US/Assistant Secretary of State for European and Eurasian Affairs

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Employment.png US/Assistant Secretary of State for European and Eurasian Affairs  
(US/Assistant Secretary of State)

Start1949
InterestsEurope,  Eurasia
Websitehttp://www.state.gov/p/eur/
Important deep state foreign policy position.

The Assistant Secretary of State for European and Eurasian Affairs is an important deep state position, occupied by Deep state operatives bordering on deep politicians, with close ties to the intelligence services and US grand strategists. The position holders are senior planners in the US drive for dominance over the Eurasian continent, with regime changes, military positioning, securing 'allies' in military alliances and keeping enemies weak and divided.

The Department of State later established the Assistant Secretary of State for European Affairs in 1949. This came after the Commission on Organization of the Executive Branch of Government, also known as the Hoover Commission, recommended that certain offices be upgraded to bureau level after Congress had increased the number of Assistant Secretaries of State from six to ten. On September 14, 1983, an administrative action changed the title of the incumbent to Assistant Secretary of State for European and Canadian Affairs. On January 12, 1999, the title was changed back to Assistant Secretary for European Affairs.

Officeholders

Name Assumed office Left office President served under
Assistant Secretaries of State for European Affairs
George Walbridge Perkins, Jr. August 1, 1949 January 31, 1953 Harry S. Truman
Livingston T. Merchant March 16, 1953 May 6, 1956 Dwight D. Eisenhower
James Williams Riddleberger [1]
Charles Burke Elbrick February 14, 1957 November 16, 1958
Livingston T. Merchant November 18, 1958[2] August 20, 1959
Walter C. Dowling [3]
Foy D. Kohler December 11, 1959[4] August 19, 1962 Dwight D. Eisenhower and John F. Kennedy
William R. Tyler September 2, 1962 May 18, 1965 John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson
John M. Leddy June 16, 1965 February 19, 1969 Lyndon B. Johnson
Martin J. Hillenbrand February 20, 1969 April 30, 1972 Richard Nixon
Walter John Stoessel Jr. August 9, 1972 January 7, 1974
Arthur A. Hartman January 8, 1974 June 8, 1977 Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford
George S. Vest June 16, 1977 April 14, 1981 Jimmy Carter
Lawrence Eagleburger May 14, 1981 January 26, 1982 Ronald Reagan
Assistant Secretaries of State for European and Canadian Affairs
Richard R. Burt February 18, 1983[5] July 18, 1985 Ronald Reagan
Rozanne L. Ridgway July 19, 1985 June 30, 1989[6]
Raymond G. H. Seitz August 8, 1989 April 30, 1991 George H. W. Bush
Thomas Niles October 3, 1991 April 1, 1993
Stephen A. Oxman April 2, 1993 August 15, 1994 Bill Clinton
Richard Holbrooke September 13, 1994 February 21, 1996
John C. Kornblum July 3, 1996 August 1, 1997
Marc Grossman August 5, 1997 January 12, 1999
Assistant Secretaries of State for European Affairs
Marc Grossman January 12, 1999 May 31, 2000 Bill Clinton
James F. Dobbins January 4, 2001[7] June 1, 2001[8] Bill Clinton and George W. Bush
A. Elizabeth Jones June 1, 2001 August 8, 2001 George W. Bush
Assistant Secretaries of State for European and Eurasian Affairs
A. Elizabeth Jones August 8, 2001 February 28, 2005 George W. Bush
Daniel Fried May 5, 2005 January 20, 2009
Philip Gordon May 15, 2009 March 11, 2013 Barack Obama
Victoria Nuland September 18, 2013 January 20, 2017
A. Wess Mitchell October 12, 2017 February 15, 2019 Donald Trump
Philip T. Reeker (acting) March 18, 2019 Present



 

Office Holders on Wikispooks

NameFromTo
Victoria Nuland18 September 201325 January 2017
Daniel Fried5 May 200514 May 2009
James Dobbins2 January 20011 June 2001
Marc Grossman5 August 199731 May 2000
Ronald Asmus19972000
Richard Holbrooke13 September 199421 February 1996
Thomas Niles3 October 19911 April 1993
Rozanne Ridgway19 July 198530 June 1989
Richard Burt18 February 198318 July 1985
Lawrence Eagleburger14 May 198126 January 1982
Arthur Hartman8 January 19748 June 1977
Foy Kohler11 December 195919 August 1962
Livingston T. Merchant18 November 195820 August 1959
Livingston T. Merchant16 March 19536 May 1956
George Perkins Jr1 August 194931 January 1953


References

  1. Appointed on October 15, 1956; declined appointment.
  2. Initially commissioned during Senate recess; after confirmation by Senate, re-commissioned on January 29, 1959.
  3. Appointed August 26, 1959, but never took oath of office.
  4. Initially commissioned during Senate recess; after confirmation by Senate, re-commissioned on January 27, 1960.
  5. He was first nominated on May 10, 1982, but the Senate did not act on this first nomination.
  6. The State Department's website [1] gives the date as June 30, 1985, but given the context, this appears to be a typo for 1989.
  7. He had previously been nominated on September 26, 2000, but the Senate did not act on that nomination.
  8. https://2001-2009.state.gov/outofdate/bios/d/945.htm