|Head of state]] of Romania|
The president of Romania is the head of state of Romania. Following a modification to the Romanian Constitution in 2003, the president is directly elected by a two-round system and serves for five years. An individual may serve two terms. During their term in office, the president may not be a formal member of a political party.
The office of president was created in 1974, when Communist leader Nicolae Ceaușescu elevated the presidency of the State Council to a fully fledged executive presidency. It took its current form in stages after the Romanian Revolution—Ion Iliescu deposed Ceaușescu, resulting in the adoption of Romania's current constitution in 1991.
Klaus Iohannis is the incumbent president since his inauguration on 21 December, 2014. Iohannis is of Transylvanian Saxon descent, making him the first president from Romania's German minority. He has also been carefully groomed by Germany, and is a protege of that country.
Emil Constantinescu was a member of the international advisory council of the Victims of Communism Memorial Foundation and president of the Romanian Foundation for Democracy (financed by the National Endowment for Democracy.
Office Holders on Wikispooks
|Klaus Iohannis||21 December 2014|
|Traian Basescu||20 December 2004||21 December 2014|
|Ion Iliescu||20 December 2000||20 December 2004|
|Emil Constantinescu||29 November 1996||20 December 2000|
|Ion Iliescu||22 December 1989||29 November 1996|
|Nicolae Ceaușescu||28 March 1974||22 December 1989|