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Event.png Caracazo (protest,  massacre) Rdf-entity.pngRdf-icon.png
Date27 February 1989 - 8 March 1989
LocationCaracas,  Venezuela
DescriptionPolice massacre of 2-3000 people after protest against collapsing neoliberal economy.

The Caracazo, or sacudón, is the name given to the wave of protests, riots, looting, shootings and massacres[1] that began on 27 February 1989 in Venezuela's capital, Caracas, and the surrounding towns. The 9 days of clashes resulted in the deaths of perhaps 2000-3000 people, mostly at the hands of security forces and the military.[2][3] The riots and the protests began mainly in response to the government's economic reforms and the resulting increase in the price of gasoline and transportation.[1]


The violence of the Caracazo lead to a popular sentiment which helped inspire Hugo Chávez to lead a revolt in 1992.


  1. a b
  2. UN, Venezuela: Wound Still Gaping 20 Years after ‘Caracazo’, By Humberto Márquez, Caracas, Feb 27 2009 (IPS),
  3. Amnesty International, March 1990, Reports of Arbitrary Killings and Torture:, February/March 1989 , AI Index: AMR 53/02/90,

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