Intro
d
d Death list
d Solutions
American Security Council
d AFIO & OSS Society
Le Cercle
1001 Club
Pilgrims Society
Bohemian Grove
JASON Group
Unacknowledged SAPs
d JFK
d Robert Crowley
d 9/11: part 1
d 9/11: part 2
d Boston 2013
d Far West (Russia)
Peak Oil
ddddd Beyond Dutroux
ddddd "La Nebuleuse"
ddddd French connection
Joris Demmink/ Westerflier cult

 

 
         
    The John F. Kennedy Assassination: Why he was killed and by whom    
   

Author: Joël van der Reijden | Published: November 25, 2012 | Last update: September 30, 2014

"Other American agencies here are incredibly bitter about the CIA. "If the United States ever experiences a 'Seven Days in May' it will come from the CIA, and not from the Pentagon," one U.S.
JFK
Kennedy assassination characters.
 
official commented caustically. … "They represent a tremendous power and total unaccountability to anyone," he added. … One very high American official here, a man who has spent much of his life in the service of democracy, likened the CIA's growth to a malignancy, and added he was not sure even the White House could control it any longer."
- October 2, 1963, Washington Daily News, 'Spooks Make Life Miserable for Ambassador Lodge: 'Arrogant' CIA Disobeys Orders in Viet Nam'. Illustration of a conflict between the State Department and the CIA. Lodge later joined the elite Pilgrims Society, together with the Dulles brothers and the Rockefellers.

"We could blow up a US ship in Guantanamo Bay and blame Cuba. … We could develop a Communist Cuban terror campaign in the Miami area, in other Florida cities and even in Washington. … Exploding a few plastic bombs in carefully chosen spots, the arrest of Cuban agents and the release of
prepared documents substantiating Cuban involvement, also would be helpful in projecting the idea of an irresponsible government. Hijacking attempts against civil air and surface craft should appear to continue as harassing measures condoned by the government of Cuba.."
- March 13, 1962, Joint Chiefs of Staff, Memorandum for the Secretary of Defense, Subject: Justification for US Military Intervention in Cuba (TS), signed by General Lyman Lemnitzer. Also known as Operation Northwoods, Kennedy fired Lemnitzer for it, who soon joined the ultraright American Security Council.

"As we waited for Kennedy to appear on stage in the ballroom area of the Ambassador, one of the Kennedy workers came up to us and said to us: "There's a funnny-looking guy in the kitchen. He's giving me the creeps." Well, that was Sirhan Sirhan. And I have to say, none of us, journalists as we were, went off and inquired. ... Kennedy entered the kitchen. Sirhan leapt up on a serving area, pointed a gun at him and fired. Kennedy fell. [Sirhan] was wrestled to the ground and then there were other shots. There's no question there was another gunman, because one of the people who was hit - just grazed - was standing next to me and that happened when Sirhan Sirhan had been wrestled to the ground. ... The FBI interviewed quite a few of us. There were two people seen running from the Ambassador Hotel, including the famous woman in a polkadot dress. A number of us thought we saw those. We can't be absolutely sure about that."
- June 6, 2008, well known Australian journalist John Pilger on Democracy Now. It was the same story with brother Bobby Kennedy in 1968: security guard Thane Eugene Cesar is a primary suspect of not only having been the second shooter, but also of having allowed Sirhan inside the kitchen area. Sirhan, who all these decades claimed not to remember any details of the assassination, was seen entering the hotel with a good-looking women in a polka-dot dress and a mexican looking friend of theirs. (see 'Evidence of Revision' documentary for many interviews) It appears CIA people were involved in the cover up while some of the same CIA officers linked to the John F. Kennedy assassination had been inside the hotel that evening ('RFK Must Die' documentary).

"Clinton had said, 'If I put you over at Justice I want you to find the answers to two questions for me. One, who killed JFK? And two, are there UFOs?'... Clinton was dead serious. I had looked into both, but wasn't satisfied with the answers I was getting."
- Webster Hubbell, associate attorney general of the Justice Department under Clinton, in his autobiography (Nov. 23, 1997, NY Post, 'Bill Wanted UFO Probe: Hubbell Book').

Purpose: All the most extensive and top-ranked JFK sites are elaborate debunking sites - meaning that they are disinformation. Most other sites are too extensive, are designed to sell a book, focus on issues that are of little importance, or mix solid leads with disinformation.

Finding a decent, understandable summary of the event with the basic evidence - and who did it - cannot be found anywhere else at this point. This is the reason that this article has been put together.

Contents

  Simple facts: why there was a conspiracy
  12 foreign policy reasons why Kennedy was killed
  7 more domestic policy reasons why Kennedy was killed
  All leads point to Ted Shackley (and superiors)
  Coup structure: top to bottom
   
  Appendices
  Appendix A: Be wary of Jim Garrison and Oliver Stone
  Appendix B: Clay Shaw
  Appendix C: Key witnesses, their locations, and testimonies
  Appendix D: The real sequence of shots and all variations
  Appendix E: Suspicious deaths plus all sources

Simple facts: why there was a conspiracy

On November 22, 1963, President John F. Kennedy was shot. As with all alleged conspiracies, the first thing anyone would want to know about the assassination is if there is
any reason to question the official version of events. This is quite simple to demonstrate in the Kennedy case. First go to Youtube and watch a high quality, stabilized copy of the Zapruder film. The final shot will be very clearly visible - it's the moment when Kennedy's head violently moves to the back and to the left. An explosion is visible on the right side of his head, followed by his wife leaning over to the back of the car in a futile attempt to preserve some of Kennedy brain matter. Ask yourself a simple question: where did this shot come from? If you assume it came from the front right, at a slight upward angle, you would agree with many of the witnesses located in this area. Maybe you have heard of the term "grassy knoll". It is often used by the media to ridicule conspiracy advocates. Now, to the front right of Kennedy's car is where the grassy knoll was located. On top of that knoll stood a wooden picket
 
Zapruder
Zapruder film, 13 frames (0,5 s) before final grassy knoll shot from the right-front. In the 2008 Discovery Channel program Inside The Target Car, famous researcher Gary Mack blatantly manipulates the audience when he "demonstrates" and says that a grassy knoll shot from the right-front would have killed Jackie also. Then he shows a clip seconds after the final shot -- inserting a fake shot sound and flash -- in which Jackie has moved her head back and Kennedy's face cannot be seen turning into Jackie. That's our trusted Discovery Channel. And that's just one manipulation. .
fence from which dozens of witnesses were convinced one or more shots had been fired. Most witnesses only heard the sound, but a few saw a flash or a bit of smoke. Others smelled gunpowder. Much more detail on this in appendix C.

You would expect that this aspect of the Kennedy assassination is case closed. But it's not, because Oswald was not sitting on the grassy knoll behind the picket fence. In fact, he wasn't anywhere near it. He was on the sixth floor of the Texas School Book Depository at a window that was located roughly 180 degrees behind Kennedy. According to the official story, three shots were fired from this window. This actually seems to be true. Plenty of witnesses heard or saw the shots being fired from this location with one them, who was located directly underneath this window, testifying how he heard three shell casings hit the floor above him. So at least there's one aspect we can all agree on.

Now let's take a slightly more detailed look at the witness testimonies. Of the more than 300 witnesses, up to 150 have claimed to know where the shots had come from. [1] Depending on their location, roughly half of them thought the shots came from the Texas School Book Depository, where Lee Harvey Oswald was reportedly located. The other half pointed to the direction of the grassy knoll, to the right-front of Kennedy's limousine. Then there were half a dozen witnesses who claimed they heard shots from both of these locations. Another half dozen can safely be discarded, because they thought shots were coming from a variety of different places; but these constitute only 2% of all the witnesses.

Based on these witness testimonies, one would normally be quite confident to say that there had to be two shooters: one at the supposed location of Lee Harvey Oswald, where quite
Dealey_Plaza
A) Depository sniper's nest (Oswald); B) grassy knoll & picket fence; C/D/E: shots (two at E); G) Abraham Zapruder
 
clearly three shots were fired from, and another at the grassy knoll, from which one final shot was fired. In 1978 the rather thorough House Select Committee on Assassinations (HSCA) reached the same conclusion. It also exposed massive cooperation between the CIA, mafia and the ties of Jack Ruby and Oswald to them, something which the Warren Commission never even looked into. And yet, the Warren Commission is always cited as the only authority in field...

What additionally tipped the scales in favor of a second gunman was the analysis of a dictabelt audio
recording from the time of the shooting. Based on all the evidence, they claimed to be 95% certain of this conclusion: three shots from the Texas School Book Depository and one from the grassy knoll. [2] This appears to make sense. Listening to the tape, one has to listen really well with a headphone to hear three of the four shots. But one of them, the third, sounds differently and is much better audible, indicating it came from another location and/or involved a different rifle. That's basically a quick analysis for the lay person, because the on-site echolocation study of Bolt, Beranek & Newman (today part of Raytheon) and the Computer Sciences Department of the City University New York are extremely thorough.

In 1982 this analysis was disputed by the Committee on Ballistic Acoustics of the National Academy of Sciences, which conducted a study supported by the FBI and financed by the Justice Department. The question is what credibility the NAS Committee has when it comes to sensitive conspiracy matters, considering its chief operations officer throughout the 1990s was the wife of former CIA director James Woolsey, a person completely tied in with the group that this website suspects has killed both Kennedy and carried out 9/11. An even better indication, three members of the Committee on Ballistic Acoustics included national security JASON Group scientists Paul Horowitz, Richard Garwin, and "Mr. Cover Up", Luis Alvarez. One has to read their biographies in ISGP's JASON Group section to believe them, especially the one of Alvarez. The Committee on Ballistic Acoustics, in a rather brief
report, tried to place the sounds of the shots a minute away from the actual shooting. But in 2001 a study published in Science and Justice, a quarterly publication of Britain's Forensic Science Society, claimed that the recording did indeed take place at the time of the shooting and that the NAS could have known this based on the voices of the policemen. And it must be said, it's a pretty unusual sequence and appears to be sandwiched immediately between "[At the] Triple Underpass" and "Go to the hospital officers" In any case, Science and Justice calculated the probability of four shots and two locations at 96.3%. [3] In the few years hereafter it were Court TV, owned by NBC and Time Warner; ABC, and Reader's Digest who all tried to dispute the authenticity of the tape yet again. But I guess that is only to be expected. That's the way the world works.

Update: It's quite unfortunate that due to time

 
Bill_Hicks
Humor is usually the best way to deal with these type of issues. Bill Hicks probably still has the best sketch on the JFK assassination. His reasoning about the trees obscuring the view to Kennedy's car might not be the best (they've grown), but the rest is pretty good - not to mention quite hilarious.
constraints, I relied on the HSCA echo-location study. It's a very strange event. It seems to be accurate, it seems to be thorough, in complete contrast to skeptical arguments, but, when at the end I go back to basics, load up the shooting sequence in Adobe Audition, it's impossible to match the tape with the Zapruder film. At 8.5 seconds it's about 3 seconds too long. There's 6.5 seconds between the second and third shot. That's ridiculous. The HSCA should know this, because they calculated the same frames, Z168 and Z195, as when the first two shots should have taken place if we rely on the dictabelt. But, as will be discussed in one of the appendices, that's a completely impossible. Kennedy was hit with the first shot at Z222, which is clear as day with modern, high quality, stabilized, slow motion, frame counting copies of the Zapruder film. The really trippy aspect is actually that the approximate sequence is very, very correct. It's like someone just stretched the tape a little bit. It's really strange. All these national security interests had to do was point out that the shot sequence can never be 8.5 seconds. But who knows what's going on. Clearly the HSCA was under great pressure when they reached the conclusion that the knoll shot is the one that missed. (!) A first shot at Z168 and a missed knoll shot. Try and figure that one out.

Luckely, the HSCA did bring out a lot of information related to geopolitics of the time. That's always the safest avenue when one wants to have a pretty good understanding of who is behind any given conspiracy. One is much less likely to encounter disinformation. One apology: I lost various newspaper and other databases while trying to finish up the original article. Lost the ability to go back and get decent sources for each and every argument made here. That's unfortunate, but most of them can be figured out with a little Google.

12 foreign policy reasons why Kennedy was killed

Below are some of the reasons I came across over the years which likely played a role in the decision to kill President Kennedy. Many of these reasons have not been specifically tied to the Kennedy assassination, but all of them basically indicate that Kennedy was much too socialist for the CIA and even the State Department to accept him. Considering that the CIA controls the conservative establishment and the State Department is part of the liberal establishment, along with the major banks and news outlets, then it becomes rather easy to explain how the cover up could have taken place.

Reasons that contributed to the death of JFK:

  1. Kennedy did not conduct an acceptable policy towards Cuba, in contrast to Eisenhower. At the last moment he had withdrawn air support for the April 1961 Bay of Pigs invasion and he refused to commit U.S. ground troops in order to save the invading Cubans. He fired the CIA leadership over this debacle. Kennedy subsequently rejected the 1962 Operation Northwoods paper which made recommendations on false flag operations in order to invade Cuba. He fired Joint Chiefs chairman General Lemnitzer, who soon joined the ultraright American Security Council, for supporting the paper. During the Cuban Missile Crisis of October 1962 Kennedy was undermined by CIA station chief William Harvey in Miami, who was sending commando teams into Cuba, and had him banished to Rome. Harvey's protege Ted Shackley took his place.

  2. Kennedy apologized for involvement of Eisenhower and the CIA in the 1957 and 1958 PRRI-Permesta rebellion in Indonesia. He became a supporter of the left-wing Sukarno government and provided Indonesia with billions of dollars in civilian and military aid. In 1965 Suharto shoved Sukarno aside and with CIA support began a mass extermination campaign against suspected communists.

  3. Kennedy supported the failed April 1961 coup against Portuguese dictator Antonio Salazar. Salazar was supported by the CIA and the Cercle group. In 1975, after Salazar had died, the State Department, under the leadership of Henry Kissinger, and the local ambassador/CIA officer, Frank Carlucci, gave the go-ahead for a right-wing counter-coup of Antonio de Spinola, a visitor of Le Cercle, against moderate forces that had taken over the government.

  4. Kennedy forced Park Chung-hee of South Korea to restore civilian rule a year after his May 1961 coup against the left-wing government. Chung-hee and his cousin Kim Jong-pil had just established the KCIA and were supported by the Moonie Cult. CIA support in the coup has been suspected and certainly in later years the KCIA, the Moonies, yakuza, the CIA and private groups as the American Security Council became close allies.

  5. After giving it much thought, Kennedy allowed the November 1, 1963 coup against the Catholic Ngo Dinh Diem in South Vietnam, greatly angering the CIA and the military. This in itself proves that Kennedy was not a hardliner. Otherwise he would not have allowed the coup against Diem, a favorite of the afore-mentioned elements. For years Lansdale, an ASC affiliate, and his CIA allies had worked to bring Catholics to the south of Vietnam in order to form a strong anti-communist – but repressive – government. The North-Vietnamese could hardly believe that the United States had supported the coup and not surprisingly, the situation in South Vietnam deteriorated rapidly. Kennedy always favored a diplomatic solution with North Vietnam and the Soviet Union, in contrast to the CIA and military. And he may have withdrawn without seeking victory, as various friends of Kennedy have stated, not willing to start an all-out war in Vietnam. And looking at Kennedy's opposition to Operation Northwoods, it is doubtful he would have gone along with a Gulf of Tonkin-like incident that would have been necessary to start such a war.

  6. In Italy Kennedy sympathized with the Partito Socialista Italiano. After the April 1963 election the party received a number of cabinet posts under the moderate Christian Democrat Aldo Moro. The leader of the PSI, Pietro Nenni, became Moro's vice prime minister. When Kennedy visited Italy in July 1963 he was wary about the communists, but embraced Nenni. The CIA leadership and even the State Department were greatly worried about these developments. Ironically, the CIA station chief in Italy, William Harvey, who was banished to Rome for undermining Kennedy’s policy towards Cuba, was running secret Gladio armies that tried to discredit both the communists and socialists. His deputy was Vernon Walters, who was involved with the American Security Council. A decade later Aldo Moro would be kidnapped and murdered, almost certainly as part of a U.S.-sanctioned purge of leftist elements in the Italian government.

  7. Kennedy was an ally of the United Nations and prime ministers Patrice Lumumba and Cyrille Adoula in Belgian Congo. Kennedy opposed the CIA and Belgian colonialists in their support of Moishe Tshombe, leader of the breakaway province of Katanga, where the important minerals were located. Incredibly, Lumumba, who was in the custody of Mobutu and then Tshombe, was illegally executed; the U.N. secretary general died in a plane crash; and Kennedy was assassinated by a lone gunman. After Kennedy's death, the CIA played a role in bringing Tshombe to power over all of Congo. Soon thereafter it backed Mobutu, who would plunder the country for over three decades while keeping close ties with the CIA and the Belgian establishment.

  8. Kennedy supported Kwame Nkrumah of Kenya. Nkrumah was overthrown in 1966 with support from the CIA for being too close in the Soviet camp.

  9. Kennedy maintained friendly relations with Gamal Abdul Nasser in Egypt, at the same time that Cercle elements in Great Britain were fighting a privately-funded covert war with Nasser over control of Yemen. The Cercle elements were supported by the Mossad and the CIA.

  10. Kennedy supported the independence of Guinea, another African country considered in the Soviet orbit.

  11. Kennedy pushed hard for inspections at the Dimona reactor in order to make sure that Israel was not trying to build nuclear weapons. Israel, in fact, was quietly producing these weapons and seemed to have had the blessing of the CIA. James Angleton, CIA counter-intelligence chief from 1954 to 1974, as well as the Shackley group, were close to the Israelis. LBJ backed off from the idea of periodically inspecting Dimona and so did later administrations.

  12. By early 1963 Kennedy was suspected of trying to cool down the Cold War with a policy of rapprochement towards the Soviet Union and Cuba. In opposition to Lemay (also soon of the ASC) and Lemnitzer, he revised the Single Integrated Operational Plan, which called for a nuclear counter-attack against all communist countries even in case Russia alone attacked. In October 1963 Kennedy signed the Limited Test Ban Treaty, limiting the United States, Great Britain and the Soviet Union to underground nuclear testing. Coincidentally, in this same period Kennedy was warning the public for men as Curtis Lemay and Barry Goldwater by supporting the making of the movie Seven Days In May. In this movie the military attempts a coup after the president initiates nuclear disarmament talks with the Soviet Union. Interestingly, starting in 1969, the group of Lemay and Goldwater would spend two decades fighting détente and the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks.

But it wasn't only on foreign policy that Kennedy found resistance from ultra right corners. Jack and Bobby Kennedy made enemies in many different places: big business, Texas oil men, FBI director J. Edgar Hoover and the mafia all came to loathe the name Kennedy. Although it's unlikely that these elements were involved in planning the assassination, there is every reason to believe that they were more than willing to help cover up the death of President Kennedy, and five years later of his brother, Bobby.

7 more domestic policy reasons why Kennedy was killed

  1. The relationship between FBI head J. Edgar Hoover, who occupied this position from 1935 to 1972, and the Kennedy brothers was terrible. Hoover was blackmailing Jack Kennedy with evidence of his extra-marital affairs while the Bobby Kennedy eventually forced him to acknowledge the existence of the mafia. Not surprisingly, Hoover could be found at the tracks the day after Kennedy's assassination. Bobby later said he thought Hoover had enjoyed telling him that his brother had been shot and referred to the FBI head as "rather a psycho".

  2. Hoover was a good friend of vice president Lyndon Baines Johnson. The men had lived across the street from each other for 30 years. Reportedly, vice president Johnson had trouble accepting the number two spot for the first time in his life. It has been alleged that LBJ was only picked by Kennedy because Hoover was blackmailing the future president with his extra-marital escapades. A recorded telephone conversation between Johnson and future Warren Commission member Senator Richard Russell revealed that Johnson didn't want a real investigation of the events. The commission members were just to repeat the findings of the FBI. Hoover leaked the FBI report to the press, so the commissioners knew exactly what they were supposed to find. Eugene Rostow behind Warren Commission.

  3. Both Hoover and Lyndon Baines Johnson were annual guests of the Texas oil men Clint Murchison, Sr. and Sid Richardson at Hotel del Charro in California and the nearby racetracks. Senator McCarthy, Eisenhower and Nixon were among the other guests. So was D. H. Byrd, a co-founder of the Civil Air Patrol and the owner of Texas School Book Depository, two locations where Lee Harvey Oswald was employed. At some point Hoover reportedly sat at the breakfast table each morning with an agent of mafia boss Carlos Marcello. Both oil men were extreme right-wingers, with Sid Richardson having an involvement with the ASC. The oil men became even greater opponents of Kennedy after his introduction of the 1962 Kennedy Act, increasing the tax burden on oil corporations. Also, in a speech on January 17, 1963, Kennedy seems to have hinted that he was going to end the oil depletion allowance. Both men were said to "own" the state of Texas, the state which became fatal to Kennedy. Murchison's son, Clint, Jr., later sat on the board of FIDCO, a CIA front company with mafia ties.

  4. The mafia began to despise Bobby Kennedy, as mafia arrest had increased 700 percent under his term as attorney general. Possibly the only reason that men as John Roselli, Sam Giancana and Santos Trafficante were not thrown in jail is because they were employed by the CIA in operations against Cuba.

  5. The Cubans hated Kennedy after the Bay of Pigs fiasco and many wanted him dead for what they - somewhat justified - saw as betrayal. Kennedy withdrew air support and most of their friends were either killed or captured as a result.

  6. The ultraright, which generally organized itself at the American Security Council and various lower level groups, hated Kennedy. They thought that he was too soft on both communism and socialism. Many also loathed his support for Martin Luther King.

  7. The core of the big business establishment is unlikely to have approved of Kennedy. Many corporations had seen their assets confiscated by Fidel Castro. In addition Kennedy was breaking up the steel monopoly of U.S. Steel. Kennedy's firing of Allen Dulles as head of the CIA alone is likely to have squared him with the Eastern Establishment. Dulles grew up with the Rockefeller family and became an executive of the Pilgrims Society, which has always been dominated by the major banks and think tanks in New York. The New York Times, Time magazine, Newsweek, CBS and other media outlets were part of this network.

All leads point to Ted Shackley (and superiors)

The CIA's Miami station was known as JM/WAVE. It ran the CIA's operation to overthrow Castro and had both the mafia and Cuban exiles working for them. William
Harvey ran the project from its inception in November 1961, but was exiled to Rome after attempting to undermine the Cuban Missile Crisis in October 1962. His protege, Ted Shackley, took over at that point and headed the station until 1965. Important names under Shackley at JM/WAVE included: David Morales, chief of covert operations; Felix Rodriguez, Rafael Quintero, George Joannides, David Atlee Phillips, Carl E. Jenkins, Rudi Enders, Thomas Clines, Edwin Wilson, Frank Sturgis, E. Howard Hunt, Rip Robertson, and, briefly, future CIA director Porter Goss. These men had the mafia working alongside them, as well as the entire network of anti-Castro Cuban exile groups - in which Oswald was involved. In later decades some of the names resurfaced in Vietnam, Laos, drug trafficking accusations and Iran Contra. Ted Shackley himself turned out to be running the
  Shackley
Is there any way that Ted Shackley and his closest friends weren't involved?
secretive and rather sinister Cercle group in the years prior to his death, giving a great deal of credence to claims that he was one of the overseers of the anti-communist P2 Lodge, along with Alexander Haig (Pilgrims). [4] The Cercle network, which included the P2, was deeply involved in pedophile entrapment, assassinations and false flag terrorist attacks. These links are in line with another claim about Shackley, namely that by the 1980s he was running a private assassination team referred to by insiders as the "Fish Farm", along with his former JM/WAVE employee Rudi Enders. [5]

Deputy director of operations Richard Helms was Shackley's boss at the time of the Kennedy assassination and would act as his mentor until at least the 1970s. [6] John McCone, a Bechtel partner who had become a good friend of Allen Dulles - the CIA director fired by Kennedy - in the late 1940s [7], was CIA director during the Kennedy assassination. All these men were close to the Rockefeller/Pilgrims Society group in New
Lopez
Ed Lopez, like Gaeton Fonzi a HSCA investigator who is certain that the CIA carried out the operation to kill JFK. Lopez in 'RFK Must Die': "If I had to pick one person [above Shackley's JM/WAVE group] who would know about this [JFK] operation it would be Richard Helms. ... He was this angry, very crude guy. He had no respect for what we were doing." Helms was Shackley's superior and patron.
 
York, which represents the State Department and most of the major media outlets in the United States. Helms came from an elite Pilgrims Society family [8], was close to the aristocratic Mellon family (Pilgrims; close to the Rothschilds and British royal family) during his term as director of the CIA [9], joined Bechtel as a consultant in 1978 [7] and is known to have visited Henry Kissinger's birthday party in 1983, along with David Rockefeller (Pilgrims), Peter Peterson (Pilgrims), George Shultz (Pilgrims), Walter Cronkite (Pilgrims), LBJ's widow and Helmut Schmidt. [10] Allen Dulles became an executive member of the Pilgrims Society and was a youth friend of the Rockefellers. John McCloy, who was appointed to the Warren Commission along with Allen Dulles, was another Pilgrim and major Rockefeller representative.

In other words, the assassination of John F. Kennedy and its subsequent cover up can only be laid at the doorstep of the CIA and the core of the CFR/Pilgrims
group surrounding the Rockefellers, who had to agree with the assassination in order for their friends all over the State Department and the media to go along with the cover up. Time Life of Henry Luce (Pilgrims member, with his wife at the American Security Council), which bought the Zapruder film, was deeply tied to this network, for example. However, the operation itself appears to have been overseen by Shackley, as his JM/WAVE station is where all the leads point to. What follows is a list of these leads:
  1. Iran Contra insider Gene Wheaton claimed that Shackley and his team ran the operation to kill Kennedy. He had received this information from his friend, Carl Jenkins, one of Shackley's closest covert operations experts since the early 1960s. [11] Already back in 1986, Wheaton and Jenkins were informing Daniel Sheehan and his Christic Institute about this. [12] Sheehan used the information to help expose Iran Contra, but always kept quiet about the involvement of Shackley's team in the assassination. Interesting detail: Jenkins was a member of the Assiociation of Former Intelligence Officers in the 2000-2001 period, when Shackley was still largely running it. [13]

  2. According to well known Iran Contra investigator Daniel Sheehan, it was William Pawley who said on June 10, 1963: "Don't you worry, John [Martino]. We're gonna kill that motherfucker [JFK]." [14] Pawley was involved with the American Security Council and was in contact with Allen Dulles and Ted Shackley over Operation Tilt around the time of the assassination. Shackley had assigned one of his CIA officers, Rip Robertson, to oversee the operation. For decades Martino is said to have been involved in the Kennedy assassination at a lower level. [15] Rip Robertson may have been identified on a photograph taken during the Kennedy assassination, primarily because of his huge nose. Sheehan seems to be certain that the picture depicts Robertson and Grayston Lynch, another one of Shackley's special operations experts. Being the State Department spook that he is, with high level connections to the Rockefellers and their closest aides, Sheehan's claims need to be taken with a grain of salt, however. This also goes for Sheehan's claim that David Morales was the shooter on the grassy knoll and was seen at the Ambassador Hotel. [16] Unsurprisingly, Sheehan claimed that the conspiracy to assassinate Kennedy was a relatively low level one, which did not have the backing of the CIA or State Department leadership.

  3. Bradley Ayers was a junior CIA operative based at JM/WAVE in the early 1960s. He was less of a hardliner then his superiors and became an opponent of the Vietnam War. In the 1994/1995 period he claimed to Assassination Records Review Board (ARRB) investigators that Ted Shackley, David Morales, Felix Rodriguez, Thomas Clines, Gordon Campbell, Grayston Lynch and Rip Robertson - all stationed at JM/WAVE in the early 1960s with him - were among the individuals he believed had "intimate operational knowledge of the circumstances surrounding the assassination". [17] As for the assassination of Bobby Kennedy in 1968, the ARRB recorded that "Ayers claims to have found in the course of his private investigative work, a credible witness who can put David Morales inside the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles on the night of June 5, 1968." [18] The 2007 documentary 'RFK Must Die' provides potential visual and testimonial evidence that David Morales and Gordon Campbell were indeed present at the Ambassador Hotel on the night that Bobby Kennedy was shot. Rip Robertson's potential (meaning: far from certain) presence at Dealey Plaza has already been discussed.

