Permanent Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
| Permanent Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs |
|The most senior civil servant of the British Foreign Office. Deep state position.|
Not to be confused with Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs.
A permanent secretary of state, is the most senior civil servant of a ministry in the United Kingdom, charged with running the department on a day-to-day basis. Similar offices, often employing different terms, exist in many other Westminster-style systems and in some other governments. In the United States, the equivalent position is a Deputy Secretary of an executive department, though British permanent secretaries are career civil servants (whereas Deputy Secretaries are political appointees).
Permanent secretaries are the non-political civil service chief executives of government departments, who generally hold their position for a number of years (thus "permanent") at a ministry as distinct from the changing political secretaries of state to whom they report and provide advice.
Office Holders on Wikispooks
|Simon McDonald||September 2015||September 2020|
|Simon Fraser||2010||September 2015|
|Frederick Hoyer Millar||1957||1962|
- Cooper, C.A. Politics and the permanency of permanent secretaries: testing the vitality of the Westminster administrative tradition, 1949–2014. British Politics (2019). https://doi.org/10.1057/s41293-019-00113-8