| Poland/Ambassador/Holy See
(Ambassador to the Holy See)
|The Polish ambassador to the Vatican
Relations between the Holy See and Poland have existed at the level of Nunciature since 1555, when the first resident diplomatic representative of the Holy See with the rank of Nuncio arrived in Warsaw.
After World War II, the Holy See refused to recognize the Polish Provisional Government of National Unity that was formed in 1945. The Holy See maintained diplomatic relations with the Polish government-in-exile in London until 1958. In 1971, discussions on the normalization of relations between Poland and the Holy See began. In October 1978, Polish born Archbishop of Kraków Karol Józef Wojtyła was elected Pope and became known as Pope John Paul II. In June 1979, Pope John Paul II made his first official visit to Poland. Pope John Paul II has been credited with being instrumental in bringing down Communism in Central and Eastern Europe, including Poland. In 1989, diplomatic relations were fully re-established between the two countries.