  4. Good friends of David Morales, Robert Walton and Ruben Carbajal, claimed that David Morales said to them one night in 1973 that he had been involved in the murders on both John and Bobby Kennedy. [19] Morales had been working for Shackley since his JM/WAVE days and was one of his most trusted aides. He died from a heart attack at the time of the HSCA hearings. Carbajal assumes he was murdered by his CIA superiors for knowing too much about the agency's activities. [20]

  5. There's evidence to show that Lee Harvey Oswald [21], Guy Banister and Sergio Arcacha Smith [22] were ran by David Atlee Phillips, a high level CIA officer who worked for Shackley at JM/WAVE. Phillips later established the AFIO, in which Shackley also became deeply involved. The person who tied Oswald and Phillips together (but apparently soon realized his mistake), Antonio Veciana, was shot in the head in September 1979. [23] HSCA commissioner Gaeton Fonzi was convinced that Maurice Bishop was indeed Phillips and found more evidence of that in later years. [24] And based on Fonzi's investigation, it's almost irrational not to assume that Phillips was Bishop. As for Banister and Arcacha, together with David Ferrie they formed the core of the anti-Castro CIA underground in New Orleans in which Oswald was involved for some time. Banister was the one who ran Oswald as pro-Castro activist in the months prior to Kennedy's death.

  6. George Joannides, formerly chief of psychological operations at Shackley's JM/WAVE station, was the CIA's liaison to the House Select Committee on Assassinations (HSCA). According to HSCA investigator Ed Lopez in 'RFK Must Die', Joannides was "the gatekeeper. He was the guy who stonewalled us." Unbeknownst to commission members, Joannides controlled the CIA-funded student directorate Oswald clashed with in New Orleans. [25] George Joannides may have also been present in the hotel where Robert Kennedy was killed in 1968, along with David Morales and Gordon Campbell. Former associates of his identified Joannides with above 90 percent certainty.

  7. Mafia bosses most frequently implicated in the Kennedy assassination are Sam Giancana, Johnny Roselli, Santo Trafficante and Carlos Marcello. [26] The fact is that Roselli, Giancana and Trafficante were recruited by the CIA in 1960 to help in the effort to assassinate Fidel Castro. These men subsequently came to work with Bill Harvey and Shackley at JM/WAVE. Jack Ruby, as an agent of Giancana, was aiding these mobsters in their Cuban efforts. [27] Trafficante continued his association with Shackley in the Far East opium trafficking business. [28] Carlos Marcello, the major crime boss in Louisiana and Texas, had his own peculiar connections to the assassination. David Ferrie, one of Oswald's CIA-affiliated handlers, was an investigator for Marcello's lawyer, G. Wray Gill, and had acted as his pilot on at least one occassion. Oswald's uncle, Dutz Murret, with whom Oswald briefly stayed for some time in 1963, worked in Marcello's gambling network. Both Murret and the Dallas-based Jack Ruby in contact with Marcello lieutenant Nofio Pecora. [29] Obviously the FBI and Warren Commission ignored these leads, but how much more obvious do these ties need to get?

  8. Besides David Ferrie and Guy Banister, oilman George de Mohrenschildt acted as another patron of Lee Harvey Oswald after the latter returned from the Soviet Union. De Mohrenschildt, a friend of notoriously right-wing Texas oil barons as Clint Murchison, Sr., Sid Richardson and H.L. Hunt, also had various ties to the CIA. He and his brother Dimitri used to be in the OSS with his brother continuing as a ranking CIA officer. Their exact ties to Shackley or officers above him are not known, however. What is certain is that de Mohrenschildt was acquainted with George H. W. Bush, based on an address listed in his phone book apparently pre-1959, when Bush moved his family and business from Midland, Texas to Houston. Like de Mohrenschildt, Bush appears to have been an oilman who was freelancing for the CIA at the time of the Kennedy assassination and may even have ties to the event himself. [30] By the late 1970s Bush is known to have become a close associate of Ted Shackley. [31] Richard Helms claimed not to be familiar with Bush having been a CIA agent at the time, but certainly knew who de Mohrenschildt was. [32] Also, Clint Murchison, Jr. is known to have been become a director of FIDCO, together with Robert Maheu, the CIA officer who recruited the mafia bosses in an effort to kill Castro, and other CIA men. [33] However, de Mohrenschildt's exact ties to Shackley's JM/WAVE group, or to Helms, remain unresolved at this point. He was CIA, however, like all the other handlers of Oswald.

Coup structure: top to bottom

Based on information from the previous sections.

JFK_coup_structure

Appendices

Appendix A: Be wary of Jim Garrison and Oliver Stone

Costner
JFK movie (1991), directed by Oliver Stone, who, certainly by 1998 was a close associate of David Rockefeller, Paul Volcker, John Whitehead; CIA men Frank Carlucci (close to Ted Shackley) and James Schlesinger; as well as Marine Corps covert operations specialist General Jack Sheehan. [34] By 2006 Stone shot World Trade Center and appeared to be a total left-wing controlled opposition asset. [35] The JFK movie was based on the equally enigmatic Jim Garrison trial. It started out interesting and did bring out a lot of new information, but ultimately Garrison ended up trying to prove involvement of Clay Shaw in the assassination with the most bizarre set of witnesses, among them a person he had shot up with sodium pentothal and exposed to hypnosis (the doctor who did this soon died, along with two relatives); a convicted felon trying to get high on heroin at the time he made his observation; a person who claimed he was being mind controlled by the New York City police and was fingerprinting his daughter every day to make sure she was still the same person; etc. - all with the same overly convenient testimony that implicated Shaw and Ferrie together. Meanwhile, more interesting leads pointing to a link between Shaw and Ferrie, like
 
the testimony of Herbert R. Wagner, Jr., were not followed up upon. Reading Garrison's papers he absolutely destroyed his own investigation. Why are we still guessing about some of Banister's CIA and FBI ties, including to Shaw? Why didn't Garrison focus more on Shaw's directorship of the the CIA's Permindex and Centro Mondiale Commerciale? [36] Why didn't he focus on Shaw's long-time bosses at International House and the International Trade Mart? Besides the local newspaper barons, at least two important CIA-linked persons could be found here: 1) Theodore Brent, Shaw's patron and a director of the Ochsner Foundation [37]; and 2) Dr. Alton Ochsner of INCA, the Ochsner Clinic and Tulane University. [38] Ochsner was a friend of the Murchisons [39] and all groups he was involved with were linked to the darkest aspects of the CIA, including rumors of MK-ULTRA type child abuse. [40] Another bizarre coincidence is that the primary fundraiser for Garrison's private investigation was local oil man Joseph Rault, Jr., whose father, Rault, Sr., was a board member of International House. [41] As can be seen below, big CIA-linked New Orleans business was financing Jim Garrison's investigation. All this having been said, the overall conclusion of Garrison and the JFK movie that the CIA was behind the assassination is not at all bad.

NOFPA IH/ITM MVWTC INCA T & C
  C. C. Walther C. C. Walther C. C. Walther  
Alton Ochsner Alton Ochsner   Alton Ochsner  
  Alberto Fowler   Alberto Fowler  
  Capt. J. W. Clark   Capt. J. W. Clark  
  Harvey Koch   Harvey Koch  
  Joseph Rault, Sr.     Joseph Rault, Jr.
      Willard Robertson Willard Robertson
      Cecil Shilstone Cecil Shilstone
      Eberhard Deutsch Eberhard Deutsch
      Darwin Fenner  
  Lloyd Cobb      
  Rudolph Hecht      
  Theodore Brent      
Clay Shaw Clay Shaw Clay Shaw    
        Jim Garrison
      Eustis Reily  
      Ed Butler  
Earle Cabell        

NOFPA: New Orleans Foreign Policy Association | IH/ITM: International House and International Trade Mart [42] | MVWTC: Mississippi Valley World Trade Council [43] | INCA: the American Security Council and Cercle-linked Information Council of the Americas* [44] | T & C: Truth and Consequences (financing committee for Garrison's investigation) [45] | Red color: linked to child abuse * | Blue color: Garrison's influential law partner and political mentor. So close that Garrison named one of his children after him. [48] Eustis Reily: employer of Oswald in New Orleans.

* Fenner was a big name at New Orleans Tulane University and named here as a central player in an MKULTRA-type child abuse network. On the Tulane board he was surrounded by several elite Rockefeller scientists and United Fruit executives (linked to the Rockefeller group). [46] There's every indication that Jim Garrison was a raging pedophile [47], which may explain why he torpedoed his own investigation with some of the incredible witnesses he could get his hand on.

Appendix B: Clay Shaw

There's absolutely no doubt that Clay Shaw was an important CIA operative, deeply involved in anti-communist fascist networks, as have been discussed at length on this site. It's surprising that Clay Shaw was not deeper involved with INCA. However, his International House/International Trade Mart, including its New Orleans Foreign Policy Association, was a nest of spooks. This was even more the case with his Permindex corporation and Centro Mondiale Commercial, which had deep ties to the Mossad and European fascism. [49] His personal notebook reveals similar fascist ties, which are primarily explained in ISGP's article on the American Security Council. This includes the fact that the family of Princess Jacqueline de Riquet de Caraman-Chimay, one of the names in Shaw's notebook, is fingered in the Dutroux X-Dossiers as having organized elite child hunts, protected by CIA-linked Nazi militias, at their domain in southern Belgium. Coincidentally, during a search of Shaw's home, Garrison found hooks suspended from the ceiling with bloody palm prints all around. According to the maid, at least one person had died in the home. [50]

Clay_Shaw

The thing is: that Shaw must have taken orders from Shackley's group of friends in the CIA's directorate of operations.

Appendix C: Key witnesses, their locations, and testimonies

JFK_witnesses_locations
Dealey Plaza. Positions of key witnesses. Click to enlarge.

What follows is an extensive list Grassy Knoll and some key Texas School Book Depository witness testimony. I disagree to an extent with the overall conclusions of the eyewitness studies referenced in note one of this article. It is often thought that scores of people fingered the grassy knoll as the location of the final shot, after which everybody ran over there. As far as I can see, events didn't progress in that manner on November 22. A lot of conclusions drawn by witnesses seems to involve mass psychology. Most people didn't know where the shots came from, as evidenced by the fact that only about 2 percent pointed in two different directions. What they did see was people close to the knoll react to what appeared to be one or more shots from behind the picket fence. This is the location almost everyone was looking at, as the presidential car had just passed the Texas School Book Depository when the shooting began. However, it is this small handful of witnesses close to the knoll that is very important.

Who are these witnesses? By far the most important were the Union Railroad workers on the Triple Overpass: Sam Holland, Walter Winborn, Richard Dodd, Frank Reilly, James Simmons, Thomas Murphy and Nolan Potter. Virtually every known person here reported seeing a burst of smoke come from underneath the trees, above the picket fence, when shots were fired at the president. This burst appears to have been confirmed by Lee Bowers, the only person situated behind the picket fence. Half of these persons were not invited to testify before the Warren Commission and half of those that were, were not asked about the smoke puffs. In three cases, those of triple overpass witnesses Austin Miller, Walter Winborn, Nolan Potter, it is more than clear that the FBI wanted nothing to do with testimonies about these smoke puffs.

While no more reports of smoke, at least five Secret Service agents traveling immediately behind Kennedy's car were of the opinion that the final shot or multiple shots had come from the grassy knoll. Their names are Paul Landis, Forrest Sorrels, David Powers, Tip O'Neill and Kenny O'Donnell. Publicly all of them surrendered to the official story, as would be expected of Secret Service agents and police officers, but in front of the Warren Commission they did explain their thoughts of the moment. Others privately criticized the Warren Commission's conclusions on this aspect.

Three other witnesses quite essential in establishing a grassy knoll shot were Bill Newman, Charles Brehm and Jean Hill, all located just a few feet from the president's limousine at the time of the final headshot. All three fingered the knoll. Especially Newman and Brehm were really specific about what they saw when interviewed by the media right after the incident. Newman stated on television that "a gunshot from apparently behind us hit the president in the side of the temple. ... Apparently from back up on the Hill." Brehm's account appeared in the Dallas Times Herald the same day of the assassination:

 
"The witness Brehm was shaking uncontrollably as he further described the shooting. "The first shot must not have been too solid, because he just slumped. Then on the second shot he seemed to fall back." Brehm seemed to think the shots came from in front of or beside [right] the President. He explained the President did not slump forward as he would have after being shot from the rear. The book depository building [of Oswald] stands in the rear of the President’s location at the time of the shooting."

The railroad workers on the Triple Overpass actually ran toward the knoll where they thought the shooter was, along with two police officers. They appear to have had a view on the back of the picket fence within about 60-70 seconds. They didn't find any suspects, but what they did find was two sets of footprints in the mud right at the location where the smoke had emanated from. At this exact same spot they noticed mud on the bumper of a car, where obviously someone had been looking over the fence. They also found a collection of cigarette buts. Police officer Seymour Weitzman confirmed these findings.

Combine all these statements with the Zapruder Film and there's a pretty decent body of evidence that there was a second shooter located behind the picket fence. My primary question that remains is how the shooter got away. One would think that the FBI and Warren Commission would have been interested in talking to witness J.C. Price, who was looking from high up on the other side of Dealey Plaza. Immediately after the shooting, Price explained to the Sheriff's Office: "I saw one man [behind the picket fence] run towards the passenger cars on the railroad siding after the volley of shots." The FBI and Warren Commission never spoke to Price.

The strangest part, perhaps, is that Lee Bowers, located in a tower behind the fence, claimed to have never seen anybody run away. Apparently he didn't see the man reported by J.C. Price, but he also didn't see the peculiar "Secret Service" agent with his "sports shirt, sport pants, auto mechanic's hands [and] dirty fingernails" encountered by police officer Joe Smith immediately after he moved into the area. That hardly makes sense, looking at the view Bowers had from his office:

In fact, it doesn't make sense that Bowers was never asked in detail what exactly he had seen behind the picket fence. Apparently he didn't see anyone; just two persons in front of the fence. He vividly described cars with stickers of Barry Goldwater, an ultraright American Security Council-linked political candidate and enemy of Kennedy, enter the area in the half hour before the shooting. But when the shooting itself occurs it is all vagueness, certainly at the Warren Commission. Only to Mark Lane he claimed to have seen "a flash of light or smoke or something which caused me to realize that something out of the ordinary had occured there." But Lane manipulated the testimony, making it seem as if Bowers saw two persons behind the picket fence, while in a previously unreleased segment of Lane's transcript, Bowers appears to say he saw no one behind the picket fence. Anyone located there would be pretty well tucked away underneath the trees and behind a car, but at some point he would have had to come out.

Unfortunately, Lee Bowers died three years after the Kennedy assassination after he drove into a concrete bridge pillar. Because there was one car with him in an otherwise deserted road when the accident happened, I keep open the possibility that he might have been assassinated. I actually consider many possibilities, but in the end, who can really tell. : Researchers (other than CIA asset Lane) should have carefully compared the accounts of J.C. Price, police officer Joe Smith, the railroad works and other witnesses moving into the area. This has not been done and it is half a century too late at this point.

In a sense, the same thing is true for the Texas School Book Depository. There are a dozen reasons to assume that Oswald did it: his CIA background, his employment since a month, him knowing the building and routines of the workers, his indifference to the Kennedy parade, his absence before and during the shooting, him running, last being seen less than 3 minutes after the shooting, and more. And the only witness who may have seen him run out of the back of the building, James Worrell, dies in a motorcycle crash two months after Bowers. Two other witnesses claim to have never seen anyone run out of the back of the building. But... In the testimony of Amos Euins we find another reference to a person who saw someone run out of the back of the building. So who is right? How did Oswald get out of the building? The packed front door? Nobody saw it. How bizarre is that? What is even more bizarre is that key witnesses as Sam Holland, Bill Newman and Jean Hill have been changing their testimonies a little on key issues. But that is for another segment.

Conclusion: The theory of a grassy knoll shooter seems to be an open and shut case until one takes a look at the testimony of Lee Bowers. If he would have seen someone walk or run away from the location where a burst of smoke was spotted, we basically would have nailed the case. But now doubt will linger. We cannot fully explain how the grassy knoll shooter got away without being seen. The testimonies don't match on this crucial issue.

WITNESSES TO TSBD SHOT

  1. James Worrell, Jr., in front of the TSBD, to the Warren Commission: "Well, when I heard the first shot it was to loud to be a firecracker, I knew that, because there was quite a big boom, and I don't know, just out of nowhere, I looked up like that, just straight up. ... I saw about 6 inches of the gun, the rifle. It had - well it had a regular long barrel but it had a long stock and you can only see maybe 4 inches of the barrel, and I could see -- ... I looked to see where he was aiming and after the second shot and I have seen the President slumping down in the seat... I looked up again and turned around and started running and saw it fire a third time, and then... Oh, yes. Just as I got to the corner of Exhibit 360, I heard the fourth shot."
  2. Howard Leslie Brennan, looking towards the TSBD, Warren Commission: "[I looked at] the Texas Book Store Building windows. I observed quite a few people in different windows. In particular, I saw this one man on the sixth floor which left the window to my knowledge a couple of times. ... Not on that floor [did I see anybody else]. There was no other person on that floor that ever came to the window that I noticed. There were people on the next floor down, which is the fifth floor, colored guys. ... Well, then something, just right after this explosion, made me think that it was a firecracker being thrown from the Texas Book Store. And I glanced up. And this man that I saw previous was aiming for his last shot. ... Well, as it appeared to me he was standing up and resting against the left window sill, with gun shouldered to his right shoulder, holding the gun with his left hand and taking positive aim and fired his last shot. As I calculate a couple of seconds. He drew the gun back from the window as though he was drawing it back to his side and maybe paused for another second as though to assure hisself that he hit his mark, and then he disappeared. ... I am not an expert on guns. It was, as I could observe, some type of a high-powered rifle. ... I do not know if it had a scope or not. ... To my best description, a man in his early thirties, fair complexion, slender but neat, neat slender, possibly 5-foot 10. ... Oh, at--I calculated, I think, from 160 to 170 pounds. ... Light colored clothes, more of a khaki color."
  3. Amos Lee Euins, immediately below the "sniper's nest", across the TSBD, Warren Commission: "Then I was standing here, and as the motorcade turned the corner, I was facing, looking dead at the building. And so I seen this pipe thing sticking out the window. I wasn't paying too much attention to it. Then when the first shot was fired, I started looking around, thinking it was a backfire. Everybody else started looking around. Then I looked up at the window, and he shot again. So--you know this fountain bench here, right around here. Well, anyway, there is a little fountain right here. I got behind this little fountain, and then he shot again. ... The man in the window. I could see his hand, and I could see his other hand on the trigger, and one hand was on the barrel thing. ... I believe there was four [shots], to be exact. ... After he shot the first two times, I was just standing back here. And then after he shot again, he pulled the gun back in the window. And then all the police ran back over here in the track vicinity. ... I seen a bald spot on this man's head, trying to look out the window. He had a bald spot on his head. I was looking at the bald spot. ... [The police] got all the way around the building. And then after that, well, he seen another man. Another man told him he seen a man run out the back. No, sir [don't know whohe was]. He was a construction man working back there."
  4. Arnold Rowland, Warren Commission: "We looked and at that time I noticed on the sixth floor of the building that there was a man back from the window, not hanging out the window. He was standing and holding a rifle, This appeared to me to be a fairly high-powered rifle because of the scope and the relative proportion of the scope to the rifle, you can tell about what type of rifle it is. You can tell it isn't a .22, you know, and we thought momentarily that maybe we should tell someone but then the thought came to us that it is a security agent. We had seen in the movies before where they have security men up in windows and places like that with rifles to watch the crowds, and we brushed it aside as that, at that time, and thought nothing else about it until after the event happened. ... Yet this was on the west corner of the building, the sixth floor, the first floor--second floor down from the top... He was rather slender in proportion to his size. ... light complexioned, but dark hair. ... He had on a light shirt, a very light-colored shirt, white or a light blue or a color such as that. This was open at the collar. I think it was unbuttoned about halfway, and then he had a regular T-shirt, a polo shirt under this, at least this is what it appeared to be. He had on dark slacks or blue jeans... I would say about 140 to 150 pounds. ... Then approximately 5 seconds, 5 or 6 seconds, the second report was heard, 2 seconds the third report. After the second report, I knew what it was... No; I did not [llok back at the window after the shots]. In fact, I went over toward the scene of the railroad yards myself. "
  5. Harold Norman, one of black guys immediately below the "sniper's nest", Warren Commission: "I believe it was his right arm, and I can't remember what the exact time was but I know I heard a shot, and then after I heard the shot, well, it seems as though the President, you know, slumped or something, and then another shot and I believe Jarman or someone told me, he said, "I believe someone is shooting at the President," and I think I made a statement "It is someone shooting at the President, and I believe it came from up above us." Well, I couldn't see at all during the time but I know I heard a third shot fired, and I could also hear something sounded like the shell hulls hitting the floor and the ejecting of the rifle, it sounded as though it was to me. ... Yes; I believe the first [shot hit the president]. ... I didn't see any falling but I saw some in Bonnie Ray Williams hair. ... I believe Jarman told him that it was in his hair first. Then I, you know, told him it was and I believe Jarman told him not to brush it out his hair but I think he did anyway. ... merely told him that I heard three shots because I didn't have any idea what time it was."
  6. Norman Williams, one of black guys immediately below the "sniper's nest", Warren Commission: Backs up Harold Norman.
  7. Bonnie Ray Williams, one of black guys immediately below the "sniper's nest", Warren Commission: Backs up Harold Norman.
  8. James Jarman, one of black guys immediately below the "sniper's nest", Warren Commission: "A backfire or an officer giving a salute to the President. And then at that time I didn't, you know, think too much about it. And then the second shot was fired, and that is when the people started falling on the ground and the motorcade car jumped forward, and then the third shot was fired right behind the second one. Well, after the third shot was fired, I think I got up and I run over to Harold Norman and Bonnie Ray Williams, and told them, I said, I told them that it wasn't a backfire or anything, that somebody was shooting at the President. ... Hank said, Harold Norman, rather, said that he thought the shots had came from above us, and I noticed that Bonnie Ray had a few debris in his head. It was sort of white stuff, or something, and I told him not to brush it out, but he did anyway. ... Yes, sir [3 shots].".

WITNESSES AT THE PARKING LOT, TRIPLE OVERPASS AND TERMINAL ANNEX BUILDING:

