| Pierre Messmer |
|Born||20 March 1916|
|Died||29 August 2007 (Age 91)|
|Alma mater||ENLOV, Ecole nationale de la France d'outre-mer|
|Member of||Le Cercle|
|Interests||Air France Flight 1611|
|Party||Union of Democrats for the Republic|
French Gaullist politician an PM who attended Le Cercle
Pierre Joseph Auguste Messmer was a French Gaullist politician. He was Minister of Armies under Charles de Gaulle from 1960 to 1969 and then as Prime Minister under Georges Pompidou from 1972 to 1974. A member of the French Foreign Legion, he was considered as one of the historical Gaullists, and died aged 91 in the military hospital of the Val-de-Grâce in August 2007. He was elected a member of the Académie française in 1999;
From 1959 to 1969, under Charles de Gaulle's presidency and in the turmoil of the Algerian War, he was Minister of Armies. He was confronted with the 1961 Generals' Putsch, where he loyally supported the President, and reorganized the Army. He adapted the armed forces to the nuclear era, against great opposition from the United States and their people in France.
He is credited with having dissuaded General de Gaulle from employing the army during the events of May 1968.
Messmer attended Le Cercle.
- «Le gaulliste Pierre Messmer est mort», Le Monde, 29 August 2007.
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