|Born||11 May 1815|
|Died||31 March 1891 (Age 75)|
|Alma mater||Eton, Christ Church (Oxford)|
British Secretary of State who improved relations with the United States
In a political career spanning over 50 years, he was thrice Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, led the Liberal Party in the House of Lords for almost 30 years and was joint Leader of the Liberal Party between 1875 and 1880. He is best known for his pacific stewardship (apart from in the colonies) of Britain's external relations, 1870–74 and 1880–85, in co-operation with his best friend, Prime Minister William Ewart Gladstone. His foreign policy was based on patience, peace, and no alliances; it kept Britain free from European wars and improved relations with the United States after the failed British support to the Southern states' bid for secession during the American Civil War.