UNSCR 2728/24

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Concept.png UNSCR 2728/24 
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UNSCR 2728.jpg
Demanding an immediate ceasefire in Gaza

United Nations Security Council Resolution 2728 (2024) was adopted by the UN Security Council at its 9,586th meeting on 25 March 2024 after 14 Security Council members voted in favour, and the United States abstained.[1]

UNSCR 2728/24 called for an immediate ceasefire of the Israel–Hamas war during the month of Ramadan leading to a lasting sustainable ceasefire. It also demanded the unconditional release of all hostages.


United Nations Security Council Resolution 2728 (2024) was proposed by the E-10 (the non-permanent members of the UNSC) and followed the veto of a US draft resolution regarding a ceasefire in Gaza by China and Russia on 22 March 2024.

An amendment introduced by Russia reinserting the word "permanent" into the draft resolution failed to pass, receiving 3 votes in favour, 11 abstentions and 1 against.

It was reported that the Prime Minister of Israel stated that he would cancel an Israeli delegation trip to the US if it did not veto the resolution.[2]


Text of UNSCR 2728/24:

The Security Council,
Guided by the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations,
Recalling all of its relevant resolutions on the situation in the Middle East, including the Palestinian question,
Reiterating its demand that all parties comply with their obligations under international law, including international humanitarian law and international human rights law, and in this regard deploring all attacks against civilians and civilian objects, as well as all violence and hostilities against civilians, and all acts of terrorism, and recalling that the taking of hostages is prohibited under international law,
Expressing deep concern about the catastrophic humanitarian situation in the Gaza Strip,
Acknowledging the ongoing diplomatic efforts by Egypt, Qatar and the United States, aimed at reaching a cessation of hostilities, releasing the hostages and increasing the provision and distribution of humanitarian aid,
1. Demands an immediate ceasefire for the month of Ramadan respected by all parties leading to a lasting sustainable ceasefire, and also demands the immediate and unconditional release of all hostages, as well as ensuring humanitarian access to address their medical and other humanitarian needs, and further demands that the parties comply with their obligations under international law in relation to all persons they detain;
2. Emphasises the urgent need to expand the flow of humanitarian assistance to and reinforce the protection of civilians in the entire Gaza Strip and reiterates its demand for the lifting of all barriers to the provision of humanitarian assistance at scale, in line with international humanitarian law as well as UNSCR 2712/23 and 2720/23;
3. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.[3]


Mohamed ElBaradei posted on X:

As a lawyer, it’s very troubling that the US refers to a Security Council resolution as “non binding” in clear disregard of article 25 of the UN Charter.
It is important that the US rectify this statement.
It’s equally important to remember that the SC has the “primary” responsibility for international peace and security and cannot be dependent on a process outside its remit.[4]

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