  1. Lee Bowers at the Sheriff's Office, November 22, 1963: "I talked to the above subject who was on duty for the Union Terminal Co., in a tower which is located about 200 yards west of the Texas Book Depository Building. He said that he heard what sounded like tree shots fired from a rifle. He said that about ten minutes before that he saw a car driving around behind the building. It was a 1961 chev. Impala, white, occupied by one white male. He said it had a Goldwater sticker on the back window. He said about five xxxx minutes later he saw another car in the same area. It was also occupied by one white male. It was a 1957 ford, xxx black, gold stripe down the side. It had an out of state license, white with black xx numerals, 6 digits. The occupant had what looked to be a telephone in his hand. He said that he didn't know if either of these cars stopped or parked in the area." Lee Bowers, the only person located behind the fence and who spotted two people here (besides ultraright Barry Goldwater figures patrolling the area immediately before the shots were fired), at some distance, to the Warren Commission: "Mr. BOWERS - Directly in line, towards the mouth of the underpass [confusingly, he means the west stairs], there were two men. One man, middle-aged, or slightly older, fairly heavy-set, in a white shirt, fairly dark trousers. Another younger man, about midtwenties, in either a plaid shirt or plaid coat or jacket. Mr. BALL - Were they standing together or standing separately? Mr. BOWERS - They were standing within 10 or 15 feet of each other, and gave no appearance of being together, as far as I knew. Mr. BALL - In what direction were they facing? Mr. BOWERS - They were facing and looking up towards Main and Houston, and following the caravan as it came down. ... Mr. BALL - Were the two men there at the time [immediately after the shots]? Mr. BOWERS - I--as far as I know, one of them was. The other I could not say. The darker dressed man was too hard to distinguish from the trees. The white shirt, yes; I think he was. Mr. BALL - When you said there was a commotion [at the time of the shooting], what do you mean by that? What did it look like to you when you were looking at the commotion? Mr. BOWERS - I just am unable to describe rather than it was something out of the ordinary, a sort of milling around, but something occurred in this particular spot which was out of the ordinary, which attracted my eye for some reason, which I could not identify. Mr. BALL - You couldn't describe it? Mr. BOWERS - Nothing that I could pinpoint as having happened that--- Mr. BALL - Afterwards did a good many people come up there on this high ground at the tower? Mr. BOWERS - A large number of people came, more than one direction. One group converged from the corner of Elm and Houston, and came down the extension of Elm and came into the high ground, and another line another large group went across the triangular area between Houston and Elm and then across Elm and then up the incline. Some of them all the way up. Many of them did, as well as, of course, between 50 and a hundred policemen within a maximum of 5 minutes. Mr. BALL - In this area around your tower? Mr. BOWERS - That's right. Sealed off the area, and I held off the trains until they could be examined, and there was some transients [the three tramps] taken on at least one train. ..." Bowers to Mark Lane (Youtube): "At the time of the shooting, in the vicinity of the two men I described were, there was a flash of light. There was something that occured that caught my eye in this immediate area on the embankment. What that was I could not state at that time and at this time I could not at this time. I could not identify it other than some unusual occurence: a flash of light or smoke or something which caused me to realize that something out of the ordinary had occured there. ... I told this to the police. And then also told it to the FBI and also had a discussion two or three days later with him concerning this. They made no comment, other than the fact that they, when I said I felt like the second and third shots could not have been fired from the same rifle, that they reminded me that I wasn't an expert, and I had to agree [looks skeptical]." Lee Bowers to Mark Lane, in never-released transcripts that still today are not available it its full context (most likely in the favor of skeptics): "Directly in line - uh - there - of course is - uh - there leading toward the Triple Underpass there is a curved decorative wall [so with "toward the Triple Underpass" he means the west side of the picket fence, where there is an opening, and three people were standing, two unidentified and one with a peculiar testimony, with other people possibly visible also around the pergola] - I guess you'd call it - it's not a solid wall but it is part of the - uh - park. ... And to the west of that there were - uh - at the time of the shooting in my vision only two men. Uh - these two men were - uh - standing back from the street somewhat at the top of the incline and were very near - er - two trees which were in the area... And one of them, from time to time as he walked back and forth, uh - disappeared behind a wooden fence [from Bower's perspective, because he was in front of it] which is also slightly to the west of that. Uh - these two men to the best of my knowledge were standing there - uh - at the time - of the shooting [which we know from photographs and the testimony of one person]... Now I could see back or the South side of the wooden fence in the area, so that obviously that there was no one there who could have had anything to do with either - as accomplice or anything else because there was no one there at the moment that the shots were fired. Immediately following this there was a rapid surge of people coming up the embankment from across Elm Street, and over near Houston Street." Sheriff Harold Elkins to the Warren Commission: "I immediately ran to the area from which it sounded like the shots had been fired. This is an area between the railroads and the Texas School Book Depository which is east of the railroads." Elkins also said: "I talked to Lee Bowers, who was on duty for the Union Terminal Company, in a tower which is located about 200 yards west of the Depository. He said that about ten minutes before the assassination he saw a car driving around behind the building. It was a 1961 Chevrolet Impala, white, occupied by one white male. He said it had a Goldwater sticker on the back window. He said about five minutes later he saw another car in the same area. It was also occupied by one white male."
  2. J.C. Price, located on the roof of the Terminal Annex building, just to the south of Dealey Plaza, to Mark Lane (Youtube): "From behind the overpass over there, the triple overpass, that's where I thought the shots were coming from. Over behind that wooden fence [is where I saw that man running], past the cars, and over behind the Texas Depository Building. ... Yes, I did [give this information to the sheriff's office], I'd say about 30 minutes after the assassination [that I gave it]. No, sir. No, sir [I was never called as a witness to the Warren Commission]. [Laughs] ... Well, I can't be sure [today where the shots came from]. It seems that from all information that has been gathered that the shots came from the Texas Book Depository, but I can hardly believe that, although I never looked over there at the building. But really I think the shots came from that direction [behind the picket fence]. ... [They say] they came from the Book Depository building, but I can't buy that right now [nervous laugh], and that's about it." November 22, 1963 written statement to Sheriff's Office: "VOLUNTARY STATEMENT. Not Under Arrest Form No. 86. SHERIFF'S DEPARTMENT COUNTY OF DALLAS, TEXAS. Before me, the undersigned authority, on this the 22nd day of November A.D. 1963 personally appeared Mr. J. C. Price, Address: 2602 Astor, Dallas, Age 62, Phone No. WH 1-1940. Bus. Terminal Annex, Gen. Service RI 8-5611, Ext 3105. Deposes and says: This day at about 12:35 PM I was on the roof of the Terminal Annex Bldg on the NE corner when the presidential motorcade came down Main to Houston, North on Houston and then West on Elm. The cars had proceeded west on Elm and was [sic] just a short distance from the Tripple [sic] underpass, when I saw Gov. Connelly [sic] slump over. I did not see the president as his car had gotten out of my view under the underpass. There was a volley of shots, and then much later, maybe as much as five minutes [sic] later, another one. I saw one man run towards the passenger cars on the railroad siding after the volley of shots. This man had a white dress shirt, no tie and kahki [sic] colored trousers. His hair appeared to be long and dark and his agility running could be about 35 yrs [sic] of age. He had something in his hand. I couldn't be sure but it may have been a head piece. XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX /s/ J. C. Price Subscribed and sworn to before me on this the 22nd day of Nov A. D. 1963 "
  3. Sam M. Holland, with colleages at the triple overpass who immediately ran to the grassy knoll where they had seen the smoke puff, to the Warren Commission: "I heard a third report and I counted four shots and about the same time all this was happening, and in this group of trees... [marks it]... There was a shot, a report, I don't know whether it was a shot. I can't say that. And a puff of smoke came out about 6 or 8 feet above the ground. ... right out from under those trees. And at just about this location from where I was standing you could see that puff of smoke, like someone had thrown a firecracker, or something out, and that is just about the way it sounded. It wasn't as loud as the previous reports or shots. ... It could have been the third or fourth, but there were definitely four reports. have no doubt about it. I have no doubt about seeing that puff of smoke come out from under those trees either. I made a statement that afternoon in Sheriff Bill Decker's office, and then the Sunday or the Sunday following the Friday, there were two FBI men out at my house at the time that Oswald was shot. ... Well, immediately after the shots was fired. I run around the end of this overpass, behind the fence to see if I could see anyone up there behind the fence. Of course, this was this sea of cars in there and it was just a big - it wasn't an inch in there that wasn't automobiles and I couldn't see up in that corner. I ran on up to the corner of this fence behind the building. By the time I got there there were 12 or 15 policemen and plainclothesmen, and we looked for empty shells around there for quite a while, and I left because I had to get back to the office. I didn't give anyone my name. No one - didn't anyone ask for it, and it wasn't but an hour or so until the deputy sheriff came down to the office and took me back up to the courthouse. ... Mud on the bumper in two spots. Well, as if someone had cleaned their foot, or stood up on the bumper to see over the fence. Because, you couldn't very well see over it standing down in the mud, or standing on the ground, and to get a better view you could. ... They searched all the cars in that location. ... one of them throwed his motorcycle down right in the middle of the street and ran up the incline with his pistol in his hand, and the other motorcycle policeman jumped over the curb with his motorcycle ond tried to ride up the hill on his motorcycle, and he " tipped over with him up there, and he ran up there the rest of the way with his Mr. Stern. [Did you see anything further involving those two?] No; I ran around, I was going around the corner of the fence [at this point]." To Mark Lane (Youtube): "I was standing on top of the triple underpass, waiting for the parade. ... Two policemen were talking to me, one of them, asked me if I would come back up there and identify the people that had any business or any right to be up there. That would be railroad employees. And I told them I would. ... I looked over to where I thought the shot came from. And I saw a puff of smoke still lingering underneath the trees in front of the wooden fence. [Mentions policemen running up that spot.] I know where that third shot came from. Behind the picket fence, close to the little plaza. There's no doubt in my mind. There is no doubt whatsoever in my mind in the statements that I made in the sheriff's office immediately after the shooting and the statements that I made to the Warren Commission. ... There was a fourth shot. ... No, that Warren Commission is in error on that, because I was an eyewitness to that. And I know that the same bullet that hit the President did not hit Kennedy. With the first bullet, the president slumped and Governor Connally made his turn to the right and back to the left. And that's when the second shot was fired, knocked him down on the floor board. And it would have been impossible for him to turn if the bullet that hit him that went through the President's neck. ... There were about six or eight of us boys of the Union Terminal that were running around there to find some evidence that there was someone around there. Certainly the ones with me who were running around that fence realized what was happening. ... It drifted right out underneath those green trees, those two trees. From behind the fence. It kinda just hung here for a few seconds, long enough to keep you [inaudible]. A puff of smoke. Immediately after the president's car came underneath this overpass, the four of us ran around this fence to find out if we could see anyone leaving the area. [Lane and Holland walking the route] We were jumping over the hood of the cars to make our way up to where we saw the smoke and heard the shot. That way we came up the wooden fence. Probably 15 minutes before I had to go back to my office. There were about 40 or 50 people around here searching. [Lane: What did you find here?] ... [Lane: In effect, Mr. Holland, the Warren Commission published just a very small portion of your testimony and used your testimony as proof that no shots could have come from behind the fence. Did they accurately and fairly use your testimony?] They're wrong, because my testimony, and I made it very clear, that there was a fouth shot fired, and one of those shots came from behind that picket fence. There's no doubt in my mind and there never will be. [Lane: Mr. Holland, you were on the overpass. You were probably in the best position of any witness on November 22. In your view, did the Warren Commission provide all of the fact...?] Let me put it this, the Warren Commision, I think, had to report in their book what they wanted the world to believe." More, to another reporter (Youtube): "There was a shot. It came from the upper end of the street [TSBD]. I could not say then at the time that it came from the Depository Book Store, but I knew that it came from the other end of the street. The president slumped over forward like that and tried to raise his hand up. ... [Connalley] tried to turn to his right [but] he was sitting too close to the door. He couldn't make it that way. So he turned back like that, with his arm out, with the left. And about that time the second shot was fired. It knocked him over forward and slumped to the right [from Holland's perspective]. I guess his wife put him over in her lap, because he fell over in her lap. And about that time there was a third report that wasn't as loud as the two previous reports. It came from that picked fence. And then there was the fourth [again louder] report. And the third and the fourth reports were almost simultaneously. Underneath that green tree you could see a little puff of smoke. It looked like a puff of steam, or cigarette smoke. And the smoke was about 8 to 10 feet [2.5-3 meters] off the ground and about 15 foot [5 meters] to this side of the tree. And I immediately ran around to the spot where this shot came from. Of course there was no one there, because it took quite a little while to thread our way through the cars parked there. ... But when I got over there, I did find where a man had been standing and walking from one end of the bumper to the other and I gues if we would have counted the footsteps it would have been 200 or more on the muddy spots, the footprints. And there were two mud spots on the bumper of this station wagon. ... From the footprints and all indication he was standing right here [about 7 meters from the west edge of the picket fence, behind the second tree]. They were fresh [the footprints], because it had been raining that morning. There footprints and mud on these two by fours. There was mud on the bumper of the station wagon. And there were only two sets of footprints that I could find that left this station wagon and they went behind that white Chevrolet car that was sitting over there [points to center picket fence]. ...\
  4. Austin Miller, railroad employee at the triple underpass with Holland, to the Sheriff's Department on November 22, 1963: "I saw something which I thought was smoke or steam coming from a group of trees north of Elm off the Railroad tracks [fence area]. I did not see anyone on the tracks or in the trees. A large group of people concreated and a motorcycle officer dropped his motor and took off on foot to the car." The Warren Commission did not ask Miller about the smoke he saw, quite possibly because the FBI ignored it in its summary report of December 17, 1963.
  5. Frank Reilly, a railroad worker at the triple underpass with Holland, to the Warren Commission: "Three shots. It seemed to me like they come out of the trees. On the north side of Elm Street at the corner up there. Well, where all those trees are — you've never been down there? Well, it's at that park where all the shrubs is up there — it's to the north of Elm Street — up the slope.
  6. Richard C. Dodd, a railroad worker at the triple underpass with Holland: "I was standing on the underpass... I was along with three friends of mine, all railroad men. That's right [Sam Holland was one of them]. ... Well, we all three, four had seen about the same thing. The smoke came from behind the hedge on the north side of the plaza. A motorcycle policeman dropped his motorcycle in the street with his gun in his hand and ran up the embankment to the hedge. ... And I went north around the corner to see if there was anyone behind the hedge. Walked along with him down there to see if there were any tracks down there, which there were tracks, cigarette buts, where someone had been standing on a bumper, looking oer the fence, or something. Yes, we were [questioned]. We were taken north to the court house and questioned by a supposed Secret Service man of some kind. They asked me quite a few questions and I tlold them about the same as I told you here today. No, I never was called [by the Warren Commission]. ... there was something [there] that looks to me like somebody should have found out something..."
  7. James L. Simmons, as interviewed by Mark Lane: "I've been employed by the Union Terminal for 11 years. ... Yes, I was standing on the Elm Street overpass at the time of the assassination. There was a group of employees of the Union Terminal and two Dallas policemen. ... As the presidential limousine was rounding the curve on Elm Street, there was a loud explosion. At the time I didn't know what it was, but it sounded like a loud firecracker or a gun shot. And it sounded like it came form the left and in front of us towards the wooden fence. And there was a puff of smoke that came underneath of the trees on the embankment. ... It was right directly in front of the wooden fence [marks the same location as Holland described].... I was talking with Patrolman Foster at the time. And as soon as we heard the shots we ran around to the wooden fence. And when we got there there was no one there. But there was footprints in the mud around the fence, and there was footprints on the wooden two by four railing on the fence. ... Yes, I did [give the police a statement]. ... About a month later I was questioned by the FBI. ... Yes, I did [tell them what I told you]. ... No sir, I wasn't [called a witness to the Warren Commission]. ... Well, I always thought it peculiar. I thought this is the way they did business. [nervous laugh, goes back to serious look]"
  8. Walter L. Winborn, on the triple overpass, as interviewed by Stewart Galanor in May 1966 (audio): "I just saw some smoke coming out in a—a motorcycle patrolman leaped off his machine and go up towards that smoke that come out from under the trees on the right hand side of the motorcade [at the wooden fence]. ... It looked like a little haze, like somebody had shot firecrackers or something like that. Or somebody had taken a puff off of a cigarette and maybe probably nervous and blowing out smoke, you know. Oh, it looked like it was more than one person that might possibly have exhaled smoke. But it was a haze there. From my general impression it looked like it was at least ten feet long and about, oh, two or three feet wide. ... That was back over the side walk underneath those trees, that—of that fence that you were talking about. ... That’s right [I spoke to the FBI on March 17, 1964]. ... Oh yes. Oh yes [I certainly told the FBI about the smoke]. ... I don't have any idea [why they didn't include it in their report]. They are specialists in their field, and I’m just an amateur." The FBI report, which was taken up by the Warren Commission, about his exprience does not mention smoke at all.
  9. Thomas Murphy, on the triple overpass, as interviewed by Stewart Galanor in May 6, 1966 (audio): "More than three [shots I heard]. ... No sir, I don't [know how much more]. But they didn't come from the direction that they say. ... Yeah, they come from a tree to the left, of my left which is to the immediate right of the sight of the assassination. Yeah, on the hill up there. There are two or three hackberry and Elm trees. And I say it come from there. Yeah, smoke [is why I think that]. Sure did [see smoke]. Yeah, in that tree."
  10. Nolan Potter, on the triple overpass, according to a March 19, 1964 summary report of the FBI: "Potter advised that he is a hostlor helpor for the Union terminal Company, and, on November 22, 1963, he was standing on the Elm Street viaduct with some fellow employees awaiting the motorcade with President John F. Kennedy. ... He heard three loud reports which sounded like firecrackers. ... Potter said he recalls seeing smoke in front of the Texas School Book Depository Building rising above the trees." Included here, because it is somewhat suspect that everyone around Potter saw smoke rise from under the trees at the knoll, with the FBI summarizing here that Potter saw smoke in front of the TSBD, which might well technically have been true, looking at the line of sight. Also see the testimony of Potter's colleague, Walter Winborn, where he complaints that the FBI left out his mentioning of smoke. Remember, the FBI was ran by Hoover, who refused to acknowledge the existence of organized crime and focused all the Bureau's efforts on anti-communism and anti-socialism, including anti-war movements. Nothing honost and unbiased at the FBI.
  11. Police officer Seymour Weitzman (made the false identification of the Mauser), who soon was one of the police officers who discovered the rifle on the sixth floor of the TSBD, to the Warren Commission (included in this section, because he confirmed the footsteps behind the fence): "I ran in a northwest direction and scaled a fence towards where we thought the shots came from. ... We noticed numerous kinds of footprints [near the picket fence] that did not make sense because they were going different directions. Yes, sir; other officers [were present], Secret Service as well... [Secret Service couldn't have been present, according to Warren Commission reports]"
  12. James Tague, the third man wounded in Dealey Plaza, at the bottom of the triple underpass between Main and Commerce Street, to the Warren Commission: "Mr Liebeler: Did you have any idea where these shots came from when you heard them ringing out? Mr Tague: Yes; I thought they were coming from my left. ... Mr Liebeler: You thought they had come from the area between Nos. 7 and 5? Mr Tague: I believe they came from up in here. Mr Liebeler: Back in the area "C"? Mr Tague: Right. Mr Liebeler: Behind the concrete monument here between Nos. 7 and 5, toward the general area of "C"? Mr Tague: Yes." This description holds the middle between the TSBD and Knoll. The FBI initially ignored his injury from a stray bullet, but after this information became known, the FBI and Warren Commission came up with the Magic Bullet Theory. Still claiming there were three shots in total, now one bullet injured both Kennedy and Connolly, while another missed entirely, hit the curb, and injured Tague. To Mark Lane: "My first impression was that they had come from the left of me. Up in this area here, towards the hill. Somewhere towards the wooden fence. ... I [schraping throat] believe that they did come from the School Book Depository, because of the things that I have read about it and the evidence that has ben brought forward and through the Warren Report and so on. [Intonation indicates he really means "I'm led to believe" or "forced to believe".]"
  13. Thomas Murphy, located at the triple underpass, Warren Commission: "MURPHY said in his opinion these shots came from a spot just west of the Texas School Book Depository Building."

MOTORCADE WITNESSES TO KNOLL SHOT:

  1. November 23, 1963, Ed Johnson, a reporter for the Fort Worth Star-Telegram [Note: often falsely linked to knoll. Johson is talking about the opposite of the knoll where the TSBD shots impacted]: "Some of us saw little puffs of white smoke that seemed to hit the grassy area in the esplanade that divides Dallas' main downtown streets."
  2. Paul Landis, a Secret Service agent in the car immediately behind President Kennedy's car, to the Warren Commission: "My reaction at this time was that the [fatal] shot came from somewhere towards the front."
  3. Forrest Sorrels, a Secret Service agent, to the Warren Commission, was in the car immediately following the presidential car: "I looked towards the top of the terrace to my right as the sound of the shots seemed to come from that direction."
  4. Secret Service agent David Powers, a secret service agent in a car right behind JFK, to the Warren Commission: "[I agree shots came from the TSBD, but] I also had a fleeting impression that the noise appeared to come from the front in the area of the triple overpass."
  5. 1987, Thomas O'Neill, 'Man of the Mr Ba House: The Life and Political Memoirs of Speaker Tip O'Neill', p.178: "I was never one of those people who had doubts or suspicions about the Warren Commission’s report on the president’s death. But five years after Jack died, I was having dinner with Kenny O’Donnell and a few other people at Jimmy’s Harborside Restaurant in Boston, and we got to talking about the assassination. I was surprised to hear O’Donnell say that he was sure he had heard two shots that came from behind the fence. “That’s not what you told the Warren Commission,” I said. “You’re right, ” he replied. “I told the FBI what I had heard, but they said it couldn’t have happened that way and that I must have been imagining things. So I testified the way they wanted me to. I just didn’t want to stir up any more pain and trouble for the family.” “I can’t believe it,” I said. ”I wouldn’t have done that in a million years. I would have told them the truth.” “Tip, you have to understand. The family — everybody wanted this thing behind them.” Dave Powers was with us at dinner that night, and his recollection of the shots was the same as O’Donnell’s. Kenny O’Donnell is no longer alive, but during the writing of this book I checked with Dave Powers. As they say in the news business, he stands by his story."

WITNESSES LOCATED ON THE OPPOSITE SIDE OF THE STREET, FACE TOWARDS KNOLL (30-70 YARDS AWAY):

  1. Jean L. Hill (later on may have tried to profit from the affair, so only claims from the time are taken seriously), "the woman in red", located a few yards away from JFK when he was shot, overlooking the knoll, to the Warren Commission: "I didn't realize that the shots were coming from the building. I frankly thought they were coming from the knoll. ... The motorcade came to almost a halt at the time the shots rang out... My friend, Mary Moorman, that took the picture." Mary H. Moorman, "the woman in blue", in an interview with IAntique, May 24, 2011 (lengthy, awkward and, as with the Garrison trial, Moorman will not properly comment if she thought there was a shooter on the grassy knoll, but photos demonstrate she most definitely was staring at the knoll with everyone immediately after the shots, before anyone had ran up yet): "It slowed down almost if not to a stop and I saw Jackie, she hollered "Oh my god, he's been shot. I heard that. And I saw her start to climb out over that car. [in reality she was trying to pick up pieces of her husband's head] ... [Only] After all the shots [the car briefly slowed down]." ... I did not [have any sense of where the shots were coming from] [stern expression, looking away to ground for a moment]. ... No, absolutely not [did Jean ever tell me about seeing smoke and a shadowy figure on the knoll, as Jean claimed in a 1992 book, with a foreword written by Oliver Stone]. ... [hesitant pause] Uh [hesitant pause], not [pause], not... There was a lot of work done on the picture by a number of people, saying here is badgeman, and here is a shooter. I have no idea, other then..." Mary H. Moorman on November 22, 1963 (Youtube): "It so happened in my picture when I took it, it was the same instant that the president was hit. And that shows in my picture. ... There were three or four real close together. It must have been the first one that shot him, because that was the time I took the picture. After I took the picture and the shots were still [flying, I lay down]." The photo, which allegedly showed the shooter, went lost after giving it to the FBI.
  2. November 22, 1963, Dallas Times Herald, Charles Brehm, a WWII ranger who was shot multiple times and located 20-30 feet from JFK when he was hit: "The witness Brehm was shaking uncontrollably as he further described the shooting. "The first shot must not have been too solid, because he just slumped. Then on the second shot he seemed to fall back." Brehm seemed to think the shots came from in front of or beside [right] the President. He explained the President did not slump forward as he would have after being shot from the rear. The book depository building stands in the rear of the President’s location at the time of the shooting." Later speaking to Mark Lane he clearly was conflicted by the discrepancy in what he had seen and what he was supposed to have seen - and only hinted that the bullet seemed to have come from the right-front. Later, when interviewed for TV, he completely distanced himself from Lane and any statements that the knoll had been the source of at least one shot. He forgot he was quoted on November 22, clearly contradicting what he stated in his TV interview. Old TV interview with a somewhat rambling Charles Brehm after Mark Lane interview (Youtube): "Mark Lane, who takes very great liberties with adding to my quotation. I never said any shots came from here [grassy knoll] as I was quoted by Mr. Lane. ... Although I told him, I could not, I did not exam-, I thought it was, but I could not, so he has added his interpretations to what I said and consequently that's where the story comes from that I said that shots came from up there. NO shots came from up there at any time during the whole fiasco that afternoon." With his "I thought it was" Brehm still admits what his opinion was at the time.
  3. Malcolm Summers, November 22, 1963, statements to Sheriff's Office (full - no mention of the apparent Secret Service agent, but he did have another story): "Yesterday, November 23, 1963, I was standing on the terrace of the small park on Elm Street to watch the President's motorcade. The President's car had just come up in front of me when I heard a shot and saw the President slump down in the car and heard Mrs. Kennedy say, "Oh, no," then a second shot and then I hit the ground as I realized these were shots. Then all of the people started running up the terrace away from the President's car and I got up and started running also, not realizing what had happened. In just a few moments the President's car sped off and everyone was just running around towards the railroad tracks and I knew that they had somebody trapped up there. I imagine I stayed there 15 or 20 minutes and then went over on Houston Street to where I had my truck parked. I had just pulled away from the curb and was headed toward the Houston street viaduct [sic] when an automobile that had 3 men in it pulled away from the curb in a burst of speed, passing me on the right side, which was very dangerous at that point, then got in front of me, and it seemed then as an afterthought, slowed in a big hurry in front of me as though realizing they would be conspicuous in speeding. These three men were of slender build and seemed to be very excited in talking and motioning to each other. They went on across the Houston Street Viaduct and I turned off at Marsalis Street exit [sic] and they continued on going towards Zangs Blvd. They were in a 1961 or 1962 Chevrolet sedan, maroon in color. I [cross-out] don't believe I could identify these men, but I do believe I could identify the automobile if I saw it again." Malcolm Summers, HSCA files: "Summers stated that he was located on the terrace of the small park on Elm Street when the Presidential motorcade passed in front of him.{192) After the shots and the President's car had sped away, Summers went to the area of the railroad tracks because he "I knew that thev had somebody trapped up there." ... (68) Summers was not called to testify before the Warren Commission. No FBI files concerning this information have been located. Summers was contacted by the committee on October 30, 1978. At that time, he confirmed the substance of the information provided to the sheriff's department and signed a statement indicating that the information was accurate and complete." Malcolm Summers, interviewed for a documentary (Youtube clip): "I knew the first shot came from [inaudible] the depository, up there. And then when the second one came I did not know who all was shooting. I was thinking it was more than one person shooting. ... The first shot sounded just like a little pop, like a firecracker from a distance, a far away distance. The other shot sounded real close." Malcolm Summers in the 1988 documentary 'Who Killed Kennedy': "I ran across the--Elm Street to right there toward the knoll. It was there [pointing to a spot on the knoll]--and we were stopped by a man in a suit [hat and tie also, he mentions in other interviews] and he had an overcoat--over his arm and he, he, I saw a gun under that overcoat. And he--his comment was, "Don't you all come up here any further, you could get shot, or killed," one of those words. A few months later, they told me they didn't have an FBI man in that area. If they didn't have anybody, it's a good question who it was." Malcolm Summers (Youtube audio clip): "The car got right beside me where I was at, and it actually stopped momentarily. And I heard Jackie Kennedy say, "Oh God, no, no." And I heard John Connely say, "They're going to shoot us all." ... [When moving to the knoll] a gentleman in a suit, hat, tie [was there], and he had a gun over his raincoat and I could only see the barrel. And he said, "You all better not come up here." He wasn't only talking to me. There were other people already up there. "Or you get shot."."
  4. Philip Willis, right next to president's car when shot in the neck and looking towards the grassy knoll at the time of the final shot(s), in a June 15, 1979 Reading Eagle article, titled 'Witness recalls seeing two figures': "There's no doubt in our mind the final shot that blew his head off did not come from the depository. His head blew up like a halo. The brains and matter went to the left and the rear."
  5. Orville Nix, about 70 yards from the grassy knoll, looking towards it and filming: "No, I thought [the shots] came from a fence, between the Book Depository and the railroad track. Most [people] definitely thought [the shots] came from the fence behind the Book Depository [from his perspective]. Forrest Sorrows, the Secret Service agent in charge of Dallas that day] thought they were coming from the same place, behind the fence. Well, [today] I think they came from the Book Depository, because there is is evidence they came from the Book Depository. I believe the Warren Report."
  6. Deputy sheriff Luke Mooney, at the time of the shots in front of the Dallas Criminal Courts Building, about 20 yards in front of the TSBD, Warren Commission: "Mr Ball: Why did you go over to the railroad yard? Mr Mooney: Well, that was — from the echo of the shots, we thought they came from that direction."
  7. Deputy sheriff Harry Weatherford, standing outside the Criminal Court building on Main Street, to the Warren Commission: "I heard a loud report which I thought was a railroad torpedo, as it sounded as if it came from the railroad yard. Thinking, this was a heck of a time for one to go off, then I heard a 2nd report which had more of an echo report and thought to myself, that this was a rifle and I started towards the corner when I heard the 3rd report. By this time I was running towards the railroad yards where the sound seemed to come from."
  8. Edgar Smith, a police officer, who was standing on Houston Street, to the Warren Commission: "Mr Smith: I thought when it came to my mind that there were shots, and I was pretty sure there were when I saw his car because they were leaving in such a hurry, I thought they were coming from this area here, and I ran over there and back of it and, of course, there wasn’t anything there. Mr Liebeler: You thought the shot came from this little concrete structure up behind No. 7? Mr Smith: Yes, sir. Mr Liebeler: On Commission Exhibit 354? Mr Smith: Yes. Mr Liebeler: Toward the railroad tracks there? Mr Smith: That’s true."
  9. Arnold Rowland, standing on the east side of Houston Street, facing the TSBD, to the Warren Commission: "... the echo effect was such that it sounded like it came from the railroad yards. That is where I looked, that is where all the policemen, everyone, converged on the railroads."

WITNESSES WITH BACK AND RIGHT SIDE TOWARDS THE KNOLL AND PARKING LOT (ONLY THE CLOSEST ONES):

  1. William and Francis Gayle Newman were standing with their backs and right side to the grassy knoll, very close by. November 22, 1963 media interview with Bill, sitting with his kid on his lap (Youtube): "And then as the car got directly in front of us, a gunshot from apparently behind us hit the president in the side of the temple. I think it came from the same location [the first shot]. Apparently from back up on the Hill." Bill Newman at the Jim Garrison trial: "I heard at least three. I often thought of four, but I can't clearly say there were four shots; I can clearly say there were three. ... Yes, sir. From the sound of the shots, the report of the rifle or whatever it was, it sounded like they were coming directly behind from where I was standing. ... I was standing near this light standard here, and I thought the shots were coming from back here, and apparently everybody else did because they all ran in that direction. ... Okay. My wife and myself were watching the parade come toward us. We had to more or less step off the curb to look up the street, and as the car was approaching I heard two shots -- BOOM, BOOM -- and when the first shot was fired the President throwed his hands up like this (demonstrating), and at the time what we thought had happened, somebody throwed firecrackers or something under the automobile and he was protecting his face. At the time of the first shot Governor Connally turned in his seat in this manner (demonstrating), to look back at the President I suppose, and then the second shot was fired, and then as the car approached us to where we were standing, I could see Governor Connally leaning back in his seat holding his hands down like this (demonstrating), and at that time I could see blood on his shirt, and that is when I actually realized that it appeared, you know, he had been shot. [curiously confirms the questionable claim that the first or second shot hit Connelly] The President all the time was staying in an upright position in his seat and it looked like he was looking into the crowd of people as if he was trying to see someone. I caught a glimpse of his eyes, just looked like a cold stare, he just looked through me [can't see Kennedy look to the right AT ALL after the getting shot; he's looking downward with his hands on his throat, looks to Jackie and falls over to her] , and then when the car was directly in front of me, well, that is when the third shot was fired and it hit him in the side of the head right above the ear and his ear come off. ... Well, I observed his ear flying off, and he turned just real white and then blood red, and the President, when the third shot hit him he just went stiff like a board and fell over to his left in his wife's lap, and I told my wife, "That is it, hit the ground," and that is when we hit the ground because I thought the shots were coming over our heads. And then I looked back and I saw Mrs. Kennedy jumping up on the back end of the car and the Secret Service man or whoever it was into the car, and then they shot on off, took off. ... The only reaction that I can recall -- I don't recall whether his head went back or forward, but I do recall when the impact hit him that he just stiffened and he went to the left, real hard to the left and into her lap... He went away from me [when hit]. ... Yes, sir, I did [give a statement to the FBI], and also to the Sheriff's Office after the assassination. A news reporter carried me to the FAA, and then from that point went to the Sheriff's Office and I give a written statement. ... No, sir, I wasn't [invited to the Warren Commission]."
  2. Abraham Zapruder, who famously filmed the assassination from the top of a concrete pedestal on Elm Street, located to the right of the grassy knoll, behind the Pergola, Warren Commission: "Mr Liebeler: Did you have any impression as to the direction from which these shots came? Mr Zapruder: No, I also thought it came from back of me. Of course, you can't tell when something is in line — it could come from anywhere, but being I was here and he was hit on this line and he was hit right in the head — I saw it right around here, so it looked like it came from here and it could come from there. Mr Liebeler: All right, as you stood here on the abutment and looked down into Elm Street, you saw the President hit on the right side of the head and you thought perhaps the shots had come from behind you? Mr Zapruder: Well, yes. ... Yes, actually--I couldn't say what I thought at the moment, where they came from--after the impact of the tragedy was really what I saw and I started and I said--yelling, "They've killed him"--I assumed that they came from there, because as the police started running back of me [to the knoll, a little more to his right side], it looked like it came from the back of me. ... No, there was too much reverberation [to really determine where the shots came from]. There was an echo which gave me a sound all over. In other words that square is kind of--it had a sound all over."
  3. Deputy sheriff John Wiseman about Marilyn Sitzman, Zapruder's assistant who stood behind him, November 22, 1963: "I ran on across Houston Street, then across the park to where a policeman was having trouble with his motorcycle and I saw a man laying on the grass. This man laying on the grass said the shots came from the building and he was pointing to the old Sexton Building. I talked to Marilyn Sitzman, 202 S. Lancaster whosaid her boss, Abraham Zaprutes, RI 8 6071, had movies of the shooting. She said the shots came from that way and she pointed at the old Sexton Building. I ran at once to the Sexton Building and went in."

