Difference between revisions of "Polytechnic University of Milan"

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The '''Polytechnic University of Milan''' (''Politecnico di Milano'') is the largest [[technical university]] in [[Italy]], with about 42,000 students.<ref>http://anagrafe.miur.it/cerca.php?misure%5B%5D=iscr&filtra-anno-accademico=2015&filtra-tipo-laurea=LTLVTULSLM&filtra-area=&filtra-classe=&filtra-regione-univ=3&filtra-universita=16&filtra-facolta=&filtra-regione-sede=&filtra-provincia-sede=&filtra-comune-sede=&filtra-cittadinanza=&filtra-tipo-nazionalita=&filtra-regione-res=&filtra-provincia-res=&filtra-tipo-diploma=&filtra-fascia-voto-diploma=&filtra-anno-diploma=&filtra-fascia-eta=&filtra-sesso=&filtra-anno-corso=&filtra-parola-chiave=&module=Anagrafe&action=Risultati&gruppo%5B%5D=anno-accademico&gruppo%5B%5D=universita&gruppo%5B%5D=classe&gruppi_js=anno-accademico%3Auniversita%3Aclasse</ref>
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The [[university]] offers undergraduate, graduate and higher education courses in [[engineering]], [[architecture]] and [[design]].
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Founded in 1863, it is the oldest university in Milan.
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The Polytechnic University of Milan has two main campuses in the city of [[Milan, Italy]], where the majority of the research and teaching activities are located, as well as other satellite campuses in five other cities across the [[Lombardy]] and [[Emilia-Romagna]] regions.
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The central offices and headquarters are located in the historical campus of {{lang|it|Città Studi}} in Milan, which is also the largest, active since 1927.
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According to the [[QS World University Rankings]] for subject area 'Engineering & Technology', it ranked in 2020 as the 20th best in the world.<ref>https://www.topuniversities.com/university-rankings/university-subject-rankings/2020/engineering-technology</ref> It ranked 6th worldwide for Design, 9th for Civil and Structural Engineering, 9th for Mechanical, Aerospace Engineering and 7th for Architecture.<ref>https://www.topuniversities.com/university-rankings/university-subject-rankings/2020/engineering-technology</ref> Its notable alumni or professors include [[List of Nobel laureates in Chemistry|Nobel laureate]] [[Giulio Natta]], novelist [[Carlo Emilio Gadda]] and architects [[Renzo Piano]] and [[Aldo Rossi]].
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== History==
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[[File:Francesco Brioschi (1824-1897).jpg|thumb|[[Francesco Brioschi]] (1824-1897), founder and first rector of the Polytechnic University of Milan.]]
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[[File:Citta studi 1930.jpg|thumb|left|''Città Studi'' buildings in 1930]]
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The Polytechnic University of Milan was founded on 29 November 1863 by [[Francesco Brioschi]], secretary of the Ministry of Education and rector of the [[University of Pavia]]. It is the oldest university in Milan. Its original name was ''Istituto Tecnico Superiore'' ("Higher Technical Institute") and only Civil and Industrial Engineering were taught. [[Architecture]], the second main line of study at the university, was introduced in 1865 in cooperation with the [[Brera Academy]].<ref>https://web.archive.org/web/20131112134053/http://www.polimi.it/ateneo/la-storia/le-origini/</ref>
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There were only 30 students admitted in the first year. Over the decades, most of students were men: the first female graduate from the university was in 1913.
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In 1927 the university moved to piazza [[Leonardo da Vinci]], in the district now known as ''Città studi'' (City of Studies), where the university's main facilities are still today.
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At the time, it was named ''Regio Politecnico'' ("Royal Polytechnic"). The word ''Regio'' was removed as Italy was proclaimed a republic at the end of [[World War II]]. The historical building still in use today was designed and built by engineers and architects all graduated from the university itself.<ref>https://web.archive.org/web/20130314032500/http://www.polimi.it/ateneo/la-storia/le-sedi-storiche/|archive-date=14 March 2013</ref>
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The present logo, based on a detail of the preparatory sketch of [[Raphael]]'s [[The School of Athens|School of Athens]], was adopted in 1942. Until then, there was no official logo for the institution.<ref>https://web.archive.org/web/20130325183449/http://www.polimi.it/en/university/history/the-logo-and-its-history/</ref>
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In 1954, the first [[Europe]]an centre of electronic computation was opened at the university by Gino Cassinis and Ercole Bottani. In 1963 [[Giulio Natta]] received the [[Nobel Prize in Chemistry]] for his research on crystalline polymers, [[polypropylene]] in particular. In 1977, the [[satellite]] Sirio, jointly developed by the university and other companies, was launched.
