|Founder(s)||Dieudonné M'bala M'bala|
The "quenelle" is a vulgar gesture roughly meaning “up yours”, with one hand placed at the top of the other arm stretched down to signify “how far up” this is to be. Using the name of a French dumpling, French Cameroonian comedian Dieudonné M'bala M'bala started using this gesture in a wholly different context in 2005, as an expression of defiance, incredulity or indifference.
The word quenelle comes from an elongated fish meatballs dish, which is said to look like a suppository. Its originator, Dieudonné described it as "a kind of up yours gesture to the establishment with an in the ass dimension. But it's a quenelle, so it's a bit softer, less violent". The first time Dieudonné used the gesture in a political context was for his 2009 European election campaign poster for the "anti-Zionist party", he stated that his intention was "to put a quenelle into Zionism's butt".
Nicolas Anelka, a striker for the UK football team, West Bromwich Albion, made the gesture at Upton Park after scoring a goal. France's sports minister Valerie Fourneyron branded the sign "disgusting." Anelka said that he gave the gesture as a show of support for Dieudonné, and said the salute was "anti-establishment", rather than anti-Zionist.
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- Metro International
- Dieudonné fait fructifier sa quenelle à scandale - La RépublicainLorrain 4 January 2014
- Le Journal du Dimanche
- Nicolas Anelka: West Brom striker denies FA 'quenelle' charge - BBC Sport 23 January 2013