Fred Chang

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Person.png Fred ChangRdf-entity.pngRdf-icon.png
Alma materUniversity of Oregon, University of California (San Diego)
Interests • cyber security
Former Director of Research at the National Security Agency.

Frederick "Fred" R. Chang is a former Director of Research at the National Security Agency and Chair of the Computer Science Department in the Lyle School of Engineering at Southern Methodist University (SMU).[1]

Per 2021, he is Co-Chair of the Intelligence Community Studies Board of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine and he is also a member of the Army Research Laboratory Technical Assessment Board of the National Academies. He was also a member of the Commission on Cybersecurity under Barack Obama.[1]

“There is more danger than there used to be, than most people think,”... there are too many hackers and not enough cybersecurity specialists to stem the tide.” Chang suggests that there is a need for more than 200,000 cybersecurity experts in the U.S. and an estimated one million worldwide.[2]


Chang received his B.A. degree from the University of California, San Diego in 1977 and his M.A. and Ph.D. degrees from the University of Oregon. He has also completed the Program for Senior Executives at the Sloan School of Management at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. [1]


He began his professional career at Bell Laboratories, and has changed between the public and private sector.

He has been Associate Dean in the College of Natural Sciences and Director of the Center for Information Assurance and Security at the University of Texas at Austin. He is the former Director of Research at the National Security Agency.[3]

In the private sector he was most recently the President and Chief Operating Officer of 21CT Inc., an advanced intelligence analytics solutions company. Earlier, he was with SBC Communications where he held a variety of executive positions.[3]

He is the Founding Director of the Darwin Deason Institute for Cyber Security and is a Senior Fellow in the John Goodwin Tower Center for Public Policy and International Affairs in SMU’s Dedman College.

He is the lead inventor on two U.S. patents and has appeared before Congress as a cybersecurity expert witness on multiple occasions.

He has been awarded the National Security Agency Director’s Distinguished Service Medal.

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