| Somalia/President |
|Start||1 July 1960|
|Has had little effective authority since the 1990s civil war|
The president of Somalia is the head of state of Somalia. The office of President of Somalia was established with the proclamation of the Republic of Somalia on 1 July 1960. The first president of Somalia was Aden Abdullah Osman Daar.
Since the civil war of the early 1990s that toppled President Mohamed Siad Barre, there has been no effective central government, and the post of president is claimed by various coalitions, some supported by foreign powers and international organizations.
On paper, according to the 2012 constitution, the president is also commander-in-chief of the Somali Armed Forces. The president represents the Federal Republic of Somalia, and the unity of the Somali nation, as well as ensuring the implementation of the Constitution of Somalia and the organised and harmonious functioning of the organs of state.
The current (theoretical) office-holder is the 9th president Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed ‘Farmaajo’, since 16 February 2017.
An Office Holder on Wikispooks
|Mohamed Farah Aideed||1995||2 August 1996||Assassinated in office|
- The Illustrated Library of The World and Its Peoples: Africa, North and East, Greystone Press: 1967, p. 338