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Fraser Institute

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Group.png Fraser Institute   Powerbase Sourcewatch WebsiteRdf-icon.png
MottoIf It Matters, Measure It
Formation1974
Headquarters1770 Burrard Street
Type• Public policy think tank
• charity

Established in 1974, the Fraser Institute is a free market neoliberal think tank with offices in Vancouver, Calgary, and Toronto. According to its own account 'Today, government committees, MPs, the media, and think tanks around the world turn to the Institute for their innovative ideas and solutions. In raising the level of understanding about economic and social policy, the Institute's ideas contribute directly to the economic well-being of individual Canadians'.[1] The Fraser Institute is in the Economic Freedom Network alongside organizations such as the Cato Institute and the Open Republic Institute.

The institute has been accused of being a front group for the tobacco industry[2][3].

The Fraser Institute says its aim is "A free and prosperous world through choice, markets and responsibility". On its website it describes its activities as follows:

The Fraser Institute measures and studies the impact of competitive markets and government interventions on individuals and society. Our peer-reviewed research is distributed around the world and has contributed to increased understanding of how economic policy affects people.
The Institute is an independent non-profit research and educational organization. We do not accept government grants or contracts for research. We depend on contributions from thousands of individuals, organizations, and foundations. [4]

Funding

An article by Donald Gutstein of Simon Fraser University examines recent rises in funding for the Fraser Institute. The Fraser Institute has sought and received funding from several tobacco companies, including Rothmans, British American Tobacco and Philip Morris, according to a 2000 letter found in the tobacco industry documents.

In 2003 the Fraser Institute's income was $6,620,038. In its annual report it discloses that 52% was from unspecified foundations, 38% from unspecified "organizations" (presumably corporations) and only 10% from individuals.

"During the year, the Institute approached prospective donors to support over 50 specific projects including student seminars, teachers’ workshops, the elementary and secondary school report cards, environmental studies, aboriginal studies, globalization studies, global warming and the Kyoto Protocol, fiscal studies, economic freedom, managing risk and regulation, pharmaceutical and health care studies, CANSTATS, and democratic reform," it states in its 2003 annual report.

While ExxonMobil discloses in its annual statements that it contributed $60,000 to the organisation to work on "Climate Change", the Fraser Institute does not explicitly disclose the contribution.

According to Media Transparency between 1985 and 2003 the Fraser Institute has received 30 grants totalling $ 403,301 (unindexed for inflation) from the following U.S. foundations:[5]

Controversy

According to Candian Broadcaster CBC News:

The Fraser Institute has come under harsh criticism from several groups. Trade unions have lambasted the organization for its recommendations to abolish minimum wage regulations and to end rules that force workers covered by a union agreement to pay union dues.
In 1999, the Fraser Institute raised the ire of scientists and health professionals when it sponsored two conferences on the tobacco industry. They were titled "Junk Science, Junk Policy? Managing Risk and Regulation" and "Should government butt out? The pros and cons of tobacco regulation." The institute was accused of putting its credibility on the line by allying itself with the tobacco industry's efforts to undermine credible scientific research.
The institute has also come out with some surprising recommendations: it declared the "war on drugs" to be lost and called for the decriminalization of marijuana. Its researchers argued that illegal pot meant a boost for organized crime, as otherwise-law-abiding people went underground to make their purchases.
The Fraser Institute has a history of attracting high-profile people. Michael Walker remains at the head of the organization. Former Ontario premier Mike Harris and Reform party founder Preston Manning are both senior fellows with the institute[6].

The Fraser Institute Family

Mark Mullins is the Executive Director of The Fraser Institute. Prior to becoming Executive Director in September 2005, he was the Institute's Director of Ontario Policy Studies. He has published numerous studies on government finance, tax policy, and value-for-money issues over the past several years.

Michael Walker is a Senior Fellow of The Fraser Institute and President of the Institute's Foundation. He served as Executive Director of The Fraser Institute from its establishment in 1974 until 2005.

Jason Clemens is the Director of Fiscal Studies and the Centre for Entrepreneurship and Markets at The Fraser Institute. Internally, he also acts as the Director of Strategic Planning and Budgeting.

Peter Cowley is the Director of School Performance Studies at the Fraser Institute.

Nadeem Esmail is the Director of Health System Performance Studies and Manager of the Alberta Policy Research Centre at The Fraser Institute.

Claudia Hepburn is the Director of Education Policy, Managing Director of the Fraser Institute, Ontario Office and founder of the Children First: School Choice Trust, Canada's first privately funded, province-wide school choice program

Amela Karabegovic is a Senior Research Economist at The Fraser Institute.

Sylvia LeRoy is a Policy Analyst in the Fraser Institute's Alberta office and Project Manager for the Donner Canadian Foundation Awards for Excellence in the Delivery of Social Services.

Fred McMahon is the Director of the Centre for Trade and Globalization Studies at the Fraser Institute. He manages the Economic Freedom of the World Project and examines global issues, such as development, trade, governance, and economic structure.

Milagros Palacios is a Research Economist in Fiscal Studies at the Fraser Institute.

Brett J. Skinner is Director of Health and Pharmaceutical Policy Research, and also Director of Insurance Policy Research for The Fraser Institute.

Niels Veldhuis is Associate Director of Fiscal Studies and Senior Research Economist at The Fraser Institute.



References

  1. Fraser Institute, AboutUs directory, accessed 16 Feb 2010
  2. James Repace, The Fraser Institute: Economic Think Tank or Front for the Tobacco Industry?, Non-Smokers Rights Association, Accessed 10-February-2010
  3. In Depth: Fraser Institute, The Fraser Institute at 30, The Fraser Institute, Accessed 10-February-2010
  4. Home page, Fraser Institute website, accessed 16 Feb 2010
  5. http://www.sourcewatch.org/?title=Fraser_Institute
  6. In Depth: Fraser Institute, The Fraser Institute at 30, The Fraser Institute, CBC News Online | October 12, 2004, Accessed 10-February-2010