URENCO Group

From WikiSpooks
(Redirected from URENCO)
Jump to: navigation, search

The URENCO Group is a nuclear fuel company operating a number of uranium enrichment plants in Germany, the Netherlands, United States, and United Kingdom.[1]

URENCO supplies nuclear power stations in some 15 countries and uses Zippe-type centrifuge enrichment technology.[2]

On 22 April 2013, David Cameron's coalition government announced plans to sell its share in URENCO - the uranium enrichment company owned by Britain, Germany and the Netherlands - unleashing a new wave of privatisations in an attempt to cut the public debt. The UK government’s one-third share in URENCO could fetch up to £3bn, making it one of the biggest privatisations in the UK in years.[3]

By privatising URENCO, the British government is presumably hoping to bring closure to the Lockerbie affair, and thus escape prosecution for the Thatcher administration's criminal behaviour in processing Namibian yellowcake contrary to United Nations Council for Namibia (UNCN) Decree No 1.[4]

Efforts to sell URENCO appear to have stalled as Dutch politicians were arguing over its future, and the sale probably won’t occur until at least the second half of 2014 and may in fact be delayed to 2015.[5]

Structure

URENCO Enrichment Company Ltd is headquartered in the semi-rural Buckinghamshire village of Stoke Poges, where, appropriately enough given its atomic plot, "Goldfinger" was partly shot. URENCO has a 31 per cent share of the world's uranium enrichment market. This provides the fuel for nuclear power utilities and URENCO has enrichment plants in the US and the three investor countries.[6]

URENCO Deutschland GmbH, URENCO UK Ltd, and URENCO Nederland BV are 100% subsidiaries of URENCO Enrichment Company Ltd. They operate enrichment plants at Gronau, North Rhine-Westphalia (Germany), at Capenhurst, Cheshire (UK) and at Almelo in the Netherlands.

In the United States, where URENCO is represented by its marketing subsidiary URENCO, Inc., the URENCO USA facility became operational in Spring 2010. Called the National Enrichment Facility, it is located 5 miles East of Eunice, New Mexico, and is operated by Louisiana Energy Services (LES), a subsidiary of URENCO.

URENCO also owns a 50% interest in Enrichment Technology Company (ETC), a company jointly owned with the French state-owned nuclear reactor builder, Areva. ETC provides enrichment-plant design services and gas-centrifuge technology for enrichment plants through its subsidiaries in the UK (Capenhurst), Germany (Gronau and Jülich), the Netherlands (Almelo), France (Tricastin) and the US (Eunice, New Mexico).

Ownership

URENCO is owned in three equal parts by Ultra-Centrifuge Nederland NV (owned by the Government of the Netherlands), Uranit GmbH (owned equally by German energy companies E.ON and RWE) and Enrichment Holdings Ltd (owned by the [[Government of the United Kingdom and managed by the Shareholder Executive).[7] The company was set up in 1971 pursuant to the Treaty of Almelo, which restricts the sale of ownership stakes.[8][9]

URENCO privatisation

In April 2013, sale of British Government interests of URENCO was being sought.[10]

"It's a ridiculous idea," according to the GMB union's national secretary for energy Gary Smith, who earlier this week complained to The Independent of the prospect of the Chinese investing in the nuclear new-build programme.[11]
"We're flogging off precious nuclear assets instead of developing a strategy around nuclear. It's absolute madness."[12]

Controversies

Namibia

In May 1985, the United Nations Council for Namibia (UNCN) decided to take legal action against URENCO for breaching UNCN Decree No 1, which prohibited any exploitation of Namibia's natural resources when the country was illegally occupied by apartheid South Africa. At that time URENCO was importing uranium ore from the Rössing Uranium Mine in Namibia. The case was expected to be ready by the end of 1985 but was delayed because URENCO argued that, despite having enriched uranium of Namibian origin since 1980, it was impossible to tell where specific consignments came from. When the case finally reached court in July 1986, the Dutch government took URENCO's line, claiming not to have known where the uranium had been mined.[13]

Upon the adjournment of the URENCO proceedings, SWAPO's UN representative, Helmut Angula, insisted that other companies, such as Shell, De Beers (Consolidated Diamond Mines), Newmont, and Rio Tinto Group were also likely to face prosecution for breaching the UNCN Decree.[14]

Depleted Uranium Tails

According to "Greenpeace", URENCO has a standing contract with Russia for the disposal of radioactive waste. In reality, these contracts do not relate to the disposal of waste, but to the sale of depleted uranium tails, which are re-enriched to natural uranium equivalent.[15][16] As the enricher, Russia would be the owner of any radioactive waste that results from this process. In March 2009, there were protests about the largest-ever load of depleted uranium hexafluoride being transported from Germany to the Siberian town Seversk.[17]

Decommissioning

URENCO Netherlands BV has dismantled enrichment plant SP3, after the decommissioning of SP1 and SP2 in the 1980s and 1990s. Information about decommissioning cost calculations for URENCO facilities is not accessible.[18]

See also

Rössing Uranium Mine

References

  1. "About URENCO"
  2. "Market Power in Uranium Enrichment"
  3. "Nuclear sale set to net billions for UK" Daily Telegraph 15 July 2012
  4. "Flight 103: it was the Uranium"
  5. "URENCO Sale Said Delayed as Dutch Weigh Uranium Company’s Future"
  6. "UK pushes ahead with URENCO privatisation"
  7. "ABC van kernenergie: Ultra-Centrifuge Nederland NV"
  8. "History of URENCO"
  9. "Agreement between the Governments of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the Kingdom of the Netherlands, the Federal Republic of Germany and the French Republic regarding Collaboration in Centrifuge Technology"
  10. "Seeking an Exit From Uranium" 28 May 2013 New York Times
  11. "Areva Said Ready to Join Group Building U.K. Nuclear Power Plant"
  12. "URENCO move: Shadow over next big state sell-off"
  13. "Council for Namibia sues Netherlands over Namibia's natural resources"
  14. "De Beers face prosecution"
  15. "Rosatom says uranium tail contracts will not be renewed, citing economic infeasibility"
  16. "World Nuclear Association: Uranium enrichment", section "Enrichment of depleted uranium tails"
  17. "Protests as biggest ever nuclear waste load goes to Siberia"
  18. "EU Decommission Funds"

External links



  • The first version of this page was imported from Wikipedia on 4 November 2013. Original page source here