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Since the end of the 1980s, the university has begun a process of territorial expansion that would have resulted in the opening of its satellite campuses in [[Lombardy]] and [[Emilia Romagna]]. A university program in [[industrial design]] was started in 1993. In 2000, the university's faculty of design was created with new courses in undergraduate and postgraduate programs of graphic & visual, fashion and interior design along with the already existent industrial design.
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[[File:Azzone, Giannini and Mattarella - PoliMi 2015.jpg|thumb|left|Former rector [[Giovanni Azzone]] with the Education Minister [[Stefania Giannini]] and [[Italian President]] [[Sergio Mattarella]] at the Bovisa campus in 2015]]
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In April 2012, the university announced that, beginning in 2014, all graduate courses would be taught only in English.<ref>https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/italian-university-switches-to-english-7643884.html</ref> This decision was then partially revised, after the decision of the Italian Supreme Court, that stated Italian language could not be totally abolished nor downgraded to a marginal role.<ref>Politecnico, la Consulta: "Sì ai corsi solo in inglese, ma l'italiano non deve sparire" http://www.ilgiorno.it/milano/cronaca/politecnico-corsi-inglese-1.2919523</ref>
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==Notable alumni==
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[[File:Renzo Piano e Giorgio Napolitano.jpg|thumb|[[Renzo Piano]] with the [[President of Italy]] [[Giorgio Napolitano]] in 2007]]
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[[File:Giulio Natta Nobel.jpg|thumb|upright|[[Giulio Natta]]]]
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{{Main|:Category:Polytechnic University of Milan alumni|l1=Polytechnic University of Milan alumni}}
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* [[Maria Artini]] (first female university graduate in electrical engineering in Italy and the second female graduate of the Milan Polytechnic, 1894 – 2 August 1951)
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*[[Gae Aulenti]] (architect, 1927–2012)
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* [[Anna Castelli Ferrieri]] (architect and designer, 1918–2006)
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* [[Achille Castiglioni]] (industrial designer and architect, 1918–2002)
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* [[Enrico Castiglioni]] (engineer and architect, 1914–2000)
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* [[Claudio Ciborra]] (organizational theorist, 1951–2005)
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* [[Gian Paolo Dallara]] (engineer and entrepreneur, b. 1936)
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* [[Elio]] (musician, b. 1961)
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* [[Gianfranco Ferré]] (fashion designer, 1944–2007)
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* [[Enrico Forlanini]] (engineer and inventor, 1848–1930)
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* [[Stelio Frati]] (aeronautical engineer, 1919–2010)
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* [[Carlo Emilio Gadda]] (engineer and writer, 1893–1973)
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* [[Francesco Giavazzi]] (economist, b. 1949)
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* [[Giulio Natta]] ([[chemist]] and [[Nobel Laureate]], 1903–1979)
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* [[Adriano Olivetti]] (chemical engineer and entrepreneur, 1901–1960)
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* [[Antonio  Pedotti]] (bioengineer)
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* [[Giovanni Pellegrini]] (architect, 1908–1995)
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* [[Stefano Pessina]] (billionaire businessman, b. 1941)
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* [[Nicola Pezzetta]] (architect and artist, b. 1963)
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* [[Renzo Piano]] (architect, b. 1937)
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* [[Giovanni Battista Pirelli]] (entrepreneur, 1848–1932)
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* [[Gio Ponti]] (architect, 1891–1979)
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* [[Ernesto Nathan Rogers]] (architect, 1909–1969)
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* [[Aldo Rossi]] (architect, 1931–1997)
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* [[Francesco Starace]] (business executive, b. 1955)
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* [[Saul Steinberg]] (cartoonist and illustrator, 1914–1999)
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* [[Giuseppe Terragni]] (architect, 1904–1943)
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* [[Marco Zanuso]] (architect and designer, 1916–2001)
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==References==
 