WITNESSES LOCATED MORE TOWARDS THE WEST, BETWEEN TSBD AND KNOLL, WITH BACK AND RIGHT SIDE TO KNOLL:

  1. November 23, 1963, Dallas Morning News, 'Witness From the News Describes Assassination' (about Mary Woodward, standing with her back to the grassy knoll, close to the president's vehicle): "Four of us from Women's News, Maggie Brown, Aurelia Alonzo, my roommate Ann Donaldson, and myself had decided to spend our lunch hour by going to see the President. We took our lunch along – some crackers and apples – and started walking down Houston Street. We decided to cross Elm and wait there on the grassy slope just east of the Triple Underpass, since there weren't very many people there and we could get a better view. .... The President was looking straight ahead and we were afraid we would not get to see his face. But we started clapping and cheering and both he and Mrs. Kennedy turned, and smiled and waved, directly at us, it seemed. Jackie was wearing a beautiful pink suit with beret to match. ... After acknowledging our cheers, he faced forward again and suddenly there was a horrible, ear-shattering noise coming from behind us and a little to the right. My first reaction, and also my friends', was that as a joke, someone had backfired their car. Apparently the driver and occupants of the President’s car had the same impression, because instead of speeding up, the car came almost to a halt. ... The cars behind stopped and several men – Secret Service men, I suppose – got out and started rushing forward, obstructing our view of the President's car. Then I started looking around at the stunned crowd. About 10 feet from where we were standing, a man and woman had thrown their small child to the ground and covered his body with theirs. Apparently the bullets had whizzed directly over their heads. Next to us were two Negro women. One collapsed in the other's arms, weeping and uttering what everyone was thinking: "They've shot him.""
  2. Jane Berry, TSBD employee standing just east of the grassy knoll and west of the TSBD, as summarized in a November 25, 1963 FBI report: "She was standing just west of the building, watching the parade in which President JOHN F. KENNEDY was riding. Just as the car was passing her, she heard a rifle shot. A few seconds later she heard a second and third shot. She observed President KENNEDY slump over [at which shot?] and everyone... Everyone was very excited and no one seemed to know where the shot had come from. It sounded as if it had been fired from a position west of where she was standing."
  3. Jean Newman, standing with her back and right side about 40 yards away from the knoll, on November 22, 1963: "I was standing right on this side of the Stemmons Freeway sign, about half-way between the sign and the edge of the building on the corner. I was by myself, there were other people around watching the motorcade. The motorcade had just passed me when I heard that I thought was a firecracker at first, and the President had just passed me, because after he had just passed, there was a loud report, it just scared me, and I noticed that the President jumped, he sort of ducked his head down and I thought at the time that it probably scared him, too, just like it did me, because he flinched, like he jumped. I saw him put his elbows like this, with his hands on his chest. By this time, the motorcade never did stop, and the President fell to his left and his wife jumped up on her knees, I believe it was, in the back of the car on her knees, I couldn't say that for sure. And I realized then it had been a shot. I looked in the car and she was on her knees, and he wasn't even visible in the car. I looked around then, and everyone was running every which way, I don't know why I didn't run, I just stood there and backed up and looked around to see if I could see anything, but I saw no one whatever with anything that resembled a gun or anything of that kind. I just heard two shots. When it happened, I was just looking at the President and his wife, and when she jumped up in the car, I had my vision focused on her, and I didn't see anything else, about the others in the front of the car. The first impression I had was that the shots came from my right."
  4. Faye Chism, standing with her back and right side about 40 yards away from the knoll, in a statement to the Sheriff's Office on November 22, 1963: "I was with my husband and three year old child, we were standing at the corner where the sign says "Stemmons Freeway" to the right. As the President was coming through, I heard this first shot, and the President fell to his left. The President's wife immediately stood over him, and she pulled him up, and lay him down in the seat, and she stood up over him in the car. The President was standing and waving and smiling at the people when the shot happened. And then there was a second shot that I heard, after the President's wife had pulled him down in the seat. It came from what I thought was behind us and I looked but I couldn't see anything. The two men in the front of the car stood up, and then when the second shot was fired, they all fell down and the car took off just like that."
  5. John Chism, standing with his back and right side about 40 yards away from the knoll, in a statement to the Sheriff's Office on November 22, 1963: "When I saw the motorcade round the corner, the President was standing and waving to the crowd. And just as he got just about in front of me, he turned and waved at the crowd on this side of the street, the right side; at this point I heard what sounded like one shot, and I saw him, "The President," sit back in his seat and lean his head to his left side. At this point, I saw Mrs. Kennedy stand up and pull his head over in her lap, and then lay down over him as if to shield him. And the two men in the front seat, I don't know who they were, looked back, and just about the time they looked back, the second shot was fired.At this point, I looked behind me, to see whether it was a fireworks display or something. And then I saw a lot of people funning for cover, behind the embankment there back up on the grass."

TSBD KNOLL "WITNESSES":

  1. November 23, 1963, Dallas Morning News about Ochus Campbell, vice president of the Texas School Book Depository (TSBD): "Campbell says he ran toward a grassy knoll to the west of the building, where he thought the sniper had hidden." To the Warren Commission: "I heard shots being fired from a point which I thought was near the railroad tracks located over the viaduct on Elm street. I … had no occasion to look back at the Texas School Book Depository building as I thought the shots had come from the west."
  2. Danny Garcia Arce, TSBD employee on the streets at the time, to the Warren Commission: "To the best of my knowledge there were three shots and they came from the direction of the railroad tracks near the parking lot at the west end of the Depository Building ... I didn't think they came from there [the TSBD]. I just looked directly to the railroad tracks and all the people started running up there and I just ran along with them."
  3. Roy Truly, a director and the superintendant of the Texas School Book Depository, was standing with Ochus Campbell on the north side of Elm Street, close to the TSBD. Shortly afterwards, he encountered Lee Oswald in the canteen on the second floor of the TSBD. To the Warren Commission: "Mr Belin: Where did you think the shots came from? Mr Truly: I thought the shots came from the vicinity of the railroad or the WPA project [the concrete structure], behind the WPA project west of the building."
  4. Dorothy Garner, located at a fourth–floor window of the TSBD, to the Warren Commission: "I thought at the time the shots or reports came from a point to the west of the building."
  5. Billy Lovelady, standing on the front steps of the TSBD, to the Warren Commission: "I heard several loud reports which I first thought to be firecrackers and which appeared to me to be in the direction of Elm Street viaduct just ahead of the Motorcade. I did not at any time believe the shots had come from the Texas School Book Depository. ... Between the underpass and the building right on that knoll [is where I thought the shots came from]."
  6. Buell Wesley Frazier, who had driven Oswald to work in the morning and was located at the steps of the TSBD, to the Warren Commission: "Well to be frank with you I thought it come from down there, you know, where that underpass is. There is a series, quite a few number of them railroad tracks running together and from where I was standing it sounded like it was coming from down the railroad tracks there." Nov. 17, 2013, Richmond Times Dispatch, 'Buell Wesley Frazier: A commute with Oswald, then a harsh interrogation': "Frazier took Oswald under his wing. The two young men even shared a commute twice a week. Oswald would get a ride from Frazier so he could spend weekends with his wife, Marina, and their two young children. ... That afternoon, about two hours after the assassination, police arrested Frazier as a suspected accomplice of Oswald’s — and he was treated as such. He was fingerprinted, photographed and forced to take a lie detector test. “I was interrogated and questioned for many, many hours,” Frazier said. “Interrogators would rotate.” Dallas police Capt. Will Fritz, who was in charge of the homicide department, came into the room with a typed statement. He handed Frazier a pen and demanded he sign it. It was a confession. Frazier refused. “This was ridiculous,” he said. “Captain Fritz got very red-faced, and he put up his hand to hit me and I put my arm up to block. I told him we’d have a hell of a fight and I would get some good licks in on him. Then he stormed out the door.” Frazier never saw him again. At around 3 a.m. the next day, police let Frazier go. “The way they treated me that day, I have a hard time understanding that,” he said. “I was a rural boy; I had never been in trouble with the law. I was doing my best to answer their questions.” Although he was never charged, Frazier was still guilty in the eyes of many. For years, he had trouble finding work. His reputation in Dallas was tainted for decades. At 69, he still works. And now, 50 years after Kennedy’s assassination, he said he’s still not convinced the man he drove to work so many times was the killer. But there’s one thing he claims to know for certain: that the package Oswald put on the back seat of his car that morning was not a rifle. “It wasn’t long enough to put that type of rifle in that bag. There is no way it would fit in that package,” he said."

UNEXPLAINED SECRET SERVICE AGENT

Excludes claims that were made in later decades.

  1. Police officer Joe Marshall Smith, located just east of the TSDB, Warren Commission: "Mr. SMITH. I started up toward this Book Depository after I heard the shots, and I didn't know where the shots came from. I had no idea, because it was such a ricochet. Mr. LIEBELER. An echo effect? Mr. SMITH. Yes, sir.; and this woman came up to me and she was just in hysterics. She told me, "They are shooting the President from the bushes." So I immediately proceeded up here. Mr. LIEBELER. You proceeded up to an area immediately behind the concrete structure here that is described by Elm Street and the street that runs immediately in front of the Texas School Book Depository, is that right? Mr. SMITH. I was checking all the bushes and I checked all the cars in the parking lot. Mr. LIEBELER. There is a parking lot in behind this grassy area back from Elm Street toward the railroad tracks, and you went down to the parking lot and looked around? Mr. SMITH. Yes, sir; I checked all the cars. I looked into all the cars and checked around the bushes. Of course, I wasn't alone. There was some deputy sheriff with me, and I believe one Secret Service man when I got there. I got to make this statement, too. I felt awfully silly, but after the shot and this woman, I pulled my pistol from my holster, and I thought, this is silly, I don't know who I am looking for, and I put it back. Just as I did, he showed me that he was a Secret Service agent. Mr. LIEBELER. Did you accost this man? Mr. SMITH. Well, he saw me coming with my pistol and right away he showed me who he was. Mr. LIEBELER. Do you remember who it was? Mr. SMITH. No, sir; I don't--because then we started checking the cars. In fact, I was checking the bushes, and I went through the cars, and I started over here in this particular section. Mr. LIEBELER. Down toward the railroad tracks where they go over the triple underpass? Mr. SMITH. Yes. Mr. LIEBELER. Did you have any basis for believing where the shots came from, or where to look for somebody, other than what the lady told you? Mr. SMITH. No, sir; except that maybe it was a power of suggestion. But it sounded to me like they may have came from this vicinity here." Joe Smith to Anthony Summers: "He looked like an auto mechanic. He had on a sports shirt and sports pants. But he had dirty fingernails, it looked like, and hands that looked like an auto mechanic's hands. And afterwards it didn't ring true for the Secret Service. At the time we were so pressed for time, and we were searching. And he had produced correct identification, and we just overlooked the thing. I should have checked that man closer, but at the time I didn't snap on it." Officer Joe Smith to the FBI, December 9, 1963: "Patrolman JOSEPH M. Smith, Traffic Division, Dallas Police Department, Dallas, Texas, on December 9, 1963, advised SA's Henry J. Oliver and Louis M. Kelley that he was working on November 22, 1963, on traffic at Elm and Houston Streets. He stated he was near the parking lot when the shots were fired which killed President KENNEDY. The shots echoed so loudly he had no idea at the time where they had been fired from. He stated he did smell what he thought was gunpowder but stated this smell was in the parking lot by the TSBD Building and not by the underpass [Note: wind east or north-east while bushes and pergola could allow for the drifting of the smell towards the TSBD]. He advised he never at any time went to the underpass and could not advise if there was the smell of gunpowder in the underpass. He stated he did not see the President when he was shot and stated he saw nothing which would assist in this matter. After the shots were fired, there was a great deal of confusion, and he left his post for a few minutes to go in the area where the President had been shot but did not go in the TSBD Building."

Appendix D: The real sequence of shots and all variations

Shot Warren '63 Warren '64 Lane Garrison HSCA ISGP
1 JFK (neck) Miss JFK JFK (throat) Miss (Z160) JFK (Z222)
2 JBC (back) JFK & JBC JBC Miss (Z208) JFK & JBC (Z190) Miss (±Z260)
3 JFK (head) JFK (head) JFK/miss JFK (back) Miss (knoll) (Z295) JFK (knoll) (Z312)
4     JFK/miss JBC (back) JFK (Z312) JBC (Z317)
5       Miss (D-T)    
6       JFK (head)    
7       JFK (head)    

While it's hardly important in order to understand the big picture, I still think that anno 2014 it is about time it is pointed out that every offical investigative body and prominent "independent" researcher appears to be wrong about the sequence of shots on November 22, 1963.

The first thing the reader needs to do is to watch various online copies of the Zapruder film: frame count, full speed, slowed down, stabilized, non-stabilized, zoomed in, panoramic, etc. - a luxery the public didn't have from 1973 until well into the Youtube era. Watch it a hundred times. Write down what you see. Most likely you will quickly agree with Z222 and Z313 as clear bullet impacts, give or take a frame. That's two out of four shots that we can explain without needing the FBI or any outside government agency with multi-million dollar equipment.

Now, someone else was wounded that day: Texas governor John B. Connally, sitting immediately in front of Kennedy. Look again at the Zapruder film and try to figure out when he was shot. To make it a bit easier, here's what Connally said in his first interview from the hospital on November 27, 1963:

 
"We had just turned the corner and then we heard a shot. ... I turned to my left. I was sitting in the jumpseat. I turn to my left to look in the backseat; the president has slumped. He had said nothing. Almost simultaneously, as I turned, I was hit. And I knew I had been hit badly. And I said--I knew the president was hit--and I said: "My God, they are going to kill us all!" And then there was a third shot and the president was hit again. ..."

Clearly Connally forgets to mention that he first turned over his right shoulder. He does explain that he saw the president hit by the first shot, before he was hit. April 21, 1964, six months later, he told the Warren Commission:

 
"I heard this noise which I immediately took to be a rifle shot. I instinctively turned to my right... but I did not catch the President in the corner of my eye. [Then] I was turning to look back over my left shoulder into the back seat, but I never got that far in my turn. I got about in the position I am in now facing you, looking a little bit to the left of center, and then I felt like someone had hit me in the back. ...

"So I merely doubled up, and then turned to my right again and began to--I just sat there, and Mrs. Connally pulled me over to her lap. She was sitting, of course, on the jump seat, so I reclined with my head in her lap, conscious all the time, and with my eyes open;

While the Zapruder film reveals that Connally was looking straight at Kennedy after turning over his right shoulder, once again Connally explains he is hit by the second bullet. Connally's wife stated that same day that Kennedy was hit by the first bullet and her husband by the second:

 
"I heard a noise, and not being an expert rifleman, I was not aware that it was a rifle. It was just a frightening noise, and it came from the right. I turned over my right shoulder and looked back, and saw the President as he had both hands at his neck.

"[Kennedy] made no utterance, no cry. I saw no blood, no anything. It was just sort of nothing, the expression on his face, and he just sort of slumped down. ...

"[The gunshot] hit John, and as he recoiled to the right, just crumpled like a wounded animal to the right, he said, "My God, they are going to kill us all." ...

"I just pulled him over into my arms because it would have been impossible to get us really both down with me sitting and me holding him. So that I looked out, I mean as he was in my arms, I put my head down over his head "

Witnesses standing right next to the president's car when the first shot was fired also strongly indicate that Kennedy was hit by the first bullet. Some examples:

  1. Philip Willis, right next to president's car when shot in the neck, Warren Commission: "I having been in World War II, and being a deer hunter hobbyist, I would recognize a high-powered rifle immediately. ... Three shots. No, sir [no doubt at all]. ... The three shots were fired approximately about 2 seconds apart... I knew something tragic had happened, and the shots didn't ring out long like a rifle shot that is fired into midair in a distance. I knew it hit something... I was more concerned about the shots coming from that building [TSBD]. The minute the third shot was fired, I screamed, hoping the policeman would hear me, to ring that building because it had to come from there. Being directly across the street from the building, made it much more clear to those standing there than the people who were on the side of the street where the building was. ... I felt certain. I even looked for smoke, and I knew it came from high up. ... I even observed the clock on top of the building, it was 12:33 when I looked up there. ... When I took slide No. 4, the President was smiling and waving and looking straight ahead, and Mrs. Kennedy was likewise smiling and facing more to my side of the street. When the first shot was fired, her head seemed to just snap in that direction, and he more or less faced the other side of the street and leaned forward, which caused me to wonder, although I could not see anything positively. It did cause me to wonder. ... Across the street from Elm Street on the same side as the School Book Depository, which goes down the hill toward the underpass, and the policemen started going over there, called to see if someone, evidently thinking it came from that direction, and then is when I started to ring this building. I knew it came from high above directly across the street from me, and that is the one thing I was absolutely positive about."
  2. Linda K. Willis, right next to president's car when shot in the neck, Warren Commission, July 22, 1964: "When the first one hit, well, the President turned from waving to the people, and he grabbed his throat, and he kind of slumped forward, and then I couldn't tell where the second shot went. ... I was right across from the sign that points to where Stemmons Expressway is [that briefly obscures JFK until he is hit in the throat at Z-225]. I was directly across when the first shot hit him. ... I was right in line with the sign and the car, and I wasn't very far away from him, but I couldn't tell from where the shot came. ... Yes [I heard more shots after the president was hit]; the first one, I heard the first shot come and then he slumped forward, and then I couldn't tell where the second shot went, and then the third one, and that was the last one that hit him in the head. ... No [I didn't instantly know it was a rifle shot]; when the first shot rang out, I thought, well, it's probably fireworks, because everybody is glad the President is in town. Then I realized it was too loud and too close to be fireworks, and then when I saw, when I realized that the President was falling over, I knew he had been hit. But I didn't know how badly."
  3. Jack Franzen, statement to the FBI on November 24, 1963 (wife testified a day later, stating virtually the same): "Mr. FRANZEN advised he and his wife and small son were standing in the grass area west of Houston Street and south of Elm Street at the time the President's motorcade arrived at that location at approximately 12:30 PM on November 22, 1963. He said he heard the sound of an explosion which appeared to him to come from the President's car and noticed small fragments flying inside the President's car and immediately assumed that someone had tossed a firecracker inside the automobile. He heard a second and third and possibly a fourth explosion and recognized these sounds as being shots fired from some firearm. At the same time he noticed blood appearing at the top and sides of the head of President Kennedy. He noticed a colored family consisting of a man, woman and small child nearby and at the sound of these shots the man picked up the small boy and ran with the woman west on Elm Street toward the overpass [thus seemingly not expecting a shooter at the knoll]. During the ensuing confusion he remembers looking at the side of the building occupied by the Texas School Book Depository, located across Elm Street from his position but does not remember seeing anything of a suspicious nature with regard to that building. He noticed the men, who were presumed to be Secret Service Agents, riding in the car directly behind the President's car, unloading from the car, some with firearms in their hands, and noticed police officers and these plain clothesmen [sic] running up the grassy slope across Elm Street from his location and toward a wooded and bushy area located across Elm Street from him. Because of this activity he presumed the shots which were fired came from the shrubbery or bushes toward which these officers appeared to be running."
  4. Mrs. Jack Franzen, statement to the FBI on November 24, 1963 (wife testified a day later, stating virtually the same): "She advised shortly after the President's automobile passed by on Elm Street near where she and her family were standing, she heard a noise which sounded to her as if someone had thrown a firecracker into the President's automobile. She advised at approximately the same time she noticed dust or small pieces of debris flying from the President's automobile. She advised she heard two other sounds which sounded like shots from a firearm and noticed blood appearing on the side of President KENNEDY's head. She does not remember looking at the building housing the Texas School Book Depository (TSBD); however, she stated this building was across Elm Street from the position where she was standing, and she may have looked toward the building. She advised the President's automobile continued on down Elm Street at a higher rate of speed, and she observed police officers and plain-clothes men, whom she assumed were Secret Service Agents, searching an area adjacent to the TSBD building, from which area she assumed the shots which she heard had come."
  5. Harold Norman, one of black guys immediately below the "sniper's nest", Warren Commission: "I believe it was his right arm, and I can't remember what the exact time was but I know I heard a shot, and then after I heard the shot, well, it seems as though the President, you know, slumped or something, and then another shot and I believe Jarman or someone told me, he said, "I believe someone is shooting at the President," and I think I made a statement "It is someone shooting at the President, and I believe it came from up above us." Well, I couldn't see at all during the time but I know I heard a third shot fired, and I could also hear something sounded like the shell hulls hitting the floor and the ejecting of the rifle, it sounded as though it was to me. ... Yes; I believe the first [shot hit the president]."
  6. Jean Newman, standing with her back and right side about 40 yards away from the knoll, on November 22, 1963: "I was standing right on this side of the Stemmons Freeway sign, about half-way between the sign and the edge of the building on the corner. I was by myself, there were other people around watching the motorcade. The motorcade had just passed me when I heard that I thought was a firecracker at first, and the President had just passed me, because after he had just passed, there was a loud report, it just scared me, and I noticed that the President jumped, he sort of ducked his head down and I thought at the time that it probably scared him, too, just like it did me, because he flinched, like he jumped. I saw him put his elbows like this, with his hands on his chest."

Back in April 1964 these testimonies were not much of a problem. The initial sequence of shots as determined by the FBI and Warren Commission was very straightforward: the first shot hit President Kennedy around Z222, the second shot hit Governor Connally, and the third hit Kennedy in the head. All three shots came from behind and were fired by Oswald.

JFK_shots_initial
The initial straight-forward sequence, before evidence of a 4th shot became public.

Things soon became more complicated for the FBI and Warren Commission. On July 28, 1964 James Tague testified to the Warren Commission about haven been hit by debris from a curb struck by a bullet. A major problem arose: now the FBI and Warren Commission had to figure out how to explain four bullet impacts with Oswald only having fired a maximum of three shots.

The solution: the Magic Bullet. Instead of acknowledging the obvious implication that four shots were fired, Warren Commission counselor Arlen Specter, later of the influential Senate Intelligence Committee, proposed the idea of one bullet causing a total of seven wounds in Kennedy and Connally. For rather obvious reasons it has always been controversial, but the fact that the Zapruder film, as well as the Connallys and a number of witnesses, clearly demonstrate that Kennedy and Connally were NOT hit by the same bullet, as has just been demonstrated, makes it rather unproductive to give the theory any further attention here.

Magic_Bullet

In any case, this time around the Warren Commission decided that the first shot missed, the second shot hit both Kennedy and Connally, and the third and still final shot hit Kennedy in the head. The first shot had to miss, because the angle would be so steep that even the Warren Commission wouldn't be able to sell this magic bullet. From the report it is clear that the commission was grasping at straws. To calculate trajectories it still had to make use of several witnesses whose testimonies otherwise indicated that the President was hit by the first shot.

Whether or not Connally had foreknowlegde of the information ultimately relayed by James Tague, what has always certainly been very convenient to the Warren Commission is that Connally, in contrast to his wife and his earliest testimony, didn't recall seeing Kennedy hit by the first shot. He tried to see Kennedy, couldn't, and was then shot himself, followed by another shot that hit Kennedy in the head. Because of the change in Connally's testimony, the Warren Commission was able to conclude:

 
"Governor Connally's testimony supports the view that the first shot missed, because he stated that he heard a shot, turned slightly to his right, and, as he started to turn back toward his left, was struck by the second bullet. He never saw the President during the shooting sequence, and it is entirely possible that he heard the missed shot and that both men were struck by the second bullet."

What about Connally's initial statement? What about is wife? What about a variety of witnesses? What about the Zapruder Film? Which had obviously been locked away for good reason. Look at the Zapruder film again. It shows:

  1. Connally hears a shot (Z224).
  2. Begins to turn over his right shoulder (Z238).
  3. Clearly sees Kennedy is hit in the throat, as does his wife (Z273).
  4. Turns the other way to see Kennedy better (Z294).
  5. Misses Kennedy's headshot while turning (Z313).
  6. Is hit in the back during the middle of his turn when he is looking to front and slightly to the left (Z317).
  7. Gets trusted forward when hit (Z317).
  8. His wife almost immediately pulls him onto her lap (Z337).

Clearly the Magic Bullet is dead wrong. At Z310 and even a little beyond that Connally is still in the process of turning without being hit. Kennedy has been hit 4.8 seconds ago. But Connally is also wrong. He always claimed he was hit by the second bullet, pushed forward, and fell onto his wife's lap. This doesn't happen at all until Z317, 0.22 ms after Kennedy gets shot in the head. Quite possibly Oswald, assuming he was the shooter, would have hit Kennedy in the back, if a knoll shot hadn't pushed the president's head and body to the left. Kennedy was pushed aside and as a result of a bullet that was pretty much already traveling Connally was hit.

Real_seaquence_shots_JFK

It should be very clear why Connally testified he was hit before Kennedy's final headshot. If he would have disclosed, or if the Zapruder Film would have disclosed, that he was hit at virtually the same moment as Kennedy, the FBI and the Warren Commission would have had to acknowledge that a second shooter was present at Dealey Plaza. Oswald can't fire two bullets within 0.22 ms. Without question, someone else would have had to be blamed, wheter it be a friend of Oswald, the mafia, or Castro.

Whatever Connally's reasons, he wasn't honest about the moment he was hit. And neither was his wife. Well, in a sense they were right that Kennedy was hit first, followed by Connally during the exact moment in his turn back that he described, but the process of turning lasted longer. The hilarious thing is that I recently saw a documentary (don't remember which channel anymore, but very mainstream) in which Connally describes the moment he was hit, how he was trust forward. What aspect of the Zapruder film does documentary show its audience? Z317 and further. The makers did make sure to zoom in on Connally in order to hide the fact that Kennedy as already shot in the head. Smart.

We are actually not entirely done. At this point we have explained shots 1, 3 and 4. Shot 1 hit Kennedy in the neck, as the Connallys and others observed. Shot 3, which hit Kennedy in the head, is the least controversial. Then there's shot 4 (no. 3 from the TSBD) hitting Connally in the back. That leaves shot 2 as the one that missed, coincidentally the exact shot James Tague said hit him. In the oversight of witnesses I have drawn in my estimated trajectory of the second bullet. My guess is it ricocheted from the presidential vehicle and hit two curbs, actually located perfectly in line with the approximate time of the second shot.

To me, this is the only sequence that fits all the evidence.

The HSCA

The only other official investigation into the Kennedy Assassination is the the House Select Committee on Assassinations in the 1976-1979 period. It was set up after growing criticism on the Warren Commission, the CIA and FBI about its conduct against anti-Vietnam War activists, and, very important, the first public showing of the Zapruder film in 1975.

In almost every instance the HSCA did a much more thorough job than the Warren Commission. It especially revealed a lot of mafia ties of Jack Ruby that the Warren Commission had ignored. No surprise there that most of Ruby's mafia bosses and associates were offed shortly before they made it in front of the committee. The committee also harshly criticized the FBI's handling of Jack Ruby's polygraph test.

Probably the biggest coup of the HSCA was its eventual conclusion that there is a greater than 95 percent probability that a second shooter was located at the knoll who fired the third of four shots. But their bizarre conclusions regarding the exact moments of the shots or the length of the entire sequence make no sense, as well as their conclusion that the knoll shot most likely missed. It is well known, however, that there was major political pressure and the conclusion of a second shooter is already a miracle.

Shot Warren '63 Warren '64 Lane Garrison HSCA ISGP
1 JFK (neck) Miss JFK JFK (throat) Miss (Z160) JFK (Z222)
2 JBC (back) JFK & JBC JBC Miss (Z208) JFK & JBC (Z190) Miss (±Z260)
3 JFK (head) JFK (head) JFK/miss JFK (back) Miss (knoll) (Z295) JFK (knoll) (Z312)
4     JFK/miss JBC (back) JFK (Z312) JBC (Z317)
5       Miss (D-T)    
6       JFK (head)    
7       JFK (head)    

Of course, we also have "independent" investigators as Mark Lane and Jim Garrison. Lane simply kept backing the original non-Magic Bullet Warren Commission sequence, but added a fourth shot that missed. The Warren Commission itself, of course, couldn't admit to a 4th shot and went the Magic Bullet way. This caused a lot of debate, but in the end both were manipulations as John Connally was hit only after JFK's final headshot. Bizarrely, Lane got key triple overpass witness Sam Holland to testify that Connally was hit much earlier than he really was. Something similar seems to have happened with Bill Newman during the Jim Garrison trial.

