Hungary/Member of the National Assembly
| Hungary/Member of the National Assembly |
The National Assembly (Hungarian: Országgyűlés; "Country Assembly") is the parliament of Hungary. The unicameral body consists of 199 (386 between 1990 and 2014) members elected to 4-year terms. Election of members is done using parallel voting; involving single-member districts and one list election; parties must win at least 5% of the popular vote in order to enter the list of members of the assembly (but area winners enter regardless). The Assembly includes 25 standing committees to debate and report on introduced bills and to supervise the activities of the ministers. The Constitutional Court of Hungary has the right to challenge legislation on the grounds of constitutionality. The assembly has met in the Hungarian Parliament Building in Budapest since 1902.
To ensure that Members can perform their duties unimpeded, they are granted the right to immunity. Immunity evolved in response to the need to be protected from unfounded persecution and harassment by authorities to which a Member is (or may be) exposed in his or her activities as a Member.
Immunity takes two forms: Members enjoy immunity in so far as they are not liable, and in so far that they are inviolable. Freedom of speech is warranted by the prohibition to establish the liability of a current or former Member of Parliament for facts or views expressed in connection with his or her mandate while a Member (lack of liability). 
However, immunity does not apply to liability under civil law, proceedings by public authorities, and crimes, such as public incitement, violation of national symbols, public denial of crimes committed by national socialist and communist regimes, and misuse of classified information.
An Office Holder on Wikispooks
|Gordon Bajnai||6 May 2014||26 May 2014|