Reform UK

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Concept.png Reform UK 
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Reform Party UK.jpg

Reform UK is a right-wing populist political party in the United Kingdom which, since 3 June 2024, is led by Nigel Farage. Founded as the Brexit Party in November 2018, it was renamed Reform UK on 6 January 2021 and became primarily an anti-lockdown party during the COVID-19 pandemic. In August 2021, Metro Bank shut down the party's bank account.[1]

Since 2022, Reform UK has campaigned on a broader platform, chiefly opposing immigration and opposing the government's Net Zero energy policy.[2]

In the UK/General election/2024, Reform UK is fielding hundreds of prospective parliamentary candidates (PPCs) in England, Scotland and Wales.[3] The party leader, Nigel Farage, is standing for election at the Clacton constituency.[4]

Brexit Party

The Brexit Party was formed in January 2019 with twelve Members of the European Parliament (MEPs), all of whom were originally elected as UK Independence Party (UKIP) candidates.[5] UKIP was reported by ISGP and Nafeez Ahmed to have "a large bulk of funding from former Tory donors, millionaire bankers, and corporate executives, pushing the fringe party to receive the third largest percentage of the vote."

“Unbeknown to many, UKIP too had early roots in Britain’s intelligence services.”
Nafeez Ahmed (May 11, 2015)  [6]

In 2001, former Conservative Party chairman Norman Tebbit called for an independent inquiry into [7] claims that UKIP had been infiltrated by MI5.

The Brexit Party was led by one of these MEPs, former UKIP leader Nigel Farage, who announced he would stand as a candidate for the party in any future European Parliament elections, in the event the UK had not left the European Union.[8]

In the UK/2019 European Parliament elections held on 23 May 2019, the Brexit Party gained 28 MEPs with 32 per cent of the vote and was largest party in 9 of the 12 regions of the UK.[9]

2019 General Election

Nigel Farage committed the Brexit Party to standing more than 600 candidates in the UK/2019 General Election, dismissing Conservative warnings that this could split the pro-leave vote as “conceited arrogance”.

On 4 November 2019, at a lavish campaign launch in central London, at which hundreds of new parliamentary candidates were paraded before the media, the party leader insisted he mainly hoped to take votes – and potentially seats – in strongly pro-leave Labour areas. “I think the Labour seats offer our best opportunity,” he said.

Farage will not stand for election, in what would have been his eighth attempt to win a Westminster seat. The decision has been criticised amid a tricky period for his new party.

Formally launched in January amid the deadlock of Theresa May’s premiership, the Brexit party took more than 30% of the vote in May’s European elections. But it has since slipped to as low as 10% in some polls, albeit with most showing it nearer 15%.

After speculation that the party could field only a couple of dozen candidates in Labour leave seats, Farage instead said it would contest every seat outside Northern Ireland, following the Conservatives’ dismissal of a pact based on pushing for a no-deal Brexit.

600 PPCs

After Nigel Farage spoke, journalists were cleared from the hall in Westminster so prospective parliamentary candidates could be addressed privately on strategy by the party’s head of media, and by the former Tory MP Ann Widdecombe, then a Brexit party MEP.

In another room, officials had a table of nomination papers for candidates to fill in and sign. Nearby was a photographer with lights and a white backdrop to take official party photos. Candidates held a piece of paper showing their name and party number, so they could be correctly identified later.[10]

No MPs

The Brexit Party failed to win any seats in the UK/2019 General Election.[11]


Party Members

Simon Danczuk
Michelle Dewberry9 October 1979A British businesswoman, stood now a TV presenter on GB News
Nigel Farage3 April 1964Influential UK and European Parliament politician. Media campaigner for Brexit.


Related Document

TitleTypePublication dateAuthor(s)Description
Document:Cognitive Dissidents?Article27 May 2019Alun SmithI voted remain but I would happily leave under a Corbyn government with a deal that protects our rights and our jobs. Isn't that the sensible thing to do now? Isn't that the compromise that can bring us all together again?
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