The Jim Garrison investigation and subsequent trial was really a joke. And so is his proposed sequence of shots. They came from the Dal-Tex Building shots, from the sewer and there where up to six of them. It's pure disinformation. Many of his witnesses were completely fake. His only accurate conclusion is that the CIA most likely was involved.

Notes

[1]
It's possible to find at least 50 or 60 witness testimonies on the internet at various locations. Major analyses of witness testimonies:
*) www.history-matters.com/analysis/Witness/Sort216Witness.htm: "216 Witnesses to the Assassination of President John F. Kennedy. Sorted by Source of Shots. 216 Witnesses. 52 Knoll 24%. 48 Depository 22%. 5 Knoll & Depository 4%. 4 Elsewhere 2%. 37 Could Not Tell 17%. 70 Not Asked 32%." (Also explains that non-government employees showed a much higher ratio of witnesses who heard shots at the grassy knoll (twice as high instead of three times lower). In many cases extensive testimonies of the witnesses here can be found freely on the net.
*) Craig Ciccone, 'Master List of Witnesses in Dealey Plaza' (the most extensive): "Ciccone's study concluded that, out of 326 total identified witnesses, 90 [28%] were for the Grassy Knoll, 46 [14%] were for the Depository and 6 [2%] felt shots came from both locations."
*) 1968, Josiah Thompson, 'Six Seconds in Dallas': 64 total witnesses who pointed out the location of shots. Knoll: 33 witnesses (51.6%). Depository: 25 witnesses (39.1%). Two directions: 4 witnesses (6.3%). Other: 2 witnesses (3.1%).
[2]
March 26, 2001, Washington Post, 'Study Backs Theory of 'Grassy Knoll': New Report Says Second Gunman Fired at Kennedy': "The House Assassinations Committee may have been right after all: There was a shot from the grassy knoll. That was the key finding of the congressional investigation that concluded 22 years ago that President John F. Kennedy's murder in Dallas in 1963 was "probably . . . the result of a conspiracy." A shot from the grassy knoll meant that two gunmen must have fired at the president within a split-second sequence. Lee Harvey Oswald, accused of firing three shots at Kennedy from a perch at the Texas School Book Depository, could not have been in two places at once. A special panel of the National Academy of Sciences subsequently disputed the evidence of a fourth shot, contained on a police dictabelt of the sounds in Dealey Plaza that day. The panel insisted it was simply random noise, perhaps static, recorded about a minute after the shooting while Kennedy's motorcade was en route to Parkland Hospital. A new, peer-reviewed article in Science and Justice, a quarterly publication of Britain's Forensic Science Society, says the NAS panel's study was seriously flawed. It says the panel failed to take into account the words of a Dallas patrolman that show the gunshot-like noises occurred "at the exact instant that John F. Kennedy was assassinated." In fact, the author of the article, D.B. Thomas, a government scientist and JFK assassination researcher, said it was more than 96 percent certain that there was a shot from the grassy knoll to the right of the president's limousine, in addition to the three shots from a book depository window above and behind the president's limousine. G. Robert Blakey, former chief counsel to the House Assassinations Committee, said the NAS panel's study always bothered him because it dismissed all four putative shots as random noise -- even though the three soundbursts from the book depository matched up precisely with film of the assassination and other evidence such as the echo patterns in Dealey Plaza and the speed of Kennedy's motorcade. "This is an honest, careful scientific examination of everything we did, with all the appropriate statistical checks," Blakey said of Thomas's work. "It shows that we made mistakes, too, but minor mistakes. The main thing is when push comes to shove, he increased the degree of confidence that the shot from the grassy knoll was real, not static. We thought there was a 95 percent chance it was a shot. He puts it at 96.3 percent. Either way, that's 'beyond a reasonable doubt.' " The sounds of assassination were recorded at Dallas police headquarters when a motorcycle patrolman inadvertently left his microphone switch in the "on" position, deluging his transmitting channel with what seemed to be motorcycle noise. Using sophisticated techniques, a team of scientists enlisted by the House committee filtered out the noise and came up with "audible events" within a 10-second time frame that it believed might be gunfire. The Warren Commission had concluded in 1964 that only three shots, all from behind, all from Oswald's rifle, were fired in Dealey Plaza as the motorcade passed through. But the House experts, after extensive tests, found 10 echo patterns that matched sounds emanating from the grassy knoll, traveling carefully measured distances to nearby buildings and then bouncing off them to hit the open motorcycle transmitter. They also placed the unknown gunman behind a picket fence at the top of the grassy knoll, in front of and to the right of the presidential limousine. The House committee concluded that this shot missed, and that Kennedy was killed by a final bullet from Oswald's rifle. Thomas, by contrast, believes it was the shot from the knoll, seven-tenths of a second earlier, that killed the president. The NAS panel, assigned to conduct further studies after the committee closed down, said in 1982 that the noises on the tape previously identified as gunshots "were recorded about one minute after the president was shot." The NAS experts, headed by physicist Norman F. Ramsey of Harvard, reached that conclusion after studying the sounds on the two radio channels Dallas police were using that day. Routine transmissions were made on Channel One and recorded on a dictabelt at police headquarters. An auxiliary frequency, Channel Two, was dedicated to the president's motorcade and used primarily by Dallas Police Chief Jesse Curry; its transmissions were recorded on a separate Gray Audograph disc machine. The shooting took place within an 18-second interval that began with Curry in the lead car announcing on Channel Two that the motorcade was approaching a triple underpass and ended with the chief stating urgently: "Go to the hospital." What seemed to be the gunshots were picked up on Channel One during that interval. The NAS panel pointed out that Dallas County Sheriff Bill Decker could be heard on both channels saying, ". . . Hold everything secure . . ." seemingly about a half-second after the last gunshot on Channel One. Curry had already told everyone on Channel Two a minute earlier to go to the hospital. As a result, the Ramsey panel concluded that the supposed gunshot noises came "too late to be attributed to assassination shots." What actually happened was that Curry issued his "go to the hospital" order right after the first shots were fired, wounding Kennedy and Texas Gov. John Connally. The final bullet was fired in almost the same instant that Curry uttered his command. A minute later, Decker, riding in the same car with Curry, grabbed the mike and issued his orders to "hold everything secure." The NAS experts made several errors, Thomas said, but their biggest mistake was in using Decker's words to line up the two channels. They ignored a much clearer instance of cross talk when Dallas police Sgt. S. Q. Bellah can be heard on both channels, asking: "You want me to hold this traffic on Stemmons until we find out something, or let it go?" Those remarks come 179 seconds after the last gunshot on Channel One and 180 seconds after Curry's order to "go to the hospital" on Channel Two. When Bellah's words are used to line up the two channels, Thomas found, the gunshot sounds "occur at the exact instant that John F. Kennedy was assassinated." How is it, then, that Decker's remarks on Channel One come a full minute after Curry's on Channel Two and yet a half-second after the last gunshot on Channel One? "It's a misplaced bit of speech," Thomas said in an interview. "An overdub. The recording needle for Channel One probably jumped. You can hear Decker giving a whole set of instructions on Channel Two, but on Channel One, you get only a fragment, '. . . hold everything secure. . . .' " According to Thomas, the NAS panel made other mistakes: in calculating the position of the grassy knoll shooter, in fixing the time of that shot and in stating the Channel Two recorder had stopped when it hadn't. In all, Thomas said, the chances of the NAS panel having been right were 1 in 100,000. House committee experts James Barger, Mark Weiss and Eric Aschkenasy, have always held firm to their findings of a shot from the knoll. Similarly, Ramsey, as chairman of the NAS panel, said last weekend that he was "still fairly confident" of his group's work, but he said he wanted to study the Science and Justice article before making further comment. He said he did not recall the Bellah cross talk."
[3] Ibid.
[4]
2005, Daniele Ganser, 'Nato's Secret Armies', p. 74: "Frank Gigliotti [one-time assistant to a hypnotist; Presbyterian clergyman; worked with teenaged boys, for whom he organized a social club named the Guiseppe Mazzini Club; recruited by the OSS; active in Italy] of the US Masonic Lodge personally recruited Gelli and instructed him to set up an anti-Communist parallel government in Italy in close cooperation with the CIA station in Rome. 'It was Ted Shackley, director of all covert operations of the CIA in Italy in the 1970s', an internal report of the Italian anti-terrorism unit confirmed, 'who presented the chief of the Masonic Lodge to Alexander Haig'. According to the document, Nixon's Military adviser General Haig [later Pilgrims Society executive and involved with the ASC], who had commanded US troops in vietnam and thereafter from 1974 to 1979 served as NATO's SACEUR, and Nixon's National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger [Pilgrims; Le Cercle] 'authorized Gelli in the fall of 1969 to recruit 400 high ranking Italian and NATO officers into his lodge'. (60)... the secretive anti-Communist P2 members list confiscated [in 1981] counted at least 962 members, with total leadership estimated at 2,500... 52 were high-ranking officers of the Carabinieri paramilitary police, 50 were high-ranking officers of the Italian Army, 37 were high-ranking officers of the Finance Police, 29 were high-ranking officers of the Italian Navy, 11 were Presidents of the police, 70 were influential and wealthy industrialists, 10 were Presidents of banks, 3 were acting Ministers, 2 were former Ministers, 1 was President of a political party, 38 were members of parliament and 14 were high-ranking judges. Others on lower levels of the social hierarchy were mayors, Directors of hospitals, lawyers, notaries and journalists."
[5]
*) 1992, Webster Griffin Tarpley and Anton Chaitkin, 'George Bush: The Unauthorized Biography - part 1', p. 394: "Rudy Enders, the head of the CIA's paramilitary section--and deployed by George Bush aide Donald Gregg--is a minority owner of Acta Non Verba (ANV). ANV's own tough-talking promotional literature says that it concentrates on "counter-terrorist activities in the maritime environment.'' A very high-level retired CIA officer [Gene Wheaton], whose private interview was used in preparation for this book, described this "Fish Farm" in the following more realistic terms: "Assassination operations and training company controlled by Ted Shackley, under the cover of a private corporation with a regular board of directors, stockholders, etc., located in Florida. They covertly bring in Haitian and Southeast Asian boat people as recruits, as well as Koreans, Cubans, and Americans. They hire out assassinations and intelligence services to governments, corporations, and individuals, and also use them for covering or implementing 'Fish Farm' projects/activities. '"
*) 1994, David Corn, 'Blond Ghost: Ted Shackley and the CIA's crusades', p. 394: "He continued to claim Shackley was overseeing an assassination outfit called the Fish Farm. During the cross- examination, Wheaton refused to say which retired CIA official had told him about Shackley and the Fish Farm."
*) 1994, David Corn, 'Blond Ghost: Ted Shackley and the CIA's crusades', p. 394: "Rudy Enders, a former JMWAVE officer and now Rodriguez's supervisor, investigated and discovered that the local PRU commander was a VC agent. The episode convinced Donald Gregg , the current ROIC, to all but give up on penetrations."
[6]
*) 1998, Gus Russo, 'Live by the sword: the secret war against Castro and the death of JFK', p. 251: "The day before placing the wager [of November 13, 1963] with [Michael] Forrestal, FitzGerald attended a Special Group meeting at the White House. In attendance were Robert Kennedy, his CCC leader Cy Vance, and the CIA’s Richard Helms and Ted Shackley, among others. FitzGerald took the occasion to apprise the group of Artime’s progress in Nicaragua and Costa Rica."
*) 1994, David Corn, 'Blond Ghost: Ted Shackley and the CIA's crusades', p. 130: "Helms disclosed he was grooming Shackley to head the Directorate of Plans. There was one hitch. Shackley was not regarded as a team player, and Vientiane was a place where teamwork was essential. Placing Shackley there, Helms mused, might be good for him. The Director informed Sullivan that if the Ambassador ever gave the word, Helms would yank Shackley out of Vientiane. With such an escape clause, Sullivan accepted Shackley."
*) 2006, Joseph J. Trento, 'Prelude to Terror', p. xiii: "The first head of this "private CIA" was Shackley's old friend and ally, Richard M. Helms, who had protected and promoted him for twenty years. In 1973, Helms, then the beloved CIA Director, was fired by President Nixon and banished to the ambassadorship in Iran as the Watergate scandal engulfed Washington. Shackley became Helms's inside man in Washington. For the first time, the CIA was under public Congressional scrutiny, and Helms and Shackley worked to protect the institution they had given their lives to. ... When legal problems caused Helms' ultimate downfall, Shackley inherited the leadership role."
*) 2005, Ted Shackley and Richard Finney, 'Spymaster: my life in the CIA', p. 265: "In May 1972, as I entered on my new duties as chief of the Western Hemisphere (WH) Division, my "welcome home" interviews with Tom Karamessines and Richard Helms provided me with glimpses of what lay ahead."
*) 1976, Pike Report, pp. 112-113: "Upon hearing testimony from Helms in February 1973, Senator Church's Multinational Corporations Subcommittee informed the CIA on 21 February 1973 that it had found “significant discrepancies” between Helms’s testimony and data ITT had supplied. On that same day, Theodore Shackley (Chief, Western Hemisphere Division, DP) took the first step to limit damage to the Agency. He recommended to DCI Schlesinger that the Agency should work [through Senators Stennis or Symington who "could be persuaded" to agree to a "controlled appearance" for the DCI before the Multinational Corporations Subcommitte] …  Two days later, on 23 February 1973, Agency officers began quiet efforts with the help of Senator Henry "Scoop" Jackson, a close friend of the CIA, to blunt Senator Church's scrutiny of CIA, Chile, and Richard Helms. Jackson offered his protective assistance in a remarkable backstage meeting he had with Ted Shackley and CIA Congressional liaison chief John Maury the next day. … [Jackson made several suggestions on how to protect the CIA, as written down by Shackley] … Jackson pledged to work with CIA "to see that we got this protection." Shackley noted that Senator Jackson, who had been "extremely helpful," believed that it was "essential" to prevent the establishing of any procedure that could call upon CIA to testify before a wide variety of Congressional committees. Following that meeting, Shackley and Maury at once briefed Colby, who was then CIA's Executive Director, and Tom Keramessines, the DDP. DCI Schlesinger then asked Senator Jackson to set the wheels in motion for Senator McClellan to call a special meeting of his Oversight Committee. Three weeks later, on 13 March, CIA’s senatorial friends arranged to shield the Agency from unwanted scrutiny… McClellan, Symington, Jackson, John Pastore (D-RI), Strom Thurmond (R-SC, and Roman Hruska R-NE). Colby, Shackley, and Maury accompanied DCI Schlesinger." p. 173: "[CIA legal counsel Mitchell] Rogovin … accused Pike's staff of having stolen a copy of the [Ted Shackley] memorandum outlining the sensitive meeting of CIA officers with Senator "Scoop" Jackson in May 1973…"
[7]
*) 1989, Laton McCartney, 'Friends in high places: the Bechtel story', p. 98: "Dwight D. Eisenhower, whom McCone first met when Eisenhower returned to Washington to take up duties as Army chief of staff. Another important friendship made during this period was with Allen Dulles, later to be McCone’s predecessor as Director of Central Intelligence. The occasion that initially brought them together was a dinner party at the Dulles town house in New York, called to celebrate the expected victory of Thomas E. Dewey as president [in 1947]. Taking a brief respite from his Washington duties, McCone had been staying as the houseguest of Grete and John Simpson, Steve Bechtel's chief confidant. When the Dulleses asked the Simpsons to dinner, Uncle John brought McCone along. During the party, McCone and Dulles chatted amiably, interrupting their conversation now and again to listen to the latest election bulletins. With each announcement, it became clearer that the biggest upset in American political history was in the making."
*) June 1984, Mother Jones, 'The Bechtel/Reagan Axis': "In the spring of 1980, George Shultz, then president of Bechtel, and Caspar Weinberger, the firm’s vice president and general counsel, endorsed Reagan and quickly emerged as two of the chief architects of his campaign. They were joined by a number of Bechtel allies, notably Citicorp chairman Walter Wriston, who was later appointed to the Bechtel board of counselers. Standard Oil of California chairman Harold Haynes, who resigned from Socal after the election [of Reagan] to work for Bechtel; … William Casey, a longtime Bechtel friend. … W. Kenneth Davis, a Bechtel vice president, was appointed to the number two position in the Department of Energy… Casey, who had represented customers like Indonesian oil giant Pertamina when he was a partner in the law firm of Roger and Wells, became [DCI]… Philip Habib … was concurrently working as a Bechtel consultant. … As a result [of Shultz’s and Weinberger’s appointments] the super-secretive company was suddenly thrust into the limelight, an exposure it did not relish. … Ironically, at this time … Weinberger was arguing that the U.S. should sell AWACS planes to Saudi Arabia, where Bechtel does much of its business. Since Weinberger took over the Pentagon, Bechtel has also picked up a significant share of defense business, including a contract to research and develop new ways of housing missiles for the Pentagon’s ICBM Basing Technology Program. … Richard Helms, who became a Bechtel consultant after his tenure at the CIA ended [in 1978 he became "international consultant"]. … [John] Weiser [Harvard; director and general counsel Bechtel 1980–1996; trustee Stephen D. Bechtel Foundation anno 2013; partner Shearman & Stirling; Chair of the President’s Council of United Religions Initiative, and he is a member of the Board of Directors of the National Catholic Reporter. Chair of the Board of Trustees of the Graduate Theological Union. 1998-2007; director Fremont Group], Weinberger’s second in command, who succeeded Weinberger as general counsel at Bechtel. … "It was common knowledge among lawyers at Bechtel," said the FBI informant, "that anyone who didn’t keep Weinberger informed would be on the street the next day.""
[8]
Pilgrims Society members:
*) Gates McGarrah Helms: Grandson of the influential Pilgrims banker Gates White McGarrah. Son of Mr. and Mrs. Herman H. Helms of South Orange New Jersey. Vice president of Bowne & Company. Younger brother of Richard McGarrah Helms, the CIA director.
*) Gates White McGarrah: Executive chairman Chase National Bank 1926-1927. U.S. Member of the General Council of the German Reichsbank 1924-1927, as part of the German reparations for WWI. Chairman Federal Reserve Bank of New York 1927-1930. First president of the Bank for International Settlements (BIS) 1930-1933. Director American Express Co., Bankers Trust Co., Delaware & Hudson Co., Delaware & Hudson Railroad Corp. Trustee of Mercantile Stores and the Greenwich Savings Bank. Director of the Astor Foundation, of the Pilgrims Society family which owned Newsweek from 1937 to 1961, when it was purchased by the Washington Post. CIA director Richard McGarrah Helms was his grandson.
[9]
*) 1994, Martin A. Lee and Bruce Schlain, 'Acid Dreams: The Complete Social History of LSD': "After the war certain influential members of the Mellon family maintained close ties with the CIA. The Mellon family foundations have been used repeatedly as conduits for Agency funds. Furthermore, Richard Helms was a frequent weekend guest of the Mellon patriarchs in Pittsburgh during his tenure as CIA director [1966-1973]."
*) Paul Mellon has been a member of the 1001 Club, together with the Rockefellers and the Rothschilds, as well as the Pilgrims Society (with at least two relatives), also with the Rockefellers and the Rothschilds. In addition he was a member of the Roxburghe Club, together with the Marquises of Salisbury, the Earls of Arundel, the Dukes of Devonshire, the Dukes of Norfolk, Lord Rees-Mogg, the Morgans and the Rothschilds.
[10]
May 27, 1983, Washington Post, 'Presents and Formers For Kissinger's Birthday': "It is not often that a fellow whose name is preceded by that dreadful appellative "former" can stir up a crowd to take note, but Henry Kissinger, former You Know What, brought out an international pack of political swells this evening, gathered together at a private dinner-dance at the Pierre Hotel to celebrate his day of birth. David Rockefeller was there. A host of other Formers, including Helmut Schmidt, Peter G. Peterson, Lady Bird Johnson, Happy Rockefeller, Jihan Sadat and Richard Helms were there. ... The highest ranking Present present, from the political point of view, was probably George Shultz. He was also the most visible, his car speeding up to the hotel entrance nearly an hour late, with a second escort car with flashing red lights behind. Former Walter Cronkite, rather more self-effacing, arrived quietly enough in his limo and, smiling and bemused, paused in the rain to chat. How did he know the former secretary of state? "I met him with Rockefeller, up at one of those Rockefeller dinners," Cronkite said. "The governor introduced him as the brightest young man around. That irritated me because I thought I was." ... The party this evening, estimated to cost upwards of $50,000, was given by Guido Goldman, 45, director of Harvard's Center for European Studies and a longtime friend of Kissinger's."
[11]
No photocopies unfortunately, but Simkin is a reliable researcher.
*) November 28, 2005, Education Forum post of John Simkin, author and founder of the Spartacus Educational website: "The most dramatic aspect of the JFK Lancer conference was the showing of the interview with Gene Wheaton. Talking to William Law and Mark Sobel, Wheaton, a former CIA freelancer, claimed that Carl Jenkins and Raphael Quintero were both involved in the assassination of JFK. ... According to Wheaton, the assassination team, that included Raphael Quintero, was redirected to kill JFK. My research of Wheaton suggests he is a credible witness. He is the man who first exposed the Iran-Contra scandal."
*) December 10, 2005, Education Forum post of John Simkin, author and founder of the Spartacus Educational website: "According to the interview he gave in 2005 Gene Wheaton, it was Jenkins who redirected this team to kill JFK. However, it is unlikely that Shackley would have been unaware of this decision. In fact, when Wheaton and Jenkins were informing Daniel Sheehan about this in 1986 they were naming Shackley as the man in charge of the operation."
Additional information:
*) February 15, 1995, Gene Wheaton, letter to the Assassinations Records Review Board (ARRB): "I am faxing you one page of a CV prepared by a retired CIA officer who was a very close friend of mine in the mid-1980s [Carl Jenkins]. Our friendship was so close that I kept a bedroom in his home in Adington, Va, socialized with him and his wife (a high-level active CIA officer) and was virtually with them 24 hours a day. Through him I met many of the Bay of Pigs veterans, both Cuban and American. We had many intimate discussions about covert operations, Kennedy assassination, etc. He was totally in charge of infiltrating sabotage and assassination teams into Cuba from 1960 onward (see * on his bio). I had discussions with him and one of his key Cuban agents about obtaining immunity for them if they would come forward about their knowledge of involvement in the Kennedy assassination plots. This man's programs included JMWAVE, Mongoose, ZR-RIFLE, among others, operating out of the Miami Station. If you think I can help, we will have to meet. Dr. Tunheim has my bio. If you need another copy please let me know. Note: The USMC Reserve Unit that my associate established was in the New Orleans area to act as a cover for CIA Latin-American Operations. I have blanked out his I.D. until we can meet to discuss this further."
*) July 12, 1995, report of Anne Buttimer, chief investigator for the Assassination Records Review Board (ARRB), on telephone conversation with Gene Wheaton the day before: "Wheaton began by telling me he would only give me limited information over the telephone although he was willing to meet me face to face to provide as much information as he had. He said he had no physical proof of what he would eventually tell the Board; however he said he does have a number of documents which he will need to show me in order for me to believe what he has to say. By way of providing background on himself Wheaton explained he is a 59 year old retired military intelligence officer. He works as a consultant investigating terrorist attacks around the world and said he expects his telephone will ring in the next few days with an offer to work on the Oklahoma City federal building bombing. He said if this happens he will also probably be called to Washington DC and would meet with me here. If he does not he would still agree to meet with us but would have to do so on the West Coast. He lives in Riverside County, California near Palm Springs. Wheaton told me that from 1984 to 1987 he spent a lot of time in the Washington DC area and that starting in 1985 he was "recruited into Ollie North's network" by the CIA officer he has information about. He got to know this man and his wife, a "'super grade high level CIA officer" and kept a bedroom in their Virginia home. His friend [Carl Jenkins] was a Marine Corps liason in New Orleans and was the CIA contact with Carlos Marcello. He had been responsible for "running people into Cuba before the Bay of Pigs." His friend is now 68 or 69 years of age. Over the course of a year or a year and one-half his friend told him about his activities with training Cuban insurgency groups. Wheaton said he also got to know many of the Cubans who had been his friend's soldiers/operatives when the Cubans visited in Virginia from their homes in Miami. His friend and the Cubans confirmed to Wheaton they assassinated JFK. Wheaton's friend said he trained the Cubans who pulled the triggers. Wheaton said the street level Cubans felt JFK was a traitor after the Bay of Pigs and wanted to kill him. People "above the Cubans" wanted JFK killed for other reasons. Wheaton said we must look at his friend and his associates in order to know what really happened to JFK. One of those associates was I. Irving Davidson who was/is "the bag man for the intelligence community." Davidson runs a group called the Timber Center which handles payoffs and payments for the CIA, the NSA and the Pentagon. He is a friend of Jack Anderson's and was indicted with Carlos Marcello in the 1980's on a Teamster's kick-back charge. Davidson is a non-practicing attorney in Washington D.C. He is now about 70 years old. Wheaton said he would speak to the Board confidentially but would not allow his name to be used publicly because his friend and the friend's associates "said they would destroy me in the media with a blitz of disinformation to destroy my professional reputation. They will make me out to be a conspiracy nut. I'm not afraid of them, I've been a cop too long and besides, they only kill the people on the inner circle. The rest of us end up having our reputations destroyed." Wheaton concluded by saying "this matter is not complex but it is convoluted. I need to show you the paper trail to show the contacts of these people."
*) Undated note of Gene Wheaton to the ARRB: "Carl (Jenkins) was my (National Air) Washington, D.C. rep. who connected me to Nestor Pino, Bill Bode, Rob Owen, Vaughn Forrest, Chi Chi Quintero, Nestor Sanchez, et al. I was V.P. of National Air in 1985-86 (see my Bio)."
*) March 31, 1998, Gene Wheaton, letter to the Assassination Records Review Board (ARRB): "Ref the attached letters from your former Chief Investigator Anne Buttimer, Edq dated 16 May 95, and 12 July 1995. Ms Buttimer and I had several contacts by phone/fax as well as the meeting on 11 July 95, in the Washington, D.C. area. At the July meeting I furnished her with rather sensitive documents, photos, and information related to the CIA covert connections to Cuba, Florida, Louisiana, Texas and Mexico during the months and years prior to, and after, the assassination in Dallas. During and after the July 95 meeting Ms. Buttimer stated she wanted to follow-up and expand on the data I provided. However, she shortly thereafter appears to have suddenly departed from the Board. I have never heard from her again, and no subsequent Board investigator has contacted me. The only thing I receive are the periodic news releases. I would appreciate it if you would advise me as to any action, research, or follow-up inquiry re the data I provided. I would also request you have Ms. Buttimer contact me, or provide a means for me to contact her."
[12]
1994, David Corn, 'Blond Ghost: Ted Shackley and the CIA's crusades', p. 382: "Sheehan and Wheaton sat down in the kitchen of Hoven's house in early February of 1986. ... Sheehan was captivated. He had struck the mother lode."
[13]
2002, Volume XXV, Number 1 and 2, AFIO magazine Periscope: "2001 donors [life members]: ... Inman, Bobby R. ... Gittinger, John W. ... Hugel, Max ... Jenkins, Carl E. ... Schlesinger, James R. ... Shackley, Theodore ... Spencer, Jr. Thomas R. ... Wannall, W. Raymond ... Webster, William H. ... Wedemeyer, Albert D. ... 26 Anonymous Donors... Special volunteers of time & talent: ... Shackley, Ted; Spencer, Jr., Thomas R. ... New Member Sponsors for 2001: ... Angleton, James ... Critchfield, James; Critchfield, Lois ... Spencer, Thomas ... Corporate partners 2001: Du Pont Investment Bankers, Hill & Associates, Institute of World Politics, ... Lockheed Martin (M&DS), ... Motorola, ... SAIC, ... TRW. ... Current Members of the AFIO Board of Directors: Honorary Board of Directors: Co-Chairmen: Hon. George H. W. Bush; Hon. Gerald R. Ford; Mr. John Barron; Hon. Shirley Temple Black; Hon. Frank C. Carlucci; Dr. Ruth M. Davis; Adm. Bobby R. Inman, USN (Ret); Professor Ernest R. May; Mr. John Anson Smith; Hon. William H. Webster; Hon. R. James Woolsey. ... Board Members: ... Mr. Theodore G. Shackley; Thomas R. Spencer Jr., Esq. ... Present Board Members Re-elected for Another Term in 2002: Ted Shackley (Ret)... Officers: President: Mr. S. Eugene Poteat [confirmed Gulf of Tonkin incident was used by White House as a false flag event.]"
[14]
