New Zealand Labour Party
| New Zealand Labour Party |
|Formation||7 July 1916|
|Leader||New Zealand Labour Party/Leader|
|Subpage||•New Zealand Labour Party/Deputy Leader|
•New Zealand Labour Party/Leader
|Changed economic direction drastically in the 1980s; led the 2020- Covid-19/lockdown|
The New Zealand Labour Party or simply Labour (Māori: Reipa), is a centre-left political party in New Zealand. The party's platform programme describes its founding principle as democratic socialism,, but since it led the privatization of the economy in the 1980s, it has been market liberal, with the only progressive polices coming from social liberal ideas, not economics.
The New Zealand Labour Party formed in 1916 out of various socialist parties and trade unions. It is the country's oldest political party still in existence. Alongside its main rival, the New Zealand National Party, Labour has dominated New Zealand governments since the 1930s As of 2020, there have been six periods of Labour government under ten Labour prime ministers.
The party first came to power under prime ministers Michael Joseph Savage and Peter Fraser from 1935 to 1949, when it established New Zealand's welfare state. It governed from 1957 to 1960, and again from 1972 to 1975 (a single term each time). In 1974, the prime minister Norman Kirk died in office (possibly assassinated), which contributed to a decline in party support.
Up to the 1980s, the party advocated a strong role for governments in economic and social matters. When it governed from 1984 to 1990, Labour instead privatised state assets and reduced the role of the state in the economy; Labour prime minister David Lange also introduced New Zealand's nuclear-free policy. Labour again became the largest party from 1999 to 2008, when it governed in coalition with, or based on negotiated support from, several minor parties; Helen Clark became the first Labour prime minister to lead her government through the third term in office.
Following the 2008 general election, Labour comprised the second-largest caucus represented in the House of Representatives. In the 2017 general election the party, under Jacinda Ardern, returned to prominence with its best showing since the 2005 general election, winning 36.9% of the party vote and 46 seats. On 19 October 2017, Labour formed a minority coalition government with New Zealand First, with confidence and supply from the Green Party. In the 2020 general election, Labour won in a landslide, winning an overall majority of 10 and 50.01% of the vote. Jacinda Ardern currently serves as the party leader and prime minister, while Kelvin Davis is the deputy leader.
- ↑ https://www.parliament.nz/mi/mps-and-electorates/political-parties/
- ↑ https://web.archive.org/web/20180628154413/https://d3n8a8pro7vhmx.cloudfront.net/nzlabour/pages/3956/attachments/original/1459459622/2016_Policy_Platform.pdf?1459459622
- ↑ https://d3n8a8pro7vhmx.cloudfront.net/nzlabour/pages/3956/attachments/original/1576012198/NZLP_Inc_-_Constitution___Rules_-_2019.pdf
- ↑ http://www.electionresults.govt.nz/electionresults_2017/