Tongjiang-Nizhneleninskoye railway bridge

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Concept.png Amur River Bridge Rdf-entity.pngRdf-icon.png
Amur River Bridge.jpg

The Nizhneleninskoye-Tongjiang railway bridge between Russia and China opened on 16 November 2021. Crossing the Amur River, the Amur River Bridge cuts 700 km off the old route connecting Russia with China’s northern province. This first bridge between the two countries is 2.2 km long, and is a dual-gauge bridge able to accommodate Russia’s broad gauge and China’s standard gauge.[1]


Completion of the structural link between the two sides of the bridge was completed in March 2019. Opening to rail traffic was repeatedly delayed, but the Nizhneleninskoye-Tongjiang railway bridge was finally completed on 17 August 2021. The Amur River Bridge was financed by the Russian Direct Investment Fund (RDIF) with Chinese partners, as well as the Russian Railways and VEB.RF, a Russian investment fund. Construction started in 2016 and was completed in August 2021, but the opening was delayed because of the flooding of the Heilongjiang River in the summer.[2]


The bridge was designed by Russia's Giprostroymost institute, satisfying both Russian and Chinese standards. It has a design capacity of 5.2 million tonnes of cargo annually, which will increase to 20 million tons annually once the Birobidzhan-Leninsk railway section is completed. In 2014, it was reported that the main structure over the Amur River runs north-south and consists of 20 x 110-metre steel through-truss spans. The bridge has both a standard gauge (1435 mm) track and a Russian gauge (1520 mm) track. However, the two tracks are offset by only 800 mm, so that only one track can be used at any given time.[3]


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