2010 (estimate), Harvard speech of Daniel Sheehan, 'Conspiracy Theories' (about 20/21 minutes into lecture): "When John Martino was griping about the Kennedies, what SOB's they were, and how rotten they were from trying to stop them from killing Castro, William Pawley turned directly to him that night on June 10th, 1963, in the presence of Dick Billings and the others, and said: "Don't you worry, John. We're gonna kill that motherfucker [JFK]." And these are the people who exactly know how to do that stuff."
[15] For a summary of sources visit:
www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/JFKmartino.htm
[16]
2010 (estimate), Harvard speech of Daniel Sheehan, 'Conspiracy Theories' (about 16/17 minutes into lecture): "There is as we speak an article being prepared by New Yorker magazine, a 12,000 word article, that is going to be published. ... What [it] is going to be revealing is that in June of 1968, when Bobby Kennedy was killed, at the Ambassador Hotel, there has now been discovered a photograph, that was taken within minutes of the killing of three men standing in the lobby of the Ambassador Hotel which included David Morales, Gordon Campbell and Jorge Johandez. This doesn't mean anything to you yet, but as it turns out, David Morales was, in fact, the shooter on the grassy knoll in Dealey Plaza on November 22 of 1963. And he was the lead shooter in the triangular fire team that was trained to assassinate Fidel Castro. And Jorge Johandez was the head of the DRE, which is the Cuban student group that Oswald got into the argument with on the street corner down in New Orleans - the famous incident that had occurred down there. But it turns out that these three men were actually standing in the Ambassador Hotel in the lobby within minutes after the killing of Bobby Kennedy. And a second revelation is in the process of being made very soon is going to be undertaken by Richard Billings. Richard Billings was the chief staff writer for the House Select Committee on Assassinations. There are a series of major intense meetings going on, today actually, that began yesterday and are continuing unto today, in which Dick Billings is participating, along with Gaeton Fonzi, who is the chief investigator for the House Select Committee on Assassinations, they're in communication with G. Robert Blakey, who is the staff chief. They're now in the process of getting ready to reveal a second photograph which shows in Dealey Plaza within seconds before the shooting a photograph of Rip Robertson and Grayston Lynch. ... You can see him [Robertson] tipping his hat just before the shots rang out." The theory that David Morales was present at the murder of Bobby Kennedy already stems from the documentary 'RFK Must Die'.
[17]
Cited from a 1994 letter to John R. Tunheim, chairman of the Assassination Records Review Board (ARRB). Haven't seen any photocopies at this point yet, which is unfortunate.
[18]
Cited from a report based on a May 1995 interview of Bradley Ayers with Jeremy Gunn, an investigator for the Assassination Records Review Board (ARRB). Haven't seen any photocopies at this point yet, which is unfortunate.
[19]
The documentary 'RFK Must Die' revolves around photos and video uncovered by Shane O'Sullivan that seems to show the presence of JM/WAVE veterans David Morales, George Joannides and Gordon Campbell at the Ambassador Hotel the night that Bobby Kennedy was murdered. The men who appear to be Joannides and Campbell are associating with each other while the person who appears to be Morales is strolling around all over the place like a security guard. Various persons who have known these men are 90 to 99 percent sure that they can be seen in the pictures and video presented to them by O'Sullivan. I personally have no opinion one way or the other.
*) 2007, Shane O'Sullivan, 'RFK Must Die' documentary: "Ruben [Carbajal] and Robert [Walton] were drinking with David in a Washington hotel-room one night in 1973 when talk turned to John Kennedy and Morales went into a rage. ... "[Robert Walton:] He was striding around the room and he was out of control. And I don't ever recall seeing him loose it like that before. Something like: "I was in Dallas when we got that motherfucker and I was in Los Angeles when we got the little bastard." What it said to me was that he was in some way implicated with the death of John Kennedy, and let's go one step further, also Bobby." "[Carbajal:] And as we're drinking, and then finally Diddy [Morales] said, well, he let 'em know in a roundabout way, "Well, we got that son of a bitch." That's what he said. ... You know what he [Morales] meant, because he [Kennedy] had caused all those [Cuban] deaths. Why did he go back on his word? Pull those damn airplanes [in the Bay of Pigs invasion]. ... No, I didn't ask no more. The more you ask the less chance you have of living. ... I don't have respect for that Robert. I'm just quoting what he put down in the newspaper. He says: "The blacks, take anything you want. It belongs to you." What kind of a goddamn asshole is that? All the ethnic groups around the United States, what about the rest of 'em? I say, that man is crazy. He wants to start a civil war right here in the United States with that stupid talk like that. Then he got knocked off in a hurry, didn't he? ... No, he wasn't in Los Angeles. He just said: "We got him". There's a difference, you know, the wording.""
*) 2007, Shane O'Sullivan, 'RFK Must Die' documentary (Ruben "Rocky" Carbajal, best friend of Morales): ""They called him the man of a thousand faces. That's what he was called. He hated all communists, you know. ... You don't mess with him. He will blow your ass apart. That's when the terrorists took over for 3,5 years [in Uruguay]. They went from door to door. As soon as they opened the door you had to kill children, old men ... All these holy people think that by talking to people you're gonna get it done. You gotta kill 'em. From there he [Morales] had to go to Chile to overthrow Allende.""
[20]
2007, Shane O'Sullivan, 'RFK Must Die' documentary: "In 1978, as Congress began reinvestigating the JFK assassination, Morales fell ill on the way back from a trip to Washington: "[Ruben:] Say, what's the matter with you, Diddy?" He said, "I don't feel too good." I said, "Why not?" He said, "I had a few drinks with my cronies up there before I left Washington, D.C. I said, "Really?" He said, "On the plane I hadn't been feeling good (unintelligible)." I said, "I was just waiting for you, cause I'm going to take off, and go to Wilcox." He used to leave his truck right there, and drive over there. ... "Okay, well then let me know soon as you get there. Let me know how you feel. You got me worried. You don't look the same no more." He was always happy go lucky." That night Morales had a massive heart attack. The ambulance took hours to arrive and didn't bring any oxygen. Within a week he was dead. "They wasted five hours to get him to the hospital... I guess they wanted him dead, I guess, real good, by orders, real good. ... [By who?] Do I have to draw you a picture? The same people he worked for. Yeah [the CIA]. Because he was going to go before the Senate. ... He only had two bosses, the President and the head of the CIA. ... Yeah, he wanted to go teach at Flagstaff, political science."
[21]
1979, Gaeton Fonzi report for the HSCA on Antonio Veciana's Maurice Bishop: "During the course of that interview, Veciana revealed that from about mid-1960 through mid-1973 he had been directed and advised in his anti-Castro and anti-Communist activities by an American he knew as Maurice Bishop. (4) Veciana said that Bishop had guided him in planning assassination attempts on Premier Fidel Castro in Havana in 1961 and in Chile in 1971, that Bishop had directed him to organize Alpha 66 in 1962; and that Bishop, when breaking their relationship in 1973, had paid him $253,000 in cash for his services over the years. (5) ... Veciana revealed further that at one meeting with Bishop in Dallas in late-August or September 1963, he saw with him a young man he later recognized as Lee Harvey Oswald. (6) (116) Veciana told Senator Schweiker's investigator that he had not previously disclosed that information to anyone. (7) (117) The committee took an intense interest in the Veciana allegations. ... The committee conducted numerous interviews of other key anti-Castro associates or former associates of Veciana, not only as part of its efforts to locate Bishop but also to further aid in assessing Veciana' credibility. Generally Veciana's reputation for honesty and integrity was excellent. ... Immediately after receiving the Bishop sketch, Schweiker concluded that Phillips, who had earlier testified before the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence Activities, bore a strong resemblance to the sketch. ... When asked by the committee if he was familiar with anyone using the cover name of Bishop at the JM/WAVE station, Cross said he was "almost positive" that David Phillips had used the cover name of Maurice Bishop . (184) ... Cross said, however, that the reason he was certain that Phillips used the name of Bishop was because he recalled sometimes discussing field and agent problems with Phillips' assistant, Doug Gupton, and Gupton often saying, "Well, I guess Mr. Bishop will have to talk with him." Cross said: "And, of course, I knew he was referring to his boss, David Phillips." ... Gupton confirmed that he was in charge of a special operations staff at the Miami JM/WAVE station and that his immediate superior was David Phillips. (189) Gupton acknowledged that Ron Cross (cover name) was a case officer who worked for him and that he saw Cross on a daily basis. (190) ... He said he does not recall Phillips ever using the name of Maurice Bishop. (192) When told about Cross' recollection of him referring to Phillips as "Mr. Bishop," Gupton said: "Well, maybe I did. I don't remember." (193) He also said, however, that he never heard the name of Bishop while he was stationed in Miami. ... Gupton said, however, that there were two sets of operations, One set of operations was run out of Miami and he kept Phillips informed of them. Phillips ran another set of operations personally out of Washington and, Gupton said, Phillips did not keep him briefed about them. ... David Atlee Phillips testified before the committee in executive session on April 15, 1978 [claimed to have never seen Veciana before] ... Phillips was shown the sketch of Maurice Bishop but could not identify it as anyone he knew. He said, however, "It looks like me." ... On March 31, 1978, the CIA informed the committee that its Office of the Inspector General, its Office of the General Counsel, its Office of Personnel, and the Deputy Directorate of Operations had no record of a Maurice Bishop. (210) ... On August 10, 1978, B. H., a former covert operative of the CIA. was interviewed by the committee in a special closed session [claimed to have been aware of a mysterious "Bishop" in the CIA, but that it wasn't his friend Phillips] ... On August 17, 1978, the committee deposed John A. McCone, the Director of the Central Intelligence Agency from October 1961 until April 30, 1965. (222). (192) During the course of the deposition, the following questions and answers were recorded Q. Do you know or did you know Maurice Bishop? A. Yes. Q. Was he an agency employee? A. I believe so. Q. Do you know what his duties were in 1963? A. No. Q. For instance, do you know whether Maurice Bishop worked in the Western Hemisphere Division or whether he worked in some other division of the CIA? A. I do not know. I do not recall . I knew at that time but I do not recall. ... dditional efforts to locate Maurice Bishop were made by the committee in file requests to the Federal Bureau of Investigation. (228) and to the Department of Defense. (229) Both proved negative. (230)"
*) Gaeton Fonzi, 'The Last Investigation' (digital): "As for David Atlee Phillips -- of all the people in the world -- it was incredible how the pieces of his character and career fit into the puzzle named Maurice Bishop. As first discovered by Senator Schweiker himself, the composite sketch of Bishop was a very close likeness of Phillips. In additional, a few specific details revealed by Veciana long before the name of David Phillips popped up made an impression on me. One was the very unusual physical characteristic that both Bishop and Phillips shared in the dark, weathered ellipses under his eyes. the other was Veciana's assumption that Bishop was a Texan. David Phillips grew up and still has family living in Fort Worth. ... Later, I mentioned by reaction to Chief Counsel Bob Blakey. "You know," I said, "David Phillips lied in his testimony." Blakey raised his brows. "Oh, really," he said. "What about?" I told him the details. He listened carefully, thought silently for a moment, gave me a "so what?" shrug and walked away. ... We talked for a few hours in detail about other points in that report and I slowly began to realize that Veciana was not an going to bring up the one key doubt I had expressed about his credibility. In the report, I said specifically that I had doubted his credibility when he told me that David Phillips was not Maurice Bishop. In our discussion now, Veciana was letting that pass. ... "I know that you feel you have a mission in life," I said, "and I want you to know that I respect that and all the things you must do to be faithful to that mission. Believe me, I do not want to interfere with it. "He nodded his head. "I understand," he said softly. "You know that I believe what you have told me," I went on. "I believe you about everything. Except when you told me that David Phillips is not Maurice Bishop." His eyes never moved, his expression never changed as I spoke. "Now," I said, "I would like you to tell me this one time very truthfully: Would you have told me if I had found Maurice Bishop?" A slow smile crossed Veciana's face as he let out his breath. He put his head down and scratched his forehead, obviously: taking time now to think carefully. Then he looked up with that half-smile still on his face. "Well, you know," he said, "I would like to talk with him first." That was his answer. I looked at him for a moment, then laughed. Veciana nodded his head and laughed with me."
[22]
*) November 1998, Vol. 2/3, The Dealey Plaza Echo, 'David Ferrie's Web of Intrigue': "In a suit against Playboy, for having published Jim Garrison's claim that Novel was with the CIA, Novel testified that Guy Banister and Sergio Arancha [Arcacha] Smith worked under CIA operative David Atlee Phillips. In the same testimony, Novel admitted that he had known Clay Shaw since 1959. HSCA investigator Gaeton Fonzi looked into a possible link between David Atlee Phillips and Lee Harvey Oswald. It is Fonzi's belief that Phillips and another CIA man, Maurice Bishop, are the same person."
Until his death in 2012, Novel was one of many strange con men in the conspiracy community. But in the 1960s he was closely linked to the Kennedy assassination:
*) August 23, 1967, New Orleans Parish Grand Jury, Goldie Naomi Moore, Clay Shaw's secretary at the New Orleans International Trade Mart from 1946 to 1965: "[Gordon Novel] was in our office occassionally. It either was employment or a wishing to make a contract for the restaurant facilities for the Trade Mart. I believe 1961. ... Yes, to my knowledge [Novel negotiated directly with Shaw], it was just Novel - he left a brochure and I had to check it. ... Yes [he actually went into Shaw's office.]"
*) 1967, New Orleans States-Item, 'Novel Says Munitions Theft Set Up by Agency' (photocopy from Harold Weisberg archive): "[Novel] is accused of both conspiracy and burglery along with 44-year-old Sergio Arcacha Smith of Dalles, once the leader of a militant anti-Castro organization in New Orleans. Garrison charges they conspired with another key JFK probe figure, David W. Ferrie, to stage the [Houma] munitions theft."
*) January 4, 1968, Midlothian Mirror, 'Editorial: He's just a sharp old geezer': "Shortly after Republican James Rhodes of Ohio refused Jim Garrison's request of extradition to Louisiana for ex-CIA agent Gordon Novel, billionaire Hunt came out in favor of Rhodes for Vice President on the Republican ticket. Hunt admitted he had never met Rhodes and knew very little about him. "I just heard he was a good man," Hunt mumbled on TV."
*) February 27, 1969, New Orleans States-Item, 'Defense Winds After Shaw - Up Case Testifies': "Shaw also said he negotiated with Gordon Novel, a fugitive witness, for space in the ITM. Novel has refused to come to New Orleans to testify In Garrison's Investigation of the assassination."
*) February 21, 1969, FBI document, Cincinnati, Ohio, 'Re: Assassination of President John F. Kennedy, November 22, 1963, Dallas, Texas': "On February 11, 1969, Mr. Jack Prentice, 470 Beaver Avenue, Whitehall, Columbus, Ohio, advised that he is the owner of the Columbus Antenna Company and is a close friend of Gordon Novel. He said that he first met Gordon Novel about five or six months ago... He said that during the time that he has known Novel, Novel has indicated that he is acquainted with Allen Dulles, the late former director of the Central Intelligence Agency; Walter Sheridan, who, according to Novel, is a close associate of the Kennedy family; with Clay Shaw, the defendant in the conspiracy trial now going on in New Orleans; with a man by the name David Ferrie, who is involved with Shaw; and with District Attorney Garrison of New Orleans. He said that from what Novel has told him,.he is convinced that Novel was involved in a conspiracy to assassinate President Kennedy and also as the trial of Shaw drew closer, he became more panicky. He said that Novel had not told him that he was involved in such a conspiracy and his opinion is based on his own interpretation of what Novel told him. He could not cite an example. ... Prentice said that Novel is supposed to have been involved, along with Shaw and Ferrie, in prostitution in New Orleans and also Jack Ruby is supposed to have been involved in some manner. Prentice said that Novel claims to have been the Chief Security Officer for District Attorney Garrison, and that Novel's first wife is now the mistress of Garrison. Novel claims to be the illegitimate son of Billy Rose, and claims that there is a $52,000,000 trust fund set up for Novel from the estate of Billy Rose. Prentice claimed that Novel has spent vast amounts of money to confuse District Attorney Garrison and he feels that Novel must be getting the money from people in New Orleans."
[23]
September 17, 2012, Independent, 'Gaeton Fonzi: Journalist who investigated the assassination of John F Kennedy': "The contacts between Oswald, purportedly a Castro supporter, and the violently anti-Castro Cuban exile community headquartered in Miami, became a natural point of Fonzi's investigations. His crucial discovery was the testimony of Antonio Veciana, leader of the exile group Alpha 66. Veciana's CIA contact was a man he knew as "Maurice Bishop", and in 1963, Veciana arrived in Dallas for a meeting with "Bishop", to find him conferring with a man he later identified as Oswald. Fonzi was able to show that "Bishop" was in reality David Atlee Phillips, who had also been the CIA's station chief in Mexico City when Oswald was purportedly filmed and recorded at the Soviet consulate there. Veciana would later survive an assassination attempt on him just at the time the HSCA report was released, but the question of why the supposedly communist Oswald would be meeting with a senior CIA agent was never answered by HSCA."
[24]
April 26, 1996 interview of Steve Bochan with HSCA investigator Gaeton Fonzi: "I was just down in Cuba in January working on a piece for Esquire, on Castro assassination attempts, and spent some time with General Escalante, the former Chief of Counter-Intelligence and former head of State Security. I was given a guided tour, as it were, of some of the places that were involved in Castro assassination attempts, including Veciana's - the one that Veciana organized in October of '61. From his files, it took place in a building from across the North Plaza of the old palace. That apartment was used as a CIA safe house, it appeared, before Veciana's mother-in-law leased it. And, Phillips was seen going in and out of it. He provided a number of other confirmations of Bishop as David Atlee Phillips, and Phillips as Bishop. ... There's no doubt in the Cuban Intelligence records that Bishop is David Atlee Phillips. ... Yeah, [Ron Cross] said basically that he remembered Phillips using the name Bishop. Interesting point about that because, after my article came out and I was using "Ron Cross" to cover-up Crosier's name, Phillips went on television and I think he gave a press interview to someone. And he said that you couldn't believe what this fellow Crosier had said because he had been a drunk, an alcoholic, which he admitted to us and I include that in the book. But I found it interesting that Phillips revealed his real name. In violation, I would think, of CIA protocol at least. ... At the time I was terribly confused, because I sat there for quite a long period of time watching him and watching Phillips shaking, literally shaking, avoiding Veciana's eyes while Veciana was staring at him from across the table. Phillips was re-lighting cigarettes, and then the encounter in the hallway, where he was a terribly shaken man, so much so to the point that when we asked him didn't he remember Veciana's name, he said 'no.' In fact, he asked Veciana again, 'what did you say your name was?' 'Veciana. You don't know me?' And he said, 'no.' Now the fact that Phillips himself, obviously had to explain that later in his testimony before the committee: how could the head of the CIA's Cuban operations not know the head of the largest anti-Castro organization? How could he not know the name of the head of that organization? Phillips testified, before the Committee, under sworn testimony, that he was not introduced to Veciana by name. When in fact, Veciana himself was there and, later, when I checked with him after Phillips testified and asked him, Do you remember when I introduced you to Phillips by name?' and he said, 'oh sure, you remember I asked him don't you know me, my name?' And I was there and another Schweiker assistant was there. So we had corroboration that Phillips was lying. But Phillips had to cover up his gut reaction to Veciana being there and why he denied knowing his name - he was so shaken by the sudden encounter. It was an interesting experience, and at the end of it, walking out of it, I was confused, and I asked Veciana, "Isn't he Bishop?" And Veciana didn't answer right away, didn't say "no," instead, he first said, "He knows." I remember walking back to the car, during this discussion, repeating, "He knows? What do you mean, 'he knows'?" "He knows." And I said, "He knows WHAT?" I asked, "You mean he knows who Bishop is?" And he said, "yeah." So it was a very interesting experience, and at the time I was confused, until I figured it out. ... And another interesting thing, before the Reston incident, we dug up a photo of Phillips that had appeared in a magazine somewhere, and we took Veciana down to the library to look at this photograph of Phillips. ... I kept looking back at the table where Veciana was and saw Veciana just staring at this photograph of Phillips, although all he kept telling me was "It's close." You know you would think that if it wasn't in fact Bishop, Veciana would've said, 'no this isn't him,' and he would've moved right on. But he stared at that picture for a long, long time. ... Yeah, what intrigues me most about him is how he's buried almost anonymously out there in Arizona under a tombstone that says, "Sgt. David Morales." And yet he was obviously a very, very important and eventually high ranking officer in the Agency. I think Morales needs a lot more looking into, his background and his associates and his involvement with David Phillips. We discovered, for instance, that he was involved with Phillips in the Chilean operation - the overthrow of Allende. He came away with a lot of money. ... I asked [Shackley] who was your 2nd in charge at JM/WAVE? And he said, "David Morales.""
[25]
*) September 11, 2012, New York Times, 'Gaeton Fonzi, Investigator of Kennedy Assassination, Dies at 76': "Mr. Blakey was criticized by Mr. Fonzi as overly deferential to the C.I.A., and he now concedes that Mr. Fonzi was probably right on that score. Mr. Blakey said he was shocked in 2003 when declassified C.I.A. documents revealed the full identity of the retired agent who had acted as the committee’s liaison to the C.I.A. The agency never told Mr. Blakey that the agent, George Joannides, had overseen a group of anti-Castro Cuban exiles [Directorio Revolucionario Estudantil] in Dallas in the months before the assassination, when Oswald had two well-publicized clashes with them. At the time of the revelation, the C.I.A. said Mr. Joannides had withheld nothing relevant from the committee. Mr. Joannides died in 1990. "Mr. Joannides obstructed our investigation," Mr. Blakey said. Asked how that had affected the committee'’s work, he added: "We'll never know. But I can say that for a guy like Gaeton, a guy who really wanted to know what happened to Kennedy, it kind of tortured him.""
*) October 16, 2009, New York Times, 'C.I.A. Is Still Cagey About Oswald Mystery': "On the Kennedy assassination, the deceptions began in 1964 with the Warren Commission. The C.I.A. hid its schemes to kill Fidel Castro and its ties to the anti-Castro Directorio Revolucionario Estudantil, or Cuban Student Directorate, which received $50,000 a month in C.I.A. support during 1963."
[26]
An article that summarizes many of the accusations: March 11, 1993, Houston Chronicle, 'Official and confidential: The Secret Life of J. Edgar Hoover/ Sources imply FBI sat on leads about JFK's murder' (Anthony Summers): "After leaving the bureau, Banister became a private detective but kept up his FBI contacts at the highest level. "Guy was in touch with J. Edgar Hoover long after he left," said New Orleans Crime Commission Director Aaron Kohn, and the New Orleans office of the FBI was near Banister's detective agency. According to his secretary, Delphine Roberts, "Mr. Banister was still working for them. I know he and the FBI traded information." FBI records confirm this, and a CIA document identifies Banister as one of the "regular FBI contacts" of a Cuban exile leader. ... Had Edgar provided the full picture on Banister and Ferrie, the commission surely would have paid more attention to the possibility that the Mafia had a hand in the assassination. Years later, Congress' Assassinations Committee expressed suspicion that two specific Mafia bosses might have been involved -- Santos Trafficante of Florida and Carlos Marcello of New Orleans. Marcello, like Trafficante and Sam Giancana, had been targeted by the Justice Department on Robert Kennedy's orders. He also held a peculiarly personal grudge. Within weeks of taking office in 1961, the president's brother had arranged for his abrupt deportation to Guatemala as an undesirable alien. When the mobster slipped back into the United States, Kennedy renewed efforts to kick him out for good. Ferrie had worked for Marcello's attorney, Wray Gill, since early 1962 -- in parallel with his work for Banister. Ferrie and Banister had both helped prepare Marcello's defense against charges that he had used a phony birth certificate to avoid being deported. Had the Marcello angle been pursued, much else would have come out. Oswald's uncle and surrogate father, Dutz Murret, with whom the alleged assassin stayed in 1963, worked in Marcello's gambling network. Jack Ruby, who had many mob associations, was in touch with Nofio Pecora, a Marcello lieutenant, three weeks before the assassination. Pecora, in turn, was close to Oswald's uncle. After the assassination, witnesses claimed that one Marcello associate had been seen handing Oswald cash and that another had discussed the suitability of a foreign-made rifle to "get the president." The FBI dropped such leads. Marcello's name appears neither in the Warren Report nor in any of its 26 volumes of evidence. Nor do the names of Trafficante or Giancana. The CIA failed to tell the commission about its use of the Mafia in its plots to kill Castro, which had continued until early 1963. So did Edgar, who had known about them for a long time. Warren's investigators were thus denied a vital opening, a chance to make sense of the triple tracks confronting them: U.S. intelligence, the mob and the exiles. "Because we did not have those links," said commission attorney Burt Griffin, now a judge, "there was nothing to tie the underworld in with Cuba and thus nothing to tie them in with Oswald, nothing to tie them in with the assassination of the president." The CIA, and Edgar with his New Orleans leads, held the key to the labyrinth and withheld it from the commission. Information from numerous sources suggests the principal Mafia leaders were linked to the case. The secretary to Banister said he was visited before the killing by Giancana henchman Johnny Roselli. Giancana's half brother has claimed the Chicago Mafia boss plotted the assassination in concert with Marcello, Trafficante and CIA operatives. Frank Costello, the old Mafia overlord who helped Marcello build his criminal empire, said before he died that Oswald was "just the patsy" in the president's murder. Frank Ragano, the former attorney of Teamsters leader Jimmy Hoffa, said he was sent to discuss the president's murder with Trafficante and Marcello in early 1963. He gained the impression "they already had such a thought in their mind." Most compelling, perhaps, is what the new generation of FBI agents learned during surveillance of Trafficante and Marcello as late as 1975. "Now only two people are alive," FBI microphones overheard Trafficante say, "who know who killed Kennedy." Trafficante died of natural causes in 1987. Marcello died last week at the age of 83. Some years ago, according to Joseph Hauser, an FBI plant, he admitted that Oswald had worked as a runner in his betting operation in 1963. The most serious information pointing to Trafficante and Marcello raises the possibility that the FBI was gravely negligent before the assassination. According to Jose Aleman, a wealthy Cuban exile, Trafficante made ominous remarks about the president at a business meeting as early as September 1962. The Kennedys, said the mobster, were "not honest. They took graft and did not keep a bargain. ... Mark my word, this man Kennedy is in trouble, and he will get what is coming to him." When Aleman demurred, saying he thought the president would be re-elected, Trafficante said quietly, "You don't understand me. Kennedy's not going to make it to the election. He is going to be hit." In Louisiana that same month, Marcello and two close associates met to discuss an oil project with Ed Becker, an entrepreneur from California. As the whiskey flowed, the mobster talked angrily about his ordeal at the hands of Robert Kennedy. Finally, uttering a Sicilian oath, he exclaimed that the attorney general was "going to be taken care of." According to Becker, Marcello referred to Kennedy as a dog, with his brother Robert being the tail. "The dog," he said, "will keep biting you if you only cut off its tail." The more Marcello ranted on, the more serious he seemed. According to Becker, he "clearly stated that he was going to arrange to have President Kennedy murdered." He spoke of "setting up a nut to take the blame." The Marcello threat was first reported in a 1969 book by Pulitzer Prize winner Ed Reid; the Trafficante comments first appeared in the Washington Post in 1976. Congress' Assassinations Committee, however, inadequately probed the claim common to both of them: that the FBI was fully informed at the time. Aleman, a valued FBI contact, would later insist that he told bureau agents about Trafficante's remarks soon after they were made in 1962. Becker has said from the start that he, too, quickly informed the FBI. Available FBI files contain no reports showing that Trafficante's comments, or the Marcello threat, were reported as claimed. Edgar was required by law to warn the Secret Service of all threats to public officials. As a matter of routine, he did indeed pass on the sort of menaces uttered daily by drunks and maniacs across the country. There is no sign, however, that the FBI told the Secret Service of the many violent remarks about the Kennedy brothers picked up on wiretaps of top mobsters. Nor is there any evidence that the FBI passed on Marcello and Trafficante's talk of assassination."
