Maurice Bridgeman

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Person.png Maurice Bridgeman  Rdf-entity.pngRdf-icon.png
Maurice Bridgeman.png
Born26 January 1904
Died18 June 1980 (Age 76)
Alma materEton, Trinity College (Cambridge)
Parents • William Bridgeman
• Caroline Bridgeman
SiblingsRobert Bridgeman
SpouseMary Erica Wilson
UK Businessman who attended the 1968 Bilderberg as Chair of BP

Employment.png APOC/Chairman

In office
1932 - 1938
As Anglo-Persian Oil Company

Sir Maurice Richard Bridgeman was an English oilman. Bridgeman was chairman of the Anglo-Persian Oil Company (APOC) from 1932 to 1938, where he played a crucial role in negotiating the Red Line Agreement, a secret cartel agreement, in 1933. He was chairman of the board of its successor, British Petroleum, from from 1960 to 1969.[1]


Bridgeman was the third son of the William Bridgeman, 1st Viscount Bridgeman, who was Home Secretary 1922-24, and Caroline, Viscountess Bridgeman, DBE (née Parker), and younger brother of the 2nd Viscount. He was educated at Eton College, Berkshire and at Trinity College, Cambridge.[1]


Maurice Bridgeman joined the Anglo-Persian Oil Company (APOC) in 1926[2], and was its chairman from 1932 to 1938, where played a crucial role in negotiating the "Red Line Agreement" in 1933, which established a new framework for oil exploration and production in Iran.[3]

In 1939, Bridgeman was petroleum advisor to the Ministry of Economic Warfare, and, from 1944–46, Principal Assistant Secretary to the Ministry of Fuel and Power.

From 1960-69, he was chairman of British Petroleum. Bridgeman threatened ministers with a move of domicile to the US if they persisted with tax plans that would have gravely damaged BP's interests.[4]

Bridgeman was given the Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 1946 and later became Knight Commander (KBE) in 1964. He was also a Knight of the Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of St John of Jerusalem.[1]


Bridgeman married Diana Mary Erica Wilson, daughter of metal broker Humphrey Minto Wilson, on 23 February 1933.[5] They had four daughters (Erica Jane Bridgeman, b. 20 April 1934; Teresa Anne Bridgeman, 25 October 1937 - 25 May 2019;[5] Elizabeth Caroline Bridgeman, b. 15 March 1944; Rachel Diana Bridgeman, b. 9 March 1947).[1]


Sir Maurice Richard Bridgeman died on 18 June 1980, aged 76.[1]


Event Participated in

Bilderberg/196826 April 196828 April 1968Canada
Mont Tremblant
The 17th Bilderberg and the 2nd in Canada
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  1. a b c d e Mosley, Charles (2003). Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition*. Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd.
  5. a b Unwin, Julia (2023-04-13), "Baring [née Bridgeman], Teresa Anne [Tessa] (1937–2019), charity executive", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, doi:10.1093/odnb/9780198614128.013.90000380978, ISBN 978-0-19-861412-8, retrieved 2023-07-08
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