| Freddie Scappaticci |
Picture credit: Donegal Daily April 2011
Freddie Scappaticci (often erroneously referred to as Alfredo ) was accused in the Irish and British media on 11 May 2003 of being a high-level double agent in the Provisional IRA, known by the codename Stakeknife.
Scappaticci was born in 1946 and grew up in the Markets area of Belfast, the son of Daniel Scappaticci, an Italian immigrant to the city in the 1920s. In 1962 at the age of 16 he was encouraged to sign for the football club Nottingham Forest although his father is said to have resisted the idea. He took up work as a bricklayer.
He was fined for riotous assembly in 1970 after being caught up in The Troubles and, one year later, was interned without trial at the age of 25 as part of Operation Demetrius. Among those interned with him were figures later to become prominent in the republican movement, such as Ivor Bell, Gerry Adams, and Alex Maskey. He was released from detention in 1974 and was by this time a member of the Provisional IRA. 
Activities within IRA
By 1980, Scappaticci is said to have been a lead member in the IRA's Internal Security Unit (ISU) for the PIRA Northern Command. The ISU being a unit tasked with counter-intelligence and the investigation of leaks within the IRA along with the exposure of moles/informers. Scappaticci was said to have played a key role in investigating suspected informers, conducting inquiries into operations suspected of being compromised, debriefing of IRA volunteers released from police and British Army questioning, and vetting of potential IRA recruits. The ISU has also been referred to as the "Nutting Squad". Various killings as a result of ISU activities have been attributed to Scappaticci.
After the original allegations broke in 2003, Scappaticci, by now living in the Riverdale area of west Belfast, claimed that his involvement with the IRA ended in 1990 due to his wife's illness. He also denied that he had ever been linked to any facet of the British Intelligence services including the Force Research Unit.
Alleged Involvement with British Intelligence
NB: The word Alleged in this section is crucial; the allegations, such as they are, originate from an alleged whistleblower, formerly in the employ of British Intelligence - a man deeply involved in the dirtiest of dirty tricks for pay. All the usual caveats of Spook smoke-and-mirrors apply.
Scappaticci's first involvement with British Intelligence is alleged to have been in 1978, two years before the Force Research Unit (FRU) was formed in 1980. He is said to have worked as an agent for the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) Special Branch. The role of the FRU was to centralise Army Intelligence under the Intelligence Corps.
Using the pseudonym "Martin Ingram", a former FRU agent turned whistleblower said in his 2004 book "Stakeknife" that Scappaticci eventually developed into an agent handled by British Army Intelligence via the FRU. Ingram says that Scapaticci's activities as a high grade intelligence source came to his attention in 1982 after Scappaticci was detained for a drunk driving offence. In 2003, Scappaticci was alleged to have volunteered as an informer in 1978 after being assaulted in an argument with a fellow IRA member. Ingram paints Scappaticci at this time as "the crown jewels", (the best) agent handled by the FRU. He cites a number of allegations against Scappaticci. His accusations center on various individuals who died as a result of the activities of the ISU between 1980 and 1990. Ingram also alleges that Scappaticci disclosed information to British intelligence on IRA operations during the time period, involving:
- IRA members involved in the kidnapping of wealthy Irish supermarket magnate Ben Dunne in 1981. Ingram alleges that Scappaticci was influential in identifying his kidnappers to the authorities.
- the attempted kidnapping of Galen Weston, a Canadian born business tycoon in 1983. Weston kept a manor outside Dublin where the kidnapping was to take place.
- the kidnapping of supermarket boss Don Tidey from his home in Rathfarnham in Dublin. Ingram alleges that Scappaticci tipped off the FRU on the details of the kidnapping which eventually resulted in the killings of trainee Garda Siochana, Gary Sheehan and an Irish Army soldier, Private Patrick Kelly.
Other than providing intelligence to the FRU, Scappaticci is alleged to have worked closely with his FRU handlers throughout the 1980s and 1990s to protect and promote his position within the IRA. The controversy that has arisen centres on the allegation by Ingram that Scappaticci's role as an informer was protected by the FRU through the deaths of those who might have been in a position to expose him as a British agent.