==References==
 
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Latest revision as of 10:08, 31 January 2021

Group.png Polytechnic University of Milan  
(UniversityCrunchbase WebsiteRdf-entity.pngRdf-icon.png
Logo Politecnico Milano.png
Formation1863
HeadquartersMilan
Intended to do all graduate courses in English, but stopped by courts.

The Polytechnic University of Milan (Politecnico di Milano) is the largest technical university in Italy, with about 42,000 students.[1] The university offers undergraduate, graduate and higher education courses in engineering, architecture and design. Founded in 1863, it is the oldest university in Milan.

The Polytechnic University of Milan has two main campuses in the city of Milan, Italy, where the majority of the research and teaching activities are located, as well as other satellite campuses in five other cities across the Lombardy and Emilia-Romagna regions. The central offices and headquarters are located in the historical campus of Città Studi in Milan, which is also the largest, active since 1927.

According to the QS World University Rankings for subject area 'Engineering & Technology', it ranked in 2020 as the 20th best in the world.[2] It ranked 6th worldwide for Design, 9th for Civil and Structural Engineering, 9th for Mechanical, Aerospace Engineering and 7th for Architecture.[3] Its notable alumni or professors include Nobel laureate Giulio Natta, novelist Carlo Emilio Gadda and architects Renzo Piano and Aldo Rossi.

History

Francesco Brioschi (1824-1897), founder and first rector of the Polytechnic University of Milan.
Città Studi buildings in 1930

The Polytechnic University of Milan was founded on 29 November 1863 by Francesco Brioschi, secretary of the Ministry of Education and rector of the University of Pavia. It is the oldest university in Milan. Its original name was Istituto Tecnico Superiore ("Higher Technical Institute") and only Civil and Industrial Engineering were taught. Architecture, the second main line of study at the university, was introduced in 1865 in cooperation with the Brera Academy.[4]

There were only 30 students admitted in the first year. Over the decades, most of students were men: the first female graduate from the university was in 1913.

In 1927 the university moved to piazza Leonardo da Vinci, in the district now known as Città studi (City of Studies), where the university's main facilities are still today. At the time, it was named Regio Politecnico ("Royal Polytechnic"). The word Regio was removed as Italy was proclaimed a republic at the end of World War II. The historical building still in use today was designed and built by engineers and architects all graduated from the university itself.[5]

The present logo, based on a detail of the preparatory sketch of Raphael's School of Athens, was adopted in 1942. Until then, there was no official logo for the institution.[6]

In 1954, the first European centre of electronic computation was opened at the university by Gino Cassinis and Ercole Bottani. In 1963 Giulio Natta received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his research on crystalline polymers, polypropylene in particular. In 1977, the satellite Sirio, jointly developed by the university and other companies, was launched.

Since the end of the 1980s, the university has begun a process of territorial expansion that would have resulted in the opening of its satellite campuses in Lombardy and Emilia Romagna. A university program in industrial design was started in 1993. In 2000, the university's faculty of design was created with new courses in undergraduate and postgraduate programs of graphic & visual, fashion and interior design along with the already existent industrial design.

Former rector Giovanni Azzone with the Education Minister Stefania Giannini and Italian President Sergio Mattarella at the Bovisa campus in 2015

In April 2012, the university announced that, beginning in 2014, all graduate courses would be taught only in English.[7] This decision was then partially revised, after the decision of the Italian Supreme Court, that stated Italian language could not be totally abolished nor downgraded to a marginal role.[8]

Notable alumni


 

An Alumnus on Wikispooks

PersonBornNationalitySummaryDescription
Francesco Giavazzi11 August 1949ItalyEconomistItalian double Bilderberg economist


References