[27] *) For Guy Banister's involvement in the CIA-mafia business on Cuba, see his page in ISGP's death list.
*) November 19, 1970, CIA document, Memorandum for: Director of Central Intelligence, Subject: Roselli, John (located on New York Times website as a PDF): "In August 1960, Mr. Richard Bisell approached Colonel Sheffield Edwards to determine if the Office of Security had assets that may assist in a sensitive mission requiring gangster-type action. The mission target was Fidel Castro. Robert A. Maheu was contacted, briefed generally on the project, and requested to ascertain if he could develop an entrée into the gangster elements as the first step toward accomplishing the desired goal. Mr. Maheu advised that he had met one Johnny Roselli on several occasions while visiting Las Vegas. … During the week of 25 September, was introduced to Sam [Giancana] who was staying at the Fontainblue Hotel, Miami Beach. It was several weeks after meeting with Sam and Joe [Santos Trafficante]… In May 1962, Mr. William Harvey took over as Case Officer, and it is not known by this Office whether Roselli was used operationally from that point on."
*) December 13, 2002, The Times (London), 'Ted Shackley': "Shackley was also involved in a scheme to recruit the Mafia to provide hired assassins. The CIA turned to Johnny Rosselli, a former member of the Al Capone gang, who contacted Sam Giancana, the Mafia boss of Chicago and heir to Al Capone. On one occasion Shackley and his CIA boss Bill Harvey rented a U-Haul truck, filled with $ 5,000-worth of explosives and weapons, left the van in a parking lot, and handed the keys to Rosselli."
[28]
*) 1991, Bo Gritz (ISA and Delta Force commander), 'Called to Serve', p. 370. Khun Sa's interpreter, in the presence of all Khun Sa's top men, names Ted Shackley, Santos Trafficante (mafia boss), Richard Armitage, Daniel Arnold (CIA station chief in Thailand), and Jerry Daniels (CIA agent) as his former partners in the opium trade. This is recorded on video and audio tape.
*) 2005, Joseph J. Trento, 'Prelude to Terror', pp. 44-45: "All the weaknesses Shackley had shown in his earlier assignments quickly resurfaced in Vietnam. He demanded voluminous intelligence reports that forced case officers to concentrate on numbers rather than quality. When case officers tried to question him, his cold responses earned him the nickname "Ice Man". Shackley turned to old associates from Berlin and Miami to help him run what was then the largest CIA station in the world. Among them were his loyal cadre of Cuban refugees, like the legendary Felix Rodriguez [ran drug-related CIA counterinsurgency program in El Salvador and surrounding countries in the 1980s], who followed him first to Laos and then to Vietnam... Back in Miami, former Cuban employees of Shackley's were showing up with embarrassing frequency in drug busts. When the old Bureau of Narcotics and Drugs (BNDD) launched Operation Eagle in 1968, it found itself arresting scores of CIA employees. ... many of these men were working directly for Santos Trafficante, who, the BNDD learned, now controlled significant heroin traffic in the United States. But although it arrested several of Trafficante's deputies, the BNDD could not get the Nixon administration to go after Trafficante directly. By this time, Trafficante was taking a serious interest in Vietnam. Not long after Shackley moved to Saigon Station, Trafficante made a tour of the Far East... Meanwhile, it was an open secret in Saigon Station that President Nguyen Van Thieu, who had replaced Ngo Dinh Diem after the 1963 coup, and Vice President Nguyen Cao Ky were participants in the heroin trade. Ky, one of Colby's most frequently cited intelligence sources, had been removed from Operation Haylift, which was flying commando units into Laos, when U.S. officers caught him loading opium onto his plane. Another frequently cited CIA asset and Shackley source, General Dang Van Quang, Thieu's security advisor, was a frequent point of friction between the CIA station and the U.S. military command. The military believed Quang was a major distributor of heroin to U.S. troops, according to Peter Kapusta, former CIA case officer to Saigon Police Chief General Nguyen Ngoc Loan. ... Shackley even interfered with the Army Criminal Investigation Division (CID) in its probe of Ky 's top aide, General Ngo Dzu, who the Army investigators charged with being a major purveyor of heroin in Vietnam. ... By 1971, Congress was getting so many complaints about GIs returning home addicted that the BNDD began to investigate. It, too, immediately ran into problems with CIA cooperation.
[29]
*) See note 26.
*) December 15, 1966, interview of David Ferrie by John Volz at the District Attorney's Office of New Orleans at approximately 10:00 a.m.: "I used to work for G. Wray Gill. ... Gill would not have him because as Gill says, [Jack] Martin plays both sides of the fence. ... Remember the time of the first Marcello case in '63? Gill is the New Orleans lawyer for Marcello."
*) May 13, 1975, interview of William Gaudet (anti-communist author supported by the CIA and once affiliated with Nelson Rockefeller) by Bernard Fensterwald and Allan Stone: "GAUDET: Well, [David Ferrie] became a private pilot... I mean, he used to give flying lessons and... or... he was a friend of a lot of the queers, including Clay Shaw... FENSTERWALD: He was a friend of Shaw's? GAUDET: Right... FENSTERWALD: Do you know if he knew Oswald? GAUDET: Yes, I think he did know Oswald... er... I think this is the link that Garrison was basing everything on... FENSTERWALD: You think that was a valid link, but the link between Oswald and Shaw was... GAUDET: ... was non-existent... FENSTERWALD: Yeah... but between Oswald and Ferrie you think was a valid link... GAUDET: That's right, but I don't think either one of them was capable of planning a conspiracy like this... FENSTERWALD: Well, there are records that [Ferrie] worked both for Guy Banister and for Carlos Marcello. He was actually in the courtroom - with Marcello when Kennedy was murdered. ... FENSTERWALD: They can't blame him and they can't blame Ferrie, because they were both sitting in the Federal Courthouse... GAUDET: Marcello? Yes, I've met him, but I don't know him... He's a... well, he's the number one whipping boy of the Federal Government in New Orleans... FENSTERWALD: Right... GAUDET: ... and they've never been able to really do anything to him... FENSTERWALD: Well, they kidnapped him and took him to Guatemala once and dumped him off... GAUDET: Yeah, and they claimed he did that... FENSTERWALD: ... and guess who flew him back... GAUDET: No... FENSTERWALD: David Ferrie ..."
[30]
December 27, 1991, Austin Chronicle, 'Where was George? The Answer is Blowin' in the Wind': "The first appearance of the name George Bush in connection with the assassination is found in an FBI report made public in the late 1970s following a series of Freedom of Information (FOIA) lawsuits. The report, which lay buried among the 98,755 pages of documents released at the time, indicates that within hours of Kennedy's death, a man identifying himself as 'George H. W. Bush' telephoned the bureau's Houston office with information about a threat allegedly made against the President's life by a young, right-wing Republican. [turned out to be nothing] ... When questioned about the FBI report by the San Francisco Examiner in 1988, the then-Vice President's press office originally said Bush hadn't made the call and challenged the document's authenticity. Several days later, an aide told the Examiner Bush "does not recall" making the call. ... The so-called Parrott document' was not the last place the name George Bush would surface in connection to the assassination. On November 29, 1963, exactly one week after Kennedy was gunned down, FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover sent a memorandum to the State Department concerning the reaction of Miami's anti-Castro Cuban community to the tragedy. In it Hoover reports that on the day after the assassination "Mr. George Bush of the Central Intelligence Agency" was informed of the substance of the bureau's findings. ... Questioned about the memo by The Nation at the time [in 1988], then-Vice President (and Presidential candidate) George Bush responded through a spokesman "I was in Houston, texas, as the time and involved in the independent oil drilling business. And I was running for Senate in late '63.' Dissatisfied with this seeming "non-dental denial," Joseph McBride, the author of The Nation article, asked whether Bush had worked for the CIA before becoming its director in 1976. "The answer is no," Vice Presidential spokesman Stephen Hart replied. ... Others questioned about the Vice President's possible involvement with the CIA in the early 1960s gave equally oblique responses. ... Former CA Director Richard Helms, who was the agency's deputy director for plans in 1963 and, according to Hoover's memo, was scheduled to receive a copy of the document, said, "I don't recall anyone by that name 'George Bush' working for the agency... He certainly never worked for me." McBride, however, cites an unnamed source, with close connections to the intelligence community" who "confirms that Bush started working for the agency in 1960 or 1961, using his oil business as a cover for clandestine activities." ... A globe-trotting socialite fluent in six languages, de Mohrenschildt's involvement with the CIA and is forerunner, the Office of Strategic Services, began during World War II when be worked for the French underground in the United States. ... Throughout the 1950s and 1960s, de Mohrenschildt developed close relations with some of the wealthiest and most powerful industrialists in the country, including oil tycoons H.L. Hunt, Clint Murchison Sr. and John W. Mecom. Another Texas oilman de Mohrenschildt apparently counted among his acquaintances was President Bush. De Mohrenschildt's phone book, now on file at the National Archives, contains the listing: Bush, George H. W. (Poppy) 1412 W. Ohio also Zapata Petroleum Midland 4-6355 [Bush moved from Midland to Houston in 1959 with his business and family]. 'Poppy' was President Bush's family nickname, one that stuck with him during his days at Yale. ... He was frequently seen, for example, on the tennis courts at the Long Island estate of Jack and janet Bouvier, the parents of the then Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy. The enormous irony of this association would not become clear until another of de Mohrenschildt's 'friends,' Lee Harvey Oswald, burst into notoriety."
[31]
Bush, Carlucci, Shackley were all working together since the 1970s:
* Men working under deputy defense secretary Frank Carlucci all visited Ted Shackley's Cercle group.
*) Gene Wheaton again (January 4, 2002, to Matt Ehling on Declassified Radio): "Ted Shackley and Vernon Walters and Frank Carlucci and Ving West and a group of these guys used to have park-bench meetings in the late 70s in McClean, Virginia so nobody could overhear their conversations. They basically said, "With our expertise at placing dictators in power," I’m almost quoting verbatim one of their comments, "why don’t we treat the United States like the world’s biggest banana republic and take it over?" And the first thing they had to do was to get their man in the White House, and that was George Bush."
*) 2005, Joseph J. Trento, Prelude to Terror, pp. 124-125: "Turner's hiring of Frank Carlucci to replace Hank Knoche was manipulated by Shackley and Bush," William Corson said.3 Carlucci was close to Donald Rumsfeld, who had engineered Bush's appointment by President Ford. Carlucci also had total loyalty to General Richard Secord... and Erich von Marbod. ... According to Shirley Brill, Carlucci and Shackley were also very close friends. Shackley and Clines knew Carlucci from the Chile operations. ... Shackley, according to Soghanalian, had later worked with Calucci in setting up Portugal as a major arms transshipping point for the Middle East. "They played Turner like a violin to get Carlucci the job," Shirley Brill said. ... Weisz told him that "George Bush and James Angleton had been instrumental in putting Weisz where he was.""
*) 2005, Joseph Trento, Prelude to Terror', p. 283: "In the early 1980s, George Bush helped Shackley get established in Kuwait and in the oil business as a consultant. Shackley started Theodore Shackley and Associates and several other companies, which he used as a cover for his work for Bush. For the first time in his life, he was making large amounts of money. … He even told friends that he still had hopes of becoming DCI someday in a future Bush administration. The admiration of Israel by the neocons was shared by Ted Shackley."
*) George H. W. Bush was a senior counselor of the Carlyle Group 1993-2003, under the chairmanship during all this time of Frank Carlucci.
*) 2002, Volume XXV, Number 1 and 2, AFIO magazine Periscope: "2001 donors [life members]: ... Inman, Bobby R. ... Gittinger, John W. ... Hugel, Max ... Jenkins, Carl E. ... Schlesinger, James R. ... Shackley, Theodore ... Spencer, Jr. Thomas R. ... Wannall, W. Raymond ... Webster, William H. ... Wedemeyer, Albert D. ... 26 Anonymous Donors... Special volunteers of time & talent: ... Shackley, Ted; Spencer, Jr., Thomas R. ... New Member Sponsors for 2001: ... Angleton, James ... Critchfield, James; Critchfield, Lois ... Spencer, Thomas ... Corporate partners 2001: Du Pont Investment Bankers, Hill & Associates, Institute of World Politics, ... Lockheed Martin (M&DS), ... Motorola, ... SAIC, ... TRW. ... Current Members of the AFIO Board of Directors: Honorary Board of Directors: Co-Chairmen: Hon. George H. W. Bush; Hon. Gerald R. Ford; Mr. John Barron; Hon. Shirley Temple Black; Hon. Frank C. Carlucci; Dr. Ruth M. Davis; Adm. Bobby R. Inman, USN (Ret); Professor Ernest R. May; Mr. John Anson Smith; Hon. William H. Webster; Hon. R. James Woolsey. ... Board Members: ... Mr. Theodore G. Shackley; Thomas R. Spencer Jr., Esq. ... Present Board Members Re-elected for Another Term in 2002: Ted Shackley (Ret)... Officers: President: Mr. S. Eugene Poteat [confirmed Gulf of Tonkin incident was used by White House as a false flag event.]"
[32]
January 27, 1978, Dallas Times, 'Oswald Friend Labeled CIA Informant in Memo': "CIA ties came in documents obtained under the Freedom of Information Act by Michael Levy, a 31-year-old freelance researcher. One memo by Richard Helms, then CIA deputy director for plans, said de Mohrenschildt, a Russian-born petroleum geologist, applied for a job with the CIA in 1942 but was rejected "because he was alleged to be a Nazi espionage agent." Helms, who later became CIA director also said de Mohrenschildt took a 1957 trip to Yugoslavia and provided the CIA with "foreign intelligence which was promptly disseminated to other federal agencies in 10 separate reports. A separate memo indicated de Mohrenschildt also furnished lengthy reports to the CIA on his 1958 travels through Mexico and Panama."
[33]
February 5, 2001, Insight on the News, 'The Plot Thickens in PROMIS Affair': "Booth Nichols also served on the board of First Intercontinental Development Corp. (FIDCO), a building/construction company. Among Nichols' corporate partners at FIDCO in the 1980s were Michael McManus, then an aide to President Reagan; Robert Maheu, former chief executive officer of Howard Hughes Enterprises; and Clint Murchison Jr. of the Murchison empire based in Dallas. Riconosciuto long has maintained that Booth Nichols and FIDCO were associated with U.S. intelligence agencies and used as a cutout. Again, whereas others summarily had dismissed this claim, the RCMP investigators pursued the lead, poring over documents from the long-abandoned Riconosciuto storage and in the files of U.S. law-enforcement agencies. For example, RCMP obtained FBI wiretap summaries of telephone conversations between Nichols and another of his then-partners in FIDCO, Eugene Giaquinto, who at the same time also was president of MCA Home Entertainment Division. The wiretap summaries reads like a who's who of alleged mob figures with close ties to the motion-picture industry. The Mounties also received substantial related information from classified internal FBI files."
[34]
*) July 28, 1999, Cubanet.org, 'Cuban Americans Storm Washington Demanding Lawmakers End USMedicine and Food Embargo on Cuba': "PRNewswire -- A jumbo jetliner of over 200 Cuban Americans from Miami working to end the US food and medicine embargo on Cuba will land in Washington, DC, today for a press conference with elected officials at 12:30, House Triangle, Capitol Lawn, and Hill meetings. The visit tops a recent chain of events analysts say is provoking lawmakers' to remove humanitarian restrictions from current embargo policy. ... Americans For Humanitarian Trade With Cuba [founded in January 1998; later renamed U.S.-Cuba Trade Association] is a national bipartisan coalition of American business, political, Cuban American, medical, labor and religious leaders focused solely on restoring sales of U.S. food and medical supplies to Cuba. Based in Washington DC, AHTC has 25 State Councils across the US, many chaired by Cuban Americans. Advisory Council: Carla Anderson Hills ... Frank C. Carlucci ... A.W. Clausen ... Francis Ford Coppola ... Richard E. Feinberg ... Mark O Hatfield ... Elliot L. Richardson ... David Rockefeller ... James Rodney Schlesinger ... General John J. Sheehan (retired) ... Oliver Stone ... Paul A. Volcker ... John Whitehead ... Source: Americans For Humanitarian Trade With Cuba."
*) U.S.-Cuba Trade Association website, www.uscuba.org/manager.htm (accessed October 6, 2012): "Board of advisors: Col. Lawrence Wilkerson, former Chief of Staff to Secretary of State, Colin Powell; David Rockefeller, Rockefeller Center Properties; Carla Anderson Hills, Former U.S. Trade Representative; Frank Carlucci, Former Secretary of Defense; A.W. Clausen, Former CEO, Bank of America; Former President of World Bank; Craig Fuller, Former Chief of Staff for VP Bush; James Schlesinger, Former Director of CIA and former Sec. of Defense; ... [the rest of the board not interesting] ... Francis Ford Coppola, Producer/Director; Oliver Stone, Producer/Director."
[35]
2010 comments from Oliver Stone at the Santa Barbara Film Festival: "As [Robert] Parry said in his Consortium News website - I don't know if you are familiar with it - he was very involved in the 1980s and he just goes on about in very great detail how the right has bought the media from the 1970s with a conserted effort ... and now they've bought into the net heavily. So they are everywhere. And they have big money. And whereas the so-called liberals have not been able to purchase and hang in there for the fight. So it's over in that educational sense." It is exactly the liberal establishment Stone has been so close to that still dominates the media. Parry is an illogical anti-9/11 Truther. Stone also does not support any inquiries into 9/11.
[36]
*) January 1992, The Organizer, 'Who killed Kennedy and why?': "Clay Shaw of New Orleans listed his directorship of Permindex in Who's Who In The Southwest (1962). Shaw had been a top officer of the Office of Strategic Services."
*) 1962, Who's Who in The Southeast: "Shaw, Clay, business exec.; b. Kentwood, La., Mar. 17, 1913; ... unmarried. Exec. Western Union Telegraph Co., N.Y. City, 1932-35; consultant pub. relations and advt., N.Y., 1935-40; organizer, became mng. dir. Intern. Trade Mart., New Orleans, La., 1946; mem. World Trade Development Com., Internat. House, New Orleans, La.; member of the board of directors Permindex. Served with U.S. Army, 1941-46, aide-de-camp to Gen. Charles O. Thrasher, 1943-44, dep. chief of staff, Oise Sect., European Theatre Operations, 1944-46; retired as maj. Gen. Staff Corps, 1946."
*) CIA counterintelligence file to the HSCA: "Memo 3/24/67 Trace results on persons connected to Centro Mondiale Commercial ... In 1959 [Ferenc] Nagy [rumored asset of Frank Wisner, Allen Dulles' CIA deputy director for operations] asked if Permindex of Basel, Switzerland, could be used as cover for the CIA. File doesn't indicate whether it was used. Permindex operating in Rome in 1960."
*) United States District Court for the District of Columbia, Civil Action No. 80-1056, signed July 2, 1982, Bernard Fensterwald, Jr., legal counsel to Gary Shaw, the co-director with Larry N. Howard of the JFK Assassination Information Center in Dallas: "Two inter-connected, right-wing organizations were established in Europe in the late 1950s and early 1960s: La Permanent Industrial Exposition (Permindex) in Switzerland and Centro Mondiale Commerciale (CMC) in Italy. Both groups were highly secret, dealt in arms, and were alleged to be conduits for the financing of Soustelle and the OAS. Clay Shaw joined the Board of Directors of Permindex in 1958, the only American on the Board. The only other North American closely connected to Permindex and CMC was L.M. Bloomfield, Montreal banker and former member of OSS during WW II. Permindex was founded in 1958 by Giorgio Mantello, and Ferenc Nagy was its President; Nagy eventually ended up living in Dallas. Permindex was dissolved by the Swiss government when it was proved to be a conduit for OAS financing. 42/ Clay Shaw, who was thought to be CIA, not only spoke fluent French but was also the recipient of a number of French decorations. Permindex and CMC were alleged to have financed a 1962 attempt at Petit Clamart on the life of de Gaulle by Colonel Bastien-Thiry, et al.12/ The financing is alleged to have been $200,000, part of which was transported by Maurice Gatlin. Permindex, though a Swiss corporation, was housed and operated out of Montreal in the law offices of Mortimer Bloomfield, the world banker and ex-OSS agent. It was a strange conglomeration of jews, white Russians, anti-Castro Cubans, the Mafia, U.S. intelligence, and the "militaryindustrial complex." The obvious common denominator was anti-communism. There is some question whether CMC was a subsidiary of Permindex or vice versa, but there is no question as to the closeness of their operation . they were inseparable; in fact, they both moved to South Africa in 1962 when General de Gaulle convinced both the Swiss and Italian Governments to shut them down, because they had financed OAS attempts on his life. CMC occupied an expensive palace in Rome but rarely held any trade exhibits. It is rumored to have fronted several CIA activities. Among its directors were Clay Shaw, L.M. Bloomfield [1001 Club], Ferenc Nagy (see below), Jean de Menil (President of pro-OAS Schlumberger Corp [flanked here by 1001 Club members]) and Paul Raigorodsky (Dallas, White Russian, acquaintance of Lee Harvey Oswald [testified to the Warren Commission that he knew George de Mohrenschildt, a handler of Oswald, for at least 15 years, but denied knowing Oswald]). CMC was closely connected to the Italo-American Hotel Corporation. CMC also had very close ties with Israel. Lastly, Clay Shaw's International Trade Mart in New Orleans was intimately connected with CMC in Rome and South Africa. ... Ferenc Nagy, who was a cabinet member in the fascist Horthy Government of Hungary during WW II, and who was Prime Minister of Hungary until he was forced out by a communist coup in 1947, took up residence in Herndon, Virginia, until he moved to Dallas." Unfortunately no first-hand sources listed for the names Jean de Menil and Paul Raigorodsky.
*) March 18, 1967, National Guardian, Vol. 19, No. 24, 'New Orleans D.A. Charges Conspiracy: New Questions Raised on JFK Killing': "The Guardian has received reports from Rome linking Shaw with various right-wing organizations and individuals, and possibly with the CIA. The Guardian's Rome correspondent, Phyllis Rosner, quoting the Rome daily Paesa Serra, reported that from 1961 till 1965 Shaw was on the board of directors of the Centro Mondiale Commerciale, which the paper said was engaged in obscure dealings in Rome. Among the directors on the CMC board, said Paesa Serra, were several Swiss businessmen and bankers, the ex-Hungarian Peasant Party leader Ferenc Nagy, now living in the U.S.; Prince Guitere de Spadaforo, large Italian landowner and industrialist, who is related by marriage to Hitler's financial wizard Hjalmar Schacht; and Dr. Enrico Mantello, who represented himself and six other shareholders, the most important being former U.S. Army Major L.M. Bloomfield, now reportedly a banker in Montreal. Bloomfield is reported to have served in the OSS ... during World War II. French newspapers have charged, the Rome Daily said, that he was a generous contributor to neo-fascist groups in France, Italy and throughout Europe. Paesa Serra said it is believed that the CMC was set up by the CIA as a cover for channeling funds into Italy. It was also reported to the Guardian from a source in New Orleans that Shaw was instrumental in arranging trade with Batista's Cuba from 1949 to 1959. For 18 years until 1965 he has served as a director of the International Trade Mart in New Orleans, an organization which was reported recently to have arranged for the first visit of a trade delegation from U.S. Southern states to South Africa. Shaw reportedly played a part in arranging for Kennedy to speak at the Dallas Trade Mart on Nov. 22, 1963— the date of the assassination —a fact which to a degree determined the fatal motorcade route from the Dallas airport. ... There is much speculation as to what will be the eventual outcome of the Garrison investigation. A special Guardian correspondent writes from New Orleans: "Both federal officials and local papers, as well as Dallas officials, are trying to discredit Garrison. And to some degree, at least locally, they are successful. Garrison is a headstrong and determined individual and the feeling is he will not cave in. However, he might be pressured into taking the case to court prematurely before he has time to develop his evidence and implicate all the suspected parties. If the establishment is not successful in intimidating and pressuring Garrison, it is possible they will try to pressure the informants and witnesses. The question that remains is, how will Garrison hurdle the jurisdictional and other barriers which preyent him from carrying the investigation to Dallas and even further?""
[37]
*) September 24, 1996, Times Picayune, 'Foreign Trade Pioneer Alonzo Ensenat, 88, dies': "Mr. Ensenat was a member of the committee that organized International House in New Orleans in 1943 and was on its first board of directors. ... He was on the executive committee of the Mississippi Valley World Trade Council [along with another director of International House and the ITM; secretary was Clay Shaw], which sponsored annual conferences in New Orleans to promote American exports in the 1950s and '60s. He was president and general chairman of the conference in 1960 when it received the U.S. Department of Commerce's "E" Award for excellence in promoting exports."
*) 1974, Alonzo G. Ensenat (see above), 'The story of International House and International Trade Mart': "[In 1944] The Directors elected Mr. Hecht Chairman of the Board, Mr. Zetzmann President and the other officers elected were: Adolph E. Hegewisch, First Vice-President Theodore Brent, Vice-President. ... The Directors' first meeting on Friday, January 28,1944 at 4:45 p.m followed a worldwide radio broadcast announcing the establishment of International House. This radio broadcast was famous because it was conspicuous by its presence in the middle of a war to have merited inclusion by the networks, and featured a Washington-hookup at which Nelson Rockefeller, then Coordinator of Latin American Affairs, spoke. He referred to International House as "Our Good Neighbor Policy in Action" ... In June 1945, a new board of Directors was elected. ... Adolph Hegewisch was the Second President, followed by: Lloyd Cobb, ... Joseph Rault Sr, ... Dr.. Alton Ochsner... So the idea of an International Trade Mart was conceived in late 1944 first by leaders of our YMBC and enlarged upon in 1945 by the same group of civic leaders headed by Mr. Hecht and Mr. Theodore Brent, a close associate of Mr. Hecht's in Mississippi Shipping Co. and head of his own Coastal Barge Line. Having the experience of organizing International House behind them, it did not take as long to finalize plans for International Trade Mart, as the former's sister organization was to be called. A Charter was signed on November 21, 1945 by eight leaders of this city In all 41 persons were named to its first Board of Directors, namely: ... Theodore Brent, ... Lloyd J. Cobb [Shaw's boss; received a CIa clearance around 1968], ... Joseph W Montgomery [Director and vice-president of United Fruit. Legel representative of Sam Zemurray, head of United Fruit. Ochsner Hospital. Trustee Tulane University since 1947 (with United Fruit head Sam Zemurray; Darwin S. Fenner joined in 1953). INCA. Member Boston Club with Crawford Ellis and Ochsner.] ... Leonard K Nicholson [Publisher Times Picayune. Died in 1952 and his son, Jerry, took over the newspaper. Boston Club.], Ralph Nicholson [Publisher Tampa Times who bought the New Orleans Item. In 1958 merged with the New Orleans States to form the News Orleans States Item, controlled by the Times Picayune.], ... Charles Nutter [New Orleans Associated Press bureau chief. Managing director of IH. Close to Shaw] ..."
*) 1974, Alonzo G. Ensenat (see above), 'The story of international house and international trade mart': "Meanwhile, efforts were under way to rent the space to worthwhile tenants. At this point, on January 19, 1946, Mr. Brent recommended Major Clay Shaw to become Manager of International Trade Mart, then existing only in architect plans and designs. Mr. Shaw had just returned to civilian life after a noteworthy four years in the armed services after receiving many decorations and Paving been distinguished for scoring the secondhighest 10 rating of any inductee up to that time. A pamphlet was printed spelling out the advantages of renting space in the new Mart and Mr. Shaw traveled far and wide to obtain leases from prospects whose names were obtained from all subscribers. ... Meanwhile, Mr Shaw's efforts brought fine tangible results and projections could be made of rental income from space leased (96% of rental space was under lease by 1949). Annual expenses could confidently be covered. ... There would be interlocking Boards of Directors Mr. Hecht was Chairman of both Boards. Mr Brent, the Mart's President, would be on both the Boards and on the Executive Committee of the House. Close cooperation between the two was expected and planned. This cooperation continued for many years, as for example in 1961 when ML Charles Nutter left the Managing Directorship of the House vacant. Mr. Clay Shaw, then Managing Director of the Mart, stepped in and managed both the House and the Mart for over a year until Dr. Paul Fabry came to the House."
*) June 16, 1953, Alton Ochsner Medical Foundation, Board of Trustees, Theodore Brent (1874-1953), In Memoriam: "Since Mr. Brent joined us as a Trustee January 1, 1944, he has become our close friend, valued adviser and generous supporter and his absence from our council fills our hearts with sorrow..."
[38]
*) Ibid.
