Difference between revisions of "Facebook"

From Wikispooks
Jump to: navigation, search
Line 18: Line 18:
 
==Gatekeeping==
 
==Gatekeeping==
 
[[WhoWhatWhy]] reports that gatekeeping is a common phenomenon in Facebook, as editors reported regular manual intervention to add or remove particular news stories from the 'trending' news feed.<ref>http://whowhatwhy.org/2016/05/10/internet-gatekeeper-evidence/</ref>
 
[[WhoWhatWhy]] reports that gatekeeping is a common phenomenon in Facebook, as editors reported regular manual intervention to add or remove particular news stories from the 'trending' news feed.<ref>http://whowhatwhy.org/2016/05/10/internet-gatekeeper-evidence/</ref>
 +
 +
[[Mark Zuckerberg]] wrote in 2017 that "Right now, we're starting to explore ways to use AI to tell the difference between news stories about terrorism and actual terrorist propaganda so we can quickly remove anyone trying to use our services to recruit for a terrorist organization."<ref>https://www.theregister.co.uk/2017/02/17/zuckerberg_publishes_worldsaving_manifesto/?page=2</ref>
  
 
==Mass surveillance==
 
==Mass surveillance==

Revision as of 18:07, 17 February 2017

The world's most popular social network, with over 1,000,000,000 users in 2014.

Facebook.svg
Website.png https://Facebook.com   Twitter
Started: February 4, 2004
Founders: Mark Zuckerberg, Eduardo Saverin, Andrew McCollum, Dustin Moskovitz, Chris Hughes
Subgroups: Instagram, WhatsApp, Oculus VR, PrivateCore

Owner: Mark Zuckerberg (53%)
Staff: 10082


As the world's most widely used social website, Facebook has a great - and often poorly understood - ability to influence its users.[1]

Control

The first board member was Bilderberg/Steering committee member, Peter Thiel.[2]

Gatekeeping

WhoWhatWhy reports that gatekeeping is a common phenomenon in Facebook, as editors reported regular manual intervention to add or remove particular news stories from the 'trending' news feed.[3]

Mark Zuckerberg wrote in 2017 that "Right now, we're starting to explore ways to use AI to tell the difference between news stories about terrorism and actual terrorist propaganda so we can quickly remove anyone trying to use our services to recruit for a terrorist organization."[4]

Mass surveillance

With over 1,000,000,000 active users, Facebook is recording a lot of data about a lot of people. Together with other social media, in 2016, Facebook "accounted for 43 percent of all traffic to major news sites. Nearly two-thirds of Facebook and Twitter users access their news through their feeds."[5]

Content moderation

A Facebook friendly version of the iconic 1972 war photograph

A 2015 estimate put 1/3 of Facebook's entire staff as moderators, but Facebook claimed this was an overestimate - although without offering an alternative figure.[6]

The editor of Norway's largest newspaper found his Facebook feed censored after he posted the 1972 image of Kim Phúc running away from a US napalm attack. In an open letter to Mark Zuckerberg he complained that "First you create rules that don’t distinguish between child pornography and famous war photographs. Then you practice these rules without allowing space for good judgement. Finally you even censor criticism against and a discussion about the decision – and you punish the person who dares to voice criticism."[7]

Tracking of Users

Facebook listening.jpg

Facebook admits to using the microphone to listen to users' environments, but has claimed that it does not record conversations.

Since 2012, Facebook has been "better understanding of our ecosystem" by encouraging users to report if their friends use the network under an assumed name.[2] Mark Zuckerberg has been consistent in his explanation of the plan to shareholders, a plan to be the middle-man in all personal communication.[8]

Tracking of Non-users

In April 2015, after research bu Belgian privacy regulators, Facebook admitted that it was placing a cookie on "some" people's browsers, even if they were not Facebook users and had never visited the site. It claimed that this was due to a "bug".[9]

Research

Emotional Contagion

Multiple experimenters have used data from Facebook to study 'emotional contagion', how mood is transferred between friends. It was announced in 2014 that some research was not merely observational, but involved investigations in manipulating users' moods through the skewing of data presented through Facebook. For 7 days, 689,003 users were presented with modified newsfeeds which included more or less "happy" or "sad" phrases from friends. The study concluded "that emotional states can be transferred to others via emotional contagion, leading people to experience the same emotions without their awareness."[10]

Face recognition

Facebook announced in 2014 that it has developed a program called "DeepFace," which can determine whether two photographed faces are of the same person with 97.25% accuracy - compared with a human ability of discriminating faces at about 97.5%.[11]

