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Concept.png "Cyberwarfare" 
(plastic word)Rdf-entity.pngRdf-icon.png
Interest of• Association of Old Crows
• Below Gotham Labs
• George Eliason
• Global Commission on the Stability of Cyberspace
• Joel Harding
• The 77th Brigade

Not to be confused with "cyberterrorism", which is a behaviour of non-state "terrorists".

Cyberwarfare is a plastic word used to promote fear, uncertainty and doubt. It generally involves the hacking of enemy computer systems and networks, but since the rise of social media has an added information or propaganda element to influence foreign audiences, and affect adversary and enemy decisionmaking.[1] The formation of groups like The 77th Brigade and Integrity Initiative, however, attest to the fact that any and all audiences are a target;[2][3] so psychological operations have become a integral part of Cyberwarfare.


The objectives in cyberwar usually include one or more of the “5 Ds”: deny, degrade, disrupt, deceive, and/or destroy.[4]

Information operations

Information operations (IO),[5] or Inform and Influence Activities are closely linked to Cyberwar. Sometimes these are having overlap with Psyops. IO is defined by the US military as “the integrated employment, during military operations, of information-related capabilities in concert with other lines of operation to influence, disrupt, corrupt, or usurp the decision-making of adversaries and potential adversaries while protecting our own.” This could mean among other things: spreading of false information, impersonation, denying network access (Internet/local) and destruction of hardware. The former two more are in the range of IO, the later two in the range of cyber attacks/war.[6] In other words, "IO can be performed in any domain, including cyberspace. An airplane dropping leaflets with a message aimed to influence an audience is conducting IO (psychological ops) without using cyberspace. Similarly, operations in cyberspace are not limited to IO. Manipulating an enemy airport computer system to disable the fuel pumps is a cyberspace operation, but not an example of IO".[7]

Integrity Initiative

Full article: Integrity Initiative

There are two leaked documents from the II in 2016, which have argued that a focus for the government should be the recruiting of school children to remain ahead of the competition in the cyber space domain.[8][9]

To foster a world-leading reservoir of potential cyber talent among children and young people (initially 12-18 year olds, but spreading to younger children as the programme evolves). 

GCHQ in schools

In 2020 Matt Kennard for Declassified UK reported that GCHQ tries to recruit school children from the age of four years and up,[10] offering lessons on how to hack passwords and vulnerable machines, and how to spy on other children’s wifi traffic. The Cyber Schools Hub programme was set up in 2017 and “seeks to give young students the space and the opportunity to excel and explode into the market of cyber security and innovation”.[11]


Bill Blunden opines that "the gilded hyperbole of Cyberwar being peddled to the public is dangerous because it distracts us from focusing on actual threats and constructive solutions."[12]


An example

Page nameDescription


Related Documents

TitleTypePublication dateAuthor(s)Description
Document:CyberGuardian Cyber Security Education Programme for Children and Young Peoplebrainwashing concept paper30 January 2016Integrity InitiativeII puts lots of thought into how the military can train British children for cyberwarfare.
Document:Executive Summary Cyber Security Education Programme for Children and Young Peoplebrainwashing concept paper executive summary26 February 2016Integrity InitiativeII sums up its thought on how the military can train British children for cyberwarfare
Document:The Terrorists Among US- Traitors and Terror 3article21 June 2019George Eliason
Michael Jasinski
George Eliason interviews professor Michael Jasinski about the dire effects of outsourcing intelligence gathering and information dissemination.
File:Manufactured consent and cyberwar.pdfConference ProceedingsJune 2010Bill Blunden
File:US Psychological Warfare in Ukraine Targeting Online Independent Media Coverage.pdfarticle20 March 2015George EliasonCyberwarfare operations are getting targeted at anyone.


  1. https://web.archive.org/web/20150912000739/https://publicintelligence.net/information-operations-are-now-inform-and-influence-activities/
  2. The ART of DECEPTION : Training for a New Generation of Online Covert Operations - This document is an internal GCHQ presentation prepared by the Joint Threat Intelligence Research Group (JTRIG). It describes the division's covert online operations, specifically the control, infiltration and manipulation of online communication between targets. another link
  3. https://thegrayzone.com/2021/10/08/nato-cognitive-warfare-brain/
  4. https://www.wired.com/beyond-the-beyond/2019/04/deny-degrade-disrupt-deceive-destroy/
  5. https://defenseinnovationmarketplace.dtic.mil/wp-content/uploads/2018/02/12102012_io1.pdf saved at Archive.org
  6. https://www.mitre.org/sites/default/files/publications/characterizing-effects-cyber-adversary-13-4173.pdf saved at Archive.org
  7. https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a503117.pdf
  8. https://wikispooks.com/wiki/Document:Executive_Summary_Cyber_Security_Education_Programme_for_Children_and_Young_People
  9. https://wikispooks.com/wiki/Document:CyberGuardian_Cyber_Security_Education_Programme_for_Children_and_Young_People
  10. https://www.dailymaverick.co.za/article/2020-06-02-revealed-the-uks-largest-intelligence-agency-is-infiltrating-british-schools/ saved at Archive.org saved at Archive.is
  11. https://www.dailymaverick.co.za/article/2020-06-04-revealed-veterans-of-the-uk-militarys-cyber-warfare-unit-are-teaching-school-children-how-to-launch-cyber-attacks/ saved at Archive.org saved at Archive.is
  12. File:Manufactured consent and cyberwar.pdf