*) 1966 brochure, Information Council of the Americas (INCA), 'What Lies Ahead?': "INCA international advisory committee: Alton Ochsner, M.D., chairman; Edward Scannell Butler [ASC], director; George Albertini, publisher, Est & Quest Magazine (Paris) [member Le Cercle]; ... Juanita Castro, chairman, Marta Abru Foundation, anti-communist sister of Fidel Castro; ... Patrick J. Frawley, Jr. [ASC]; ... C. C. Too, director, Psychological Warfare Section, Malaysia." Ochsner worked closely with Clay Shaw (of the JFK assassination) at International House and the International Trade Mart.
[39]
*) Ochsner Clinic Foundation, All rights reserved. ('Dr. Alton'): "Ochsner was a professor of surgery when Meredith Mallory, Jr., attended Tulane Medical School. Dr. Mallory became acquainted with Dr. Ochsner just as he and his fellow co-founders were establishing Ochsner Clinic, Ochsner Foundation Hospital and Alton Ochsner Medical Foundation (now Ochsner Clinic Foundation). Dr. Mallory and his entire family have been longtime special friends of Ochsner. His late wife, Pat, was the daughter of John W. Murchison [1001 Club] of Texas who, as a member of the first Board of Governors, was instrumental in funding the landscaping of the campus on Jefferson Highway. John's brother, Clint Murchison [CIA linked through FIDCO], a Texas oilman whose wealth became legend in Texas, played a major part in the construction of the Ochsner Clinic building."
www.plan.gs/Article.do?orgId=353&articleId=2554 (accessed: July 31, 2012)
*) 2007, Edward Haslam, 'Dr. Mary's Monkey': "Murchison's involvement with Ochsner seems to me to have been as political as medical. Yes, he was a personal patient of Alton Ochsner and gave him a Cadillac as a "thank you" present, but he also donated $750,000 to the Alton Ochsner Medical Foundation as seed money for Ochsner's new hospital."
*) Spartacus Schoolnet, Alton Ochsner biography: "In 1961 Ochsner, with the financial help of Clint Murchison, established the Information Council of the Americas (INCA). ... Edgar and Edith Stern, owners of WDSU radio and television, were members of INCA. Eustis Reily of the Reily Coffee Company personally donated thousands of dollars to INCA. However, it was Patrick J. Frawley, a Californian industrialist and close friend of Richard Nixon, who was INCA's largest financial contributor. The organization used some of this money to make a film about Fidel Castro entitled, Hitler in Havana. ... Ochsner told a friend that he feared Garrison would order his arrest and the seizure of INCA's corporate records. Ed Butler took these records to California where Patrick J. Frawley arranged for them to be hidden. Ronald Reagan, the governor of California refused all of Garrison's extradition requests."
[40]
*) See ISGP's article Beyond Dutroux ties to 1950s-era CIA covert operation. Darwin Fenner, of the Ochsner Clinic, Tulane and INCA, was named as a key person in the New Orleans child abuse ring.
*) November 11, 2011, Quixotic Joust, 'An unbending anti-communism': "Also aiding INCA was the Reily family, owner of William B. Reily and Co., one of the city's largest coffee roasters. H. Eustis Reily was an INCA officer and director. In 1965 William B. Reily [employer Lee Harvey Oswald], an INCA member, gave $250. In 1971 he informed Ochsner that his company had decided to donate $5,000 through the Reily Foundation and that he had enclosed a personal check for $1,000 ... INCA also won backing from local businessmen and businesses that apparently lacked a direct stake in Latin America. Among these were some of New Orleans's most respected citizens and firms. In 1967 Ochsner thanked Mr. and Mrs. Darwin S. Fenner [linked to child abuse ring and MK-ULTRA type research at Tulane] for their $500 donation. Darwin Fenner, an INCA director, was a vice president of Merrill Lynch, Pierce, Fenner and Beane and a board member of the Ochsner Foundation and of Tulane University's governing body. At least during the mid-1960s, New Orleans Public Service (NOPSI), the city's privately owned utility company, gave $1,000 each year. NOPSI President George S. Dinwiddie [president International House] was an INCA member. ... 29 M. W. Grundy to William B. Reily, June 16, 1965, folder 3, box 52, Ochsner Papers; William B. Reily to Ochsner, March 10, 1971, folder 5, box 165, Ochsner Papers. 30 Ochsner to Mr. and Mrs. Darwin S. Fenner, January 19, 1967, folder 6, box 105, Ochsner Papers; J. Mason Guillory to Ochsner, June 8, 1967, folder 6, box 105, Ochsner Papers; "INCA Membership List," folder 1, box 105, Ochsner Papers."
[41] See note 37.
[42]
*) September 24, 1996, Times Picayune, 'Foreign Trade Pioneer Alonzo Ensenat, 88, dies': "Mr. Ensenat was a member of the committee that organized International House in New Orleans in 1943 and was on its first board of directors. ... He was on the executive committee of the Mississippi Valley World Trade Council [along with another director of International House and the ITM; secretary was Clay Shaw], which sponsored annual conferences in New Orleans to promote American exports in the 1950s and '60s. He was president and general chairman of the conference in 1960 when it received the U.S. Department of Commerce's "E" Award for excellence in promoting exports."
*) 1974, Alonzo G. Ensenat (see above), 'The story of International House and International Trade Mart': "[In 1944] The Directors elected Mr. Hecht Chairman of the Board, Mr. Zetzmann President and the other officers elected were: Adolph E. Hegewisch, First Vice-President Theodore Brent, Vice-President. ... The Directors' first meeting on Friday, January 28,1944 at 4:45 p.m followed a worldwide radio broadcast announcing the establishment of International House. This radio broadcast was famous because it was conspicuous by its presence in the middle of a war to have merited inclusion by the networks, and featured a Washington-hookup at which Nelson Rockefeller, then Coordinator of Latin American Affairs, spoke. He referred to International House as "Our Good Neighbor Policy in Action" ... In June 1945, a new board of Directors was elected. ... Adolph Hegewisch was the Second President, followed by: Lloyd Cobb, ... Joseph Rault Sr, ... Dr.. Alton Ochsner... So the idea of an International Trade Mart was conceived in late 1944 first by leaders of our YMBC and enlarged upon in 1945 by the same group of civic leaders headed by Mr. Hecht and Mr. Theodore Brent, a close associate of Mr. Hecht's in Mississippi Shipping Co. and head of his own Coastal Barge Line. Having the experience of organizing International House behind them, it did not take as long to finalize plans for International Trade Mart, as the former's sister organization was to be called. A Charter was signed on November 21, 1945 by eight leaders of this city In all 41 persons were named to its first Board of Directors, namely: ... Theodore Brent, ... Lloyd J. Cobb [Shaw's boss; received a CIa clearance around 1968], ... Joseph W. Montgomery [Director and vice-president of United Fruit. Legel representative of Sam Zemurray, head of United Fruit. Ochsner Hospital. Trustee Tulane University since 1947 (with United Fruit head Sam Zemurray; Darwin S. Fenner joined in 1953). INCA. Member Boston Club with Crawford Ellis and Ochsner.] ... Leonard K Nicholson [Publisher Times Picayune. Died in 1952 and his son, Jerry, took over the newspaper. Boston Club.], Ralph Nicholson [Publisher Tampa Times who bought the New Orleans Item. In 1958 merged with the New Orleans States to form the News Orleans States Item, controlled by the Times Picayune.], ... Charles Nutter [New Orleans Associated Press bureau chief. Managing director of IH. Close to Shaw] ..."
*) 1974, Alonzo G. Ensenat (see above), 'The story of International House and International Trade Mart': "Meanwhile, efforts were under way to rent the space to worthwhile tenants. At this point, on January 19, 1946, Mr. Brent recommended Major Clay Shaw to become Manager of International Trade Mart, then existing only in architect plans and designs. Mr. Shaw had just returned to civilian life after a noteworthy four years in the armed services after receiving many decorations and Paving been distinguished for scoring the secondhighest 10 rating of any inductee up to that time. A pamphlet was printed spelling out the advantages of renting space in the new Mart and Mr. Shaw traveled far and wide to obtain leases from prospects whose names were obtained from all subscribers. ... Meanwhile, Mr Shaw's efforts brought fine tangible results and projections could be made of rental income from space leased (96% of rental space was under lease by 1949). Annual expenses could confidently be covered. ... There would be interlocking Boards of Directors Mr. Hecht was Chairman of both Boards. Mr Brent, the Mart's President, would be on both the Boards and on the Executive Committee of the House. Close cooperation between the two was expected and planned. This cooperation continued for many years, as for example in 1961 when ML Charles Nutter left the Managing Directorship of the House vacant. Mr. Clay Shaw, then Managing Director of the Mart, stepped in and managed both the House and the Mart for over a year until Dr. Paul Fabry came to the House."
*) June 16, 1953, Alton Ochsner Medical Foundation, Board of Trustees, Theodore Brent (1874-1953), In Memoriam: "Since Mr. Brent joined us as a Trustee January 1, 1944, he has become our close friend, valued adviser and generous supporter and his absence from our council fills our hearts with sorrow..."
[43]
*) September 24, 1996, Times Picayune, 'Foreign Trade Pioneer Alonzo Ensenat, 88, dies': "Mr. Ensenat was a member of the committee that organized International House in New Orleans in 1943 and was on its first board of directors. ... He was on the executive committee of the Mississippi Valley World Trade Council [along with another director of International House and the ITM; secretary was Clay Shaw], which sponsored annual conferences in New Orleans to promote American exports in the 1950s and '60s. He was president and general chairman of the conference in 1960 when it received the U.S. Department of Commerce's "E" Award for excellence in promoting exports."
*) Bizapedia.com/la/MISSISSIPPI-VALLEY-WORLD-TRADE-COUNCIL.html: "Company Name: MISSISSIPPI VALLEY WORLD TRADE COUNCIL Status: Inactive Filing Date: 09/05/1956 Entity Type: Non-Profit Corporation File Number: 02604680N ... Registered Agent: C. C. Walther ... PRESIDENT: C. C. Walther ... SECRETARY: Clay Shaw..."
[44]
*) 1966 brochure, Information Council of the Americas (INCA), 'What Lies Ahead?': "INCA international advisory committee: Alton Ochsner, M.D., chairman; Edward Scannell Butler [ASC], director; George Albertini, publisher, Est & Quest Magazine (Paris) [member Le Cercle]; ... Juanita Castro, chairman, Marta Abru Foundation, anti-communist sister of Fidel Castro; ... Patrick J. Frawley, Jr. [ASC]; ... C. C. Too, director, Psychological Warfare Section, Malaysia." Ochsner worked closely with Clay Shaw (of the JFK assassination) at International House and the International Trade Mart.
*) *) November 11, 2011, Quixotic Joust, 'An unbending anti-communism': "Also aiding INCA was the Reily family, owner of William B. Reily and Co., one of the city's largest coffee roasters. H. Eustis Reily was an INCA officer and director. In 1965 William B. Reily [employer Lee Harvey Oswald], an INCA member, gave $250. In 1971 he informed Ochsner that his company had decided to donate $5,000 through the Reily Foundation and that he had enclosed a personal check for $1,000 ... INCA also won backing from local businessmen and businesses that apparently lacked a direct stake in Latin America. Among these were some of New Orleans's most respected citizens and firms. In 1967 Ochsner thanked Mr. and Mrs. Darwin S. Fenner [linked to child abuse ring and MK-ULTRA type research at Tulane] for their $500 donation. Darwin Fenner, an INCA director, was a vice president of Merrill Lynch, Pierce, Fenner and Beane and a board member of the Ochsner Foundation and of Tulane University's governing body. At least during the mid-1960s, New Orleans Public Service (NOPSI), the city's privately owned utility company, gave $1,000 each year. NOPSI President George S. Dinwiddie [president International House] was an INCA member. ... 29 M. W. Grundy to William B. Reily, June 16, 1965, folder 3, box 52, Ochsner Papers; William B. Reily to Ochsner, March 10, 1971, folder 5, box 165, Ochsner Papers. 30 Ochsner to Mr. and Mrs. Darwin S. Fenner, January 19, 1967, folder 6, box 105, Ochsner Papers; J. Mason Guillory to Ochsner, June 8, 1967, folder 6, box 105, Ochsner Papers; "INCA Membership List," folder 1, box 105, Ochsner Papers."
*) Spartacus Schoolnet, Alton Ochsner biography: "In 1961 Ochsner, with the financial help of Clint Murchison, established the Information Council of the Americas (INCA). ... Edgar and Edith Stern, owners of WDSU radio and television, were members of INCA. Eustis Reily of the Reily Coffee Company personally donated thousands of dollars to INCA. However, it was Patrick J. Frawley, a Californian industrialist and close friend of Richard Nixon, who was INCA's largest financial contributor. The organization used some of this money to make a film about Fidel Castro entitled, Hitler in Havana. ... Ochsner told a friend that he feared Garrison would order his arrest and the seizure of INCA's corporate records. Ed Butler took these records to California where Patrick J. Frawley arranged for them to be hidden. Ronald Reagan, the governor of California refused all of Garrison's extradition requests."
[45]
April 1967, New Orleans Magazine, 'The Garrison Investigation: How and why it began': "In November, 1966, three friends sat squeezed into tourist class seats of an Eastern Airlines jet six miles above the earth. ... [The men] were bound for an American Petroleum Institute convention in New York, where Mr. Rault and Henry Zac Carter, Sr., president of Avondale Shipyard, Inc., of New Orleans, were to host a luncheon in the senator's honor. ... Senator Long said he doubted the findings of the Warren Commission. It was about these doubts that Garrion questioned the senator on the flight to New York. ... Both Garrison and Rault felt that the senator's theories were quite parallal if not exactly the same, as their own. ... Throughout the convention in New York, the assassination and The Warren Report were the principal topics of conversation among the three. It was at this time that several national magazines carried feature stories on the assassination, and several newspapers and syndicates printed their own versions. ... Shortly after that trip. Jim was hard to find," said Rault. "We couldn't find him even for lunch..." ... Rault says that it was only after the local press broke the investigation story in mid-February that he had any direct knowledge of the probe. Three days after that, Rault went to the financial aid of Garrison. He explained why: "After the press released information about Mr. Garrison's then incomplete investigation and made such a point of scrutinizing the expenditure of the public fluids that had to be used, it became very obvious to me and a number of other businessmen that it would be very difficult, if not impossible, for him to continue his investigation in a goldfish bowl. I read in the newspapers over the weekend that he might have to resort to his own private funds, or even a bank loan, so I called him and offered offered help." The offer was accepted, and Rault, along with Willard Robertson and Cecil Shilstone, organized their now famous "Truth and Consequences" group. They invited over fifty of the top businessmen in the community to a private luncheon and explaine the problem. ... Rault has been supporting Garrison throughout a friendship spanning eighteen years since they were contemporaries at Tulane Law School [where Rault was a member of Kappa Delta Phi]."
[46]
August 1983, Beatrice M. Field, Tulane University paper, 'Potpourri: An Assortment of Tulane's People and Places'(lists all historical presidents and trustees of Tulane) Names from ISGP's index of institutes, largely based on this paper:
Various Whitney family members in the 19th century served as trustees | Charles Fenner (trustee since 1882, president 1893-1906; father of Darwin) | Esmond Phelps (trustee 1915-1950) | Ashton Phelps (trustee 1955-1972) | Sam Zemurray (trustee 1920-1961; United Fruit) | Joseph Montgomery (trustee 1947-1967; United Fruit) | Darwin Fenner (trustee 1953-1963, chair 1963-1968, member president's circle 1982-1996; accused of MKULTRA type involvement) | Langbourne Williams (board of visitors 1954-61; Freeport Minerals) | Caryl Haskins (board of visitors 1957-1982; elite Carnegie/Rockefeller national security scientist) | James Killian (board of visitors 1961-1969; Eisenhower/Rockefeller national security scientist) | Detlev Bronk (board of visitors 1961-1974; elite Rockefeller national security scientist). Also: Alton Ochsner (chair surgery department 1927-1961) | Dr. Robert G. Heath (chair Department of Psychiatry and Neurology 1949-1980; accused of MKULTRA type involvement) | Eberhard Deutsch (has the Chair of Public International Law named after him). Also: Jim Garrison was a student here, together with friend and later political backer Joseph Rault, Jr.
[47]
Garrison himself was prominently accused of sexually molesting a boy at the New Orleans Athletic Club. Jack Anderson did a piece on that. Reportedly that was only the tip of the iceberg. Judging bij Garrison's alleged behaviour the statement that he "basically a pedophile" might well be true.
*) February 23, 1970, Jack Anderson column (in this case the title from the The Free Lance-Star), 'DA Accused of Molesting Boy': "The Orleans Parish Grand Jury is investigating a charge that New Orleans District Attorney, Jim Garrison, sexually molested a 13-year-old boy at the city's posh Athletic Club. The allegation, based on statements by the boy's father, was filed by the New Orleans Crime Commission with Grand Jury Foreman William J. Krummel Sr. A November 5, 1969, letter from Crime Commission Director Aaron Kohn to Krummel, detailing the charge, has now been obtained by this column. Garrison has denied the charge, an authoritive official said. Persistent efforts to reach Garrison for comment failed. The allegation was made by a prominent member of the New Orleans "Establishment" whose brother is one of the most respected men in the South. Kohn, as director of the privately financed Crime Commission, would confirm for the record only that the text of the letter obtained by this column was authentic. "On a Sunday in June, 1969," the Commission letter to the Grand Jury states, "at the New Orleans Athletic Club, District Attorney Jim Garrison conducted himself in a manner which, if true, would be in violation of Louisiana criminal laws." The laws in question punish "indecent behavior with juveniles" and "crime against nature. attempt," the letter went on. The letter then states that the father spoke to three men about the incident and all three had "separately and independently communicated" the father's accusation to Kohn. This column read the allegation to the father who confirmed it with a minor addition. "In brief," said the letter to the Grand Jury, the father "alleged that on a Sunday in June, 1969, he and his two teen-age sons were swimming in the nude at the New Orleans Athletic Club. "Garrison invited them to the slumber room to relax and take a nap. In that room, Garrison twice fondled the genitals of the younger son, 13 years old (name omitted by this column); The elder son (name omitted) then age 19, openly denounced Garrison at the (club). "It is hoped that your Grand Jury will see fit to call before it for testimony without the presence of any of Mr. Garrison's staff the three men spoken to by the father, the father himself and the sons," said the letter. UNDER Louisiana law, the "indecent behavior" count carries a maximum year in jail and $500 fine. A "crime against nature" carries a $2000 fine and five years in jail, but merely an "attempt" cuts the penalty in half. There is an irony in the charges. Garrison has frequently brought the element of perversion and sex into his own cases. In his most famous national case, the prosecution of Clay Shaw for conspiring to kill President Kennedy, Garrison's office made much of Shaw's alleged homosexuality."
*) April 8, 2011 post of Mike Williams at the JFK-oriented Educationforum: "Journalist David Chandler, who had once been quite friendly with Garrison (the DA had been best man at Chandler's 1965 wedding) insisted to Patricia Lambert that the Slumber Room incident was merely the tip of the iceberg. Garrison was "basically a pedophile," Chandler alleged, claiming first-hand knowledge of Garrison's preferences for adolescent girls, "around sixteen and younger."(61) All the while, of course, the DA could be sure that the power of his office would protect him from suffering any consequences; none of his victims dared to risk a public confrontation with the man. For their part, the two brothers of the Slumber Room incident remain angry to this day about what happened, but all involved feel that they would have fared much worse had they pressed charges. In light of the tactics Garrison used in his assassination probe, it hardly seems far-fetched to expect him to have gone to similar lengths, or worse, should his own life and career become jeopardized by his actions. From: Jim Garrison's Investigator Bill Gurvich Speaks: Gurvitch also mentioned that he had been the investigator who had later obtained affidavits indicating that Garrison had sexually molested a 15 year old boy in the New Orleans Athletic club in about 1970. Gurvitch stated that his involvement in this episode came about because he was a member of the club and heard of the story from the father of the boy involved. Gurvitch stated that he secured affidavits from the boy, his father, and the boy's brother, and tried to get the city authorities to press charges against Garrison. He stated that the authorities wouldn't touch the case however, and the boy's father was reluctant to make the alleged incident public. For additional details, see Patricia Lambert's ground-breaking and highly regarded book analyzing the Garrison investigation which provides compelling evidence that establishes that Jim Garrison was undoubtedly a pedophile..."
[48]
*) October 22, 1992, New York Times, 'Jim Garrison, 70, Theorist on Kennedy Death, Dies': "He is survived by his wife, the former Leah Elizabeth Ziegler; three sons, two daughters, a sister and one grandchild."
*) geni.com/people/Virginia-Garrison/6000000012900629319: "Virginia Garrison ... Leah Elizabeth Ziegler, mother ... Jim [Garrison], father ... Jim, brother ... Lyon Harold, brother ... Eberhard, brother ... Elizabeth Garrison, sister... "
[49]
*) See note 36. More important articles exposing the network of Permindex can be read below.
*) CIA files made it clear that Shaw was in contact with the CIA no less than thirty times between 1949 and 1956. In 1958 he joined Permindex, a shady CIA and Mossad-linked company whose president, Ferenc Nagy, appears to have been a CIA asset of Frank Wisner.
*) 1967, Volume 19, The Current Digest of the Soviet Press, p. 9': "This [Rome World Trade] "center" dealt least of all with trade operations and the development of commercial ties. Its purpose was entirely different. It specialized, according to the newspapers, in subsidizing "implacably anticommunist groups." Clay Shaw and Maj. Bloomfield, an American agent who now plays the part of a businessman from Canada, established secret ties in Rome political circles, among deputies of the Christian-democratic, social-democratic and neo-fascist parties. They also infiltrated deep into Italy's business World. Shaw had the task of establishing contacts with extreme right-wing groupings in the capital, including representatives of neofacist organizations. "These were directives issued by the CIA," the newspapers write. The "center" established especially close relations with Signore Giuseppe Zigiotti, president of one of the largest fascist organizations; Prince Gutieres di Spadafora; Von Schacht, a relative of a Hitlerite banker; and others. In this connection, l'Unita stresses, it seems obvious that the "World Trade Center" handled much bigger matters than simply..."
*) August 7, 1999 (newsgroup date), Paris Flammond article on "Permindex" (very well sourced, but almost forgotten): "The CMC was founded in 1961. ... The board of directors was interestingly assorted. Several respected Italians were present -- Christian Democrat Deputy Mario Ceravolo and former Social Democrat Deputy Corrado Bonfantini. Listed as president was Carlo D'Amelio, lawyer and administrator of the former royal family's interests [Savoy]. The remainder of the board consisted of non-Italian names. Swiss Minister Ernest Feisst; Swiss Professor Max Hagemann, owner-editor of the newspaper Nazional Zeitung (not to be confused with the neo-Nazi German Nazional und Soldaten Zeitung); Hans Seligman Schurch, Basel banker; Professor Edgar Salin, president of the Faculty of Economics at the University of Basel; Dr. Enrico Mantello, brother of George Mandel (Mantello), the power behind the Societa Italo-Americana; Ferenc Nagy, former Hungarian premier and erstwhile leader of anti-Communist Countryman's party, and president of Permindex (the head office of the CMC); Prince Gutierez di Spadafora, industrialist and landowner of oddly totalitarian turn of mind, related through his daughter-in-law to Adolf Hitler's notorious Minister of Finance, Hjalmar Schacht, tried as a war criminal at Nuremburg; and Clay L. Shaw, of New Orleans. ... according to Paesa Sera, been condemned for his "criminal ties" in Switzerland. This latter revelation was originally carried August 19, 1961, issue of the Basel newspaper A-Z, which featured a report about directors of government agencies, saying: "In many articles we have justly spoken of the criminal activities of Messrs. [Ferenc] Nagy and Mantello." Mantello initiated a suit against the Swiss journal, then abruptly abandoned it, causing A-Z to observe: "Too bad; we would have heard some great things at the trial."(15) Ferenc Nagy was closely associated with Mantello in his highly secret financial-political maneuverings. When Mantello founded Permindex, the head office and other face of the Centro Mondiale Commerciale, Nagy became its president. ... reports Paesa Sera, "[Nagy] was said by the French press to be a munificent contributor to the philo-fascistic movement of [Jacques] Soustelle, and [a] patron of far-right movements throughout including Italy." ... Prince Gutierez di Spadafora, Undersecretary of Agriculture in Mussolini's Fascist government, was another [associate of Shaw]. After his wartime achievements he turned his talents to his vast landholdings and commerce, especially the establishment of a corporation, with himself as president, which constructed a huge refinery at Milazzo, in Messina, Sicily. He is also president of the Sicilian Compagnia Armatrice Industriale Petrolifera which is involved with arms and oil. The prince also owns what is reputed to be the largest hothouse in the world, in Pachino, Syracuse. The more than a hundred employees were for some time supervised by "landsmen" from his feudal estates in Valle d'Olma and Mussomeli, in the province of Caltanissetta who rode about in velvet jackets and high black boots, with fancy revolvers flashing from their belts. According to Paesa Sera "the Syracusans, unaccustomed to these Mafia-like habits held a great general strike in protest, in December, 1962, and the Mafiosi of the Prince were forced to return" to his more feudal properties. The Centro Mondiale Commerciale boasted another interesting name in its background. He is Giuseppe Zigiotti, president of the Fascist National for Militia Arms. ... On July 21, 1961, Giorgio Mantello appeared at the Italian Assembly representing all the stockholders of the CMC. These included himself, his brother Enrico, another Hungarian refugee, Joseph Slifka and Fellender Erwin, banker Hans Seligman, and lawyer Carlo D'Amelio . . . holder of 500,000 lire worth of shares. And Major L. M. Bloomfield, who held half the shares or 250 million, for party parties unknown.(20) ... Shortly thereafter, while alluding to other directors, Le Devior reports: "Ferenc Nagy, exiled head of the Hungarian Peasants Party . . . maintains close ties with the CIA and which link him with the Miami Cuban colony." Also listed [as CMC directors] are the previously mentioned Fascist Giuseppe Zigiotti, Bloomfield, and an Egyptian, Faruk Churbagi. ... [Paese Sera:] "'D'Amelio did not speak of the activities of Ferenc Nagy who, through the CMC's head office, Permindex, had financed [Jacques] Soustelle and the OAS; he did not know that several Swiss newspapers had called the activities of Nagy and Mandel [Mantello] 'criminal'; and he did not speak of the completion of the CMC (nor could he, since [in terms of its publicly announced intentions]) this has turned out to be nothing but a tremendous failure."
[50]
2005, Joan Mellen, 'A Farewell to Justice', pp. 118-119 (generally seems accurate and very well researched; praised by Oliver Stone): "The search of Clay Shaw's house produced [interesting things]. ... Downstairs, the walls were covered with pale green silk, the floors with Oriental carpets. Upstairs, it was as if an entirely different man here. Attached to the beams in the ceiling over the bed in the master bedroom, just as Dr. Lief's patient had described them, were huge hooks with chains fitted with wrist straps hanging free, hooks large enough to hang a human body. On the ceiling were bloody palm prints. Many hands had been suspended there, William Alford thought, and he wondered whether anyone had died or been seriously injured in this room. A black gown bore "whip marks," William Gurvich noticed. Five whips bore traces of blood. A cat-o'-nine-tails sat in the closet. "Let's dust and lift those prints," Alford said. Ivon refused. The boss [Jim Garrison] didn't want to make Shaw's sexuality an issue. At 11:15, [Jim] Garrison's investigators emerged from 1313 Dauphine Street with five cardboard boxes containing ropes, whips, chains, marble phalluses, the black cape, a black hood and black lacquer Asian-type sandals with white satin linings that had never thouched pavement, belying the later contention that hese were Mardi Gras costumes. Shaw's notebooks contained the names of European aristocrats. Jim Garrison sent the phalluses, whips and chains to Robert Heath, the head of psychiatry at Tulane [a MKULTRA center, with Heath being accused of involvement and experimenting on children]. Heath concluded that Shaw's motive for becoming involved in a conspiracy to murder President Kennedy "could very possibly have been rooted in his sadistic, homosexual abnormality," a thesis Jim Garrison rejected. "I don't want that factor to enter this case," Garrison reiterated, even as, privately, he called Shaw a "Phi Beta Kappa sadist." Nor would he investigate whether violent sex crimes had emanated from behind those red doors at 1313 Dauphine Street. He did not pursue complaints against Shaw stemming from sexual evenings when violent practices were rumored to have gotten out of hand. Alford's suspicions about those bloody handprints had been well founded. Shaw's maid, Virginia Johnson, would reveal that there had been a "mysterious death or killing of someone in the house," and although the coroner had come to pick up the body, there had been no police investigation. Al Oser discovered that only two weeks before Shaw's arrest, the police were called "because Clay Shaw, a white male, and two colored males were on the patio naked and using wine bottles on each other." Among the first people Shaw notified after his arrest was Fred Lee Crisman, Tommy Beckheam's mentor. He was in trouble, Shaw told fellow CIA operative Crisman. In addition to their political affiliations, Shaw and Crisman had sexual proclivities in common. Crisman would describe himself as "being sadistic in sexual practice preferences.""
   
         
 
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