WORLD/americas/03/01/aristide.claim/
- ↑ https://www.nytimes.com/2011/03/19/world/americas/19haiti.html?pagewanted=1