2017 Copeland by-election
|Date||23 February 2017|
|Description||Blairites aiming to lose (or to reflect badly upon Jeremy Corbyn)|
The 2017 Copeland by-election took place on 23 February 2017 (the same day as the 2017 Stoke Central by-election) following the announcement of Blairite MP Jamie Reed's resignation on 21 December 2016. Following which, the Blairite Copeland Constituency Labour Party then selected Gillian Troughton, another Blairite and Corbyn critic, to succeed him.
In March 2017 concerns were raised by a firm of electoral analysts about the apparent unlawfulness of the conduct of the 2017 Copeland by-election – and subsequently, video footage in which a BBC reporter talked about the ‘unusual’ handling of the trays used for ballot papers – and separate footage in which BBC Question Time host David Dimbleby announced that Labour had held Copeland then quickly retracted it.
When Tory Trudy Harrison was elected with 13,748 votes (44.3%) and Labour's Gill Troughton came second with 11,601 (37.4%), the mainstream media predictably put the blame entirely on Jeremy Corbyn even though had Labour maintained the 42.3% of the vote that was enough for Jamie Reed to win in 2015, it would still have been beaten by the Tories in the 2017 by-election. The real story in Copeland is the collapse in the UKIP vote which fell from 15.5% in 2015 to just 6.5% (2,025 votes) in 2017. This 9% fall in the UKIP vote share is almost exactly matched by the Tories 8.5% increase. Those statistics show that Ukippers are abandoning their party in droves in order to throw their support behind the Tories now that Theresa May is pushing a rabidly right-wing authoritarian more-UKIP-than-UKIP political agenda.
The incumbent Labour MP Jamie Reed announced his resignation in order to become new Head of Development & Community Relations at Sellafield Ltd, where he had worked before becoming a politician. He has been a noted critic of the Labour Party leader Jeremy Corbyn.
Copeland and its predecessor seat have been represented by Labour since 1935. Although Reed supported 'Britain Stronger in Europe', his constituency voted heavily to leave in the June 2016 EU Referendum. Because the constituency is not coterminous with any local authority, the exact result is not known. Chris Hanretty, a Reader in Politics at the University of East Anglia, estimated through a demographic model that in Copeland, 60% of voters voted 'Leave'.
Seven candidates were nominated for election as a Member of Parliament for the Copeland constituency. In alphabetical order, they are:
- Michael Guest - Independent
- Rebecca Hanson - Liberal Democrats
- Trudy Harrison - Conservatives
- Roy Ivinson - Independent
- Jack Lenox - Green Party
- Fiona Mills - UKIP
- Gillian Troughton - Labour
Gillian Troughton, a Borough and County Councillor, was selected as the Labour Party Candidate on 19 January 2017. During the EU Referendum, Troughton had been an active Remain campaigner. The short list to be Labour's candidate, announced on 12 January, had included Barbara Cannon, a former Borough and County Councillor, Rachel Holliday, founder of Calderwood House hostel and Troughton. Longlisted candidates had included Thomas Docherty, who was the MP for Dunfermline and West Fife from 2010-5 and had previously applied to be the Copeland candidate, before losing to Reed. Andrew Gwynne, shadow cabinet minister without portfolio, is Labour's campaign manager.
On 25 January, Trudy Harrison was selected as the party's candidate. Harrison lives locally in the village of Bootle and had previously worked at Sellafield. The Conservatives will highlight lower unemployment locally and improved standards in local schools. Possible Conservative candidate choices had included Stephen Haraldsen, their candidate in 2015, and Chris Whiteside, a former parliamentary candidate and their candidate in the 2015 Copeland mayoral election.
UK Independence Party
UKIP's West Cumbria Branch selected as their candidate Fiona Mills, a local NHS worker, member of UKIP's NEC and county chairwoman who had previously stood as the party's candidate in Carlisle in the 2015 General Election. UKIP leader Paul Nuttall ruled himself out of standing, initially to focus on a potential by-election in Leigh, then to contest the 2017 Stoke Central by-election.
On 24 January 2017, the Green Party announced Jack Lenox, a local software engineer, as their candidate for the by-election. Given the party's opposition to nuclear power and the importance of the nuclear industry in the constituency, their campaign may attract more publicity than normal. They also said that their candidate would be contesting an "anti-nuclear and anti-poverty campaign".
Two independent candidates are also standing. Copeland borough and Whitehaven town councillor Michael Guest announced his candidacy on 31 January, saying he was aimed to represent people "dissatisfied with party politics". Whitehaven market stall holder Roy Ivinson, who has also submitted nomination papers, has previously stood for seats in the area on a platform of stopping global warming.
An early issue in the campaign has been plans to downgrade maternity services at West Cumberland Hospital in Whitehaven. The plans have been defended by Conservative Prime Minister, Theresa May. In response to Labour criticism, the Conservative campaign said that decisions about local hospitals were the responsibility of the local NHS trust.