Experiments by users

In 2014, Matt Honan, a Wired journalist for Wired magazine notes the effects of an experiment he tried out - "liking" everything which Facebook served up to him for 48 hours.[12]

Censorship

In 2015, the EFF reported that in the South Carolina prison system, accessing Facebook is an offense on par with murder, rape, rioting, escape and hostage-taking, with at least one inmate receiving more than 37 years in isolation for the 'offence'.[13]

Facebook on Wikispooks

 Has facebookDescription
21st Century Wirehttps://www.facebook.com/21st-Century-Wire-182032255155419/A sound alternative news site.
911 Bloggerhttps://www.facebook.com/911bloggerA solid 9/11 truth website.
AE911 Truthhttps://www.facebook.com/ae911truth/
Activist Posthttps://www.facebook.com/activistpost
Gerry Adamshttps://www.facebook.com/gerryadams.sf/
Dirk Adriaensenshttps://www.facebook.com/pages/Dirk-Adriaensens/281276211898227
Luke Akehursthttps://www.facebook.com/luke.akehurst.35An ardent fan of Labour Friends of Israel
Milton Allimadihttps://www.facebook.com/milton.allimadi
Rosena Allin-Khanhttps://www.facebook.com/DrRosena
Amazonhttps://www.facebook.com/Amazon
American University of Beiruthttps://www.facebook.com/aub.edu.lb/
American-Turkish Councilhttps://www.facebook.com/American-Turkish-Council-331857977024030/timeline/
Safia Aoudehttps://www.facebook.com/aoude
Sam Atkinsonhttps://www.facebook.com/satkinsonfish
Atlantic Council of the United Kingdomhttps://www.facebook.com/atlanticcounciluk
Avaazhttps://www.facebook.com/Avaaz
Axis of Logichttps://www.facebook.com/axisoflogic
Ed Ballshttps://www.facebook.com/edballs
Sandra Barrhttps://www.facebook.com/sandra.barr.444An independent researcher into psyops and hoaxes. Examines the numerology and why certain dates are used for such events. Exposes establishment corruption.
Eva Bartletthttps://www.facebook.com/EvaBoBeeva
Jonathan Bartleyhttps://www.facebook.com/jonathan.c.bartley
Hugh Bayleyhttp://www.facebook.com/pages/Hugh-Bayley/308944234703
Chris Birdhttps://www.facebook.com/chris.bird.16144
Black Star Newshttps://www.facebook.com/blackstarnewsA news website which broke the murder of Sunny Sheu.
Robert Blackhttps://www.facebook.com/rblackqcSuppressor Black toasting the Mickey Mouse tribunal that he designed to exonerate apartheid South Africa
Pik Bothahttp://www.facebook.com/people/Roelof-Frederik-Botha/699976023
Christine Brimhttp://www.facebook.com/profile.php?ref=sgm&id=1322850850
Lyn Brownhttps://www.facebook.com/lyn.brownmp
Duncan Campbellhttps://www.facebook.com/duncancampbell.IJCelebrated investigative journalist.
David Carterhttps://www.facebook.com/dcarter886Spooky British diplomat
Dan Caseyhttps://www.facebook.com/daniel.casey.900
José Ribeiro e Castrohttps://www.facebook.com/José-Ribeiro-e-Castro-127437908871/
Center for Syncretic Studieshttps://www.facebook.com/syncreticstudies
Clacton Constituency Labour Partyhttps://www.facebook.com/clactonlabour/
Richard Codeyhttps://www.facebook.com/richard.codey/
Macedo de la Conchahttps://www.facebook.com/Marcial-Rafael-Macedo-de-la-Concha-113100128721397/
Conservative Friends of Israelhttps://www.facebook.com/conservativefriendsofisrael
CopBlockhttps://www.facebook.com/CopBlock
Charles Courtney-Clarkehttps://www.facebook.com/charles.courtneyclarke
Critical Legal Thinkinghttps://www.facebook.com/criticallegalthinking/
Ole Dammegårdhttps://www.facebook.com/ole.dammegard
Eileen Davidsonhttps://www.facebook.com/eileen.davidson.507
Democracy Now!https://www.facebook.com/democracynow
Dorset Eyehttps://www.facebook.com/TheDorsetEye/
Arnaud Dotezachttp://www.facebook.com/people/Arnaud-Dotezac/665485686
Oliver Dowdenhttps://www.facebook.com/oliverdowdenhertsmere/
John J. Dziakhttps://www.facebook.com/john.j.dziak.9
Angela Eaglehttps://www.facebook.com/angela4labour/
Maria Eaglehttps://www.facebook.com/mariaeaglemp
East of England Labour Partyhttps://www.facebook.com/EastofEnglandLabour/
... further results

References