Of these killings, those of John Dignam, Gregory Burns, and Aidan Starrs are said to have taken place because Dignam was a FRU agent about to be exposed by his republican girlfriend, Margaret Perry. Ingram also alleges that the killing of Frank Hegarty took place to protect a higher placed agent for British Intelligence namely, Martin McGuinness, whom he alleges is a paid agent that remains in place.
Involvement with the Cook Report
In 1993 Scappaticci approached the ITV programme "The Cook Report" and agreed to an interview on his activities in the IRA and the alleged role of Martin McGuinness in the organisation. The first interview took place on 26 August 1993 at the Culloden Hotel in Cultra, County Down. This interview was, unknown to Scappaticci, recorded and eventually found its way into an edition of the programme. The interview was posted on the World Wide Web as the 2003 allegations against Scappaticci surfaced.
Scappaticci appears to give intimate details of the modus operandi of the IRA's Northern Command, indicated some of his previous involvement in the organisation and alleges, amongst other things, that Martin McGuinness was involved in the death of Frank Hegarty - an IRA volunteer who had been killed as an informer by the IRA in 1986. It has since been alleged that Scappaticci knew the intimate details of Hegarty's killing because, as part of his duties in the ISU, he had actually been involved in the interrogation and execution over the matter of a large Libyan arms find which the Gardaí had made. Ingram states that Hegarty was an FRU agent who he and other FRU members had encouraged to rise through the organisation and gain the confidence of key IRA members. His allegations indicate that, to the handlers of the FRU, it was more important to keep Stakeknife in place than to save the life of Hegarty.
Involvement with the Stevens Report
Things deteriorated for Scappaticci when John Stevens, the Metropolitan police commissioner charged with probing RUC and British Army collusion with loyalist paramilitaries in the killing of Protestant student, Brian Adam Lambert in 1987 and the killing of solicitor Pat Finucane in 1989, revealed that he knew of his existence. In April 2004, Stevens signalled that he intended to question Scappaticci as part of the third Stevens inquiry.
A February 2007 edition of the Belfast News Letter reported that a cassette recording, allegedly of Scappaticci talking about the number of murders he was involved in via the "Nutting Squad", as well as his work as an Army agent, had been lodged with the PSNI in 2004 and subsequently passed to the Stevens Inquiry in 2005. It is unclear whether this audio is a recording made via the Cook Report investigation.
There were several inconsistencies with the various media reports alleging that Scappaticci was Stakeknife. The Provisional IRA has personally assured Scappaticci of their belief in his denials, and has issued public statements suggesting that the announcement of him being a "tout" was a stunt by the British government to undermine Sinn Féin and the Republican movement.
|Document:British double agent who murdered for the IRA||article||11 May 2003||Neil Mackay|
|Document:The Killing Years in Ireland||article||3 February 2001||'Maharajah'|
- "I don’t know where Alfredo comes from. I have always been Freddie. It’s on my birth certificate"
- By Scappaticci's own admission he joined the IRA in 1969, see interview with Cook Report in External Links.
- Guardian report 12 May 2003.
- Stakeknife tape emerges after News Letter probe - Belfast Newsletter 5 February 2007
- Scappaticci's Nightmare - The Sunday Business Post 31 August 2007
- Audio tape recording of Scappaticci speaking to the Cook Report.
- Transcript of Scappaticci speaking to the Cook Report.
- Rebuttal to "Stakeknife" allegations dated 19 May 2003. Anderstown News"
- Denials of Scappaticci in the 31 August 2003 edition of the Sunday Business Post.
- Transcript of Ulster Television UTV Insight programme where Scappaticci was interviewed about his Cook Report allegations in 1993.
- Article by agent "Martin Ingram" on the abandonment of Operation Taurus and the killing of Frank Hegarty.
Warning: Default sort key "Scappaticci, Freddie" overrides earlier default sort key "'Stakeknife', 'Stakeknife'".