Trade unions have claimed that government cuts to Sellafield's employee pension scheme could "threaten the Conservatives' chances of winning the byelection".
The Conservatives have instead focused on Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn and his long-standing opposition to nuclear energy and nuclear weapons. The constituency contains the Sellafield nuclear plant, and nuclear submarines are built in nearby Barrow-in-Furness, and Conservative election literature highlighted the potential risks to the Cumbrian economy of Labour policies. Labour campaigners responded that Corbyn's views do not represent the views of the Labour Party. The Conservatives have also campaigned on a pro-Brexit line, suggesting that voting Conservative would ensure that Brexit is delivered, whereas voting Labour would encourage Labour to "ignore and forget ... the EU referendum".
- Pidd, Helen (21 December 2016). "Corbyn critic quits as Labour MP, triggering tight byelection race". The Guardian. Retrieved 21 December 2016.
- "Labour unveils Gill Troughton as its candidate for the tricky Copeland by-election"
- "Labour right are trying to lose two by-elections. But Oldham West applies"
- "NEW INFORMATION DEEPENS DOUBTS OVER #COPELAND BY-ELECTION"
- "An alternative look at the Copeland By-Election result"
- Simons, Ned (21 December 2016). "Labour MP Jamie Reed Quits Parliament Triggering By-Election In Copeland". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 21 December 2016.
- "'We don't do Corbyn here': Labour activists fear defeat in Copeland by-election". Retrieved 11 January 2017.
- Sparrow, Andrew (23 December 2016). "Who will win the Copeland byelection?". Retrieved 11 January 2017 – via The Guardian.
- "Labour election majority 'currently unthinkable'". Sky News. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
- "Revised estimates of leave vote in Westminster constituencies". Retrieved 26 October 2016.
- "Copeland by-election: Is a "once in a blue moon" result on the cards?". Number Cruncher Politics. Retrieved 24 December 2016.
- "Statement of Persons Nominated" (PDF). Copeland Council. Retrieved 31 January 2017.
- "Copeland by-election: Candidates list". BBC News. 30 January 2017. Retrieved 31 January 2017.
- "Labour shortlist for Copeland revealed". The Whitehaven News. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
- "Labour name their candidate for Copeland by-election". North West Evening Mail. 20 January 2017. Retrieved 24 January 2017.
- "Labour set to reject big name candidate in Copeland by-election battle". Retrieved 11 January 2017.
- "Gwynne pledges fightback as Corbyn asks him to spearhead Copeland by-election bid - LabourList". 3 January 2017. Retrieved 11 January 2017.
- "Trudy Harrison selected as Conservative candidate for Copeland". Cumbria Crack.
- "A big by-election test for May. The Labour MP for marginal Copeland resigns. - Conservative Home". Retrieved 11 January 2017.
- "Local results suggest Copeland by-election will be a challenge for the Conservatives - Conservative Home". Retrieved 11 January 2017.
- "Local NHS worker selected as UKIP candidate for the Copeland by-election". ukip.org. 20 January 2017. Retrieved 24 January 2017.
- "UKIP announces local NHS worker as by-election candidate". ITV.com. Retrieved 1 February 2017.
- "UKIP picks county chairman as Copeland candidate". BBC.co.uk. Retrieved 1 February 2017.
- Hawkins, Ross (12 January 2017). "Copeland by-election goes nuclear". BBC News. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
- "Labour to decide on Copeland by-election candidate tonight". News & Star. Retrieved 19 January 2017.
- "UKIP on Twitter". Retrieved 11 January 2017.
- "Paul Nuttall 'will be UKIP candidate' for Stoke by-election". ITV. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
- "Lib Dems announce MP candidate for Copeland". News and Star. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
- "Could Rebecca Hanson be fighting a long game in Copeland?". Lib Dem Voice. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
- "Green Party announces anti-nuclear Copeland by-election candidate". Green Party. 24 January 2017. Retrieved 24 January 2017.
- Powell, Alex (28 December 2016). "The Greens must stand in the Copeland by-election". Retrieved 11 January 2017.
- "Green Party to stand in Copeland by-election". 13 January 2017. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
- "West Cumbrian councillor aims to be Copeland's next MP". News & Star. 31 January 2017. Retrieved 31 January 2017.
- "IT can’t be, surely? A truthful non-political would-be politician at election time?". Cumberland & Westmorland Herald. 17 April 2015. Retrieved 31 January 2017.
- editor, Helen Pidd North of England (28 December 2016). "Sellafield unrest could dent Tory byelection chances, unions warn". Retrieved 11 January 2017 – via The Guardian.
- "Tory propaganda"
- Association, Press (25 January 2017). "Tories and Labour pick candidates for Copeland and Stoke byelections". Retrieved 2 February 2017 – via The Guardian.
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