US/Assistant Secretary of State for Intelligence and Research

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Employment.png US/Assistant Secretary of State for Intelligence and Research 
(US/Assistant Secretary of State)

StartOctober 10, 1957
Websitehttps://www.state.gov/s/inr/
Senior US diplomatic job, many deep state actors have had it. Coordinates between the Department of State and the intelligence services to ensure that intelligence activities — collection and operations — support and are informed by foreign policy.

The Assistant Secretary of State for Intelligence and Research is the head of the Bureau of Intelligence and Research (INR) within the United States Department of State. Before 1986, the head of INR was the Director of the Bureau of Intelligence and Research. The Assistant Secretary of State for Intelligence and Research reports to the United States Deputy Secretary of State.

Drawing on all-source intelligence, INR provides value-added independent analysis of events to U.S. State Department policymakers; INR coordinates between the Department of State and the intelligence services to ensure that intelligence activities— collection and operations — support and are informed by foreign policy.[1]

INR is a bureau of the Department of State and a member of the Intelligence Community (IC). The Bureau of Intelligence and Research’s (INR) primary mission is to harness intelligence to serve U.S. diplomacy. Secretary of State George Marshall established INR in 1947. INR is a direct descendant of the Office of Strategic Services Research Department and the oldest civilian intelligence element in the U.S. Government.[1]

Missions

Drawing on all-source intelligence, INR provides value-added independent analysis of events to U.S. State Department policymakers; ensures that intelligence activities support foreign policy and national security purposes; and serves as the focal point in the State Department for ensuring policy review of sensitive counterintelligence and law enforcement activities around the world. The bureau directs the Department’s program of intelligence analysis and research, conducts liaison with the Intelligence Community, and represents the Department on committees and in interagency intelligence groups. The Bureau of Intelligence and Research also analyzes geographical and international boundary issues.

All-Source Analysis

INR is one of three all-source analytical units in the IC. INR analysts focus primarily on supporting diplomats and diplomacy with a wide range of information and analyses. INR participates in the production of joint IC products, usually under the auspices of the National Intelligence Council (NIC), and in the drafting and coordinating of articles for the President’s Daily Briefing (PDB). INR is also the U.S. Government (USG) leader for foreign public opinion research and analysis.[1]

Intelligence Policy and Coordination

INR coordinates between the Department of State and the IC to ensure that intelligence activities—collection and operations—support and are informed by foreign policy. Within the State Department, INR coordinates policy review of sensitive intelligence, counterintelligence, and law enforcement activities to ensure that they are consistent with foreign policy interests. INR also represents the State Department’s interests in the formulation of intelligence policy by the Office of the Director of National Intelligence and by other elements of the IC.[1]

Analytic Outreach

INR leads the IC in analytic outreach. INR’s Analytic Exchange Program provides analysts and policymakers with perspectives from hundreds of outside experts from the private sector, academia, and non-governmental organizations on the most challenging foreign policy and intelligence issues. INR also runs INRtalks: an audio-video program that directly engages these experts at the request of policymakers and analysts. INR co-chairs the National Intelligence Analysis Board’s Analytic Outreach Committee, the IC’s principal coordinating body for analytic outreach.[1]

Assistant Secretaries of State for Intelligence and Research, 1986–present

The office of "Director of the Bureau of Intelligence and Research" was renamed "Assistant Secretary of State for Intelligence and Research" on August 18, 1986.

Name Assumed office Left office President served under
Morton I. Abramowitz February 1, 1985 May 19, 1989 Ronald Reagan
Douglas P. Mulholland June 9, 1989 January 19, 1993 George H. W. Bush
Toby T. Gati November 5, 1993 May 31, 1997 Bill Clinton
Phyllis E. Oakley November 10, 1997 August 2, 1999 Bill Clinton
J. Stapleton Roy November 19, 1999 January 13, 2001 Bill Clinton
Carl W. Ford Jr. June 1, 2001 October 3, 2003 George W. Bush
Thomas Fingar July 22, 2004 June 13, 2005 George W. Bush
Randall M. Fort November 9, 2006 January 9, 2009 George W. Bush
Philip S. Goldberg February 9, 2010 February 14, 2014 Barack Obama
Daniel B. Smith[2] February 14, 2014 2019 Barack Obama
Donald Trump
Ellen E. McCarthy January 22, 2019 January 20, 2021 Donald Trump
Kin Moy (acting) January 20, 2021 Present Joe Biden

List of directors of the Bureau of Intelligence and Research, 1957–1986

Name Assumed office Left office President served under
Hugh S. Cumming, Jr. October 10, 1957 February 19, 1961 Dwight D. Eisenhower
Roger Hilsman February 19, 1961 April 25, 1963 John F. Kennedy
Thomas Lowe Hughes April 28, 1963 August 25, 1969 John F. Kennedy
Lyndon B. Johnson
Ray S. Cline October 26, 1969 November 24, 1973 Richard Nixon
William G. Hyland January 21, 1974 November 24, 1975 Richard Nixon
Gerald Ford
Harold H. Saunders December 1, 1975 April 10, 1978 Gerald Ford
Jimmy Carter
William G. Bowdler April 24, 1978 December 17, 1979 Jimmy Carter
Ronald I. Spiers January 28, 1980 October 4, 1981 Jimmy Carter
Hugh Montgomery October 19, 1981 January 6, 1985 Ronald Reagan
Morton I. Abramowitz February 1, 1985 May 19, 1989 Ronald Reagan


 

Office Holders on Wikispooks

NameFromTo
Daniel Smith14 February 201423 October 2018
Philip Goldberg16 February 201021 November 2013
Thomas Fingar22 July 200413 June 2005
J. Stapleton Roy19 November 199913 January 2001
Douglas Mulholland9 June 198919 January 1993
Morton Abramowitz1 February 198519 May 1989


References