| Jacques Foccart |
(spook, deep politician)
|Born||31 August 1913|
|Died||19 March 1997 (Age 83)|
French spook and deep politician, best known as a chief adviser to French presidents on African affairs.
Jacques Foccart was a French spook and deep politician, best known as a chief adviser to French presidents on African affairs. He was also a co-founder of the Gaullist intelligence service Service d'Action Civique (SAC) in 1959 with Charles Pasqua, which specialized in covert operations in Africa, including countless coups, assassinations and disappearances.
From 1960 to 1974, Foccart was Secretary-General for African and Malagasy Affairs under Presidents Charles de Gaulle and Georges Pompidou, and was pivotal in maintaining France's sphere of influence in sub-Saharan Africa (or Françafrique) by putting in place a series of cooperation accords with individual African countries and building a dense web of personal networks that underpinned the informal and family-like relationships between French and African leaders. After de Gaulle, Foccart was seen as the most influential man of the Fifth Republic, and he retained his functions during Georges Pompidou's presidency (1969–74).
In 1974 Valéry Giscard d'Estaing replaced Foccart with the young deputy whom he had himself trained. He was then rehabilitated in 1986 by the new Prime minister Jacques Chirac as an adviser on African affairs for the two years of "cohabitation" with socialist president François Mitterrand. When Chirac finally gained the presidency in 1995, the 81-year-old Foccart was brought back to the Elysée palace as an advisor. He died in 1997.
However, his role was not limited to Africa, as he was also charged by De Gaulle with the secret services and with the following of the elections, in particular concerning the choice of the candidates during the 1960s. The SAC helped him for those shady missions. Foccart also admitted in Foccart Parle that relations with the SDECE intelligence agency were his concerns. General de Gaulle asked Foccart to reorganize the SDECE (in view of the unreliability of both the armed forces and the intelligence agencies by the movement for Algerie Francaise), and he organized the (counter)-terror groups, the barbouzes.
Foccart was in contact with Monique Garnier-Lançon.